GRE的神话和历史词汇
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(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
  1. arachnid1 n. a member of the family Arachnida, which principally includes animals with four pairs of legs and no antennae2, such as spiders, scorpions3, mites4, and ticks蛛形纲动物(诸如蜘蛛、蝎子、螨、蜱) My interest in arachnids began when I used to watch spiders build their gorgeous webs in the corners of the porch.我过去常常观察蜘蛛在走廊的角落结网,其所结之网甚为奇妙,我对蛛形纲动物的兴趣油然而生。   2. bacchanalian5 adj.(The Roman god of drama, wine and ecstasy6, Bacchus (巴克斯) was the focus of a widespread celebration, the Bacchanalia, at which there was wine in abundance and celebrants were expected to cut loose from normal restraints and give in to all sorts of wild desires.) frenzied7, orgiastic; drunken发狂似的,狂饮闹宴的;纵酒的The bacchanalian partying on graduation night resulted in three wrecked8 cars, two lawsuits9 by unamused parents, and more new experiences than most of the participants could remember the next day.毕业之夜的纵酒狂欢的聚会,导致3辆汽车被毁,家长因不悦提出的诉讼两起,还有许多为大多数参加聚会的人第二天就记不得的新名堂。   3. behemoth n. (The behemoth is a mighty10 Biblical beast described in Job 40: 15-40) huge creature; something of monstrous11 size or power巨兽;庞然大物Sportscasters nicknamed the linebacker“The Behemoth.”体育节目广播员给那个(橄榄球)中后卫起了个“巨兽”的绰号。   4. blatant12 adj. (coined by Edmund Spenser) extremely obvious; loudly offensive极明显的;吵嚷的;刺眼的Caught in a blatant lie, the scoundrel had only one regret: he wished he had lied more subtly.那无赖的弥天大谎被当场拆穿,此时他只有一个懊悔:懊悔没有把谎话说得巧妙些。   5. bowdlerize v. (The word immortalizes an English editor, Dr. Thomas Bowdler, who produced a“family”edition (1818) of the works of Shakespeare by removing every word or passage that offended his sense of propriety13.) to expurgate删节,删改After the film editors had bowdlerized the language in the script, the motion picture’s rating was changed from“R”to“PG”.电影编辑把剧本中的不妥部分删除后,该影片就由R级(restricted:指17岁以下青少年除有家长陪同不得观看——译注)变为PG级(parental guidance (suggested):宜在家长指导下观看的——译注)。   6. boycott14 v. (The word comes from C.C. Boycott, land agent ostracized15 by his neighbors during the Land League agitation16 in Ireland in 1880.) to refrain from buying or using拒绝购买(或使用);抵制To put pressure on grape growers to stop using pesticides17 that harmed the farm workers’health, Cesar Chavez called for consumers to boycott grapes.为了给葡萄种植者施压以迫使其停止使用危害农场工人健康的杀虫剂,西泽·查维斯号召消费者拒绝购买葡萄。also n.   7. braggadocio18 n. (Braggadochio is a boastful character in Edmund Spenser’s poem The Faerie Queen《仙后》.) boasting自夸,吹牛He was disliked because his manner was always full of braggadocio.因为他总是自吹自擂,狂妄自大,所以很受人讨厌。cf braggart19 n. boaster自吹者,吹牛者Modest by nature, she was no braggart, preferring to let her accomplishments20 speak for themselves.她天性谦虚,从不自吹,喜欢以自己的成就来表明一切。   