比尔·盖茨2015推荐书目
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2016-03-02 03:08 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
The Road to Character, by David Brooks1
 
The insightful New York Times columnist2 examines the contrasting values that motivate all of us. He argues that American society does a good job of cultivating the "résumé virtues3" (the traits that lead to external success) but not our "eulogy4 virtues" (the traits that lead to internal peace of mind). Brooks profiles various historical figures who were paragons5 of character. I thought his portrait of World War II General George Marshall was especially enlightening. Even if the distinction between the two types of virtues is not always crystal clear, The Road to Character gave me a lot to think about. It is a thought-provoking look at what it means to live life well.
 
Thing Explainer: Complicated Stuff in Simple Words, by Randall Munroe
 
It is a brilliant concept, because if you can't explain something simply, you don't really understand it. Munroe, who worked on robotics at NASA, is an ideal person to take it on. The book is filled with helpful explanations and drawings of everything from a dishwasher to a nuclear power plant. And Munroe's jokes are laugh-out-loud funny. This is a wonderful guide for curious minds.
 
Being Nixon: A Man Divided, by Evan Thomas
 
I wouldn't call it a sympathetic portrait -- in many ways, Nixon was a deeply unsympathetic person -- but it is an empathetic one. Rather than just focusing on Nixon's presidency6, Thomas takes a cradle-to-the-grave approach and gives you sharp insights into the inner workings of a brilliant, flawed, and conflicted man.
 
Sustainable Materials With Both Eyes Open, by Julian M. Allwood, Jonathan M. Cullen, et al
 
Although the topic can be dry as a desert, the authors keep it light with lots of colorful illustrations and clever analogies without sacrificing clarity or rigor7. I learned a lot from this thoughtful look at a critical topic. 
 
Eradication8: Ridding the World of Diseases Forever?, by Nancy Leys Stepan
 
Stepan's history of eradication efforts gives you a good sense of how involved the work can get, how many different kinds of approaches have been tried without success, and how much we've learned from our failures. She writes in a fairly academic style that may make it hard for non-experts to get to her valuable arguments, but it's worth the effort. You come away from it with a clearer sense of how we can use the lessons of the past to guide future efforts to save lives.
 
Mindset: The New Psychology9 of Success, by Carol S. Dweck
 
Through clever research studies and engaging writing, Dweck illuminates10 how our beliefs about our capabilities11 exert tremendous influence on how we learn and which paths we take in life. The value of this book extends way beyond the world of education. It's just as relevant for businesspeople who want to cultivate talent and for parents who want to raise their kids to thrive on challenge.
 
The Vital Question, by Nick Lane
 
When I interviewed him back during his Microsoft years, he was all about the business of technology. Today, he's like the mentor12 we all wish we had. So much energy in business today is all about the push-push-push for success, so it's refreshing13 to see an icon14 of entrepreneurship who no longer needs to posture15 or preen16 but instead wants to share, wisely and well, what he's acquired and learned.


