2006年1月14日考研英语全真题
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2006年1月14日下午考研英语真题及全部答案:
  第一部分、完形填空答案:1-20 DACAD ABCAA  CACDC BBCAD
  第二部分、阅读理解
  Part A部分:21-40题 CACDB ABCDC CDCDB DBBDA  
  Part B部分 41-45题 CABFD
  PartC部分:见下面

  第一部分、考研英语完形填空
  Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1 .(10points)

  The homeless make up a growing percentage of America ’s population. __1__ homelessness has reached such proportions that local government can’t possibly _____2____ . To help homeless people _____3___ independence, the federal government must support job training programs, _____4_____ the minimum wage, and fund more low-cost housing._____5____everyone agrees on the numbers of Americans who are homeless. Estimates ____6__ anywhere from 600,000 to 3 million. _____7__ t he figure may vary, analysts1 do agree on another matter: that the number of the homeless is _____8____ , one of the federal government’s studies _____9__ that the number of the homeless will reach nearly 19 million by the end of this decade.

  Finding ways to __10__ this growing homeless population has become increasingly difficult. _ __11__ when homeless individuals manage to find a _ __12__ that will give them three meals a day and a place to sleep at night, a good number still spend the bulk of each day __13__ the street, Part of the problem is that many homeless adults are addicted2 to alcohol or drugs. And a significant number of the homeless have serious mental disorders3. Many others, ____14____ not addicted or mentally ill, simply lack the everyday __15__ skills need to turn their lives _____16__ . Boston Globe reporter Chris Reidy notes that the situation will improve only when there are_ 17___ programs that address the many needs of the homeless. _ ____18__ Edward Blotkowsk, director of community service at Bentley College in Massachusetts , ___19__ it. “There has to be _____20___ of programs. What we need is a package deal.”

  1 A)indeed B)likewise C)therefore D)furthermore
  2 A)stand B)cope C)approve D)retain
  3 A)in B)for C)with D)toward
  4 A)raise B)add C)take D)keep
  5 A)generally B)almmost C)hardly D)not

  6 A)cover B)change C)range D)differ
  7 A)now that  B)although  C)provided  D)except that
  8) A)inflating  B)expanding  C)increasing  D)extending
  9 A)predicts  B) displays  C)proves  D)discovers
  10 A)assist  B)track  C)sustain  D)dismiss

  11 A)hence  B)but  C)even  D)only
  12 A)lodging  B)shelter  C)dwelling  D)house
  13 A)searching  B)strolling  C)crowding  D)wandering
  14 A)when  B) once  C)while  D)whereas
  15 A)life  B)existence  C)survival  D)maintenance

  16 A)around  B)over  C)on  D)up
  17 A)complex  B)comprehensive  C)complementary  D)compensating
  18 A)so  B)since  C)as  D)thus
  19 A) puts  B)interprets  C)assumes  D)makes
  20 A)supervision  B)manipulation  C)regulation  D)coordination

  第二部分、考研英语阅读理解
  Part A 部分
  Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B,C, or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.(40 points)

  Text 1
  In spite of “endless talk of difference,” American society is an amazing machine for homogenizing people. This is “the democratizing uniformity of dress and discourse4, and the casualness and absence of consumption “launched by the 19 th –century department stores that offered ‘vast arrays of goods in an elegant atmosphere. Instead of intimate shops catering5 to a knowledgeable6 elite7.” these were stores “anyone could enter, regardless of class or background. This turned shopping into a public and democratic act.” The mass media, advertising8 and sports are other forces for homogenization.

  Immigrants are quickly fitting into this common culture, which may not be altogether elevating but is hardly poisonous. Writing for the National Immigration Forum9 , Gregory Rodriguez reports that today’s immigration is neither at unprecedented10 level nor resistant11 to assimilation. In 1998 immigrants were 9.8 percent of population; in 1900, 13.6 percent. In the 10 years prior to 1990, 3.1 immigrants arrived for every 1,000 residents; in the 10 years prior to 1890, 9.2 for every 1,000. Now, consider three indices of assimilation------language, home ownership and intermarriage.