8. chauvinist21 n. (After Nicholas Chauvin, a devoted22 soldier and overzealous supporter of `Napoleon Bonaparte) blindly devoted patriot24; zealous23 adherent25 of asgroupsor cause盲目的爱国主义者(一般译为:沙文主义者);(某集团或事业的)狂热的信徒A chauvinist cannot recognize his faults in his country, no matter how flagrant they may be. Likewise, a male chauvinist cannot recognize how biased27 he is in favor of his own sex, no matter how flagrant that bias26 may be.无论自己国家中的缺点有多么明显,沙文主义者对此一概视而不见。同样地,无论对自己性别的偏袒有多么明显,大男子主义者对那种偏见也是视若无睹。   9. chimerical28 adj. (In Greek mythology29 Chimera30 (客迈拉) was a fire- breathing monster, usually represented asshavingsa lion’s head, a goat’s body, and a serpent’s tail.) fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; imaginative异想天开的;空想的;幻想的As everyone expected, Ted’s chimerical scheme to make a fortune by raising ermines in his backyard proved a dismal31 failure.不出大家所料,泰德想在后院饲养白鼬来发财的荒诞不经的计划以惨败告终。chimera n.   10. chortle v. (coined by Lewis Carroll, in Through the Looking Glass (《镜中世界》), prob. chuckle32 + snort) to chuckle with delight咯咯地欢笑When she heard that her rival had just been jailed for embezzlement33, she chortled with joy. She was not a nice lady.当她听说对手因贪污而被监禁时,她开心得咯咯地笑。她是个幸灾乐祸的女人。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 arachnid NzRzZU     
n.蛛形纲动物
参考例句:
  1. I want that wall-crawling arachnid prosecuted!我要起诉那个在墙上爬的八脚怪物!
  2. The tiny arachnid,found in Australia,shows off a rainbow of colours to impress nearby females.这只在澳大利亚的小蜘蛛,向附近的雌性炫耀其华丽的色彩。
2 antennae lMdyk     
n.天线;触角
参考例句:
  1. Sometimes a creature uses a pair of antennae to swim.有时某些动物使用其一对触须来游泳。
  2. Cuba's government said that Cubans found watching American television on clandestine antennae would face three years in jail.古巴政府说那些用秘密天线收看美国电视的古巴人将面临三年监禁。
3 scorpions 0f63b2c0873e8cba29ba4550835d32a9     
n.蝎子( scorpion的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. You promise me that Black Scorpions will never come back to Lanzhou. 你保证黑蝎子永远不再踏上兰州的土地。 来自电影对白
  2. You Scorpions are rather secretive about your likes and dislikes. 天蝎:蝎子是如此的神秘,你的喜好很难被别人洞悉。 来自互联网
4 mites d5df57c25d6a534a9cab886a451cde43     
n.(尤指令人怜悯的)小孩( mite的名词复数 );一点点;一文钱;螨
参考例句:
  1. The only discovered animals are water bears, mites, microscopic rotifers. 能够发现的动物只有海蜘蛛、螨和微小的轮虫。 来自辞典例句
  2. Mites are frequently found on eggs. 螨会经常出现在蛋上。 来自辞典例句
5 bacchanalian pP3yf     
adj.闹酒狂饮的;n.发酒疯的人
参考例句:
  1. Emperor nero attended the bacchanalian orgy.尼禄皇参加了狂饮的祭酒神仪式。
  2. College-admissions deans and potential employers browse bacchanalian footage.高校招生处主任和潜在的雇主会浏览到发酒疯的画面。
6 ecstasy 9kJzY     
n.狂喜,心醉神怡,入迷
参考例句:
  1. He listened to the music with ecstasy.他听音乐听得入了神。
  2. Speechless with ecstasy,the little boys gazed at the toys.小孩注视着那些玩具,高兴得说不出话来。
7 frenzied LQVzt     
a.激怒的;疯狂的
参考例句:
  1. Will this push him too far and lead to a frenzied attack? 这会不会逼他太甚,导致他进行疯狂的进攻?
  2. Two teenagers carried out a frenzied attack on a local shopkeeper. 两名十几岁的少年对当地的一个店主进行了疯狂的袭击。
8 wrecked ze0zKI     
adj.失事的,遇难的
参考例句:
  1. the hulk of a wrecked ship 遇难轮船的残骸
  2. the salvage of the wrecked tanker 对失事油轮的打捞
9 lawsuits 1878e62a5ca1482cc4ae9e93dcf74d69     
n.诉讼( lawsuit的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. Lawsuits involving property rights and farming and grazing rights increased markedly. 涉及财产权,耕作与放牧权的诉讼案件显著地增加。 来自辞典例句
  2. I've lost and won more lawsuits than any man in England. 全英国的人算我官司打得最多,赢的也多,输的也多。 来自辞典例句
10 mighty YDWxl     
adj.强有力的;巨大的
参考例句:
  1. A mighty force was about to break loose.一股巨大的力量即将迸发而出。
  2. The mighty iceberg came into view.巨大的冰山出现在眼前。
11 monstrous vwFyM     
adj.巨大的;恐怖的;可耻的,丢脸的
参考例句:
  1. The smoke began to whirl and grew into a monstrous column.浓烟开始盘旋上升,形成了一个巨大的烟柱。
  2. Your behaviour in class is monstrous!你在课堂上的行为真是丢人!
12 blatant ENCzP     
adj.厚颜无耻的;显眼的;炫耀的
参考例句:
  1. I cannot believe that so blatant a comedy can hoodwink anybody.我无法相信这么显眼的一出喜剧能够欺骗谁。
  2. His treatment of his secretary was a blatant example of managerial arrogance.他管理的傲慢作风在他对待秘书的态度上表露无遗。
13 propriety oRjx4     
n.正当行为;正当;适当
参考例句:
  1. We hesitated at the propriety of the method.我们对这种办法是否适用拿不定主意。
  2. The sensitive matter was handled with great propriety.这件机密的事处理得极为适当。
14 boycott EW3zC     
n./v.(联合)抵制,拒绝参与
参考例句:
  1. We put the production under a boycott.我们联合抵制该商品。
  2. The boycott lasts a year until the Victoria board permitsreturn.这个抗争持续了一年直到维多利亚教育局妥协为止。
15 ostracized ebf8815809823320b153d461e88dad4b     
v.放逐( ostracize的过去式和过去分词 );流放;摈弃;排斥
参考例句:
  1. He was ostracized by his colleagues for refusing to support the strike. 他因拒绝支持罢工而受到同事的排斥。
  2. The family were ostracized by the neighborhood. 邻居们都不理睬那一家人。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
16 agitation TN0zi     
n.搅动;搅拌;鼓动,煽动
参考例句:
  1. Small shopkeepers carried on a long agitation against the big department stores.小店主们长期以来一直在煽动人们反对大型百货商店。
  2. These materials require constant agitation to keep them in suspension.这些药剂要经常搅动以保持悬浮状态。
17 pesticides abb0488ed6905584ea91347395a890e8     
n.杀虫剂( pesticide的名词复数 );除害药物
参考例句:
  1. vegetables grown without the use of pesticides 未用杀虫剂种植的蔬菜
  2. There is a lot of concern over the amount of herbicides and pesticides used in farming. 人们对农业上灭草剂和杀虫剂的用量非常担忧。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 braggadocio kWbzF     
n.吹牛大王
参考例句:
  1. He was disliked because his manner was always full of braggadocio.人们讨厌他,因为他老是吹牛。
  2. Underneath his goofball braggadocio lies a kind of purity.在他笨拙的自夸里蕴含着一丝纯洁。
19 braggart LW2zF     
n.吹牛者;adj.吹牛的,自夸的
参考例句:
  1. However,Captain Prien was not a braggart.不过,普里恩舰长却不是一个夸大其词的人。
  2. Sir,I don't seek a quarrel,not being a braggart.先生,我并不想寻衅挑斗,也不是爱吹牛的人。
20 accomplishments 1c15077db46e4d6425b6f78720939d54     
n.造诣;完成( accomplishment的名词复数 );技能;成绩;成就
参考例句:
  1. It was one of the President's greatest accomplishments. 那是总统最伟大的成就之一。
  2. Among her accomplishments were sewing,cooking,playing the piano and dancing. 她的才能包括缝纫、烹调、弹钢琴和跳舞。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
21 chauvinist 6U4yO     
n.沙文主义者
参考例句:
  1. I don't know how she can live with him;he's such a male chauvinist pig!我真不理解她怎么能与他一起生活,他是个典型的大男子主义者。
  2. How can you do the Muslim chauvinist thing?你怎么能做穆斯林沙文主义的事情?
22 devoted xu9zka     
adj.忠诚的,忠实的,热心的,献身于...的
参考例句:
  1. He devoted his life to the educational cause of the motherland.他为祖国的教育事业贡献了一生。
  2. We devoted a lengthy and full discussion to this topic.我们对这个题目进行了长时间的充分讨论。
23 zealous 0MOzS     
adj.狂热的,热心的
参考例句:
  1. She made zealous efforts to clean up the classroom.她非常热心地努力清扫教室。
  2. She is a zealous supporter of our cause.她是我们事业的热心支持者。
24 patriot a3kzu     
n.爱国者,爱国主义者
参考例句:
  1. He avowed himself a patriot.他自称自己是爱国者。
  2. He is a patriot who has won the admiration of the French already.他是一个已经赢得法国人敬仰的爱国者。
25 adherent cyqzU     
n.信徒,追随者,拥护者
参考例句:
  1. He was most liberal where money would bring him a powerful or necessary political adherent.在金钱能够收买一个干练的或者必需的政治拥护者的地方,他是最不惜花钱的。
  2. He's a pious adherent of Buddhism.他是一位虔诚的佛教徒。
26 bias 0QByQ     
n.偏见,偏心,偏袒;vt.使有偏见
参考例句:
  1. They are accusing the teacher of political bias in his marking.他们在指控那名教师打分数有政治偏见。
  2. He had a bias toward the plan.他对这项计划有偏见。
27 biased vyGzSn     
a.有偏见的
参考例句:
  1. a school biased towards music and art 一所偏重音乐和艺术的学校
  2. The Methods: They employed were heavily biased in the gentry's favour. 他们采用的方法严重偏袒中上阶级。
28 chimerical 4VIyv     
adj.荒诞不经的,梦幻的
参考例句:
  1. His Utopia is not a chimerical commonwealth but a practical improvement on what already exists.他的乌托邦不是空想的联邦,而是对那些已经存在的联邦事实上的改进。
  2. Most interpret the information from the victims as chimerical thinking.大多数来自于受害者的解释是被当作空想。
29 mythology I6zzV     
n.神话,神话学,神话集
参考例句:
  1. In Greek mythology,Zeus was the ruler of Gods and men.在希腊神话中,宙斯是众神和人类的统治者。
  2. He is the hero of Greek mythology.他是希腊民间传说中的英雄。
30 chimera DV3yw     
n.神话怪物;梦幻
参考例句:
  1. Religious unity remained as much a chimera as ever.宗教统一仍然和从前一样,不过是个妄想。
  2. I am fighting against my chimera.我在与狂想抗争。
31 dismal wtwxa     
adj.阴沉的,凄凉的,令人忧郁的,差劲的
参考例句:
  1. That is a rather dismal melody.那是一支相当忧郁的歌曲。
  2. My prospects of returning to a suitable job are dismal.我重新找到一个合适的工作岗位的希望很渺茫。
32 chuckle Tr1zZ     
vi./n.轻声笑,咯咯笑
参考例句:
  1. He shook his head with a soft chuckle.他轻轻地笑着摇了摇头。
  2. I couldn't suppress a soft chuckle at the thought of it.想到这个,我忍不住轻轻地笑起来。
33 embezzlement RqoxY     
n.盗用,贪污
参考例句:
  1. He was accused of graft and embezzlement and was chained and thrown into prison.他因被指控贪污盗窃而锒铛入狱。
  2. The judge sent him to prison for embezzlement of funds.法官因他盗用公款将其送入监牢。
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