2006年12月23日大学英语四级考试最新预测卷(一)
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大学英语4级考试 College English Model Test Two —Band Four— Part ⅠWriting(30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Colleges Have Opened Their Doors Wider. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below: 1 高校扩招是一件好事; 2 高校扩招会带来一些问题; 3 我的观点。 提示:在实考试卷中,该试题在答题卡1上。 Colleges Have Opened Their Doors Wider                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Part ⅡReading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes) Directions:In this part,you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7,mark Y (for YES)if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for NO)if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG (for NOT GIVEN)if the information is not given in the passage. For questions 8-10,complete the sentences with information given in the passage.   Theft  deterrent2  system To deter1 the vehicle theft, the system is designed to give an alarm and keep the engine from being started if any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood3 is forcibly unlocked or the battery terminal is disconnected and then reconnected when the vehicle is locked.   The alarm blows the horn intermittently4 and flashes the headlights, tail lights and other exterior5 lights. The engine cannot be started because the starter circuit will be cut. SETTING  THE SYSTEM 1. Turn the ignition key to the “LOCK” position and remove it. 2. Have all passengers get out of the vehicle. 3. Close and lock the front, sliding and back doors and hood. The indicator6 light will come on when the front, sliding and back doors and hood are closed and locked. As the front doors are locked, the system will give you a preparation time of 30 seconds before the setting, during which the front, sliding and back doors and hood may be opened to prepare for the setting.     Be careful not to use the key when opening either front door. This will cancel the system. 4. After making sure the indicator light starts flashing, you may leave the vehicle. The system will automatically be set after the preparation time elapses. The indicator light will flash to show the system is set. If any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood is opened at that time, the setting is interrupted until it is closed and locked.   Never leave anyone in the vehicle when you set the system, because unlocking from the inside will activate7 (使起动) the system. WHEN THE SYSTEM IS SET Activating8 the system   The system will give the alarm and cut the starter circuit under the following conditions:   If any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood is unlocked without using the key   If the battery terminal is disconnected and then reconnected   After one minute, the alarm will automatically stop with the starter circuit cut kept on. Reactivating the alarm   Once set, the system automatically resets9 the alarm each time the front, sliding and back doors and hood are closed after the alarm stops.   The alarm will be activated10 again under the following conditions:   If any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood is opened   If the battery terminal is disconnected and then reconnected Stopping the alarm   Turn the ignition key from the “LOCK” to “ACC” position. The alarm will be stopped with the starter circuit cut kept on. Stopping the alarm in this manner will keep the alarm from being reactivated when any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood is opened. Interrupting the setting   With the system set, the back door can be opened with the key without activating or canceling the system. While it is open, the front and sliding doors and hood may be opened in addition, and the system can be activated only by the battery terminal disconnection.   To resume the setting, close and lock the front, sliding and back doors and hood. The back door must be closed with the key removed. CANCELLING  THE  SYSTEM   Unlock either front door with the key, or unlock the sliding door with the key when it has been closed. This cancels the system completely and the starter circuit cut will be cancelled at once. INDICATOR  LIGHT The indicator light gives the following three indications when the system is in use. When the light is:   FLASHING—The system is set. You need the key to open the front, sliding and back doors and hood.   ON—The system will automatically be set when the time comes. The front, sliding and back doors and hood may be opened without a key.   OFF—The system is inactive. You may open any door and hood. TESTING  THE   SYSTEM 1.   Open the driver’s and front passenger’s windows. 2.   Set the system as described above. The front doors should be locked with the key. Be sure to wait until the indicator light starts flashing. 3.   Unlock one of the front, sliding and back doors from the inside. The system should activate the alarm. 4.   Cancel the system by unlocking either front door with the key. 5.   Repeat this operation for the other doors and hood. When testing on the hood, also check that the system is activated when the battery terminal is disconnected and then reconnected. If the system does not work properly, have it checked by your Toyota dealer11. 提示:在实考试卷中,8-10题在答题卡1上。 1. The system is used to deter the vehicle theft according to the instructions. 2. In order to set the system, you should have all passengers get out of the vehicle. 3. The system will be cancelled when you use the key to open the back door. 4. The system will be not be activated unless you use the key to open any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood. 5. In order to stop the alarm, you have to turn the ignition key from the “ACC” to “LOCK” position. 6. When the indicator light is flashing, it is needless to use the key to open any of the doors and hood. 7. The passage tells us that the system works so effectively that it never breaks down. 8. As the front doors are locked, the theft deterrent system will give you a preparation time of                 before setting. 9. Before leaving the vehicle, make sure that the indicator light             . 10. According to the passage, if the system refuses to work properly, have it checked by your                          .   Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension35 minutes Section A Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.At the end of each conversation,one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C) and D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 11. A)  Steve cannot hear. B)  Steve has some problems with his ears. C)  Steve doesn?t listen to him. D)  Steve forgot about the meeting. 12. A)  She loved the people in Africa. B)  She loved  the tour in some places. C)  Three weeks is just like a few minutes. D)  The whole tour is quite interesting. 13. A)  Bill cannot afford a house. B)  Bill decided12 to buy a house. C)  Bill doesn’t mean to buy a house. D)  Bill goes beyond the house. 