  The 1990 Census12 revealed that “a majority of immigrants from each of the fifteen most common countries of origin spoke13 English “well” or “very well” after ten years of residence.” The children of immigrants tend to be bilingual and proficient14 in English. “By the third generation, the original language is lost in the majority of immigrant families.” Hence the description of America as a graveyard” for language. By 1996 foreign-born immigrants who had arrive before 1970 had a home ownership rate of 75.6 percent, higher than the 69.8 percent rate among native-born Americans.

  Foreign-born Asians and Hispanics “have higher rates of intermarriage than do U.S-born whites and blacks.” By the third generation, one third of Hispanic women are married to non-Hispanics, and 41 percent of Asian-American women are married to non-Asians.

  Rodriguez not that children in remote villages around world are fans of superstars like Amold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks15, yet “some Americans fear that immigrant living within the United States remain somehow immune to the nation’s assimilative power.”

  Are there divisive issues and pockets of seething16 in America ? Indeed. It is big enough to have a bit of everything. But particularly when viewed against America ’s turbulent past, today’s social indices suggest a dark and deteriorating17 social environment.

  21. The word “homogenizing” (line 2, Para 1) most probably means
  A. identifying
  B. associating
  C. assimilating
  D. monopolizing18

  22. According to the author, the department stores of the 19th century
  A. played a role in the spread of popular culture.
  B. became intimate shops for common consumers.
  C. satisfied the needs of a knowledgeable elite.
  D. owed its emergence19 to the culture of consumption.

  23. The text suggests that immigrants now in the U.S.
  A. are resistant to homogenization.
  B. exert a great influence on American culture.
  C. are hardly a threat to the common culture.
  D. constitute the majority of the population.

  24. Why are Amold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks mentioned in Paragraph 5?
  A. To prove their popularity around the world.
  B. To reveal the public’s fear of immigrants.
  C. To give examples of successful immigrants.
  D. To show the powerful influence of American culture.

  25. In the author’s opinion, the absorption of immigrants into American society is
  A. rewarding B. successful C. fruitless D. harmful

  Text 2
  Stratford-on-Avon, as we all know, has only one industry — William Shakespeare — but there are two distinctly separate and increasingly hostile branches. There is the Royal Shakespeare Company (ASC), which presents superb productions of the plays at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre on the Avon . And there are the townsfolk who largely live off the tourists who come, not to see the plays, but to look at Anne Hathaway’s Cottage, Shakespeare’s birthplace and the other sights.

  The worthy20 residents of Stratford doubt that the theatre adds a penny to their revenue. They frankly21 dislike the RSC’s actors, them with their long hair and beards and sandals and noisiness. It’s all deliciously ironic22 when you consider that Shakespeare, who earns their living, was himself an actor (with a beard) and did his share of noise-making.

  The tourist streams are not entirely24 separate. The sightseers who come by bus- and often take in Warwick Castle and Blenheim Palace on the side — don’t usually see the plays, and some of them are even surprised to find a theatre in Stratford. However, the playgoers do manage a little sight-seeing along with their playgoing. It is the playgoers, the ESC contends, who bring in much of the town’s revenue because they spend the night (some of them four or five nights) pouring cash into the hotels and restaurants. The sightseers can take in everything and get out of town by nightfall.

  The townsfolk don’t see it this way and local council does not contribute directly to the subsidy25 of the Royal Shakespeare Company. Stratford cries poor traditionally. Nevertheless every hotel in town seems to be adding a new wing or cocktail26 lounge. Hilton is building its own hotel there, which you may be sure will be decorated with Hamlet Hamburger Bars, the Lear Lounge, the Banquo Banqueting Room, and so forth27, and will be very expensive.

  Anyway, the townsfolk can’t understand why the Royal Shakespeare Company needs a subsidy. (The theatre has broken attendance records for three years in a row. Last year its 1,431 seats were 94 percent occupied all year long and this year they’ll do better.) The reason, of course, is that costs have rocketed and ticket prices have stayed low.

