托福常考的名词
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2008-12-30 02:40 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
1. 常考的不可数名词
furniture luggage clothing equipment poetry jewelry1 machinery2 weaponry scenery information knowledge homework
evidence foliage3 advertising4 health
A : 流体 air water
B: 颗粒状物体 rice salt
C: 抽象名词 information
D: 总称名词 poetry machinery
E: 疾病不可数 diabetes糖尿病 measles麻疹
F: 自然现象 rain drops
G:学科不可数 mathematics economics statistics physics politics mechanics genetics geology geography chemistry
philosophy biology history
2.常考的不规则单复数
man/men woman/women tooth/teeth foot/feet goose/geese basis/bases analysis/analyses crisis/crises
hypothesis/hypotheses axis/axes alga/algae larva/larvae fungus/fungi stimulus/stimuli datum/data bacterium/bacteria
medium/media spectrum/spectra mouse/mice child/children phenomenon/phenomena radius/radii
3.常考的单复数同型的名词
aircraft spacecraft series species means sheep deer bison salmon7 trout8 carp
4. 常考的可数名词
discovery cloud mineral metal substance population effort effect animal plant mammal insect tree herb shrub9 element function feature picture result clue star reason audience device structure human human being system fashion resource source origin pioneer automobile10 purpose style response number amount variety quantity type kind influence emotion change
5. 既可数又不可数的名词
sugar , cloth , water , detail , paper ,work , light , science ,form , interest , art , area ,color , disease , illness , rock , stone ,matter , food , culture ,noise , liquid , solid , gas , climate , film ,material , population , temperature , experience ,speech ,use,time , life , action , activity , study,rock(砂岩) rocks(块岩) work(工作,作品) works(著作) paper(纸) papers(论文,报告,文件)area(面积) areas(地区,区域) time(时间) times(次数) room(空间) rooms(房间) water(水) waters(水域)
collections由同一种物品构成,可数 his three collections of short stories
collection 由不同种物品构成,不可数 his art collection
※当一个不可数名词表种类时,可数.
可数/不可数 :①有无数的概念②抽象/具体 advertisment 广告 可数 advertising 广告业 不可数


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1 jewelry 0auz1     
n.(jewllery)(总称)珠宝
参考例句:
  1. The burglars walked off with all my jewelry.夜盗偷走了我的全部珠宝。
  2. Jewelry and lace are mostly feminine belongings.珠宝和花边多数是女性用品。
2 machinery CAdxb     
n.(总称)机械,机器;机构
参考例句:
  1. Has the machinery been put up ready for the broadcast?广播器材安装完毕了吗?
  2. Machinery ought to be well maintained all the time.机器应该随时注意维护。
3 foliage QgnzK     
n.叶子,树叶,簇叶
参考例句:
  1. The path was completely covered by the dense foliage.小路被树叶厚厚地盖了一层。
  2. Dark foliage clothes the hills.浓密的树叶覆盖着群山。
4 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  1. Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  2. The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
5 diabetes uPnzu     
n.糖尿病
参考例句:
  1. In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
  2. Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
6 measles Bw8y9     
n.麻疹,风疹,包虫病,痧子
参考例句:
  1. The doctor is quite definite about Tom having measles.医生十分肯定汤姆得了麻疹。
  2. The doctor told her to watch out for symptoms of measles.医生叫她注意麻疹出现的症状。
7 salmon pClzB     
n.鲑,大马哈鱼,橙红色的
参考例句:
  1. We saw a salmon jumping in the waterfall there.我们看见一条大马哈鱼在那边瀑布中跳跃。
  2. Do you have any fresh salmon in at the moment?现在有新鲜大马哈鱼卖吗?
8 trout PKDzs     
n.鳟鱼;鲑鱼(属)
参考例句:
  1. Thousands of young salmon and trout have been killed by the pollution.成千上万的鲑鱼和鳟鱼的鱼苗因污染而死亡。
  2. We hooked a trout and had it for breakfast.我们钓了一条鳟鱼,早饭时吃了。
9 shrub 7ysw5     
n.灌木,灌木丛
参考例句:
  1. There is a small evergreen shrub on the hillside.山腰上有一小块常绿灌木丛。
  2. Moving a shrub is best done in early spring.移植灌木最好是在初春的时候。
10 automobile rP1yv     
n.汽车,机动车
参考例句:
  1. He is repairing the brake lever of an automobile.他正在修理汽车的刹车杆。
  2. The automobile slowed down to go around the curves in the road.汽车在路上转弯时放慢了速度。
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