14. A)  Susan Evans rings a bell. B)  The name sounds familiar to the man. C)  The man never heard of the name. D)  The man is not sure about the bell. 15. A)  To a movie.            B)  On a twoweek trip. C)  To work.                          D)  On a short visit to their neighbor. 16.A)18.50. B)19.50. C)15.50.                                          D)  14.50. 17. A)  He went mountain climbing last year. B)  He hasn’t traveled around the world yet. C)  He’d like to climb that mountain. D)  He definitely does not want to go. 18. A)  The woman’s doctor.                             B)  The woman’s husband. C)  A shoe buyer.                        D)  A shoe salesman. Question 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. A)  Reading newspapers. B)  Reading advertisements. C)  Doing housing business. D)  Looking for a suitable house. 20. A)  The price is too high. B)  The house is far from his company. C)  The place is noisy. D)  There is no shopping nearby. 21. A)  It has a garden. B)  It is not in the city center. C)  It is not very expensive. D)  It is very far from the place the man works in.   Question 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 22. A) To find out if he has the flu. B) To find out how to maintain a nutritious13 diet. C) To find out how to prevent illness. D) To find out the results of a blood test. 23. A) He gets ill at the same time every year. B) He doesn’t get enough exercise. C) He often has difficulty sleeping. D) He’s sick with influenza14 throughout the winter. 24. A) He’s unwilling15 to be immunized. B) He doesn’t get enough rest. C) He forgets to take his medicine. D) He doesn’t dress warmly enough. 25. A) Physical examinations are given free there. B) He can get an influenza vaccination16 there. C) He’ll be able to get a prescription17 for medication there. D) He’ll find literature on nutrition there. Section B Directions:In this section,you will hear 3 short passages.At the end of each passage,you will hear some questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C) and D) .Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26.  A)  They can do better than others. B)  It is expensive to hire labour. C)  They don’t like to be helped. D)  They don’t trust others. 27.  A)  It publishes books only for children. B)  It publishes books about people’s pets. C)  It uses computers to make up stories. D)  It makes the young readers the leading characters in the stories. 28.  A)  Written by children themselves. B)  Telling stories about the reader himself. C)  Printed with standard things. D)  Published with the help of computers. Passage Two Questions 29 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard. 29?A)  Their flying ability improved greatly. B)  They became warmblooded. C)  They began to lay eggs. D)  They changed their migration18 patterns. 30?A)  On the ground. B)  In cold places. C)  On the highest branches of trees. D)  Inside three trunks. 31?A)  To avoid predators19. B)  To expose the eggs to stronger sunlight. C)  To have a better view of predators. D)  To save labor20. 32?A)  How birds learn to build nests. B)  Why birds lay eggs. C)  How birds’? nests have evolved. D)  Why some birds’? nests are considered primitive21. Passage Three Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 33. A)  To find out how clever monkeys were. B)  To test intelligence of different animals. C)  To tell the difference between man and the monkeys. D)  To find out how monkeys search food. 34. A)  To give the monkey a surprise. B)  To see how the monkey ate from the box. C)  To see how soon the monkey could find it. D)  To find out how the monkey would open the box. 35. A)  By looking through the keyhole. B)  By looking through the window. C)  By taking pictures of the monkey. D)  By hiding himself behind the box. Section C Directions:In this section,you will hear a passage three times.When the passage is read for the first time,you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time,you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard.For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information.For these blanks,you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in you own words.Finally, when the passage is read for the third time,you should check what you have written. 提示:在实考试卷中,该试题在答题卡2上。 After retiring from 30 years of teaching, Ethbell Pepper could easily have decided to sit back and (36)            and enjoy a peaceful (37)             . But that kind of life is not for Ethbell Pepper. “I just wanted to do something different. If you are going to (38)            in life, do it. Don?t just sit down and look out the window.” She says. At 68, she decided to become one of the (39)            participants in a program at the University of California. The program offers   (40)            housing and classes to people over  (41)            . She   (42)            in a class called Human Relationships and  (43)            Society. (44)            . “But in this course, I found out a lot about other cultures I didn?t know then.(45)            .” Older adults can add to the educational resources of the university by bringing with them a lot of valuable experience. Their presence on campus helps break some long beliefs about aging. Young students may have fears of growing older.(46)            . The younger students can begin to see aging as a natural part of living.   Part ⅣReading ComprehensionReading in Depth)(25 minutes Section A Directions:In this section,there is a passage with ten blanks.You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage.Read the passage through carefully before making your choices.Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter.Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage. There’s no question that the Earth is getting hotter. The real questions are: How much of the warming is our fault, and are we47            to slow the devastation22 by controlling our insatiable48            for fossil fuels? Global warming can seem too49            to worry about, or too uncertain—something projected by the same computer50            that often can’t get next week’s weather right. On a raw winter day you might think that a few degrees of warming wouldn’t be such a bad thing anyway. And no doubt about it: Warnings about51            change can sound like an environmentalist scare tactic23, meant to force us out of our cars and restrict our lifestyles. Comforting thoughts, perhaps. Unfortunately, however, the Earth has some discomforting news. From Alaska to the snowy peaks of the Andes the world is heating up right now, and fast. Globally, the52            is up 1°F over the past century, but some of the coldest, most remote spots have warmed much more. The results aren’t pretty. Ice is53            , rivers are running dry, and coasts are54            , threatening communities. The55            are happening largely out of sight. But they shouldn’t be out of mind, because they are omens24 of what’s in store for the56            of the planet.    
