07年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语模拟试题四
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Section I Use of English        Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)?   Man has always been free to make choices or decisions for himself, given an environment that would permit such choices to be made. Even in times of  1   or war, in­dividuals have had  2   choices  3  whether they would flee, fight, attempt to affect a compromise. It was Aristotle who firmly believed  4  man is the being who makes himself. Further  5  for the concept of self-responsibility can be found in the writings of Thomas Aquinas, who stated, "Man differs from the irrational1 creatures in . . . that he is  6  of his own acts. "   As babies, we had to  7  others in our environment for the most fundamental things. We did make our comforts and discomforts  8  , but basically others  9  our experi­ences to us. We were virtually helpless and  10  the mercy of others, usually our parents.   As we grew older, increased intellectual development resulted in increased behavioral options'  11  available to us.  12  these options were usually under numerous restric­tions, we were  13  on our way to expanding our       14   of self-responsibility.   From the teen years on, it is the individual who is willing to  15  responsibility for his or her own choices, decisions, and behavior,  16  is regarded as "mature" and well-devel­oped, psychologically  17 .   Humanistic theorists viewed man as essentially2 free to accept responsibility for directing his own life and in  18   his own destiny. The individual becomes  19   he or she "decides" to become, and must accept the responsibility for the  20  of his or her life. As Jean Paul Sartre has put, "We are our choices. "       1  [A]poverty  [B]success  [C]peace  [D]persecution   2  [A]any  [B]no  [C] certain  [D]multiple   3  [A] on to  [B] as to  [C] except for  [D] apart from   4  [A] which      [B] what  [C] that      [D] when   5  [A] support      [B]proof  [C] justification3  [D] evidence   6  [A] master      [B]commander  [C] manipulator      [D] chief   7.  [A] stand by  [B] resort to  [C] side with  [D] rely on   8.  [A] knowing  [B] known  [C] know  [D] to know   9.  [A] distributed  [B] dictated4  [C] allocated5  [D] ordered   10.  [A] with  [B]in  [C]at  [D] on   11.  [A] became  [B] become  [C] becoming  [D] to become   12.  [A] While  [B]If  [C] Because  [D] Although   13.  [A] long  [B] far  [C] much  [D] well   14.  [A] realm  [B] territory  [C] topic  [D] subject   15.  [A] take  [B] make  [C] put  [D] set   16.  [A] what  [B] whom  [C] who  [D] which   17.  [A] talking  [B] speaking  [C] explaining  [D] defining   18.  [A] building  [B] shaping  [C] opening  [D] depicting6   19.  [A] what  [B] that  [C] who  [D] as   20.  [A] graph  [B] program  [C] chart  [D] course         Part II        Reading Comprehension   Part A   Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C, D. Mark your choice on ANSWER SHEET 1. (40 points)       Text 1   The extension of democratic rights in the first half of the nineteenth century and the ensuing ?decline of the Federalist establishment, a new conception of education began to emerge. Education was no longer a confirmation7 of a pre-existing status, but an instrument in the acquisition of higher status. For a new generation of upwardly mobile students, the goal of education was not to prepare them to live comfortably in the world into which they had been born, but to teach them new virtues10 and skills that would propel them into a different and better world. Education became training; and the student was no longer the gentleman-in-waiting, but the journeyman apprentice11 for upward mobility12.?   In the nineteenth century a college education began to be seen as a way to get ahead in the world. The founding of the land-grant colleges opened the doors of higher education to poor but aspiring13 boys from non-Anglo-Saxon, working-class, and lower-middle-class backgrounds. The myth of the poor boy who worked his way through college to success drew millions of poor boys to the new campuses. And with this shift, education became more vocational: its object was the acquisition of practical skills and useful information.?   For the gentleman-in-waiting, virtue9 consisted above all in grace and style, in doing well what was appropriate to his position; education was merely a way of acquiring polish. And vice14 was manifested in gracelessness, awkwardness, in behaving inappropriately, discourteously15, or ostentatiously. For the apprentice, however, virtue was evidenced in success through hard work.   The requisite16 qualities of character were not grace or style, but drive, determination, and a sharp eye for opportunity. While casual liberality and even prodigality17 characterized the gentleman, frugality18, thrift19, and self-control came to distinguish the new apprentice. And while the gentleman did not aspire20 to a higher station because his station was already high, the apprentice was continually becoming, striving, struggling upward. Failure for the apprentice meant standing21 still, not rising.   21.Which of the following is true of the first paragraph??            A . Democratic ideas started with education.?                        B . Federalists were opposed to education.?                        C . New education helped confirm peoples social status.?                        D . Old education had been in tune22 with hierarchical society.    22.The difference between gentleman-in-waiting and journeyman is that?            