GRE词汇分类精选(2)
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(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
阻碍物:
obstacle
barricade 本意指“路障”
impediment (impede 阻碍)
hindrance (hinder 阻碍)
incumbrance (incumber 阻碍)
hurdle 本意指“跳栏”;引申为“阻碍物”
词形相近词:curdle v.凝结;curd1 n.凝乳
cuddle 搂抱;cuddlesome 令人想拥抱的
huddle2 挤成一堆
muddle3 混乱
puddle4 小水坑
抱怨:
grumble5 gripe grouch
总结:字母g 跟“嘴巴”有关
1――淫荡
色情的,淫荡的:lewd lecherous6 lascivious7 libidinous8
脾气暴躁:
touchy9 petulant10 pettish11 peevish12 snppish ------触碰使生气
跟人的脏器有关:
脾脏:spleen----splenetic
肝脏:liver----- liverish
胆汁:bile----bilious
chole----choleric
gall (怨恨)
prickly ,waspish ----跟“刺”有关
cantankerous
curmudgeon 脾气暴躁的人
小房子:
hut shanty13 shack14
igloo 冰做成的小屋
hovel 小茅屋
lodge15 印第安存物的小木屋
隐士:anchorite recluse16 hermit(本意是住在沙漠里的人) solitary17 四个以less结尾的表示“怯懦的”词:
spineless (spine—脊梁骨)
nerveless (nerve—神经)
gutless (gut—内脏)
chinless (chin—下巴)
四个表示“畏惧、畏缩、颤抖”的动词:
cower recoil18 flinch19 quail20 (畏惧、颤抖;n.鹌鹑)
四大懦夫:
coward poltroon21 recreant22 dastard23比较 bastard24 杂种)
对手:
rival opponent antagonist25 foe26
未经思索,即兴:
offhand
extemporaneous (v. extemporize)
impromptu (v. improvise)
unrehearsed (rehearse 排练)
废除:
repeal/rescind 通常指通过司法程序废除法律
null 无效
annul27 nullitfy 使无效,废除
abolish (abolitionist 废奴主义者)
三个表示“超”的前缀:
sur----surrealism 超现实主义
ultra----ultrasonic 超声的 ultraviolet
hyper----hypertext 超文本;hypersensitive 过于敏感
休息:
repose28 (躺下来)休息
脸朝上躺着: supine
趴着: prone29
斜靠着: recumbent
sprawl v.手脚趴开躺着
loll 懒洋洋地躺着
lounge 懒洋洋地躺、坐
n.飞机场的头等侯机厅
未完全发展好的;刚刚出生的:
inchoate; incipient; nascent;
喜好、倾向:
penchant
propensity
inclination (incline 倾向)
proclivity (acclivity 向上的斜坡;declivity 向下的斜坡)
往往指喜欢一种奇怪的东西;癖好、嗜好
bent 能力;嗜好、喜好
谴责:
六个程度较深的表示“批评、谴责”的词:
fulminate vituperate (谩骂) castigate (reproof severely) berate upbraid
一般程度的表示“批评、谴责”的词:
reproof reproach rebuke scold criticize admonish
“尊敬”反义词的考法:
(1)对“嘲弄”
(2)对“鄙视”:despise/ disdain/ scorn
(3)对“亵渎”
(4)对“粗鲁、无理”
格言:
dictum adage gnome(地精) truism maxim
四大流氓:
bully (专指恃强凌弱的流氓) rogue scoundrel hooligan
职业:
pediatrician 儿科大夫
dermatologist 皮肤病学家
surgeon 外科医生
geologist 地理学家
physician 内科医生
biologist 生物学家
geometrician 几何学家
theologian 神学家
astronomer 天文学家
学科:
pathology 病理学 (研究对象:disease)
meteprology 气象学 (研究对象:climate/weather)
neurology 神经学 (研究对象:nerve)
ecology 生态学 (研究对象:enviroment)
表示“减”的动词:
abate 减轻
abridge 删节 对象:length
attenuate 使薄 对象:thickness
depreciate 贬抑、贬低、贬值
eclipse 骨化 对象:flexibilty
eclipse 蚀;遮蔽光辉 对象:prestige/importance
retrench 减少(cut down/ reduce);节省(economize) 对象:expense
dilute 稀释 对象:strength(力量;优点;intensity of light,color,sound or odor 浓度)
标点符号:
parenthesis 括号 作用:explanation
ellipsis 省略号 作用对象:words
apostrophe 撇号 作用:omission;对象:字母
asterisk 星号 作用:footnote 脚注
caret 加字符合
comma 逗号
quotation marks 引号
四个漩涡:
maelstrom whirl(whirlplool) swirl vortex
表示副的前缀:
deputy vice associate (professor) under(secretary)
峡谷:
grand canyon 大峡谷
gully<gorge/ gulch/ ravine<canyon