A. remote       B. techniques      C. consisting       D. restE. willing F. climate       G. skill    H. appetite    I. melting  J. vanishing K. eroding     L. temperature    M. curiosity    N. changes   O. skillful  
 
           
Section B Directions:There are 2 passages in this section.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C)  and D) .You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage. My father’s reaction to the bank building at 43rd Street and Fifth Avenue in New York city was immediate25 and definite: “You won?t catch me putting my money in there!” he declared, “Not in that glass box!” Of course, my father is a gentleman of the old school, a member of the generation to whom a good deal of modern architecture is upsetting, but I am convinced that his negative response was not so much to the architecture as to a violation26 of his concept of the nature of money. In his generation money was thought of as a  real commodity(实物) that could be carried, or stolen. Consequently, to attract the custom of a sensible man, a bank had to have heavy walls, barred windows, and bronze doors, to affirm the fact, however untrue, that money would be safe inside. If a building?s design made it appear impenetrable, the institution was necessarily reliable, and the meaning of the heavy wall as an architecture symbol dwelt in the prevailing27 attitude toward money. But the attitude toward money has, of course, changed. Excepting pocket money, cash of any kind is now rarely used; money as a tangible28 commodity has largely been replaced by credit. A deficit(赤字) economy, accompanied by huge expansion, has led us to think of money as product of the creative imagination. The banker no longer offers us a safe: he offers us a service in which the most valuable element is the creativity for the invention of large numbers. It is in no way surprising, in view of this change in attitude, that we are witnessing the disappearance29 of the heavy?walled bank. Just as the older bank emphasized its strength, this bank by its architecture boasts of imaginative powers. From this point of view it is hard to say where architecture ends and human assertion(人们的说法) begins. 57. The main idea of this passage is that             . A)  money is not as valuable as it was in the past B)  changes have taken place in both the appearance and the concept of banks C)  the architectural style of the older bank is superior to that of the modern bank D)  prejudice makes the older generation think that the modern bank is unreliable 58. How do the older generation and the younger one think about money? A)  The former thinks more of money  than the latter.   B)  The younger generation values money more than the older generation. C)  Both generations rely on the imaginative power of bankers to make money. D)  To the former money is a real commodity but to  the latter  the means of producing more money. 59. The word “tangible” (Line 2, Para. 4 ) refers to something . A)  that is preciousB)  that is usable C)  that can be touchedD)  that can be reproduced 60. According to this passage, a modern banker should be             . A)  ambitious and friendlyB)  reliable and powerful C)  sensible and impenetrableD)  imaginative and creative 61. It can be inferred from the passage that the author’s attitude towards the new trend in   banking30 is             . A)  cautiousB)  regretfulC)  positiveD)  hostile Passage Two Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage. Sixteen years ago, Eileen Doyle?s husband, an engineer, took his four children up for an early morning cup of tea, packed a small case and was never seen or heard of again. Eileen was astonished and in a state of despair. They had been a happy family and, as far as she knew, there had been nothing wrong with their marriage. Every day of the year a small group of men and women quietly pack a few belongings31 and without so much as a note or a goodbye close the front door for the