A . Education trained gentleman-in-waiting to climb higher ladders.                        B . Journeyman was ready to take whatever was given to them.?                        C . Gentle-to-waiting belonged to fixed23 and high social class.?                        D . Journeyman could do practically nothing without education.?   23.According to the second paragraph, land-grant college?            A . belonged to the land-owning class.?                        B . enlarged the scope of education.?                        C . was provided only to the poor.?                        D . benefited all but the upper class.?   24.Which of the following was the most important for a gentleman-in-waiting??            A . Manners.?    B . Education.?    C . Moral.?          D . Personality.?                25.The best title for the passage is?                A . Education and Progress.?                        B . Old and New Social Norms.?                        C . New Education: Opportunities for More.?                        D . Demerits of Hierarchical Society.?      Text 2?   Eating right to prevent heart disease may seem complicated and confusing, but it's a breeze compared with trying to design an anticancer diet. Cardiovascular disease is relatively24 simple; it's the result of normal bodily processes taken to the extreme. Cancer, by contrast, involves changes in the programming of DNA25 within the nuclei26 of individual cells. Beyond that, heart disease is an illness that affects a single organ system, while cancer is dozens of different disea­ses that target body parts as radically27 different as the brain, breast and bone.   That being the case, it's no surprise that the relationship between diet and cancer is still largely a matter of educated guesswork—and in many cases, the guesses have turned out to be wrong. Take the much publicized link between high-fat diets and breast cancer, for example. Women, who live in Western countries, where high-fat diets are the norm, tend to have high breast-cancer rates. Even more telling: women of Japanese ancestry28 who live in the U. S. get the disease six times more often than their grandmothers and great-grandmothers in Japan. Yet a huge recent study of 90 000 women has refuted the breast cancer-fat link.   A similar process of educated-guess-and-error led people to load up on the nutritional29 sup­plement beta carotene (a natural red substance found in carrots and other vegetables) in the early 1990s. Scientists noted30 that those who eat lots of fruits and vegetables tend to get less cancer and speculated that carotenoids—the same antioxidant substances that seem to protect against heart disease—were responsible. In particular, they focused on beta carotene, the most abundant and common carotenoid, as the most likely to prevent cancer.   Yet a series of targeted studies in Finland and the U. S. showed that beta carotene supple­ments don't ward8 off cancer at all.  "It looks like taking this substance in high doses is not the right thing to do," says a Harvard's researcher.   Health experts are not ready to list the foods that will keep cancer at bay, but some broad outlines of an anti-cancer diet are taking shape. Beta carotene might not be the key. But fruits and vegetables seem to help. So along with giving up tobacco and limiting alcohol consump­tion, the best way to prevent a broad range of cancers, given the current state of medical knowledge, is to eat more fruits and vegetables. That sort of diet will help you stay trim and prevent heart disease anyway—so if, against all odds31, it turns out to have no effect on cancer, it certainly can't hurt.   26. We may conclude from the first paragraph that   [A]    heart disease is mainly caused by abnormal eating habits.   [B]     cancer is far more difficult to prevent than heart disease.   [C]    changing the programming of DNA may help treat cancer.   [D]    designing an anticancer diet is as easy as a breeze.   27. Observations and studies of women living in the U. S.  prove that   [A]    American women are in better health than women of Japanese ancestry.   [B]     there is a clear relationship between high-fat diets and breast cancer.   [C]    Japanese women have not yet fully32 adapted to Western eating norm.   [D]    there is nothing conclusive33 in terms of the breast cancer-fat link.   28. We can learn from the selection that beta carotene supplements   [A]    are ineffective in preventing heart disease.   [B]     may not be effective in preventing cancer.   [C]    are the most important nutrients34 we need.   [D]    should normally be taken in low doses.   29. According to health experts, eating more vegetables and fruits   [A]    will definitely do us no harm whatsoever35.   [B]     is the most effective anti-cancer diet.   [C]    provides us with enough beta carotene.   [D]    can protect us against the harms caused by drinking.   30.  Which of the following questions does the selection best answer?   [A]    Can food protect us against cancer?   [B]     Should we believe in educated guesswork?   [C]    Is beta carotene good for our health?   [D]    Are Japanese women more likely to get breast cancer?   Text 3   Vinton Cerf, known as the father of the Internet, said on Wednesday that the Web was outgrowing36 the planet Earth and the time had come to take the information superhighway to outer space.?   The Internet is growing quickly, and we still have a lot of work to do to cover the planet,” Cerf told the first day of the annual conference of the Internet Society in Geneva where more than 1,500 cyberspace37 fans have gathered to seek answers to questions about the tangled38 web of the Internet.   