缤纷节日--复活节(Easter Day)
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2009-01-05 01:21 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
  The meaning of many different customs observed during Easter Sunday have been buried with time. Their origins lie in pre-Christian religions and Christianity. All in some way or another are a "salute1 to spring," marking re-birth. The white Easter lily has come to capture the glory of the holiday. The word "Easter" is named after Eastre, the Anglo-Saxon goddess of spring. A festival was held in her honor every year at the vernal equinox (春分). People celebrate the holiday according to their beliefs and their religious denominations2 (命名). Christians3 commemorate4 Good Friday as the day that Jesus Christ died and Easter Sunday as the day that He was resurrected (复活). Protestant settlers brought the custom of a sunrise service, a religious gathering5 at dawn, to the United States.   This year Easter will be celebrated6 on Sunday April 11, 2004. On Easter Sunday children wake up to find that the Easter Bunny has left them baskets of candy. He has also hidden the eggs that they decorated earlier that week. Children hunt for the eggs all around the house. Neighborhoods and organizations hold Easter egg hunts, and the child who finds the most eggs wins a prize.   The Easter Bunny is a rabbit-spirit. Long ago, he was called the" Easter Hare." Hares and rabbits have frequent multiple births so they became a symbol of fertility. The custom of an Easter egg hunt began because children believed that hares laid eggs in the grass. The Romans believed that "All life comes from an egg." Christians consider eggs to be "the seed of life" and so they are symbolic7 of the resurrection of Jesus Christ.   Why we dye, or color, and decorate eggs is not certain. In ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome and Persia eggs were dyed for spring festivals. In medieval Europe, beautifully decorated eggs were given as gifts.   Egg Rolling   In England, Germany and some other countries, children rolled eggs down hills on Easter morning, a game which has been connected to the rolling away of the rock from Jesus Christ"s tomb when he was resurrected. British settlers brought this custom to the New World.   In the United States in the early nineteenth century, Dolly Madison, the wife of the fourth American President, organized an egg roll in Washington, D.C. She had been told that Egyptian children used to roll eggs against the pyramids so she invited the children of Washington to roll hard-boiled eggs down the hilly lawn of the new Capitol building! The custom continued, except for the years during the Civil War. In 1880, the First Lady invited children to the White House for the Egg Roll because officials had complained that they were ruining the Capitol lawn. It has been held there ever since then, only canceled during times of war. The event has grown, and today Easter Monday is the only day of the year when tourists are allowed to wander over the White House lawn. The wife of the President sponsors it for the children of the entire country. The egg rolling event is open to children twelve years old and under. Adults are allowed only when accompanied by children!   Traditionally, many celebrants (司仪神父) bought new clothes for Easter which they wore to church. After church services, everyone went for a walk around the town. This led to the American custom of Easter parades all over the country. Perhaps the most famous is along Fifth Avenue in New York City.   Good Friday is a federal holiday in 16 states and many schools and businesses throughout the U.S. are closed on this Friday.


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1 salute rYzx4     
vi.行礼,致意,问候,放礼炮;vt.向…致意,迎接,赞扬;n.招呼,敬礼,礼炮
参考例句:
  1. Merchant ships salute each other by dipping the flag.商船互相点旗致敬。
  2. The Japanese women salute the people with formal bows in welcome.这些日本妇女以正式的鞠躬向人们施礼以示欢迎。
2 denominations f2a750794effb127cad2d6b3b9598654     
n.宗派( denomination的名词复数 );教派;面额;名称
参考例句:
  1. Christians of all denominations attended the conference. 基督教所有教派的人都出席了这次会议。
  2. The service was attended by Christians of all denominations. 这次礼拜仪式各教派的基督徒都参加了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
3 Christians 28e6e30f94480962cc721493f76ca6c6     
n.基督教徒( Christian的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. Christians of all denominations attended the conference. 基督教所有教派的人都出席了这次会议。
  2. His novel about Jesus caused a furore among Christians. 他关于耶稣的小说激起了基督教徒的公愤。
4 commemorate xbEyN     
vt.纪念,庆祝
参考例句:
  1. This building was built to commemorate the Fire of London.这栋大楼是为纪念“伦敦大火”而兴建的。
  2. We commemorate the founding of our nation with a public holiday.我们放假一日以庆祝国庆。
5 gathering ChmxZ     
n.集会,聚会,聚集
参考例句:
  1. He called on Mr. White to speak at the gathering.他请怀特先生在集会上讲话。
  2. He is on the wing gathering material for his novels.他正忙于为他的小说收集资料。
6 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  1. He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  2. The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
7 symbolic ErgwS     
adj.象征性的,符号的,象征主义的
参考例句:
  1. It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征着现代妇女的战斗精神。
  2. The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗礼仪式是一种象征性的做法。
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