last time, leaving their debts, their worries and their confused families behind them. Last year, more than 1,200 men and nearly as many women were reported missing from home—the highest in 15 years. Many did return home within a year, but others rejected the past completely and are now living a new life somewhere under a different identity. To those left behind this form of desertion is a terrible blow to their pride and self?confidence. Even the finality of death might be preferable. At least it does not imply rejection32 or failure. Worse than that, people can be left with an unfinished marriage, not knowing whether they will have to wait seven years before they are free to start a fresh life. Clinical psychologist Paul Brown believes most departures of this kind to be well planned rather than impulsive33. “It’s typical of the kind of personality which seems able to ignore other people’s pain and difficulties. Running away, like killing34 yourself, is a highly aggressive act. By creating an absence the people left behind feel guilty, upset and empty.” 62. When her husband left home, Eileen Doyle             . A)  could not forgive him for taking the children B)  had been expecting it to happen for some time C)  could not understand why D)  blamed herself for what had happened 63. Most people who leave their families behind them            . A)  do so without warningB)  do so because of their debts C)  come back immediatelyD)  change their names 64. Some people would even prefer the death to the running away of their spouse36(配偶) because             . A)  their spouse would feel no pain during the death B)  their spouse death would not blow their pride and confidence C)  a desertion would not bring a feeling of rejection or failure D)  their spouse death would make them feel less painful 65. The man or woman left behind with an unfinished marriage usually             . A)  admits responsibility for the situationB)  wishes the person who has left were dead C)  comes back within a yearD)  will have no legal marriage life for seven years 66. Paul Brown regards leaving home in such circumstances as             . A)  an act of despair      B)  an act of selfishness C)  the result of a sudden decisionD)  the result of the enormous sense of guilt35   Part ⅤError Correction Direction:This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it out and put a slash37 (/) in the blank.   We live in a society in there is a lot of talk about              67        science, but I would say that there are not 5 percent of the people who are equipped with schooling38, including college, to understand scientific reasoning. We are more ignorant of science as people with comparable           68        educations in Western Europe. There are a lot of kids who know everything about computers—how to build them, how to take them apart, how to write programs for games. So if you ask them           69        to explain about the principles of physics that have gone        70        into creating the computer, you don’t have the faintest idea.    71        The failure to understand science leads to such things like the neglect of the human creative power.             72        It also takes rise to a blurring(模糊) of the distinction            73        between science and technology. Lots of people don’t differ between the two. Science is the production                74        of new knowledge that can be applied39 or not, since              75        technology is the application of knowledge to the production of some products, machinery40 or the like. The two are really very different, and people who have the faculty41 for one very seldom have a faculty for the other.     Science in itself is harmless, more or less. But as soon as it can provide technology, it is not necessarily harmful.No society has yet learned how to forecast the            76        consequences of new technology, which can be enormous.   