Temple Fairs
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2010-09-20 01:19 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
The most important holiday for the Chinese is the Chinese New Year, also called the Spring Festival. During the festival period, everyone goes back to their hometown and spends several days with family, and people hold many celebrations. Beijing has several fairs during the period. The fairs are held at various ancient temples, so they are called "temple fairs(庙会) ." Temple fairs, originated along with the development of Buddhist1 and Taoist activities, are a kind of mass gatherings2 that integrate(整合,完整) religious worship, entertainment and commerce. Temple fairs in Beijing have a very long history, and saw a boom especially during the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911) as well as the Republic of China (1912-1949). Major temples all have their own festivals, some of which are held regularly. During the Spring Festival, temple fair is one of the most important activities, and a traditional cultural event that features all kinds of Chinese folk art. So far, there have been more than 10 major temple fairs held each year in Beijing. In traditional temple fairs around Beijing, there are performances and booths(展台,电话亭) demonstrating and selling traditional arts and crafts(工艺品) . The fairs have lots of games to play, food to eat, performances and lots of people. In the temple fair you can taste numerous kinds of local snacks, court food and other dishes. Most temple fairs feature dragon and lion dances, waist drum dancing, lotus(荷花) blossom fairy dances, ground and clam3 dancing as well as other folk performances, and some even stage traditional wedding ceremonies. In rural areas, the temple fair is an excellent opportunity to capture some color in an otherwise fairly drab country. For foreigners, temple fair is definitely a cultural experience, because it airs Chinese cultures from a very detailed4 perspective. While enjoying the samplings of Chinese delicacies5(佳肴) , you can appreciate craftsmanship6(技术,技艺) and artworks displayed by local people.


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1 Buddhist USLy6     
adj./n.佛教的,佛教徒
参考例句:
  1. The old lady fell down in adoration before Buddhist images.那老太太在佛像面前顶礼膜拜。
  2. In the eye of the Buddhist,every worldly affair is vain.在佛教徒的眼里,人世上一切事情都是空的。
2 gatherings 400b026348cc2270e0046708acff2352     
聚集( gathering的名词复数 ); 收集; 采集; 搜集
参考例句:
  1. His conduct at social gatherings created a lot of comment. 他在社交聚会上的表现引起许多闲话。
  2. During one of these gatherings a pupil caught stealing. 有一次,其中一名弟子偷窃被抓住。
3 clam Fq3zk     
n.蛤,蛤肉
参考例句:
  1. Yup!I also like clam soup and sea cucumbers.对呀!我还喜欢蛤仔汤和海参。
  2. The barnacle and the clam are two examples of filter feeders.藤壶和蛤类是滤过觅食者的两种例子。
4 detailed xuNzms     
adj.详细的,详尽的,极注意细节的,完全的
参考例句:
  1. He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  2. A detailed list of our publications is available on request.我们的出版物有一份详细的目录备索。
5 delicacies 0a6e87ce402f44558508deee2deb0287     
n.棘手( delicacy的名词复数 );精致;精美的食物;周到
参考例句:
  1. Its flesh has exceptional delicacies. 它的肉异常鲜美。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  2. After these delicacies, the trappers were ready for their feast. 在享用了这些美食之后,狩猎者开始其大餐。 来自英汉非文学 - 民俗
6 craftsmanship c2f81623cf1977dcc20aaa53644e0719     
n.手艺
参考例句:
  1. The whole house is a monument to her craftsmanship. 那整座房子是她技艺的一座丰碑。
  2. We admired the superb craftsmanship of the furniture. 我们很欣赏这个家具的一流工艺。
TAG标签: Chinese Beijing fairs
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