Cerf believed that it would soon be possible to send real-time science data on the Internet from a space mission orbiting another planet such as Mars. “There is now an effort under way to design and build an interplanetary Internet. The space research community is coming closer and closer and merging39. We think that we will see interplanetary Internet networks that look very much like the ones we use today. We will need interplanetary gateways40 and there will be protocols42 to transmit data between these gateways, Cerf said.?   Francois Fluckiger, a scientist attending the conference from the European Particle Physics Laboratory near Geneva, was not entirely43 convinced, saying: “We need dreams like this. But I don’t know any Martian whom I’d like to communicate with through the Internet.?   Cerf has been working with NASA’s Pasadena Jet Propulsion Laboratory — the people behind the recent Mars expedition — to design what he calls an “interplanetary Internet protocol41.” He believes that astronauts will want to use the Internet, although special problems remain with interference and delay.?   This is quite real. The effort is becoming extraordinarily44 concrete over the next few months because the next Mars mission is in planning stages now,” Cerf told the conference.   If we use domain45 names like Earth or Mars...jet propulsion laboratory people would be coming together with people from the Internet community.” He added.   The idea is to take the interplanetary Internet design and make it a part of the infrastructure46 of the Mars mission.?   He later told a news conference that designing this system now would prepare mankind for future technological47 advances.?   The whole idea is to create an architecture so the design works anywhere. I dont know where were going to have to put it but my guess is that well be going out there some time, Cerf said.?   If you think 100 years from now, it is entirely possible that what will be purely48 research 50 years from now will become commercial 100 years from now. The Internet was the same — it started as pure research but now it is commercialized.   31.According to Cerf, the purpose to design interplanetary internet is to   A . send real-time science data.?                    B . communicate with astronauts.?                     C . lay foundation for future technological advances.?                     D . commercialize it.?                32.From the text, we learn that Vinton Cerf is?         A . seeking answers to questions about the internet web.?                     B . working on interplanetary internet with collaboration49 of NASA.?                     C . trying to commercialize the interplanetary internet.?                     D . exploring the possibility of establishing internet network on Mars.                33.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that?         A . the dream to build interplanetary internet can be fulfilled in the future.                     B . interplanetary internet will be commercialized in 100 years.?                     C . the research of internet took 50 years.?                      D . it will take a long time to build interplanetary internet.?                34.We know from the text that Mars mission is?         A . one of NASAs internet projects.?                     B . an expedition to Mars.?                     C . the infrastructure of the interplanetary internet.?                     D . to create an architecture on Mars.?                35.Which of the following is the main point of the text ??         A . The development of the internet.?                     B . The possibility of space research.?                     C . Universal information superhighway.?                     D . The technological advances of Mars mission.    Text 4   Material culture refers to the touchable, material “things”—Physical objects that can be seen, held, felt, used—that a culture produces. Examining a culture’s tools and technology can tell us about the group’s history and way of life. Similarly, research into the material culture of music can help us to understand the music-culture. The most vivid body of “things” in it, of course, are musical instruments. We cannot hear for ourselves the actual sound of any musical performance before the 1870s when the phonograph was invented, so we rely on instruments for important information about music-cultures in the remote past and their development. Here we have two kinds of evidence: instruments well preserved and instruments pictured in art. Through the study of instruments, as well as paintings, written documents, and so on, we can explore the movement of music from the Near East to China over a thousand years ago, or we can outline the spread of Near Eastern influence to Europe that resulted in the development of most of the instruments on the symphony orchestra.   Sheet music or printed music, too, is material culture. Scholars once defined folk music-cultures as those in which people learn and sing music by ear rather than from print, but research shows mutual50 influence among oral and written sources during the past few centuries in Europe, Britain and America. Printed versions limit variety because they tend to standardize51 any song, yet they stimulate52 people to create new and different songs. Besides, the ability to read music notation53 has a far-reaching effect on musicians and, when it becomes widespread, on the music-culture as a whole.?   