06年12月新四级英语真题仔细阅读
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Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth ) ( 25 minutes) Section A Direction : In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.     The flood of women into the job market boosted economic growth and changed U.S. society in many ways. Many in-home jobs that used to be done 47 by women----ranging from family shopping to preparing meals to doing 48 work---still need to be done by someone .Husbands and children now do some of these jobs, a 49 that has changed the target market for many products. Or a working woman may face a crushing "poverty of time " and look for help elsewhere, creating opportunities for producers of frozen meals, child care centers, dry cleaners, financial services, and the like.
    Although there is still a big wage 50 between men and women, the income working women 51 gives them new independence and buying power. For example, women now 52 about half of all cars. Not long ago, many cars dealers1 53 women shoppers by ignoring them or suggesting that they come back with their husbands. Now car companies have realized that women are 54 customers. It’s interesting that some leading Japanese car dealers were the first to 55 pay attention to women customers. In Japan, fewer women have jobs or buy cars --- the Japanese society is still very much male-oriented. Perhaps it was the 56 contrast with Japanese society that prompted American firms to pay more attention to women buyers.
A)scale
B)retailed
C)generate
D)extreme
E)technically
F)affordable2
G)situation
H)really
I)potential
J)gap
K)voluntary
L)excessive
M)insulted
N)purchase
O)primarily
47.答案:(O)
48.答案:(K)
49.答案:(G)
50.答案:(J)
51.答案:(C)
52.答案:(N)
53.答案:(M)
54.答案:(I)
55.答案:(H)
56.答案:(D)
Section B
Directions:
There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Passage One
Question 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
    Reading new peaks of popularity in North America is Iceberg3 Water which is harvested from icebergs4 off the coast of Newfoundland, Canada.
    Arthur von Wiesenberger, who carries the title Water Master, is one of the few water critics in North America. As a boy, he spent time in the larger cities of Italy, France and Switzerland, Where bottled water is consumed daily. Even then, he kept a water journal, noting the brands he liked best. "My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water," He says.
    But is plain tap water all that bad? Not at all. In fact, New York’s municipal water for more than a century was called the champagne5 of tap water and until recently considered among the best in the world in terms of both taste and purity. Similarly, a magazine in England found that tap water from the Thames River tasted better than several leading brands of bottled water that were 400 times more expensive.
    Nevertheless, soft-drink companies view bottled water as the next battle-ground for market share-this despite the fact that over 25 percent of bottled water comes from tap water: PepsiCo’s Aquafina and Coca-Cola’s Dasani are both purified tap water rather than spring water.
    As diners thirst for leading brands, bottlers and restaurateurs salivate(垂涎) over the profits. A restaurant’s typical mark-up on wine is 100 to 150 percent, whereas on bottled water it’s often 300 to 500 percent. But since water is much cheaper than wine, and many of the fancier brands aren’t available in stores, most dines don’t notice or care.
    As a result, some restaurants are turning up the pressure to sell bottled water. According to an article in The Wall Street Journal, some of the more shameless tactics include placing attractive bottles on the table for a visual sell, listing brands on the menu without prices, and pouring bottled water without even asking the dinners if they want it.
    Regardless of how it’s sold, the popularity of bottled water taps into our desire for better health, our wish to appear cultivated, and even a longing6 for lost purity.#p#
57. What do we know about Iceberg Water from the passage?
It is a kind of iced water.
It is just plain tap water.
It is a kind of bottled water.
It is a kind of mineral water.
58. By saying " My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water" (Para. 2), von Wiesenberger wants to convey the message that______.
plain tap water is certainly unfit for drinking
bottled water is clearly superior to tap water
bottled water often appeals more to dogs' taste
dogs can usually detect a fine difference in taste
59. The "fancier brands" (Para. 5) refers to ____
tap water from the Thames River
famous wines not sold in ordinary stores
PepsiCo's Aquafina and Coca-Cola's Dasani
expensive bottled water with impressive names
60.Why are some restaurants turning up the pressure to sell bottled water?
Bottled water brings in huge profits.
Competition from the wine industry is intense.
Most diners find bottled water affordable.
Bottled water satisfied diners' desire to fashionable.
61. According to passage ,why is bottled water so popular?
It is much cheaper than wine.
It is considered healthier.
It appeals to more cultivated people.
It is more widely promoted in the market.
  答案 C  B  D  A  B Passage Two Question 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.     As we have seen, the focus of medical care in our society has been shifting from curing disease to preventing disease - especially in terms of changing our many unhealthy behaviors, such as poor eating habits, smoking, and failure to exercise. The line of thought involved in this shift can be pursued further. Imagine a person who is about the right weight, but does not eat very nutritious(有营养的) foods, who feels OK but exercises only occasionally, who goes to work every day, but is not an outstanding worker, who drinks a few beers at home most nights but does not drive while drunk, and who has no chest pains or abnormal blood counts, but sleeps a lot and often feels tired. This person is not ill. He may not even be at risk for any particular disease. But we can imagine that this person could be a lot healthier.
