去英国留学前必须读的5本书
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2016-02-15 04:38 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
The English: A Portrait of a People, By Jeremy Paxman
 
In The English, the famously no-nonsense journalist and broadcaster Jeremy Paxman assesses what it means to be English today - specifically English, that is, not Welsh, Scottish, or Irish. In this wide-ranging work, Paxman charts the rise of a peculiar1 stereotype2 of Englishness that arose abroad in response to British colonialism, and its subsequent obsolescence3 following the disintegration4 of Empire. Emphasising the pluralistic interconnections between England's regions, cultures, and classes, The English gives historical grounding to some of the country' scurious social quirks5 and places them in the context of its people's fluctuating identities.
 
White Teeth, By Zadie Smith 
 
Treating a broad sweep of British post-war history, White Teeth deals with the issues of London's immigrant population and their often conflicting desires to both assimilate and preserve their indigenous6 cultural identities. In an inimitable style that is now painfully funny, now heartrending, Smith also satirises the British middle and working classes while writing sensitively on such social issues as the generation gap in immigrant families, and even religious fundamentalism. A must-read for those seeking to know more about the diversity of Britain's cities.
 
Porterhouse Blue, Tom Sharpe
 
Whether you're looking to throw yourself bodily into life at Britain's most traditional educational institutions, or searching for a stick to beat them with, look no further than Tom Sharpe's rip-roaring parody7 of life at the fictional8 Cambridge college, Porterhouse. Crippled by the need to adhere to its own traditions, Porterhouse is thrown into disarray9 when the College Master dies before naming his successor; meanwhile, research student Lionel Zipser's desperation to keep a lid on his attraction to his maid leads him through a series of preposterous10 plotlines towards a hilarious11 finale. A taste at the cordon12 bleu end of fine British humour.
 
The Road to Wigan Pier13, George Orwell
 
In Wigan Pier, a middle-class writer composes one of the finest examples of working-class journalism14 ever set down on paper. The British are a nation acutely aware of social class, and navigating15 the proverbial minefield of class distinctions can often prove challenging for visiting students. Orwell documents living conditions for workers in the impoverished16 north of England in the late 1930s, before discussing the practical solutions to the problem. Very much a document of its time, but still one of great use for those interested in the roots of Britain’s ongoing17 class tensions
 
Great Expectations, Charles Dickens
 
Great Expectations may seem like an obvious choice, but it will do more than reward the Chinese penchant18 for Victorian high society. As well as being one of the most recognisable English-language stories, the novel explores social mobility19, the contemporary class system, and empire, all backed up with a number of Dickens' larger-than-life characters and the first-person voice of the ever hopeful Pip. For the Chinese reader, it’s a cultural exploration of Britain at one of the most important points in her history, and a classic piece of literature by the second-most famous British writer of all time.