Music is deep-rooted in the cultural background that fosters it. We now pay more and more attention to traditional or ethnic54 features in folk music and are willing to preserve the folk music as we do with many traditional cultural heritage. Musicians all over the world are busy with recording55 classic music in their country for the sake of their unique culture. As always, peoples aspiration56 will always focus on their individuality rather than universal features that are shared by all cultures alike. ?   One more important part of music’s material culture should be singled out: the influence of the electronic media—radio, record player, tape recorder, and television, with the future promising57 talking and singing computers and other developments. This is all part of the information-revolution, a twentieth-century phenomenon as important as the industrial revolution in the nineteenth. These electronic media are not just limited to modern nations; they have affected58 music cultures all over the globe.?   36.Which of the following does not belong to material culture??        A . Instruments. ?                    B . Music. ?                    C . Paintings. ?                    D . Sheet music.?                37.The word phonograph ( Paragraph 1) most probably means?        A . record player. ?                    B . radio. ?                    C . musical technique. ?                    D . music culture.?                38.The main idea of the first paragraph is?       A . the importance of cultural tools and technology.?                   B . the cultural influence of the development of civilization.?                   C . the focus of the study of the material culture of music.?                   D . the significance of the research into the musical instruments.                39.Which of the following is not an advantage of printed music??       A . Reading of music notation has a great impact on musicians.?                   B . People may draw inspiration from it.?                   C . The music culture will be influenced by it in the end.?                   D . Songs tend to be standardized59 by it.                40.From the third paragraph, we may infer that?       A . traditional cultural heritage is worthy60 of preservation61.?                   B . the universal features shared by all cultures arent worthy of notice.?                   C . musicians pay more attention to the preservation of traditional music.?                   D . the more developed a culture, the more valuable the music it has fostered   Part B   Directions:   You are going to read a list of headings and a text about how to select a fund. Choose the most suitable heading from the list A-F for each numbered paragraph (41-45). The first and the last paragraphs of the text are not numbered. There is one extra heading which you do not need to use. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET I. (10 points)   [A]     Watching related expenses and making wise choice   [B]      Paying attention to details   [C]     Weighing your financial goals and expectations first   [D]     Maintaining realistic expectations   [E]   Narrowing the search   [F]  Not too special   Eating better. Exercising. Investing. There are a lot of things you know should be doing. The problem is that getting started always seems to be the hardest part. For many investors63, mutual funds are a good way to go, but trying to sort through the number of available choices— now more than 10,000 — makes this important task appear overwhelming. Let's look at some ways to cut that number down to a reasonable size, as well as other factors to consider when selecting your first fund.   41. ______________________   Before you begin examining potential investments, it' s important to take some time to assess your own goals and risk tolerance64. If you start with a clear objective in mind, as well as an understanding as to how you might react if your investment loses money, you’ll be less likely to purchase a fund that doesn’t fit your needs. And that’s what often leads to disappointment. It is important to look for funds that are appropriate for both your goals and your investment temperament65.   42.                ______________________   One way to begin your search for a good fund is to use the Morningstar star rating. The rating is a useful tool for narrowing the field to funds that have done a good job of balancing return and risk in the past. To assign ratings, Morningstar uses a formula that compares a fund's risk-adjusted historical performance with that of other funds within four rating groups—domestic stock funds, international stock funds, taxable bond funds, and municipal bond   43.  _______________________   Funds that invest solely66 in a single market sectors68, called specialty69 funds, often have impressive returns and may be great additions to m diversified70 portfolio71. However, the success of such funds depends largely on the fortunes of a particular market sector67. Hence, specialty funds probably aren’t the best way to start. For your first fund, look for a diversified stock fund that has exposure to different types of stocks.   44. ___________________   There's no free lunch in fund investing: in addition to the sales fees that some fund companies charge, fund investors must also pay management fees and trading costs. Unfortunately, you don’t necessarily get what you pay for—no one has ever shown that more expensive funds provide greater returns. Look for funds with reasonable costs. The expense ratio, which expresses annual costs as a percentage amount, is probably the best number to use when comparing mutual fund costs.   