PETS三级模拟题2(七)
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Text 3
  Being assertive1 ( 过分自信) is being able to communicate with other people clearly. If you felt that you had expressed what was important to you and allowed the oilier person to respond in their own way then, regardless of the final outcome, you behaved assertively2. It is important to remember that being assertive refers to a way of coping with confrontations4 ( 对抗)。 It does not mean getting your own way every time or winning some battle of wits against another person. In practice assertive behaviour is usually most likely to produce a result which is generally acceptable to all concerned, without anyone feeling that they have been unfairly treated.
  Assertiveness5 is often wrongly confused with aggression6 (侵犯行为). An aggressive confrontation3 is when one or both parties attempt to put forward their feelings and beliefs at the expense of others. In an assertive confrontation, however, each party stands up for their personal rights, but each shows respect and understanding for the other's viewpoint.
  The reason why assertiveness may not come naturally is that we often tend to believe that we must talk around a subject rather than be direct, or that we must offer excuses or justifications7 for our actions.
  In fact we all have a right to use assertive behaviour in a variety of situations. We are often schooled early in life to believe that sometimes our own need to express ourselves must take secondary place. For example, in dealing8 with those in privileged positions such as specialists, we often feel that speaking assertively is, in some way, "breaking the rules". Everybody has certain basic human rights, but often we feel guilty about exercising them.
  56. According to the passage, an assertive person ________.
  [ A ] makes other people feel unfairly treated
  [ B ] puts forward his ideas at the expense of others
  [C] does not show respect to other people
  [ D ] speaks out what he wants to say forcefully
  57. Which of the following is NOT the reason that many people prefer not to be assertive?
  [A] They would rather be aggressive than be assertive.
  [B] It's often better to give people hints than to be straightforward9.
  [C] Their needs to express themselves take secondary place before important persons.
  [ D] They tend to give excuses and justifications for their actions.
  58. The last word of the passage "them" refers to _________.
  [A] rules                       [B] actions
  [c] personal rights              [D] privileged positions
  59. According to the passage, one should not only express himself clearly and directly, but also
  [ A ] make other people accept his ideas
  [ B ] be careful with his manner
  [ C] allow others to speak in their own way
  [D]watch other people's response
  60. In this passage, the author intends to encourage people to _____.
  [ A ] fight for their personal rights
  [ B] be aggressive when they talk to others
  [ C J assert themselves regardless of whether others suffer or not
  [ D ] be assertive at any time


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1 assertive De7yL     
adj.果断的,自信的,有冲劲的
参考例句:
  1. She always speaks an assertive tone.她总是以果断的语气说话。
  2. China appears to have become more assertive in the waters off its coastline over recent years.在近些年,中国显示出对远方海洋的自信。
2 assertively 96ff1844fcdd1810e172c71a22ee838b     
断言地,独断地
参考例句:
  1. Using the right body language helps you communicate more assertively. 使用正确的肢体语言会帮助你更有主张力的交流。
  2. Learning to communicate assertively involves learning to be honest, open and direct. 果敢自信的交往方式的学习包括做到为人诚实、坦率和直言不讳。
3 confrontation xYHy7     
n.对抗,对峙,冲突
参考例句:
  1. We can't risk another confrontation with the union.我们不能冒再次同工会对抗的危险。
  2. After years of confrontation,they finally have achieved a modus vivendi.在对抗很长时间后,他们最后达成安宁生存的非正式协议。
4 confrontations c51194060d6a4df61a641d2290c573ad     
n.对抗,对抗的事物( confrontation的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. At times, this potential has escalated into actual confrontations. 有时,这一矛盾升级为实际的对抗。 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
  2. These confrontations and uncertainties were bing played out for the first time on a global scale. 所有这一切对抗和不稳定,第一次在全球范围内得到充分的表演。 来自辞典例句
5 assertiveness tyJzon     
n.过分自信
参考例句:
  1. Her assertiveness was starting to be seen as arrogance. 她的自信已开始被认为是自负了。
  2. Role playing is an important element in assertiveness training. 在果敢自信训练班上,角色扮演是个重要内容。
6 aggression WKjyF     
n.进攻,侵略,侵犯,侵害
参考例句:
  1. So long as we are firmly united, we need fear no aggression.只要我们紧密地团结,就不必惧怕外来侵略。
  2. Her view is that aggression is part of human nature.她认为攻击性是人类本性的一部份。
7 justifications b29eafe8f75e4d20fee54f2163f08482     
正当的理由,辩解的理由( justification的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. If he a vulgar person, she does not have justifications for him. 如果他是个低级趣味的人,她早就不会理他了。
  2. It depends on their effect on competition and possible justifications. 这则取决于它们对于竞争的影响和可能存在的正当抗辩理由。
8 dealing NvjzWP     
n.经商方法,待人态度
参考例句:
  1. This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  2. His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
9 straightforward fFfyA     
adj.正直的,坦率的;易懂的,简单的
参考例句:
  1. A straightforward talk is better than a flowery speech.巧言不如直说。
  2. I must insist on your giving me a straightforward answer.我一定要你给我一个直截了当的回答。
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