  It would be a shame to raise prices too much because it would drive away the young people who are Stratford ’s most attractive clientele. They come entirely for the plays, not the sights. They all seem to look alike (though they come from all over)---lean, pointed28, dedicated29 faces, wearing jeans and sandals, eating their buns and bedding down for the night on the flagstones outside the theatre to buy the 20 seats and 80 standing—room tickets held for the sleepers30 and sold to them when the box office opens at 10: 30 a .m.

  26. From the first two paras , we learn that
  A. the townsfolk deny the RSC ’ s contribution to the town’s revenue
  B. the actors of the RSC imitate Shakespeare on and off stage
  C. the two branches of the RSC are not on good terms
  D. the townsfolk earn little from tourism

  27. It can be inferred from Para 3 that
  A. the sightseers cannot visit the Castle and the Palace separately
  B. the playgoers spend more money than the sightseers
  C. the sightseers do more shopping than the playgoers
  D. the playgoers go to no other places in town than the theater

  28. By saying “Stratford cries poor traditionally” (Line 2-3, Paragraph 4), the author implies that
  A. Stratford cannot afford the expansion projects
  B. Stratford has long been in financial difficulties
  C. the town is not really short of money
  D. the townsfolk used to be poorly paid

  29. According to the townsfolk, the RSC deserves no subsidy because
  A. ticket prices can be raised to cover the spending
  B. the company is financially ill-managed
  C. the behavior of the actors is not socially acceptable
  D. the theatre attendance is on the rise

  30. From the text we can conclude that the author
  A. is supportive of both sides
  B. favors the townsfolk’s view
  C. takes a detached attitude
  D. is sympathetic

  Text 3
  When prehistoric31 man arrived in new parts of the world, something strange happened to the large animals. They suddenly became extinct. Smaller species survived. The large, slow-growing animals were easy game, and were quickly hunted to extinction32. Now something similar could be happening in the oceans.

  That the seas are being overfished has been known for years. What researchers such as Ransom33 Myers and Boris Worm have shown is just how fast things are changing. They have looked at half a century of data from fisheries around the world. Their methods do not attempt to estimate the actual biomass (the amount of living biological matter) of fish species in particular parts of the ocean, but rather changes in that biomass over time. According to their latest paper published in Nature , the biomass of large predators34 (animals that kill and eat other animals) in a new fishery is reduced on average by 80% within 15 years of the start of exploitation. In some long-fished areas, it has halved35 again since then.

  Dr Worm acknowledges that the figures are conservative. One reason for this is that fishing technology has improved. Today’s vessels36 can find their prey37 using satellites and sonar, which were not available 50 years ago. That means a higher proportion of what is in the sea is being caught, so the real difference between present and past is likely to be worse than the one recorded by changes in catch sizes. In the early days, too, longlines would have been more saturated38 with fish. Some individuals would therefore not have been caught, since no baited hooks would have been available to trap them, leading to an underestimate of fish stocks in the past. Furthermore, in the early days of longline fishing, a lot of fish were lost to sharks after they had been hooked. That is no longer a problem, because there are fewer sharks around now.

  Dr Myers and Dr Worm argue that their work gives a correct baseline, which future management efforts must take into account. They believe the data support an idea current among marine39 biologists, that of the "shifting baseline". The notion is that people have failed to detect the massive changes which have happened in the ocean because they have been looking back only a relatively40 short time into the past. That matters because theory suggests that the maximum sustainable yield that can be cropped from a fishery comes when the biomass of a target species is about 50% of its original levels. Most fisheries are well below that, which is a bad way to do business.