45.    ________________   Whatever the market does, try to take it in stride. You're in r the long haul, so don’t worry about the market’s day-to-day rations72. Relax and resist the temptation to monitor your first investment daily. Check in on your mutual funds once a month, and give your portfolio a thorough exam every 6 to 12 months. And I consider adding to your fund each month. An automatic investment plan makes it a relatively painless process.   Finally, remember that the ultimate measure of your success as an investor62 depends not on your owning the best-performing mutual fund. Only one fund will be the top performer over the next decade, and there’s no way to predict which one it will be. Meeting your own financial goals should ultimately be the yardstick73 by which you measure your investment success.   Part C   Directions:   Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your translation should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (10 points)   There is no question that science-fiction writers have become more ambitious, stylistically and thematically, in recent years. (46) But this may have less to do with the luring74 call of academic surroundings than with changing market conditions—a factor that academic critics rarely take into account. Robert Silverberg, a former president of The Science Fiction Writers of America, is one of the most prolific75 professionals in a field dominated by people who actually write for a living. (Unlike mystery or Western writers, most science-fiction writers cannot expect to cash in on fat movie sales or TV tie-ins.) (47) Still in his late thirties, Silverberg has published more than a hundred books, and he is disarmingly frank about the relationship between the quality of genuine prose and the quality of available outlet76. By his own account, he was “an annoyingly verbal young man” from Brooklyn who picked up his first science-fiction book at the age of ten, started writing seriously at the age of thirteen, and at seventeen nearly gave up in despair over his inability to break into the pulp77 magazines. (48) At his parents’ urging, he enrolled78 in Columbia University, so that, if worst came to worst, he could always go to the School of Journalism79 and “get a nice steady job somewhere”. During his sophomore80 year, he sold his first science-fiction story to a Scottish magazine named Nebula81. By the end of his junior year, he had sold a novel and twenty more stories. (49) By the end of his senior year, he was earning two hundred dollars a week writing science fiction, and his parents were reconciled to his pursuit of the literary life. “I became very cynical82 very quickly,” he says. “First I couldn’t sell anything, then I could sell everything. The market played to my worst characteristics. An editor of a schlock magazine would call up to tell me he had a ten-thousand-word hole to fill in his next issue. I’d fill it overnight for a hundred and fifty dollars. I found that rewriting made no difference. (50) I knew I could not possibly write the kinds of things I admired as a reader – Joyce, Kafka, Mann—so I detached myself from my work. I was a phenomenon among my friends in college, a published, selling author. But they always asked, “When are you going to do something serious?” –--meaning something that wasn’t science fiction – and I kept telling them, “ When I’m financially secure.”        Section IV: Writing   Part A   51. Directions:   Imagine you are a student who wants to apply for the New Star scholarship offered by your university. Write a letter to the person concerned which should include: (1) the purpose of writing the letter;(2) your qualifications for the scholarship;(3) your thanks   You should write about 100 words. Do not sign your won name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead. You do not need write the address.   Part B   52. Directions:   Study the picture above carefully and write an essay entitled “The Adaptation of the Classical Literature”. In the essay, you should (1) describe the picture (2) interpret its meaning (3) give your opinion about the phenomenon. You should write about 200 words neatly83 on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)?   1-10 DCBCA  ADBBC  11-20 CDDAA CBBAD 21-30 DCBAC BDBAA 31-40 CBABC BADDA 41-45 CEFAD   61. 但是这一点与其说是与学术环境具有诱惑力的召唤有关,还不如说是与变化的市场状   况有关——这是一个学术批评家极少考虑的因素。?       62. 还是在他不到四十岁的时候,西尔沃伯格已经出版了一百多本书,而他对于真正散文   的质量与应时之作的质量之间的关系十分坦诚,毫无掩饰。   ?   63. 在他双亲的敦促下,他报考了哥伦比亚大学,所以即便最糟他也能进入新闻学院,“   将来总可以有一份稳定的好工作”。   ?   64. 到大四结束的时候,他每星期写科幻小说已经可以赚两百美元了,而他的双亲也接受   了他对于文学生涯的追求。?       65. 我知道我写不了作为读者的我所喜欢的东西,就像乔埃斯、卡夫卡、曼恩的作品,所以   我不再那么关注我所写的东西。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 irrational UaDzl     
adj.无理性的,失去理性的
参考例句:
  1. After taking the drug she became completely irrational.她在吸毒后变得完全失去了理性。
  2. There are also signs of irrational exuberance among some investors.在某些投资者中是存在非理性繁荣的征象的。
2 essentially nntxw     
adv.本质上,实质上,基本上
参考例句:
  1. Really great men are essentially modest.真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
  2. She is an essentially selfish person.她本质上是个自私自利的人。
3 justification x32xQ     
n.正当的理由;辩解的理由
参考例句:
  1. There's no justification for dividing the company into smaller units. 没有理由把公司划分成小单位。
  2. In the young there is a justification for this feeling. 在年轻人中有这种感觉是有理由的。
4 dictated aa4dc65f69c81352fa034c36d66908ec     
v.大声讲或读( dictate的过去式和过去分词 );口授;支配;摆布
参考例句:
  1. He dictated a letter to his secretary. 他向秘书口授信稿。