Part ⅥTranslation (5 minutes) Direction:Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. 提示:在实考试卷中,该试题在答题卡2上。 77. The beauty of the West Lake in Hangzhou is             (我无法用言语来描述). 78. Last week, Tom and his friends celebrated42 his twentieth birthday,             (尽情地唱歌跳舞). 79. Why is she looking at me            (像是她认识我似的)? I?ve never seen her before in my life. 80. Mr. Johnson made full preparation for the experiment            (以便实验能顺利进行). 81. I avoided mentioning the sensitive subject lest            (触犯他).   答案与解析 Part ⅠWritingColleges Have Opened Their Doors Wider Colleges have opened their doors wider in recent years because the student population has increased enormously from 4 million to more than 7 million in less than six years since 1997. Is this a good thing? Some argue that the enrollment43 increase will benefit individuals and the society as well. It allows more students to pursue higher educations and state loans enable children from poor families to complete their education at universities and colleges. This may in turn contribute to helping44 them to eliminate poverty for the society. Others express concerns over the rapid expansion. They are afraid that some problems may arise from it, for example, the problem of employment. A lot more graduates may have great trouble in finding a job after graduation, which will lead to a social problem. In my opinion, the former view is more reasonable. Admittedly, a rapid increase of graduates seemingly places a heavy burden on the society. However, on second thoughts, we find that it is due to the rapid expansion that, to a great extent, we can delay the approach of the upcoming employment wave. Moreover, just as property and wealth once were keys to success, education has become the main provider of individual opportunity in our society and an element that most ensures success in life and eliminates poverty. In this sense, I am convinced that the admission expansion is very instrumental.   Part ⅡReading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) 1. Y.  该句句意为:根据说明,该系统是用来防止车辆偷盗的。本题解题依据为文章第一段第一句话,与原文之义相符。 2. Y.  该句句意为:设定该防盗系统时,你应该让所有乘客下车。 本题依据为 SETTING THE SYSTEM 标题下列出的第二点,与原文之义吻合。 3. N.  该句句意为: 当用钥匙打开车后门时,该系统设置将被取消。本题解题依据为CANCELLING THE SYSTEM 下面一段,该段大意为:用钥匙打开前门或滑门该系统将完全取消,显然本题句意与原文所述不符。 4. N.  该句句意为:该系统只有在使用钥匙打开前门、滑门、后门及发动机罩时才会起动。本题解题依据为Activating the system 下面第二句话即:If any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood is unlocked without using the key(如不用钥匙打开前门、滑门、后门和发动机罩,该系统将发出警报并切断起动机电路),由此可见,该句意与本题之义相反。 5. N. 该句句意为: 如果终止警报,你得把车的点火钥匙从“ACC”位置拨到“LOCK”位置。本题解题依据为Stopping the alarm  下面第一句话:Turn the ignition key from the “LOCK” to “ACC” position (把点火钥匙从“LOCK”拨到 “ACC”位置),显然与原文不符。 6. N. 该句句意为: 当指示灯闪烁时,不需要用钥匙打开任何门和发动机罩。本题解题依据为INDICATOR LIGHT 下面的第二句话:You need the key to open the front, sliding and back doors and hood. (你需要钥匙打开前后门、滑门和发动机罩)。显然本题句意与原文所述不符。 7. NG.该句句意为: 本文告诉我们该系统能有效工作以致于从未出现故障。通览全文,本文根本未提及该信息。因而无法得知。 8. 30 seconds 答案依据为本文SETTING THE SYSTEM标题下“…the system will give you a preparation time of 30 seconds before the setting…” 9. starts flashing 答案依据为SETTING THE SYSTEM标题下,小标题4后面的内容。 10. Toyota dealer  答案依据为文章最后一句话。   Part ⅢListening ComprehensionSection A 11. C12. D13. A14. B15. B         16. C17. D18. D19. D20. C 21. D22. C23. A24. B25. B Section B 26. B27. D28. B29. B30. A         31. A32. C33. B34. C35. A Section C 36~46题答案见听力文字稿   Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)Section A 47. E此处应填入E项,be willing to 为固定搭配。 48. H此处应填入一个名词,而appetite通常和介词for搭配,此处句子的意思为控制我们无止境的欲望。 49. A此处应填入一个形容词,根据上下文意思应选A项,意即:全球气候变暖似乎离我们太遥远,以至于我们无需为此担心。 50. B此处应填入一个名词,而与computer 搭配的名词在选项中根据上下文意思B为正确选项。 51. F根据上下文意思此处应表达气候变化之意,因此F为正确选项。 52. L该题较为简单,表示上个世纪全球的气温上升了1华氏,应能迅速找出正确答案。 53. I显然ice melt 搭配,因此I为正确选项。 54. K此处应填入一个现在分词,表示海岸受到侵蚀,因此应选K 55. N该题较为简单,应填入一个复数名词,所以填入N项。 56. DD项,the rest of 为固定搭配。 Section B 57. B主旨题。该题要求学生总结文章的主题。文章主要写了银行发展的两个方面:一是银行的外在建筑风格,过去的银行通常有heavy walls, barred windows 以及bronze doors,给人以非常可靠、放心踏实的感觉;二是银行的功能转变。选项B正是恰当的概括,所以应该是正确答案。