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1 peculiar cinyo     
adj.古怪的,异常的;特殊的,特有的
参考例句:
  1. He walks in a peculiar fashion.他走路的样子很奇特。
  2. He looked at me with a very peculiar expression.他用一种很奇怪的表情看着我。
2 stereotype rupwE     
n.固定的形象,陈规,老套,旧框框
参考例句:
  1. He's my stereotype of a schoolteacher.他是我心目中的典型教师。
  2. There's always been a stereotype about successful businessmen.人们对于成功商人一直都有一种固定印象。
3 obsolescence bIjxr     
n.过时,陈旧,废弃
参考例句:
  1. For some small unproductive mills,the reality is not merger but obsolescence and bankruptcy.对一些效率低下的小厂而言,现实不是合并,而是可能被淘汰和破产。
  2. Finally,the cost approach can provide a basis for allocating penalties,specifically economic obsolescence.最后,成本法可作为一个分配因陈旧特别是因经济
4 disintegration TtJxi     
n.分散,解体
参考例句:
  1. This defeat led to the disintegration of the empire.这次战败道致了帝国的瓦解。
  2. The incident has hastened the disintegration of the club.这一事件加速了该俱乐部的解体。
5 quirks 45fdbe6cf154fe3b8bcba6cba262afa0     
n.奇事,巧合( quirk的名词复数 );怪癖
参考例句:
  1. One of his quirks is that he refuses to travel by train. 他的怪癖之一是不愿乘火车旅行。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. All men have their own quirks and twists. 人人都有他们自己的怪癖和奇想。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
6 indigenous YbBzt     
adj.土产的,土生土长的,本地的
参考例句:
  1. Each country has its own indigenous cultural tradition.每个国家都有自己本土的文化传统。
  2. Indians were the indigenous inhabitants of America.印第安人是美洲的土著居民。
7 parody N46zV     
n.打油诗文,诙谐的改编诗文,拙劣的模仿;v.拙劣模仿,作模仿诗文
参考例句:
  1. The parody was just a form of teasing.那个拙劣的模仿只是一种揶揄。
  2. North Korea looks like a grotesque parody of Mao's centrally controlled China,precisely the sort of system that Beijing has left behind.朝鲜看上去像是毛时代中央集权的中国的怪诞模仿,其体制恰恰是北京方面已经抛弃的。
8 fictional ckEx0     
adj.小说的,虚构的
参考例句:
  1. The names of the shops are entirely fictional.那些商店的名字完全是虚构的。
  2. The two authors represent the opposite poles of fictional genius.这两位作者代表了天才小说家两个极端。
9 disarray 1ufx1     
n.混乱,紊乱,凌乱
参考例句:
  1. His personal life fell into disarray when his wife left him.妻子离去后,他的个人生活一片混乱。
  2. Our plans were thrown into disarray by the rail strike.铁路罢工打乱了我们的计划。
10 preposterous e1Tz2     
adj.荒谬的,可笑的
参考例句:
  1. The whole idea was preposterous.整个想法都荒唐透顶。
  2. It would be preposterous to shovel coal with a teaspoon.用茶匙铲煤是荒谬的。
11 hilarious xdhz3     
adj.充满笑声的,欢闹的;[反]depressed
参考例句:
  1. The party got quite hilarious after they brought more wine.在他们又拿来更多的酒之后,派对变得更加热闹起来。
  2. We stop laughing because the show was so hilarious.我们笑个不停,因为那个节目太搞笑了。
12 cordon 1otzp     
n.警戒线,哨兵线
参考例句:
  1. Police officers threw a cordon around his car to protect him.警察在他汽车周围设置了防卫圈以保护他。
  2. There is a tight security cordon around the area.这一地区周围设有严密的安全警戒圈。
13 pier U22zk     
n.码头;桥墩,桥柱;[建]窗间壁,支柱
参考例句:
  1. The pier of the bridge has been so badly damaged that experts worry it is unable to bear weight.这座桥的桥桩破损厉害,专家担心它已不能负重。
  2. The ship was making towards the pier.船正驶向码头。
14 journalism kpZzu8     
n.新闻工作,报业
参考例句:
  1. He's a teacher but he does some journalism on the side.他是教师,可还兼职做一些新闻工作。
  2. He had an aptitude for journalism.他有从事新闻工作的才能。
15 navigating 7b03ffaa93948a9ae00f8802b1000da5     
v.给(船舶、飞机等)引航,导航( navigate的现在分词 );(从海上、空中等)横越;横渡;飞跃
参考例句:
  1. These can also be very useful when navigating time-based documents, such as video and audio. 它对于和时间有关的文档非常有用,比如视频和音频文档。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
  2. Vehicles slowed to a crawl on city roads, navigating slushy snow. 汽车在市区路上行驶缓慢,穿越泥泞的雪地。 来自互联网
16 impoverished 1qnzcL     
adj.穷困的,无力的,用尽了的v.使(某人)贫穷( impoverish的过去式和过去分词 );使(某物)贫瘠或恶化
参考例句:
  1. the impoverished areas of the city 这个城市的贫民区
  2. They were impoverished by a prolonged spell of unemployment. 他们因长期失业而一贫如洗。 来自《简明英汉词典》
17 ongoing 6RvzT     
adj.进行中的,前进的
参考例句:
  1. The problem is ongoing.这个问题尚未解决。
  2. The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area.报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
18 penchant X3Nzi     
n.爱好,嗜好;(强烈的)倾向
参考例句:
  1. She has a penchant for Indian food.她爱吃印度食物。
  2. He had a penchant for playing jokes on people.他喜欢拿人开玩笑。
19 mobility H6rzu     
n.可动性,变动性,情感不定
参考例句:
  1. The difference in regional house prices acts as an obstacle to mobility of labour.不同地区房价的差异阻碍了劳动力的流动。
  2. Mobility is very important in guerrilla warfare.机动性在游击战中至关重要。
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