PETS三级模拟题2(五)
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Section Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)   Part A   Directions:   Read the following three texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark four answers on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing a thick line across the corresponding letter in the brackets1.   Text I   No one knows exactly how many disabled (残废的) people there are in the world, but estimates suggest the figure is over 450 million. The number of disabled people in India alone is probably more than double the total population of Canada.   In the United Kingdom, about one in ten people have some disability. Disability is not just something that happens to other people. As we get older, many of us will become less mobile ( 可动的) , hard of hearing or have failing eyesight.   Disablement2 can take many forms and occur at any time of life. Some people are born with disabilities. Many others become disabled as they get older. There are many progressive disabling3 diseases. The longer time goes on, the worse they become. Some people are disabled in accidents. Many others may have a period of disability in the form of a mental illness. All are affected4 by people's attitude towards them.   Disabled people face many physical barriers. Next time you go shopping or to work or visit   friends, imagine how you would manage if you could not get up steps, or on to buses and trains. How would you cope if you could not see where you were going or could not hear the traffic? But there are other barriers: prejudice can be even harder to break down and ignorance5 inevitably6 represents by far the greatest barrier of all. It is almost impossible for the able-bodied to fully7 appreciate what the severely8 disabled go through, so it is important to draw attention to these barriers and show that it is the individual person and their ability, not their disability, which counts.   46. The first paragraph points out that _________.   { A J it is possible to get an exact figure of the world's disabled people   [ B ] there are many disabled people in the world   [ C ] the number of disabled people in India is the greatest   [ D ] India has not much more disabled people than Canada   47. The key word in Paragraph 4 is _________.   [ A ] barriers                    [ B ] ignorance   [C] disability                   [D] prejudice   48. The last word of the passage "counts" most probably means _________.   [A] "is most important"        [B] "is included"   [C] "is considered"            [D] "is numbered"   49. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?   [A] There are about 10 percent disabled persons in the UK.   [ B ] The whole society should pay due attention to the barriers faced by the disabled people.   [ C ] Even the able-bodied may lose some of their body functions when they get older.   [D] There still exists prejudice against the disabled which results mainly from ignorance.   50. It can be concluded from the passage that _____.   [A] we should try our best to prevent disablement   [ B] we must take a proper attitude towards the disabled   [C] the able-bodied people will never fully understand the disabled   [D] both physical and mental barriers are hard to break down.  


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1 brackets 4fb5752086a682013b5aacd00bc913fd     
n.括弧( bracket的名词复数 );等级;类别层次;壁架v.把…括在括弧内( bracket的第三人称单数 );把…归为一类
参考例句:
  1. Publication dates are given in brackets after each title. 出版日期括于书名后面。
  2. Put your name in brackets at the top of each page. 把你的名字填在每页上端的括弧内。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 disablement 538c128301195b1774d733a0b53954fe     
无力化,无能力
参考例句:
  1. The insurance policy covers sudden death or disablement. 保险单为突然死亡或伤残保险。
  2. Further Medical Certificates are required upon request during periods disablement. 于受伤期间,本公司有可能要求提供进一步的医疗证明书。
3 disabling 59a31112e679cb2138df88dbcf985784     
使无能力( disable的现在分词 ); 使残废; 使伤残; 使无效
参考例句:
  1. Rheumatoid arthritis is perhaps the most severe and disabling type of the disease. 类风湿性关节炎可能是其中最严重,最能致残的一种类型。
  2. There was an error disabling the Inbox Assistant rules. 禁用收件箱助理程序规则时出错。
4 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  1. She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  2. His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
5 ignorance Mc4z9     
n.无知,愚昧,不了解,(of,about)不知道
参考例句:
  1. The relation of disease to poverty and ignorance is easy to see.疾病与贫穷、无知之间的关系是显而易见的。
  2. Maybe it is all due to my own ignorance.也许是我少见多怪。
6 inevitably x7axc     
adv.不可避免地;必然发生地
参考例句:
  1. In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你们这样下去,毫无疑问是会散伙的。
  2. Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技术变革必然会导致失业。
7 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  1. The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  2. They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
8 severely SiCzmk     
adv.严格地;严厉地;非常恶劣地
参考例句:
  1. He was severely criticized and removed from his post.他受到了严厉的批评并且被撤了职。
  2. He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗心大意而受到了严厉的批评。
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