gorge 水峡谷
gully 小峡谷
包:
briefcase 男士的手提包
purse 女士的手提包
handbag 手提袋、手提拎包
trunk 大衣箱
rucksack 背包


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 curd oYmzN     
n.凝乳;凝乳状物
参考例句:
  1. I'd like to add some pepper to the bean curd.我想在豆腐里加一点辣椒粉。
  2. The next one is bean curd with crab roe.下一个是蟹黄豆腐。
2 huddle s5UyT     
vi.挤作一团;蜷缩;vt.聚集;n.挤在一起的人
参考例句:
  1. They like living in a huddle.他们喜欢杂居在一起。
  2. The cold wind made the boy huddle inside his coat.寒风使这个男孩卷缩在他的外衣里。
3 muddle d6ezF     
n.困惑,混浊状态;vt.使混乱,使糊涂,使惊呆;vi.胡乱应付,混乱
参考例句:
  1. Everything in the room was in a muddle.房间里每一件东西都是乱七八糟的。
  2. Don't work in a rush and get into a muddle.克服忙乱现象。
4 puddle otNy9     
n.(雨)水坑,泥潭
参考例句:
  1. The boy hopped the mud puddle and ran down the walk.这个男孩跳过泥坑,沿着人行道跑了。
  2. She tripped over and landed in a puddle.她绊了一下,跌在水坑里。
5 grumble 6emzH     
vi.抱怨;咕哝;n.抱怨,牢骚;咕哝,隆隆声
参考例句:
  1. I don't want to hear another grumble from you.我不愿再听到你的抱怨。
  2. He could do nothing but grumble over the situation.他除了埋怨局势之外别无他法。
6 lecherous s9tzA     
adj.好色的;淫邪的
参考例句:
  1. Her husband was described in court as a lecherous scoundrel.她的丈夫在法庭上被描绘成一个好色的无赖。
  2. Men enjoy all the beautiful bones,but do not mistake him lecherous.男人骨子里全都喜欢美女,但千万别误以为他好色。
7 lascivious x92z9     
adj.淫荡的,好色的
参考例句:
  1. I was there to protect her from the importunities of lascivious men.我在那里保护她,不受那些好色男子的纠缠不休。
  2. In his old age Cato became lascivious and misconducted himself with a woman slave.到了晚年,卡托沉溺于女色,跟一个女奴私通。
8 libidinous QRJze     
adj.淫荡的
参考例句:
  1. Powell let his libidinous imagination run away with him.鲍威尔淫心顿起,浮想联翩。
  2. Now it was believed that men were much more naturally libidinous and liable to seduce women.现在人们相信,男人天生要好色得多,要对勾引女人承担责任。
9 touchy PJfz6     
adj.易怒的;棘手的
参考例句:
  1. Be careful what you say because he's touchy.你说话小心,因为他容易生气。
  2. He's a little touchy about his weight.他对自己的体重感到有点儿苦恼。
10 petulant u3JzP     
adj.性急的,暴躁的
参考例句:
  1. He picked the pen up with a petulant gesture.他生气地拿起那支钢笔。
  2. The thing had been remarked with petulant jealousy by his wife.
11 pettish LNUxx     
adj.易怒的,使性子的
参考例句:
  1. I can't act in pettish to you any further.我再也不能对你撒娇了。
  2. He was getting more and more pettish and hysterical.他变得越来越任性,越来越歇斯底里。
12 peevish h35zj     
adj.易怒的,坏脾气的
参考例句:
  1. A peevish child is unhappy and makes others unhappy.一个脾气暴躁的孩子自己不高兴也使别人不高兴。
  2. She glared down at me with a peevish expression on her face.她低头瞪着我,一脸怒气。
13 shanty BEJzn     
n.小屋,棚屋;船工号子
参考例句:
  1. His childhood was spent in a shanty.他的童年是在一个简陋小屋里度过的。
  2. I want to quit this shanty.我想离开这烂房子。
14 shack aE3zq     
adj.简陋的小屋,窝棚
参考例句:
  1. He had to sit down five times before he reached his shack.在走到他的茅棚以前,他不得不坐在地上歇了五次。
  2. The boys made a shack out of the old boards in the backyard.男孩们在后院用旧木板盖起一间小木屋。
15 lodge q8nzj     
v.临时住宿,寄宿,寄存,容纳;n.传达室,小旅馆
参考例句:
  1. Is there anywhere that I can lodge in the village tonight?村里有我今晚过夜的地方吗?
  2. I shall lodge at the inn for two nights.我要在这家小店住两个晚上。
16 recluse YC4yA     
n.隐居者
参考例句:
  1. The old recluse secluded himself from the outside world.这位老隐士与外面的世界隔绝了。
  2. His widow became a virtual recluse for the remainder of her life.他的寡妻孤寂地度过了余生。
17 solitary 7FUyx     
adj.孤独的,独立的,荒凉的;n.隐士
参考例句:
  1. I am rather fond of a solitary stroll in the country.我颇喜欢在乡间独自徜徉。
  2. The castle rises in solitary splendour on the fringe of the desert.这座城堡巍然耸立在沙漠的边际,显得十分壮美。
18 recoil GA4zL     
vi.退却,退缩,畏缩
参考例句:
  1. Most people would recoil at the sight of the snake.许多人看见蛇都会向后退缩。
  2. Revenge may recoil upon the person who takes it.报复者常会受到报应。
19 flinch BgIz1     
v.畏缩,退缩
参考例句:
  1. She won't flinch from speaking her mind.她不会讳言自己的想法。
  2. We will never flinch from difficulties.我们面对困难决不退缩。
20 quail f0UzL     
n.鹌鹑;vi.畏惧,颤抖
参考例句:
  1. Cowards always quail before the enemy.在敌人面前,胆小鬼们总是畏缩不前的。
  2. Quail eggs are very high in cholesterol.鹌鹑蛋胆固醇含量高。
21 poltroon sObxJ     
n.胆怯者;懦夫
参考例句:
  1. You are a poltroon to abuse your strength.你是一个滥用武力的懦夫。
  2. He is more poltroon than cautious.与其说他谨慎,不如说他是怯懦。
22 recreant QUbx6     
n.懦夫;adj.胆怯的
参考例句:
  1. How can I overcome recreant psychology?我该如何克服胆小的心理?
  2. He is a recreant knight.他是个懦弱的骑士。
23 dastard VYIzR     
n.卑怯之人,懦夫;adj.怯懦的,畏缩的
参考例句:
  1. He is nothing but a chicken-hearted dastard.他只是一个胆怯的懦夫。
  2. "Yes,you pitiful dastard," retorted the lovely damsel.“是的,你这个卑鄙的胆小鬼,”那位美丽的少女反唇相讥。
24 bastard MuSzK     
n.坏蛋,混蛋;私生子
参考例句:
  1. He was never concerned about being born a bastard.他从不介意自己是私生子。
  2. There was supposed to be no way to get at the bastard.据说没有办法买通那个混蛋。
25 antagonist vwXzM     
n.敌人,对抗者,对手
参考例句:
  1. His antagonist in the debate was quicker than he.在辩论中他的对手比他反应快。
  2. The thing is to know the nature of your antagonist.要紧的是要了解你的对手的特性。
26 foe ygczK     
n.敌人,仇敌
参考例句:
  1. He knew that Karl could be an implacable foe.他明白卡尔可能会成为他的死敌。
  2. A friend is a friend;a foe is a foe;one must be clearly distinguished from the other.敌是敌,友是友,必须分清界限。
27 annul kwzzG     
v.宣告…无效,取消,废止
参考例句:
  1. They have the power to alter or annul inappropriate decisions of their own standing committees.他们有权改变或者撤销本级人民代表大会常务委员会不适当的决定。
  2. The courts later found grounds to annul the results,after the king urged them to sort out the "mess".在国王敦促法庭收拾烂摊子后,法庭随后宣布废除选举结果。
28 repose KVGxQ     
v.(使)休息;n.安息
参考例句:
  1. Don't disturb her repose.不要打扰她休息。
  2. Her mouth seemed always to be smiling,even in repose.她的嘴角似乎总是挂着微笑,即使在睡眠时也是这样。
29 prone 50bzu     
adj.(to)易于…的,很可能…的;俯卧的
参考例句:
  1. Some people are prone to jump to hasty conclusions.有些人往往作出轻率的结论。
  2. He is prone to lose his temper when people disagree with him.人家一不同意他的意见,他就发脾气。
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