Mother's Day(母亲节)
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2009-01-04 03:28 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
Mother"s Day is a time of commemoration and celebration for Mom. It is a time of breakfast in bed, family gatherings1, and crayon scribbled2 "I Love You"s. The earliest Mother"s Day celebrations can be traced back to the spring celebrations of ancient Greece in honor of Rhea, the Mother of the Gods. During the 1600"s, England celebrated3 a day called "Mothering Sunday". Celebrated on the 4th Sunday of Lent (the 40 day period leading up to Easter), "Mothering Sunday" honored the mothers of England. During this time many of the England"s poor worked as servants for the wealthy. As most jobs were located far from their homes, the servants would live at the houses of their employers. On Mothering Sunday the servants would have the day off and were encouraged to return home and spend the day with their mothers. A special cake, called the mothering cake, was often brought along to provide a festive4 touch. As Christianity spread throughout Europe the celebration changed to honor the "Mother Church" - the spiritual power that gave them life and protected them from harm. Over time the church festival blended with the Mothering Sunday celebration . People began honoring their mothers as well as the church. In the United States Mother"s Day was first suggested in 1872 by Julia Ward5 Howe (who wrote the words to the Battle hymn6 of the Republic) as a day dedicated7 to peace. Ms. Howe would hold organized Mother"s Day meetings in Boston, Mass ever year. In 1907 Ana Jarvis, from Philadelphia, began a campaign to establish a national Mother"s Day. Ms. Jarvis persuaded her mother"s church in Grafton, West Virginia to celebrate Mother"s Day on the second anniversary of her mother"s death, the 2nd Sunday of May. By the next year Mother"s Day was also celebrated in Philadelphia. Ms. Jarvis and her supporters began to write to ministers, businessman, and politicians in their quest to establish a national Mother"s Day. It was successful as by 1911 Mother"s Day was celebrated in almost every state. President Woodrow Wilson, in 1914, made the official announcement proclaiming Mother"s Day as a national holiday that was to be held each year on the 2nd Sunday of May. While many countries of the world celebrate their own Mother"s Day at different times throughout the year, there are some countries such as Denmark, Finland, Italy, Turkey, Australia, and Belgium which also celebrate Mother"s Day on the second Sunday of May.


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1 gatherings 400b026348cc2270e0046708acff2352     
聚集( gathering的名词复数 ); 收集; 采集; 搜集
参考例句:
  1. His conduct at social gatherings created a lot of comment. 他在社交聚会上的表现引起许多闲话。
  2. During one of these gatherings a pupil caught stealing. 有一次,其中一名弟子偷窃被抓住。
2 scribbled de374a2e21876e209006cd3e9a90c01b     
v.潦草的书写( scribble的过去式和过去分词 );乱画;草草地写;匆匆记下
参考例句:
  1. She scribbled his phone number on a scrap of paper. 她把他的电话号码匆匆写在一张小纸片上。
  2. He scribbled a note to his sister before leaving. 临行前,他给妹妹草草写了一封短信。
3 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  1. He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  2. The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
4 festive mkBx5     
adj.欢宴的,节日的
参考例句:
  1. It was Christmas and everyone was in festive mood.当时是圣诞节,每个人都沉浸在节日的欢乐中。
  2. We all wore festive costumes to the ball.我们都穿着节日的盛装前去参加舞会。
5 ward LhbwY     
n.守卫,监护,病房,行政区,由监护人或法院保护的人(尤指儿童);vt.守护,躲开
参考例句:
  1. The hospital has a medical ward and a surgical ward.这家医院有内科病房和外科病房。
  2. During the evening picnic,I'll carry a torch to ward off the bugs.傍晚野餐时,我要点根火把,抵挡蚊虫。
6 hymn m4Wyw     
n.赞美诗,圣歌,颂歌
参考例句:
  1. They sang a hymn of praise to God.他们唱着圣歌,赞美上帝。
  2. The choir has sung only two verses of the last hymn.合唱团只唱了最后一首赞美诗的两个段落。
7 dedicated duHzy2     
adj.一心一意的;献身的;热诚的
参考例句:
  1. He dedicated his life to the cause of education.他献身于教育事业。
  2. His whole energies are dedicated to improve the design.他的全部精力都放在改进这项设计上了。
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