  2. No person of a strong character likes to be dictated to. 没有一个个性强的人愿受人使唤。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 allocated 01868918c8cec5bc8773e98ae11a0f54     
adj. 分配的 动词allocate的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  1. The Ford Foundation allocated millions of dollars for cancer research. 福特基金会拨款数百万美元用于癌症研究。
  2. More funds will now be allocated to charitable organizations. 现在会拨更多的资金给慈善组织。
6 depicting eaa7ce0ad4790aefd480461532dd76e4     
描绘,描画( depict的现在分词 ); 描述
参考例句:
  1. a painting depicting the Virgin and Child 一幅描绘童贞马利亚和圣子耶稣的画
  2. The movie depicting the battles and bloodshed is bound to strike home. 这部描写战斗和流血牺牲的影片一定会取得预期效果。
7 confirmation ZYMya     
n.证实,确认,批准
参考例句:
  1. We are waiting for confirmation of the news.我们正在等待证实那个消息。
  2. We need confirmation in writing before we can send your order out.给你们发送订购的货物之前,我们需要书面确认。
8 ward LhbwY     
n.守卫,监护,病房,行政区,由监护人或法院保护的人(尤指儿童);vt.守护,躲开
参考例句:
  1. The hospital has a medical ward and a surgical ward.这家医院有内科病房和外科病房。
  2. During the evening picnic,I'll carry a torch to ward off the bugs.傍晚野餐时,我要点根火把,抵挡蚊虫。
9 virtue BpqyH     
n.德行,美德;贞操;优点;功效,效力
参考例句:
  1. He was considered to be a paragon of virtue.他被认为是品德尽善尽美的典范。
  2. You need to decorate your mind with virtue.你应该用德行美化心灵。
10 virtues cd5228c842b227ac02d36dd986c5cd53     
美德( virtue的名词复数 ); 德行; 优点; 长处
参考例句:
  1. Doctors often extol the virtues of eating less fat. 医生常常宣扬少吃脂肪的好处。
  2. She delivered a homily on the virtues of family life. 她进行了一场家庭生活美德方面的说教。
11 apprentice 0vFzq     
n.学徒,徒弟
参考例句:
  1. My son is an apprentice in a furniture maker's workshop.我的儿子在一家家具厂做学徒。
  2. The apprentice is not yet out of his time.这徒工还没有出徒。
12 mobility H6rzu     
n.可动性,变动性,情感不定
参考例句:
  1. The difference in regional house prices acts as an obstacle to mobility of labour.不同地区房价的差异阻碍了劳动力的流动。
  2. Mobility is very important in guerrilla warfare.机动性在游击战中至关重要。
13 aspiring 3y2zps     
adj.有志气的;有抱负的;高耸的v.渴望;追求
参考例句:
  1. Aspiring musicians need hours of practice every day. 想当音乐家就要每天练许多小时。
  2. He came from an aspiring working-class background. 他出身于有抱负的工人阶级家庭。 来自辞典例句
14 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  1. He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  2. They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
15 discourteously 0325e7964704cbe28178df78aa424214     
adv.不礼貌地,粗鲁地
参考例句:
  1. Waitresses in our restaurant never treat guests discourteously or dishonestly. 在我们饭店一定不能出现慢待客人的现象。 来自互联网
  2. To cast me off discourteously. 将我无情地抛去。 来自互联网
16 requisite 2W0xu     
adj.需要的,必不可少的;n.必需品
参考例句:
  1. He hasn't got the requisite qualifications for the job.他不具备这工作所需的资格。
  2. Food and air are requisite for life.食物和空气是生命的必需品。
17 prodigality f35869744d1ab165685c3bd77da499e1     
n.浪费,挥霍
参考例句:
  1. Laughter is easier minute by minute, spilled with prodigality. 笑声每时每刻都变得越来越容易,毫无节制地倾泻出来。 来自辞典例句
  2. Laughter is easier minute by minute, spilled with prodigality, tipped out at a cheerful word. 笑声每时每刻都变得越来越容易,毫无节制地倾泻出来,只要一句笑话就会引起哄然大笑。 来自英汉文学 - 盖茨比
18 frugality XhMxn     
n.节约,节俭
参考例句:
  1. We must build up our country with industry and frugality.我们必须勤俭建国。
  2. By frugality she managed to get along on her small salary.凭着节俭,她设法以自己微薄的薪水生活。
19 thrift kI6zT     
adj.节约,节俭;n.节俭,节约
参考例句:
  1. He has the virtues of thrift and hard work.他具备节俭和勤奋的美德。
  2. His thrift and industry speak well for his future.他的节俭和勤勉预示着他美好的未来。
20 aspire ANbz2     
vi.(to,after)渴望,追求,有志于
参考例句:
  1. Living together with you is what I aspire toward in my life.和你一起生活是我一生最大的愿望。
  2. I aspire to be an innovator not a follower.我迫切希望能变成个开创者而不是跟随者。
21 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  1. After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  2. They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
22 tune NmnwW     
n.调子;和谐,协调;v.调音,调节,调整
参考例句:
  1. He'd written a tune,and played it to us on the piano.他写了一段曲子,并在钢琴上弹给我们听。
  2. The boy beat out a tune on a tin can.那男孩在易拉罐上敲出一首曲子。
23 fixed JsKzzj     
adj.固定的,不变的,准备好的;(计算机)固定的
参考例句:
  1. Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  2. Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
24 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  1. The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  2. The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
25 DNA 4u3z1l     
(缩)deoxyribonucleic acid 脱氧核糖核酸
参考例句:
  1. DNA is stored in the nucleus of a cell.脱氧核糖核酸储存于细胞的细胞核里。
  2. Gene mutations are alterations in the DNA code.基因突变是指DNA密码的改变。
26 nuclei tHCxF     
n.核
参考例句:
  1. To free electrons, something has to make them whirl fast enough to break away from their nuclei. 为了释放电子,必须使电子高速旋转而足以摆脱原子核的束缚。
  2. Energy is released by the fission of atomic nuclei. 能量是由原子核分裂释放出来的。
27 radically ITQxu     
ad.根本地,本质地
参考例句:
  1. I think we may have to rethink our policies fairly radically. 我认为我们可能要对我们的政策进行根本的反思。
  2. The health service must be radically reformed. 公共医疗卫生服务必须进行彻底改革。
28 ancestry BNvzf     
n.祖先,家世
参考例句:
  1. Their ancestry settled the land in 1856.他们的祖辈1856年在这块土地上定居下来。
  2. He is an American of French ancestry.他是法国血统的美国人。
29 nutritional 4HRxN     
adj.营养的,滋养的
参考例句:
  1. A diet lacking in nutritional value will not keep a person healthy.缺乏营养价值的饮食不能维持人的健康。
  2. The labels on food products give a lot of information about their nutritional content.食品上的标签提供很多关于营养成分的信息。
30 noted 5n4zXc     
adj.著名的,知名的
参考例句:
  1. The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  2. Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
31 odds n5czT     
n.让步,机率,可能性,比率;胜败优劣之别
参考例句:
  1. The odds are 5 to 1 that she will win.她获胜的机会是五比一。