文章并无涉及现在和过去对钱的价值比较,所以A钱不如过去值钱不对。文章也没有对比哪种建筑风格更好,所以C过去的银行的建筑风格比现代银行的建筑风格更好也不对。D项说偏见使得老一辈人认为现代银行不可靠,不符合文章意思。 58. D细节归纳题。问题问老一代人与年轻一代人对钱的认识态度是什么?老一代人的看法可以从第三段开头看出:“In his generation money was thought of as a real commodity that…”年轻一代对钱的看法可以从第四段第四行至第六行,尤其是“… he offers us a service in which the most valuable element is the creativity for the invention of large numbers.”从上可以归纳出D项为该题的正确答案。 59. C语义题。该题较容易,只要参阅第三段“commodity”后的定语从句“that could be carried, or stolen.”这实际上就是解释老一代人对钱的看法,他们认为钱是可以被携带或被偷走,也就是可以能摸得到的实实在在的东西,C项正确。 60. D细节推论题。问题问现代银行应该具有什么功能?四选项的意思分别是:A充满雄心且友好B可靠且威力无穷C明智且不可穿越D富有想像且有创造性。要回答这个问题,应定位在文章第四段“…in which the most valuable element is the creativity”和第五段“… boasts of imaginative powers.”从中不难看出现代银行应该是富有想像力并且有创造力。 61. C推论题。该题要求学生判断作者对银行的外在风格和功能的转变这一趋势的态度。最明确的提示应该是第四段开头“But the attitude toward money has, of course, changed.”随后进一步分析了现代银行不同于过去银行的功能,作者用了“creative imagination”, 可以看出其态度是肯定的。C项正确。 62. C细节理解题。问题问当她的丈夫离家出走时,Eileen Doyle怎么样?根据第一段第二行“Eileen was astonished…”可以断定C“(她)不明白为什么应该是正确答案。其余三项均不符合文章意思。 63. A细节理解题。问题问离开家庭的大多数人。该题较简单,解题依据应该是文章第二段,其大意为:一年中的每一天都有一小帮男人和女人悄然收拾几件行李,没有留下任何纸条或说一声再见(“…without so much as a note or goodbye…”,其中without so much as为重要句型,表示甚至都没有),最后一次关上前门离家出走了,把他们的债务、他们的忧虑、还有迷惑不解的家庭抛在身后。A项正确。 64. D细节理解题。文章第四段第二、三句说明那些被遗弃的人甚至宁愿自己的配偶已经死亡,至少死亡不会意味着自己被抛弃或失败,所以要比被遗弃的感觉好点。BC两项属于四级考试中典型的陷阱式干扰项,因为B项中的“pride and confidence”C项中的“rejection or failure”在原文中皆有出现,马虎的考生可能不假思索就选了BC,正好中了圈套,其实稍微细心一点就会发现BC和文章所说的并不是一回事。第四段第三句“At least it…”中的it是指death而不是题干中主语所指。 65. D细节推论题。问题的题干应该在第四段开头,所以答案在此之后“…Worse than that,… an unfinished marriage,…wait seven years before…”D项正是这种意思。 66. B细节理解题。依据第五段第二行“It?s typical of the kind of personality which seems able to ignore other people?s pain and difficulties.”B项说这是一种自私行为,为正确答案。A) “这是种绝望行为C) “这是突然决定的结果D) “这是沉重负疚感的结果   Part Ⅴ Error Correction67. 本题考查介词+关系代词引导的定语从句,in 改为where, 或在in there中间加which 。由于先行词是in a society, 表示地点状语,后面的定语从句中可以用where 或者in which 来引导作相同的成分。这样in which/where there is…science 为定语从句修饰in a society 68. 本题考查比较结构, as 改为than。由于出现了比较级more ignorant, 考生就应该敏感的想到与than的搭配。句意为:“我们比西欧受过同样教育的人更对科学愚昧无知。 69. 本题考查上下文的逻辑关系, So改为 But/However/NeverthelessSo表示因果关系,而根据上下文,此句句意与上句相反,应用表示转折的连词。 70. 本题考查动词用法,about去掉。explain为及物动词,表达解释某事时后直接跟宾语,无需加介词;表示向某人解释某事时,用explain sth. to sb. 71. 本题考查代词用法,you改为they。考生做此题时要有全句意识,不能局限在本句的部分找语法错误,本题就属于语法无错误,而意思上有误。根据上下文,此处应指if you ask them 中的them,应用they 做主语。 72. 本题考查搭配关系,like改为assuch 应与as搭配,表示例举。 73. 本题考查习惯用法,takes改为givesgive rise to为固定搭配,意为引起,使发生,本句句意为:它也使得科学与技术的区别变得模糊。 74. 本题考查动词误用,differ改为distinguishdiffer 表示不同,相异,而distinguish 表示区别,辨别,使一物(特征等)与另一物相区别;在搭配上的用法也不同,一般而言,A differ(s) from B, (sb.) distinguish A from B / distinguish betweenthe two)。根据上下文,本句句意为:许多人对两者不加区别。 75.本题考查逻辑关系,since改为while。此处讲述了科学与技术的区别所在,since作连词表示以后, 因为, 既然”, 而本句后内容应与前句在逻辑关系上形成对比,所以应用表示转折的whilewhereas 76.本题考查形容词误用,harmful改为harmless。本题句意为:科学本身无害的,但一旦它能提供技术,就并非是无害的。Harmful意为有害的,应该为harmless“无害的才符合题意。   Part Ⅵ  Translation 77. more than I can describe in words/beyond words 78. singing and dancing to their heart’s content. 79. as if she knew me 80. so that it could be conducted smoothly45 81. he be offended/annoyed


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1 deter DmZzU     
vt.阻止,使不敢,吓住
参考例句:
  1. Failure did not deter us from trying it again.失败并没有能阻挡我们再次进行试验。
  2. Dogs can deter unwelcome intruders.狗能够阻拦不受欢迎的闯入者。
2 deterrent OmJzY     
n.阻碍物,制止物;adj.威慑的,遏制的
参考例句:
  1. Large fines act as a deterrent to motorists.高额罚款是对开车的人的制约。
  2. I put a net over my strawberries as a deterrent to the birds.我在草莓上罩了网,免得鸟歇上去。
3 hood ddwzJ     
n.头巾,兜帽,覆盖;v.罩上,以头巾覆盖
参考例句:
  1. She is wearing a red cloak with a hood.她穿着一件红色带兜帽的披风。
  2. The car hood was dented in.汽车的发动机罩已凹了进去。
4 intermittently hqAzIX     
adv.间歇地;断断续续
参考例句:
  1. Winston could not intermittently remember why the pain was happening. 温斯顿只能断断续续地记得为什么这么痛。 来自英汉文学
  2. The resin moves intermittently down and out of the bed. 树脂周期地向下移动和移出床层。 来自辞典例句
5 exterior LlYyr     
adj.外部的,外在的;表面的
参考例句:
  1. The seed has a hard exterior covering.这种子外壳很硬。
