历史上的今天:2月4日
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2010-02-04 01:53 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
Today's Highlight in History:
On February fourth, 1789, electors unanimously全体一致地 chose George Washington to be the first president of the United States.
On this date:
In 1783, Britain declared a formal cessation of hostilities停战,休战 with its former colonies, the United States of America.
In 1861, delegates代表 from six southern states met in Montgomery, Alabama, to form the Confederate States of America. In 1941, the United Service Organizations劳军联合组织 (USO) came into existence成立,开始存在. In 1945, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet2 leader Josef Stalin began a wartime conference at Yalta雅尔塔. In 1974, newspaper heiress女继承人 Patricia Hearst was kidnapped in Berkeley, California, by the Symbionese Liberation Army共生解放军. In 1975, more than 22,000 people died when a severe earthquake struck Guatemala危地马拉 and Honduras. In 1980, Abolhassan Bani-Sadr was installed任命,安装 as president of Iran by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. In 1983, singer Karen Carpenter died in Downey, California, at age 32. In 1987, pianist Liberace died at his Palm Springs, California, home at age 67. In 1997, a civil jury in Santa Monica, California, found O.J. Simpson liable有责任的 for the deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend, Ronald Goldman. Ten years ago: Hundreds of thousands of cheering protesters filled Moscow streets to demand that the Communists surrender their stranglehold束缚 on power. Nine people were killed as guerrillas attacked a bus carrying Israeli tourists near Cairo, Egypt. Five years ago: A standoff冷淡,僵持 between the United States and China escalated3 into逐步升级为,激化为 a trade war, with each country ordering stiff tariffs4关税 against the other. One year ago: Gravely ill with lymphatic淋巴腺 cancer, Jordan's King Hussein left the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, and was flown home. Senators at President Clinton's impeachment弹劾,控告 trial voted to permit the showing of portions of Monica Lewinsky's videotaped deposition6. In a case that's drawn7 much controversy8, Amadou Diallo, an unarmed West African immigrant, was shot and killed in front of his Bronx home by four plainclothes New York City police officers.


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1 hostilities 4c7c8120f84e477b36887af736e0eb31     
n.战争;敌意(hostility的复数);敌对状态;战事
参考例句:
  1. Mexico called for an immediate cessation of hostilities. 墨西哥要求立即停止敌对行动。
  2. All the old hostilities resurfaced when they met again. 他们再次碰面时,过去的种种敌意又都冒了出来。
2 Soviet Sw9wR     
adj.苏联的,苏维埃的;n.苏维埃
参考例句:
  1. Zhukov was a marshal of the former Soviet Union.朱可夫是前苏联的一位元帅。
  2. Germany began to attack the Soviet Union in 1941.德国在1941年开始进攻苏联。
3 escalated 219d770572d00a227dc481a3bdb2c51e     
v.(使)逐步升级( escalate的过去式和过去分词 );(使)逐步扩大;(使)更高;(使)更大
参考例句:
  1. The fighting escalated into a full-scale war. 这场交战逐步扩大为全面战争。
  2. The demonstration escalated into a pitched battle with the police. 示威逐步升级,演变成了一场同警察的混战。
4 tariffs a7eb9a3f31e3d6290c240675a80156ec     
关税制度; 关税( tariff的名词复数 ); 关税表; (旅馆或饭店等的)收费表; 量刑标准
参考例句:
  1. British industry was sheltered from foreign competition by protective tariffs. 保护性关税使英国工业免受国际竞争影响。
  2. The new tariffs have put a stranglehold on trade. 新的关税制对开展贸易极为不利。
5 impeachment fqSzd5     
n.弹劾;控告;怀疑
参考例句:
  1. Impeachment is considered a drastic measure in the United States.在美国,弹劾被视为一种非常激烈的措施。
  2. The verdict resulting from his impeachment destroyed his political career.他遭弹劾后得到的判决毁了他的政治生涯。
6 deposition MwOx4     
n.免职,罢官;作证;沉淀;沉淀物
参考例句:
  1. It was this issue which led to the deposition of the king.正是这件事导致了国王被废黜。
  2. This leads to calcium deposition in the blood-vessels.这导致钙在血管中沉积。
7 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  1. All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  2. Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
8 controversy 6Z9y0     
n.争论,辩论,争吵
参考例句:
  1. That is a fact beyond controversy.那是一个无可争论的事实。
  2. We ran the risk of becoming the butt of every controversy.我们要冒使自己在所有的纷争中都成为众矢之的的风险。
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