  2. Do you know the odds of winning the lottery once?你知道赢得一次彩票的几率多大吗?
32 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  1. The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  2. They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
33 conclusive TYjyw     
adj.最后的,结论的;确凿的,消除怀疑的
参考例句:
  1. They produced some fairly conclusive evidence.他们提供了一些相当确凿的证据。
  2. Franklin did not believe that the French tests were conclusive.富兰克林不相信这个法国人的实验是结论性的。
34 nutrients 6a1e1ed248a3ac49744c39cc962fb607     
n.(食品或化学品)营养物,营养品( nutrient的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. a lack of essential nutrients 基本营养的缺乏
  2. Nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream. 营养素被吸收进血液。 来自《简明英汉词典》
35 whatsoever Beqz8i     
adv.(用于否定句中以加强语气)任何;pron.无论什么
参考例句:
  1. There's no reason whatsoever to turn down this suggestion.没有任何理由拒绝这个建议。
  2. All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you,do ye even so to them.你想别人对你怎样,你就怎样对人。
36 outgrowing 82cd0add74c70b02ba181ae60184a279     
长[发展] 得超过(某物)的范围( outgrow的现在分词 ); 长[发展]得不能再要(某物); 长得比…快; 生长速度超过
参考例句:
  1. Vibrant colors last year around without wilting, watering, or outgrowing their pots early, quantities are limited. 它高贵优雅,不容易萎蔫,不用经常浇水,也不会长出花盆之外。
37 cyberspace YvfzLi     
n.虚拟信息空间,网络空间,计算机化世界
参考例句:
  1. She travels in cyberspace by sending messages to friends around the world.她利用电子空间给世界各地的朋友们发送信件。
  2. The teens spend more time in cyberspace than in the real world of friends and family.青少年花费在电脑上的时间比他们和真正的朋友及家人在一起的时间要多。
38 tangled e487ee1bc1477d6c2828d91e94c01c6e     
adj. 纠缠的,紊乱的 动词tangle的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  1. Your hair's so tangled that I can't comb it. 你的头发太乱了,我梳不动。
  2. A movement caught his eye in the tangled undergrowth. 乱灌木丛里的晃动引起了他的注意。
39 merging 65cc30ed55db36c739ab349d7c58dfe8     
合并(分类)
参考例句:
  1. Many companies continued to grow by merging with or buying competing firms. 许多公司通过合并或收买竞争对手的公司而不断扩大。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
  2. To sequence by repeated splitting and merging. 用反复分开和合并的方法进行的排序。
40 gateways 15fd82cde2a6c5cde8ab669e8d349305     
n.网关( gateway的名词复数 );门径;方法;大门口
参考例句:
  1. Police bullets raked the gateways car. 警察的子弹对着门口的汽车扫射。 来自辞典例句
  2. No Internet gateways are needed for the programs operation. 该软件的操作不需要互联网网关的支持。 来自互联网
41 protocol nRQxG     
n.议定书,草约,会谈记录,外交礼节
参考例句:
  1. We must observe the correct protocol.我们必须遵守应有的礼仪。
  2. The statesmen signed a protocol.那些政治家签了议定书。
42 protocols 66203c461b36a2af573149f0aa6164ff     
n.礼仪( protocol的名词复数 );(外交条约的)草案;(数据传递的)协议;科学实验报告(或计划)
参考例句:
  1. There are also protocols on the testing of nuclear weapons. 也有关于核武器试验的协议。 来自辞典例句
  2. Hardware components and software design of network transport protocols are separately introduced. 介绍系统硬件组成及网络传输协议的软件设计。 来自互联网
43 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  1. The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  2. His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
44 extraordinarily Vlwxw     
adv.格外地;极端地
参考例句:
  1. She is an extraordinarily beautiful girl.她是个美丽非凡的姑娘。
  2. The sea was extraordinarily calm that morning.那天清晨,大海出奇地宁静。
45 domain ys8xC     
n.(活动等)领域,范围;领地,势力范围
参考例句:
  1. This information should be in the public domain.这一消息应该为公众所知。
  2. This question comes into the domain of philosophy.这一问题属于哲学范畴。
46 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  1. We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  2. We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
47 technological gqiwY     
adj.技术的;工艺的
参考例句:
  1. A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  2. Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
48 purely 8Sqxf     
adv.纯粹地,完全地
参考例句:
  1. I helped him purely and simply out of friendship.我帮他纯粹是出于友情。
  2. This disproves the theory that children are purely imitative.这证明认为儿童只会单纯地模仿的理论是站不住脚的。
49 collaboration bW7yD     
n.合作,协作;勾结
参考例句:
  1. The two companies are working in close collaboration each other.这两家公司密切合作。
  2. He was shot for collaboration with the enemy.他因通敌而被枪毙了。
50 mutual eFOxC     
adj.相互的,彼此的;共同的,共有的
参考例句:
  1. We must pull together for mutual interest.我们必须为相互的利益而通力合作。
  2. Mutual interests tied us together.相互的利害关系把我们联系在一起。
51 standardize UuMwl     
v.使符合标准,使标准化
参考例句:
  1. We will extend and standardize legal services and provide effective legal aid.拓展和规范法律服务,积极开展法律援助。
  2. There is a drive both to standardise components and to reduce the number of models on offer.正在为实现零部件标准化和减少推出的型号数量而努力。
52 stimulate wuSwL     
vt.刺激,使兴奋;激励,使…振奋
参考例句:
  1. Your encouragement will stimulate me to further efforts.你的鼓励会激发我进一步努力。
  2. Success will stimulate the people for fresh efforts.成功能鼓舞人们去作新的努力。
53 notation lv1yi     
n.记号法,表示法,注释;[计算机]记法
参考例句:
  1. Music has a special system of notation.音乐有一套特殊的标记法。
  2. We shall find it convenient to adopt the following notation.采用下面的记号是方便的。
54 ethnic jiAz3     
adj.人种的,种族的,异教徒的
参考例句:
  1. This music would sound more ethnic if you played it in steel drums.如果你用钢鼓演奏,这首乐曲将更具民族特色。
  2. The plan is likely only to aggravate ethnic frictions.这一方案很有可能只会加剧种族冲突。
55 recording UktzJj     
n.录音,记录
参考例句:
  1. How long will the recording of the song take?录下这首歌得花多少时间?
  2. I want to play you a recording of the rehearsal.我想给你放一下彩排的录像。
56 aspiration ON6z4     
n.志向,志趣抱负;渴望;(语)送气音;吸出
参考例句:
  1. Man's aspiration should be as lofty as the stars.人的志气应当象天上的星星那么高。
  2. Young Addison had a strong aspiration to be an inventor.年幼的爱迪生渴望成为一名发明家。
57 promising BkQzsk     
adj.有希望的,有前途的
参考例句:
  1. The results of the experiments are very promising.实验的结果充满了希望。