    The field of medicine has not traditionally distinguished7 between someone who is merely " not ill" and someone who is in excellent health and pays attention to the body’s special needs. Both types have simply been called "well". In recent years, however, some health specialists have begun to apply the terms "well" and "wellness" only to those who are actively8 striving to maintain and improve their health. People who are well are concerned with nutrition and exercise and they  make a point of monitoring their body’s condition. Most important, perhaps, people who are well take active responsibility for all matters related to their health. Even people who have a physical disease or handicap (缺陷) may be "well," in this new sense, if they make an effort to maintain the best possible health they can in the face of their physical limitations. "Wellness" may perhaps best be viewed not as a state that people can achieve, but as an ideal that people can strive for. People who are well are likely to be better able to resist disease and to fight disease when it strikes. And by focusing attention on healthy ways of living, the concept of wellness can have a beneficial impact on the ways in which people face the challenges of daily life.
 #p#
62.Today medical care is placing more stress on______.
keeping people in a healthy physical condition
monitoring patients' body functions
removing people's bad living habits
ensuring people's psychological well-being9
63.In the first paragraph, people are reminded that_____.
good health is more than not being ill
drinking, even if not to excess, could be harmful
regular health checks are essential to keeping fit
prevention is more difficult than cure
64.Traditionally, a person is considered "well" if he ______.
does not have any unhealthy living habits
does not have any physical handicaps
is able to handle his daily routines
is free from any kind of disease
65.According to the author, the true meaning of "wellness" is for people _____.
to best satisfy their body's special needs
to strive to maintain the best possible health
to meet the strictest standards of bodily health
to keep a proper balance between work and leisure
66.According to what the author advocates, which of the following groups of people would be considered healthy?
People who have strong muscles as well as slim figures.
People who are not presently experiencing any symptoms of disease
People who try to be as possible, regardless of their limitations.
People who can recover from illness even without seeking medical care.
答案 C  A   D   B   C


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 dealers 95e592fc0f5dffc9b9616efd02201373     
n.商人( dealer的名词复数 );贩毒者;毒品贩子;发牌者
参考例句:
  1. There was fast bidding between private collectors and dealers. 私人收藏家和交易商急速竞相喊价。
  2. The police were corrupt and were operating in collusion with the drug dealers. 警察腐败,与那伙毒品贩子内外勾结。
2 affordable kz6zfq     
adj.支付得起的,不太昂贵的
参考例句:
  1. The rent for the four-roomed house is affordable.四居室房屋的房租付得起。
  2. There are few affordable apartments in big cities.在大城市中没有几所公寓是便宜的。
3 iceberg CbKx0     
n.冰山,流冰,冷冰冰的人
参考例句:
  1. The ship hit an iceberg and went under.船撞上一座冰山而沉没了。
  2. The glacier calved a large iceberg.冰河崩解而形成一个大冰山。
4 icebergs 71cdbb120fe8de8e449c16eaeca8d8a8     
n.冰山,流冰( iceberg的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. The drift of the icebergs in the sea endangers the ships. 海上冰山的漂流危及船只的安全。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. The icebergs towered above them. 冰山高耸于他们上方。 来自辞典例句
5 champagne iwBzh3     
n.香槟酒;微黄色
参考例句:
  1. There were two glasses of champagne on the tray.托盘里有两杯香槟酒。
  2. They sat there swilling champagne.他们坐在那里大喝香槟酒。
6 longing 98bzd     
n.(for)渴望
参考例句:
  1. Hearing the tune again sent waves of longing through her.再次听到那首曲子使她胸中充满了渴望。
  2. His heart burned with longing for revenge.他心中燃烧着急欲复仇的怒火。
7 distinguished wu9z3v     
adj.卓越的,杰出的,著名的
参考例句:
  1. Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其长长的鼻子显示出与其他动物的不同。
  2. A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴会是为了向贵宾们致敬而举行的。
8 actively lzezni     
adv.积极地,勤奋地
参考例句:
  1. During this period all the students were actively participating.在这节课中所有的学生都积极参加。
  2. We are actively intervening to settle a quarrel.我们正在积极调解争执。
9 well-being Fe3zbn     
n.安康,安乐,幸福
参考例句:
  1. He always has the well-being of the masses at heart.他总是把群众的疾苦挂在心上。
  2. My concern for their well-being was misunderstood as interference.我关心他们的幸福,却被误解为多管闲事。
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