清明节
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2009-03-16 03:00 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
    每年的公历四月五日前后为清明节,是二十四节气之一。今年的清明节是4月4日。在二十四个节气中,既是节气又是节日的只有清明。清明节是我国传统节日,也是最重要的祭祀节日。按照旧的习俗,祭祀(扫墓)时,人们要携带酒食果品、纸钱等物品到墓地,将食物供祭在亲人墓前,再将纸钱焚化,为坟墓培上新土,折几枝嫩绿的新枝插在坟上,然后叩头行礼祭拜,最后吃掉酒食回家。     清明节,又叫踏青节,正是春光明媚草木吐绿的时节,也正是人们春游的好时候,所以古人有清明踏青,并开展一系列体育活动的的习俗。直到今天,清明节祭拜祖先,悼念已逝的亲人的习俗仍很盛行。
Celebrated1 two weeks after the vernal equinox, Tomb Sweeping2 Day is one of the few traditional Chinese holidays that follows the solar calendar-- typically falling on April 4, 5, or 6.
Its Chinese name "Qing Ming" literally3 means "Clear Brightness," hinting at its importance as a celebration of Spring. Similar to the spring festivals of other cultures, Tomb Sweeping Day celebrates the rebirth of nature, while marking the beginning of the planting season and other outdoor activities. Qing Ming Jiein Ancient Times An old man takes one last look before leaving the City Cemetery4 at Biandanshan of Wuhan, Central China's Hubei Province.
In ancient times, people celebrated Qing Ming Jie with dancing, singing, picnics, and kite flying. Colored boiled eggs would be broken to symbolize5 the opening of life. In the capital, the Emperor would plant trees on the palace grounds to celebrate the renewing nature of spring. In the villages, young men and women would court each other.
The Tomb Sweeping Day as Celebrated Today With the passing of time, this celebration of life became a day to the honor past ancestors. Following folk religion, the Chinese believed that the spirits of deceased ancestors looked after the family. Sacrifices of food and spirit money could keep them happy, and the family would prosper6 through good harvests and more children. Today, Chinese visit their family graves to tend to any underbrush that has grown. Weeds are pulled, and dirt swept away, and the family will set out offerings of food and spirit money. Unlike the sacrifices at a family's home altar, the offerings at the tomb usually consist of dry, bland7 food. One theory is that since any number of ghosts rome around a grave area, the less appealing food will be consumed by the ancestors, and not be plundered8 by strangers. Honoring Ancestors Honoring ancestors begins with proper positioning of a gravesite and coffin9. Experts in feng shui, or geomancy, determine the quality of land by the surrounding aspects of streams, rivers, trees, hills, and so forth10. An area that faces south, with groves11 of pine trees creates the best flow of cosmic energy required to keep ancestors happy. Unfortunately, nowadays, with China's burgeoning12 population, public cemetaries have quickly surplanted private gravesites. Family elders will visit the gravesite at least once a year to tend to the tombs. While bland food is placed by the tombs on Qing Ming Jie, the Chinese regularly provide scrumptious offerings to their ancestors at altar tables in their homes. The food usually consists of chicken, eggs, or other dishes a deceased ancestor was fond of. Accompanied by rice, the dishes and eating utensils13 are carefully arranged so as to bring good luck. Sometimes, a family will put burning incense14 with the offering so as to expedite the transfer of nutritious15 elements to the ancestors. In some parts of China, the food is then eaten by the entire family. Kites Besides the traditions of honoring the dead, people also often fly kits16 on Tomb Sweeping Day. Kites can come in all kinds of shapes, sizes, and colors. Designs could include frogs, dragonflies, butterflies, crabs17, bats, and storks18.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  1. He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  2. The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
2 sweeping ihCzZ4     
adj.范围广大的,一扫无遗的
参考例句:
  1. The citizens voted for sweeping reforms.公民投票支持全面的改革。
  2. Can you hear the wind sweeping through the branches?你能听到风掠过树枝的声音吗?
3 literally 28Wzv     
adv.照字面意义,逐字地;确实
参考例句:
  1. He translated the passage literally.他逐字逐句地翻译这段文字。
  2. Sometimes she would not sit down till she was literally faint.有时候,她不走到真正要昏厥了,决不肯坐下来。
4 cemetery ur9z7     
n.坟墓,墓地,坟场
参考例句:
  1. He was buried in the cemetery.他被葬在公墓。
  2. His remains were interred in the cemetery.他的遗体葬在墓地。
5 symbolize YrvwU     
vt.作为...的象征,用符号代表
参考例句:
  1. Easter eggs symbolize the renewal of life.复活蛋象征新生。
  2. Dolphins symbolize the breath of life.海豚象征着生命的气息。
6 prosper iRrxC     
v.成功,兴隆,昌盛;使成功,使昌隆,繁荣
参考例句:
  1. With her at the wheel,the company began to prosper.有了她当主管,公司开始兴旺起来。
  2. It is my earnest wish that this company will continue to prosper.我真诚希望这家公司会继续兴旺发达。
7 bland dW1zi     
adj.淡而无味的,温和的,无刺激性的
参考例句:
  1. He eats bland food because of his stomach trouble.他因胃病而吃清淡的食物。
  2. This soup is too bland for me.这汤我喝起来偏淡。
8 plundered 02a25bdd3ac6ea3804fb41777f366245     
掠夺,抢劫( plunder的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  1. Many of our cultural treasures have been plundered by imperialists. 我国许多珍贵文物被帝国主义掠走了。
  2. The imperialists plundered many valuable works of art. 帝国主义列强掠夺了许多珍贵的艺术品。
9 coffin XWRy7     
n.棺材,灵柩
参考例句:
  1. When one's coffin is covered,all discussion about him can be settled.盖棺论定。
  2. The coffin was placed in the grave.那口棺材已安放到坟墓里去了。
10 forth Hzdz2     
adv.向前;向外,往外
参考例句:
  1. The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.风吹得树轻轻地来回摇晃。
  2. He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快连续发表了一系列的作品。
11 groves eb036e9192d7e49b8aa52d7b1729f605     
树丛,小树林( grove的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. The early sun shone serenely on embrowned groves and still green fields. 朝阳宁静地照耀着已经发黄的树丛和还是一片绿色的田地。
  2. The trees grew more and more in groves and dotted with old yews. 那里的树木越来越多地长成了一簇簇的小丛林,还点缀着几棵老紫杉树。
12 burgeoning f8b25401f10e765adc759ee165d5c1c5     
adj.迅速成长的,迅速发展的v.发芽,抽枝( burgeon的现在分词 );迅速发展;发(芽),抽(枝)
参考例句:
  1. Our company's business is burgeoning now. 我们公司的业务现在发展很迅速。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. These efforts were insufficient to contain the burgeoning crisis. 这些努力不足以抑制迅速扩散的危机。 来自辞典例句
13 utensils 69f125dfb1fef9b418c96d1986e7b484     
器具,用具,器皿( utensil的名词复数 ); 器物
参考例句:
  1. Formerly most of our household utensils were made of brass. 以前我们家庭用的器皿多数是用黄铜做的。
  2. Some utensils were in a state of decay when they were unearthed. 有些器皿在出土时已经残破。
14 incense dcLzU     
v.激怒;n.香,焚香时的烟,香气
参考例句:
  1. This proposal will incense conservation campaigners.这项提议会激怒环保人士。
  2. In summer,they usually burn some coil incense to keep away the mosquitoes.夏天他们通常点香驱蚊。
15 nutritious xHzxO     
adj.有营养的,营养价值高的
参考例句:
  1. Fresh vegetables are very nutritious.新鲜蔬菜富于营养。
  2. Hummingbirds have discovered that nectar and pollen are very nutritious.蜂鸟发现花蜜和花粉是很有营养的。
16 kits e16d4ffa0f9467cd8d2db7d706f0a7a5     
衣物和装备( kit的名词复数 ); 成套用品; 配套元件
参考例句:
  1. Keep your kits closed and locked when not in use. 不用的话把你的装备都锁好放好。
  2. Gifts Articles, Toy and Games, Wooden Toys, Puzzles, Craft Kits. 采购产品礼品,玩具和游戏,木制的玩具,智力玩具,手艺装备。
17 crabs a26cc3db05581d7cfc36d59943c77523     
n.蟹( crab的名词复数 );阴虱寄生病;蟹肉v.捕蟹( crab的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  1. As we walked along the seashore we saw lots of tiny crabs. 我们在海岸上散步时看到很多小蟹。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. The fish and crabs scavenge for decaying tissue. 鱼和蟹搜寻腐烂的组织为食。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 storks fd6b10fa14413b1c399913253982de9b     
n.鹳( stork的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. Meg and Jo fed their mother like dutiful young storks. 麦格和裘像一对忠实的小鹳似地喂她们的母亲。 来自辞典例句
  2. They believe that storks bring new babies to the parents' home. 他们相信白鹤会给父母带来婴儿。 来自互联网
TAG标签:
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:点击我更换图片

鸿运国际娱乐官网

百度360搜索搜狗搜索