  2. We are painting the exterior wall of the house.我们正在给房子的外墙涂漆。
6 indicator i8NxM     
n.指标;指示物,指示者;指示器
参考例句:
  1. Gold prices are often seen as an indicator of inflation.黃金价格常常被看作是通货膨胀的指标。
  2. His left-hand indicator is flashing.他左手边的转向灯正在闪亮。
7 activate UJ2y0     
vt.使活动起来,使开始起作用
参考例句:
  1. We must activate the youth to study.我们要激励青年去学习。
  2. These push buttons can activate the elevator.这些按钮能启动电梯。
8 activating 948eea612456562bf255d3a9c59c40a3     
活动的,活性的
参考例句:
  1. "I didn't say we'd got to stop activating the masses! “我并没说就此不发动! 来自子夜部分
  2. Presumably both the very small size and activating influence of fluorine atoms contribute to this exception. 这大概是由于氟原子半径小和活性高这两个原因的影响,氟原子对这种例外做出了贡献。
9 resets c0fdbf9242c72a661f26d16e7b81afe2     
v.重新安放或安置( reset的第三人称单数 );重拨(测量仪器指针);为(考试、测试等)出一套新题;重新安置,将…恢复原位
参考例句:
  1. Regenerating the map resets the statistics in the Info screen. 重新生成地图时,信息窗口的统计数据会重置。 来自互联网
  2. This resets CSS values that browsers tend to set for you. 用于重置页面,对没有指定css属性的页面元素指定缺省值。 来自互联网
10 activated c3905c37f4127686d512a7665206852e     
adj. 激活的 动词activate的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  1. The canister is filled with activated charcoal.蒸气回收罐中充满了活性炭。
11 dealer GyNxT     
n.商人,贩子
参考例句:
  1. The dealer spent hours bargaining for the painting.那个商人为购买那幅画花了几个小时讨价还价。
  2. The dealer reduced the price for cash down.这家商店对付现金的人减价优惠。
12 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  1. This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  2. There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
13 nutritious xHzxO     
adj.有营养的,营养价值高的
参考例句:
  1. Fresh vegetables are very nutritious.新鲜蔬菜富于营养。
  2. Hummingbirds have discovered that nectar and pollen are very nutritious.蜂鸟发现花蜜和花粉是很有营养的。
14 influenza J4NyD     
n.流行性感冒,流感
参考例句:
  1. They took steps to prevent the spread of influenza.他们采取措施
  2. Influenza is an infectious disease.流感是一种传染病。
15 unwilling CjpwB     
adj.不情愿的
参考例句:
  1. The natives were unwilling to be bent by colonial power.土著居民不愿受殖民势力的摆布。
  2. His tightfisted employer was unwilling to give him a raise.他那吝啬的雇主不肯给他加薪。
16 vaccination bKGzM     
n.接种疫苗,种痘
参考例句:
  1. Vaccination is a preventive against smallpox.种痘是预防天花的方法。
  2. Doctors suggest getting a tetanus vaccination every ten years.医生建议每十年注射一次破伤风疫苗。
17 prescription u1vzA     
n.处方,开药;指示,规定
参考例句:
  1. The physician made a prescription against sea- sickness for him.医生给他开了个治晕船的药方。
  2. The drug is available on prescription only.这种药只能凭处方购买。
18 migration mDpxj     
n.迁移,移居,(鸟类等的)迁徙
参考例句:
  1. Swallows begin their migration south in autumn.燕子在秋季开始向南方迁移。
  2. He described the vernal migration of birds in detail.他详细地描述了鸟的春季移居。
19 predators 48b965855934a5395e409c1112d94f63     
n.食肉动物( predator的名词复数 );奴役他人者(尤指在财务或性关系方面)
参考例句:
  1. birds and their earthbound predators 鸟和地面上捕食它们的动物
  2. The eyes of predators are highly sensitive to the slightest movement. 捕食性动物的眼睛能感觉到最细小的动静。 来自《简明英汉词典》
20 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  1. We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  2. He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
21 primitive vSwz0     
adj.原始的;简单的;n.原(始)人,原始事物
参考例句:
  1. It is a primitive instinct to flee a place of danger.逃离危险的地方是一种原始本能。
  2. His book describes the march of the civilization of a primitive society.他的著作描述了一个原始社会的开化过程。
22 devastation ku9zlF     
n.毁坏;荒废;极度震惊或悲伤
参考例句:
  1. The bomb caused widespread devastation. 炸弹造成大面积破坏。
  2. There was devastation on every side. 到处都是破坏的创伤。 来自《简明英汉词典》
23 tactic Yqowc     
n.战略,策略;adj.战术的,有策略的
参考例句:
  1. Reducing prices is a common sales tactic.降价是常用的销售策略。
  2. She had often used the tactic of threatening to resign.她惯用以辞职相威胁的手法。
24 omens 4fe4cb32de8b61bd4b8036d574e4f48a     
n.前兆,预兆( omen的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. The omens for the game are still not propitious. 这场比赛仍不被看好。 来自辞典例句
  2. Such omens betide no good. 这种征兆预示情况不妙。 来自辞典例句