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1 brooks cdbd33f49d2a6cef435e9a42e9c6670f     
n.小溪( brook的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. Brooks gave the business when Haas caught him with his watch. 哈斯抓到偷他的手表的布鲁克斯时,狠狠地揍了他一顿。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. Ade and Brooks exchanged blows yesterday and they were severely punished today. 艾德和布鲁克斯昨天打起来了,今天他们受到严厉的惩罚。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 columnist XwwzUQ     
n.专栏作家
参考例句:
  1. The host was interviewing a local columnist.节目主持人正在同一位当地的专栏作家交谈。
  2. She's a columnist for USA Today.她是《今日美国报》的专栏作家。
3 virtues cd5228c842b227ac02d36dd986c5cd53     
美德( virtue的名词复数 ); 德行; 优点; 长处
参考例句:
  1. Doctors often extol the virtues of eating less fat. 医生常常宣扬少吃脂肪的好处。
  2. She delivered a homily on the virtues of family life. 她进行了一场家庭生活美德方面的说教。
4 eulogy 0nuxj     
n.颂词;颂扬
参考例句:
  1. He needs no eulogy from me or from any other man. 他不需要我或者任何一个人来称颂。
  2. Mr.Garth gave a long eulogy about their achievements in the research.加思先生对他们的研究成果大大地颂扬了一番。
5 paragons 2412e66b505578d3401f551b35725a7f     
n.模范( paragon的名词复数 );典型;十全十美的人;完美无缺的人
参考例句:
  1. We don't expect candidates to be paragons of virtue. 我们不指望候选人在道德上尽善尽美。 来自辞典例句
  2. All cruel people describe them as paragons of frankness. 所有的残忍的人都把自己形容为坦率的象征。 来自互联网
6 presidency J1HzD     
n.总统(校长,总经理)的职位(任期)
参考例句:
  1. Roosevelt was elected four times to the presidency of the United States.罗斯福连续当选四届美国总统。
  2. Two candidates are emerging as contestants for the presidency.两位候选人最终成为总统职位竞争者。
7 rigor as0yi     
n.严酷,严格,严厉
参考例句:
  1. Their analysis lacks rigor.他们的分析缺乏严谨性。||The crime will be treated with the full rigor of the law.这一罪行会严格依法审理。
8 eradication otUzfH     
n.根除
参考例句:
  1. The eradication of an established infestation is not easy. 根除昆虫蔓延是不容易的。
  2. This is often required for intelligent control and eradication. 这经常需要灵巧的控制与消除。
9 psychology U0Wze     
n.心理,心理学,心理状态
参考例句:
  1. She has a background in child psychology.她受过儿童心理学的教育。
  2. He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在剑桥大学学习哲学和心理学。
10 illuminates 63e70c844c6767d7f38403dcd36bb8a5     
v.使明亮( illuminate的第三人称单数 );照亮;装饰;说明
参考例句:
  1. The light shines on from over there and illuminates the stage. 灯光从那边照进来,照亮了舞台。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. The sun illuminates the sky. 太阳照亮了天空。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 capabilities f7b11037f2050959293aafb493b7653c     
n.能力( capability的名词复数 );可能;容量;[复数]潜在能力
参考例句:
  1. He was somewhat pompous and had a high opinion of his own capabilities. 他有点自大,自视甚高。 来自辞典例句
  2. Some programmers use tabs to break complex product capabilities into smaller chunks. 一些程序员认为,标签可以将复杂的功能分为每个窗格一组简单的功能。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
12 mentor s78z0     
n.指导者,良师益友;v.指导
参考例句:
  1. He fed on the great ideas of his mentor.他以他导师的伟大思想为支撑。
  2. He had mentored scores of younger doctors.他指导过许多更年轻的医生。
13 refreshing HkozPQ     
adj.使精神振作的,使人清爽的,使人喜欢的
参考例句:
  1. I find it'so refreshing to work with young people in this department.我发现和这一部门的青年一起工作令人精神振奋。
  2. The water was cold and wonderfully refreshing.水很涼,特别解乏提神。
14 icon JbxxB     
n.偶像,崇拜的对象,画像
参考例句:
  1. They found an icon in the monastery.他们在修道院中发现了一个圣像。
  2. Click on this icon to align or justify text.点击这个图标使文本排齐。
15 posture q1gzk     
n.姿势,姿态,心态,态度;v.作出某种姿势
参考例句:
  1. The government adopted an uncompromising posture on the issue of independence.政府在独立这一问题上采取了毫不妥协的态度。
  2. He tore off his coat and assumed a fighting posture.他脱掉上衣,摆出一副打架的架势。
16 preen 51Kz7     
v.(人)打扮修饰
参考例句:
  1. 50% of men under 35 spend at least 20 minutes preening themselves every morning in the bathroom.50%的35岁以下男性每天早上至少花20分钟在盥洗室精心打扮。
  2. Bill preened his beard.比尔精心修剪了他的胡须。
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