俏皮南瓜灯照亮万圣节
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2009-02-25 05:17 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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   The History of Halloween   历史上的万圣节   Halloween is on October 31st, the last day of the Celtic calendar. It was originally a pagan holiday, honoring the dead. Halloween was referred to as All Hallows Eve and dates back to over 2000 years ago.   10月31日是万圣节,这也是凯尔特历的最后一天。万圣节起初是一个异教徒的节日,纪念死去的人。万圣节源于圣徒日前夜,始于2000多年前。   All Hallows Eve is the evening before All Saints Day, which was created by Christians1 to convert pagans, and is celebrated2 on November 1st. The Catholic church honored saints on this designated day.   圣徒日前夜是圣徒日的前一天晚上,圣徒日在11月1日,是基督徒开创的节日,用来劝说异教徒皈依基督,天主教堂在这一天纪念圣徒们。   The Origin of Halloween   万圣节的起源   While there are many versions of the origins and old customs of Halloween, some remain consistent by all accounts. Different cultures view Holloween somewhat differently but traditional Halloween practices remain the same.   尽管关于万圣节的起源和旧俗有很多不同的看法,但有一些是被所有人接受的。不同文化看待万圣节总是有点不同,但是传统的万圣节做的事情都是一样的。   Halloween culture can be traced back to the Druids, a Celtic culture in Ireland, Britain and Northern Europe. Roots lay in the feast of Samhain, which was annually3 on October 31st to honor the dead.   万圣节文化可以追溯到德鲁伊教,这是一种爱尔兰、北欧和英国的凯尔特文化,根植于Samhain节的庆祝活动,Samhain节于每年的10月31日纪念逝者。   Samhain signifies "summers end" or November. Samhain was a harvest festival with huge sacred bonfires, marking the end of the Celtic year and beginning of a new one. Many of the practices involved in this celebration were fed on superstition4.   Samhain节说明夏天结束或者十一月,是一个丰收的节日。在Samhain节会燃起神圣巨大的篝火,标志着凯尔特一年的结束和新一年的开始。一些做法因为迷信被加入庆祝活动中。   The Celts believed the souls of the dead roamed the streets and villages at night. Since not all spirits were thought to be friendly, gifts and treats were left out to pacify5 the evil and ensure next years crops would be plentiful6. This custom evolved into trick-or-treating.   凯尔特人相信死者的灵魂会在夜里出没在街道和村庄 。因为他们认为不是所有的灵魂都是友善的,所以就把礼物和好吃的留在外面安慰恶灵来确保来年的庄稼可以丰收。这种习俗演变成了trick-or-treating。


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1 Christians 28e6e30f94480962cc721493f76ca6c6     
n.基督教徒( Christian的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. Christians of all denominations attended the conference. 基督教所有教派的人都出席了这次会议。
  2. His novel about Jesus caused a furore among Christians. 他关于耶稣的小说激起了基督教徒的公愤。
2 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  1. He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  2. The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
3 annually VzYzNO     
adv.一年一次,每年
参考例句:
  1. Many migratory birds visit this lake annually.许多候鸟每年到这个湖上作短期逗留。
  2. They celebrate their wedding anniversary annually.他们每年庆祝一番结婚纪念日。
4 superstition VHbzg     
n.迷信,迷信行为
参考例句:
  1. It's a common superstition that black cats are unlucky.认为黑猫不吉祥是一种很普遍的迷信。
  2. Superstition results from ignorance.迷信产生于无知。
5 pacify xKFxa     
vt.使(某人)平静(或息怒);抚慰
参考例句:
  1. He tried to pacify the protesters with promises of reform.他试图以改革的承诺安抚抗议者。
  2. He tried to pacify his creditors by repaying part of the money.他为安抚债权人偿还了部分借款。
6 plentiful r2izH     
adj.富裕的,丰富的
参考例句:
  1. Their family has a plentiful harvest this year.他们家今年又丰收了。
  2. Rainfall is plentiful in the area.这个地区雨量充足。
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