  2. We're trying to bring along one or two promising young swimmers.我们正设法培养出一两名有前途的年轻游泳选手。
58 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  1. She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  2. His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
59 standardized 8hHzgs     
adj.标准化的
参考例句:
  1. We use standardized tests to measure scholastic achievement. 我们用标准化考试来衡量学生的学业成绩。
  2. The parts of an automobile are standardized. 汽车零件是标准化了的。
60 worthy vftwB     
adj.(of)值得的,配得上的;有价值的
参考例句:
  1. I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  2. There occurred nothing that was worthy to be mentioned.没有值得一提的事发生。
61 preservation glnzYU     
n.保护,维护,保存,保留,保持
参考例句:
  1. The police are responsible for the preservation of law and order.警察负责维持法律与秩序。
  2. The picture is in an excellent state of preservation.这幅画保存得极为完好。
62 investor aq4zNm     
n.投资者,投资人
参考例句:
  1. My nephew is a cautious investor.我侄子是个小心谨慎的投资者。
  2. The investor believes that his investment will pay off handsomely soon.这个投资者相信他的投资不久会有相当大的收益。
63 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  2. a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
64 tolerance Lnswz     
n.宽容;容忍,忍受;耐药力;公差
参考例句:
  1. Tolerance is one of his strengths.宽容是他的一个优点。
  2. Human beings have limited tolerance of noise.人类对噪音的忍耐力有限。
65 temperament 7INzf     
n.气质,性格,性情
参考例句:
  1. The analysis of what kind of temperament you possess is vital.分析一下你有什么样的气质是十分重要的。
  2. Success often depends on temperament.成功常常取决于一个人的性格。
66 solely FwGwe     
adv.仅仅,唯一地
参考例句:
  1. Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。
  2. The town depends almost solely on the tourist trade.这座城市几乎完全靠旅游业维持。
67 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  1. The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  2. The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
68 sectors 218ffb34fa5fb6bc1691e90cd45ad627     
n.部门( sector的名词复数 );领域;防御地区;扇形
参考例句:
  1. Berlin was divided into four sectors after the war. 战后柏林分成了4 个区。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. Industry and agriculture are the two important sectors of the national economy. 工业和农业是国民经济的两个重要部门。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
69 specialty SrGy7     
n.(speciality)特性,特质;专业,专长
参考例句:
  1. Shell carvings are a specialty of the town.贝雕是该城的特产。
  2. His specialty is English literature.他的专业是英国文学。
70 diversified eumz2W     
adj.多样化的,多种经营的v.使多样化,多样化( diversify的过去式和过去分词 );进入新的商业领域
参考例句:
  1. The college biology department has diversified by adding new courses in biotechnology. 该学院生物系通过增加生物技术方面的新课程而变得多样化。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. Take grain as the key link, develop a diversified economy and ensure an all-round development. 以粮为纲,多种经营,全面发展。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
71 portfolio 9OzxZ     
n.公事包;文件夹;大臣及部长职位
参考例句:
  1. He remembered her because she was carrying a large portfolio.他因为她带着一个大公文包而记住了她。
  2. He resigned his portfolio.他辞去了大臣职务。
72 rations c925feb39d4cfbdc2c877c3b6085488e     
定量( ration的名词复数 ); 配给量; 正常量; 合理的量
参考例句:
  1. They are provisioned with seven days' rations. 他们得到了7天的给养。
  2. The soldiers complained that they were getting short rations. 士兵们抱怨他们得到的配给不够数。
73 yardstick oMEzM     
n.计算标准,尺度;评价标准
参考例句:
  1. This is a yardstick for measuring whether a person is really progressive.这是衡量一个人是否真正进步的标准。
  2. She was a yardstick against which I could measure my achievements.她是一个我可以用来衡量我的成就的准绳。
74 luring f0c862dc1e88c711a4434c2d1ab2867a     
吸引,引诱(lure的现在分词形式)
参考例句:
  1. Cheese is very good for luring a mouse into a trap. 奶酪是引诱老鼠上钩的极好的东西。
  2. Her training warned her of peril and of the wrong, subtle, mysterious, luring. 她的教养警告她:有危险,要出错儿,这是微妙、神秘而又诱人的。
75 prolific fiUyF     
adj.丰富的,大量的;多产的,富有创造力的
参考例句:
  1. She is a prolific writer of novels and short stories.她是一位多产的作家,写了很多小说和短篇故事。
  2. The last few pages of the document are prolific of mistakes.这个文件的最后几页错误很多。
76 outlet ZJFxG     
n.出口/路;销路;批发商店;通风口;发泄
参考例句:
  1. The outlet of a water pipe was blocked.水管的出水口堵住了。
  2. Running is a good outlet for his energy.跑步是他发泄过剩精力的好方法。
77 pulp Qt4y9     
n.果肉,纸浆;v.化成纸浆,除去...果肉,制成纸浆
参考例句:
  1. The pulp of this watermelon is too spongy.这西瓜瓤儿太肉了。
  2. The company manufactures pulp and paper products.这个公司制造纸浆和纸产品。
78 enrolled ff7af27948b380bff5d583359796d3c8     
adj.入学登记了的v.[亦作enrol]( enroll的过去式和过去分词 );登记,招收,使入伍(或入会、入学等),参加,成为成员;记入名册;卷起,包起
参考例句:
  1. They have been studying hard from the moment they enrolled. 从入学时起,他们就一直努力学习。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. He enrolled with an employment agency for a teaching position. 他在职业介绍所登了记以谋求一个教师的职位。 来自《简明英汉词典》
79 journalism kpZzu8     
n.新闻工作,报业
参考例句:
  1. He's a teacher but he does some journalism on the side.他是教师,可还兼职做一些新闻工作。
  2. He had an aptitude for journalism.他有从事新闻工作的才能。
80 sophomore PFCz6     
n.大学二年级生;adj.第二年的
参考例句:
  1. He is in his sophomore year.他在读二年级。
  2. I'm a college sophomore majoring in English.我是一名英语专业的大二学生。
81 nebula E55zw     
n.星云,喷雾剂
参考例句:
  1. A powerful telescope can resolve a nebula into stars.一架高性能的望远镜能从星云中分辨出星球来。
  2. A nebula is really a discrete mass of innumerous stars.一团星云实际上是无数星体不连续的集合体。
82 cynical Dnbz9     
adj.(对人性或动机)怀疑的,不信世道向善的
参考例句:
  1. The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea.由于困难很大,他对这个主意是否可行持怀疑态度。
  2. He was cynical that any good could come of democracy.他不相信民主会带来什么好处。
83 neatly ynZzBp     
adv.整洁地,干净地,灵巧地,熟练地
参考例句:
  1. Sailors know how to wind up a long rope neatly.水手们知道怎样把一条大绳利落地缠好。
  2. The child's dress is neatly gathered at the neck.那孩子的衣服在领口处打着整齐的皱褶。
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