25 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  1. His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  2. We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
26 violation lLBzJ     
n.违反(行为),违背(行为),侵犯
参考例句:
  1. He roared that was a violation of the rules.他大声说,那是违反规则的。
  2. He was fined 200 dollars for violation of traffic regulation.他因违反交通规则被罚款200美元。
27 prevailing E1ozF     
adj.盛行的;占优势的;主要的
参考例句:
  1. She wears a fashionable hair style prevailing in the city.她的发型是这个城市流行的款式。
  2. This reflects attitudes and values prevailing in society.这反映了社会上盛行的态度和价值观。
28 tangible 4IHzo     
adj.有形的,可触摸的,确凿的,实际的
参考例句:
  1. The policy has not yet brought any tangible benefits.这项政策还没有带来任何实质性的好处。
  2. There is no tangible proof.没有确凿的证据。
29 disappearance ouEx5     
n.消失,消散,失踪
参考例句:
  1. He was hard put to it to explain her disappearance.他难以说明她为什么不见了。
  2. Her disappearance gave rise to the wildest rumours.她失踪一事引起了各种流言蜚语。
30 banking aySz20     
n.银行业,银行学,金融业
参考例句:
  1. John is launching his son on a career in banking.约翰打算让儿子在银行界谋一个新职位。
  2. He possesses an extensive knowledge of banking.他具有广博的银行业务知识。
31 belongings oy6zMv     
n.私人物品,私人财物
参考例句:
  1. I put a few personal belongings in a bag.我把几件私人物品装进包中。
  2. Your personal belongings are not dutiable.个人物品不用纳税。
32 rejection FVpxp     
n.拒绝,被拒,抛弃,被弃
参考例句:
  1. He decided not to approach her for fear of rejection.他因怕遭拒绝决定不再去找她。
  2. The rejection plunged her into the dark depths of despair.遭到拒绝使她陷入了绝望的深渊。
33 impulsive M9zxc     
adj.冲动的,刺激的;有推动力的
参考例句:
  1. She is impulsive in her actions.她的行为常出于冲动。
  2. He was neither an impulsive nor an emotional man,but a very honest and sincere one.他不是个一冲动就鲁莽行事的人,也不多愁善感.他为人十分正直、诚恳。
34 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  1. Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  2. Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
35 guilt 9e6xr     
n.犯罪;内疚;过失,罪责
参考例句:
  1. She tried to cover up her guilt by lying.她企图用谎言掩饰自己的罪行。
  2. Don't lay a guilt trip on your child about schoolwork.别因为功课责备孩子而使他觉得很内疚。
36 spouse Ah6yK     
n.配偶(指夫或妻)
参考例句:
  1. Her spouse will come to see her on Sunday.她的丈夫星期天要来看她。
  2. What is the best way to keep your spouse happy in the marriage?在婚姻中保持配偶幸福的最好方法是什么?
37 slash Hrsyq     
vi.大幅度削减;vt.猛砍,尖锐抨击,大幅减少;n.猛砍,斜线,长切口,衣衩
参考例句:
  1. The shop plans to slash fur prices after Spring Festival.该店计划在春节之后把皮货降价。
  2. Don't slash your horse in that cruel way.不要那样残忍地鞭打你的马。
38 schooling AjAzM6     
n.教育;正规学校教育
参考例句:
  1. A child's access to schooling varies greatly from area to area.孩子获得学校教育的机会因地区不同而大相径庭。
  2. Backward children need a special kind of schooling.天赋差的孩子需要特殊的教育。
39 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  1. She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  2. This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
40 machinery CAdxb     
n.(总称)机械,机器;机构
参考例句:
  1. Has the machinery been put up ready for the broadcast?广播器材安装完毕了吗?
  2. Machinery ought to be well maintained all the time.机器应该随时注意维护。
41 faculty HhkzK     
n.才能;学院,系;(学院或系的)全体教学人员
参考例句:
  1. He has a great faculty for learning foreign languages.他有学习外语的天赋。
  2. He has the faculty of saying the right thing at the right time.他有在恰当的时候说恰当的话的才智。
42 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  1. He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  2. The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
43 enrollment itozli     
n.注册或登记的人数;登记
参考例句:
  1. You will be given a reading list at enrollment.注册时你会收到一份阅读书目。
  2. I just got the enrollment notice from Fudan University.我刚刚接到复旦大学的入学通知书。
44 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  1. The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  2. By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
45 smoothly iiUzLG     
adv.平滑地,顺利地,流利地,流畅地
参考例句:
  1. The workmen are very cooperative,so the work goes on smoothly.工人们十分合作,所以工作进展顺利。
  2. Just change one or two words and the sentence will read smoothly.这句话只要动一两个字就顺了。
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