"Magpie Dress" in Yunnan
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2011-04-26 02:38 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
In the Yunnan local dialect, a small intermontane(山间的) plain is called a bazi. Baofengba in Puning County is a village inhabited by the Hans. When I saw Luo Meiying, the township leader, she wore a typical peasant dress: a black cloth scarf wrapped apron1(围裙) on her head, a white tight jacket covered with a black lace vest, an embroidered2 apron around her waist, blue pants and embroidered cotton shoes. Sensing my curiosity, she told me that it was called a magpie3(喜鹊) dress because the black head and body and white wings. The magpie dress was introduced to this Han village by Luo Meiying from her Yi village when she got married more than 12 years ago. She then changed the chintz scarf and white vest to black, making her look like a magpie which is regarded by the Chinese as a lucky bird. They believe that if a magpie sings in the tree in front of your house, your family will be fortunate. Yi girls are known for their simplicity4, beauty and kindness. Young men from Baofengba think themselves very lucky if they can marry Yi girls. They get to know each other while cutting firewood in the mountains, at country fairs and singing, dancing or drinking mountain wine at local festivals or activities. When I visited a Yi village called Tianba, I saw a tiyue (dancing) scene. According to the Yi custom, Yi girls can only dance with young men from Han villages bring wine, sausage and candies to the appointed place and start a fire while waiting. When the Yi girls arrive, they all get up and greet them before sitting down around the fire, while the Yi girl gathers some brambles and puts them on the designated meeting spot to show her disappointment, thus breaking up the relationship. But if a young man breaks his promise by not showing up at the appointed place, the Yi girl gathers some brambles(荆棘) and puts them on the designated meeting spot to show her disappointment, thus breaking up the relationship. At Tianba, the old Yi houses with thick walls made of sticky soil look as a castle. In the past, there was always a dog crouching5 on the flat roof to watch our for people who came to attack the village. The frequent contact over the past few decades between the Yi and the Han has also resulted in intermarriage between the Yi and the Han. When the Yis found that the Han's brick houses with slanted6 roofs were durable7 and good for drainage(排水) , they also started to build their houses as the Hans do. I was invited by a Yi family of Guo Xiaolan. They lived in a two-story house. Entering the arched gateway8, I found myself in a small yard with a sitting room and bedroom in front and two rooms on each side: one that served as a kitchen and the other that served as a storehouse. It looked quite similar to the houses found in the Han village of Baofengba. It was the slack winter season. A few young people from the Tianba amateur singing and dancing troupe9 were practising the Flower Lantern Opera, a folk opera which used to be popular among the Hans in Yunnan and Guizhou. During the Spring and Lantern festivals, a group of three to five performers would bring simple costumes with them and give performances from village to village. After generations of intermingling with the minorities, the Han people have also been influenced by them in clothing and customs. The Miao women are good at dyeing, weaving and embroidery10. Not only do they wear colourful embroidered(刺绣的) dresses, but they also dress their children in colourful clothes. Even the bundle cloth they use to carry baby on the back is also embroidered with beautiful patterns. Imitating the Miao women, the Han women also make embroidered hats for their children and carry their babies with embroidered bundle cloths on their backs. It is difficult to tell a Miao woman from a Han from their back. Assimilating and developing the best of different minorities, some Han women in minority-inhabited areas dress themselves in colourful minority costumes, and yet no one can identify them with any particular minority group. The Han women living at Baofengba of Jinning all wear embroidered cotton shoes. As the shoe has an upturned(朝上的) tip which looks like a turtledove's head, it is known as turtledove shoe. Though most of the minority women living in Yunnan and Guizhou provinces also wear embroidered shoes, no one can say for sure who the originator is.


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1 apron Lvzzo     
n.围裙;工作裙
参考例句:
  1. We were waited on by a pretty girl in a pink apron.招待我们的是一位穿粉红色围裙的漂亮姑娘。
  2. She stitched a pocket on the new apron.她在新围裙上缝上一只口袋。
2 embroidered StqztZ     
adj.绣花的
参考例句:
  1. She embroidered flowers on the cushion covers. 她在这些靠垫套上绣了花。
  2. She embroidered flowers on the front of the dress. 她在连衣裙的正面绣花。
3 magpie oAqxF     
n.喜欢收藏物品的人,喜鹊,饶舌者
参考例句:
  1. Now and then a magpie would call.不时有喜鹊的叫声。
  2. This young man is really a magpie.这个年轻人真是饶舌。
4 simplicity Vryyv     
n.简单,简易;朴素;直率,单纯
参考例句:
  1. She dressed with elegant simplicity.她穿着朴素高雅。
  2. The beauty of this plan is its simplicity.简明扼要是这个计划的一大特点。
5 crouching crouching     
v.屈膝,蹲伏( crouch的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  1. a hulking figure crouching in the darkness 黑暗中蹲伏着的一个庞大身影
  2. A young man was crouching by the table, busily searching for something. 一个年轻人正蹲在桌边翻看什么。 来自汉英文学 - 散文英译
6 slanted 628a904d3b8214f5fc02822d64c58492     
有偏见的; 倾斜的
参考例句:
  1. The sun slanted through the window. 太阳斜照进窗户。
  2. She had slanted brown eyes. 她有一双棕色的丹凤眼。
7 durable frox4     
adj.持久的,耐久的
参考例句:
  1. This raincoat is made of very durable material.这件雨衣是用非常耐用的料子做的。
  2. They frequently require more major durable purchases.他们经常需要购买耐用消费品。
8 gateway GhFxY     
n.大门口,出入口,途径,方法
参考例句:
  1. Hard work is the gateway to success.努力工作是通往成功之路。
  2. A man collected tolls at the gateway.一个人在大门口收通行费。
9 troupe cmJwG     
n.剧团,戏班;杂技团;马戏团
参考例句:
  1. The art troupe is always on the move in frontier guards.文工团常年在边防部队流动。
  2. The troupe produced a new play last night.剧团昨晚上演了一部新剧。
10 embroidery Wjkz7     
n.绣花,刺绣;绣制品
参考例句:
  1. This exquisite embroidery won people's great admiration.这件精美的绣品,使人惊叹不已。
  2. This is Jane's first attempt at embroidery.这是简第一次试着绣花。
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TAG标签: dress magpie Yunnan
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