  31. The extinction of large prehistoric animals is noted41 to suggest that
  A. large animal were vulnerable to the changing environment.
  B. small species survived as large animals disappeared.
  C. large sea animals may face the same threat today.
  D. Slow-growing fish outlive fast-growing ones

  32. We can infer from Dr Myers and Dr. Worm’s paper that
  A. the stock of large predators in some old fisheries has reduced by 90%.
  B. there are only half as many fisheries as there were 15 years ago.
  C. the catch sizes in new fisheries are only 20% of the original amount.
  D. the number of larger predators dropped faster in new fisheries than in the old.

  33. By saying these figures are conservative (Line 1, paragraph 3), Dr Worm means that
  A. fishing technology has improved rapidly
  B. then catch-sizes are actually smaller then recorded
  C. the marine biomass has suffered a greater loss
  D. the data collected so far are out of date.

  34. Dr Myers and other researchers hold that
  A. people should look for a baseline that can’t work for a longer time.
  B. fisheries should keep the yield below 50% of the biomass
  C. the ocean biomass should restored its original level.
  D. people should adjust the fishing baseline to changing situation

  35. The author seems to be mainly concerned with most fisheries’
  A. management efficiency
  B. biomass level
  C. catch-size limits
  D. technological42 application.

  Text 4
  Many things make people think artists are weird43 and the weirdest44 may be this: artists’ only job is to explore emotions, and yet they choose to focus on the ones that feel bad.

  This wasn’t always so. The earliest forms of art, like painting and music, are those best suited for expressing joy. But somewhere in the 19th century, more artists began seeing happiness as insipid45, phony or, worst of all, boring as we went from Wordsworth’s daffodils to Baudelaire’s flowers of evil.

  You could argue that art became more skeptical46 of happiness because modern times have seen such misery47. But it’s not as if earlier times didn’t know perpetual war, disaster and the massacre48 of innocents. The reason, in fact, may be just the opposite: there is too much damn happiness in the world today.

  After all, what is the one modern form of expression almost completely dedicated to depicting49 happiness? Advertising. The rise of anti-happy art almost exactly tracks the emergence of mass media, and with it, a commercial culture in which happiness is not just an ideal but an ideology50.

  People in earlier eras were surrounded by reminders52 of misery. They worked until exhausted53, lived with few protections and died young. In the West, before mass communication and literacy, the most powerful mass medium was the church, which reminded worshippers that their souls were in peril54 and that they would someday be meat for worms. Given all this, they did not exactly need their art to be a bummer too.

  Today the messages your average Westerner is bombarded with are not religious but commercial, and forever happy. Fast-food eaters, news anchors, text messengers, all smiling, smiling. Our magazines feature beaming celebrities55 and happy families in perfect homes. And since these messages have an agenda--to lure56 us to open our wallets to make the very idea of happiness seem unreliable. "Celebrate!" commanded the ads for the arthritis57 drug Celebrex, before we found out it could increase the risk of heart attacks.

  What we forget--what our economy depends on is forgetting--is that happiness is more than pleasure without pain. The things that bring the greatest joy carry the greatest potential for loss and disappointment. Today, surrounded by promises of easy happiness, we need someone to tell us as religion once did, Memento58 mori: remember that you will die, that everything ends, and that happiness comes not in denying this but in living with it. It’s a message even more bitter than a clove59 cigarette, yet, somehow, a breath of fresh air.

  36.By citing the example of poets Wordsworth and Baudelaire, the author intends to show that
  A. Poetry is not as expressive60 of joy as painting or music.
  B. Art grow out of both positive and negative feeling.
  C. Poets today are less skeptical of happiness.
  D. Artist have changed their focus of interest.

  37. The word “bummer” (Line 5. paragraph 5) most probably means something
  A. religious B. unpleasant C. entertaining D. commercial

  38. In the author’s opinion, advertising
  A. emerges in the wake of the anti-happy part.
  B. is a cause of disappointment for the general peer
  C. replace the church as a major source of information
  D. creates an illusion of happiness rather than happiness itself.

  39.?We can learn from the last paragraph that the author believes
  A. Happiness more often than not ends in sadness.
  B. The anti-happy art is distasteful by refreshing61.
  C. Misery should be enjoyed rather than denied.
  D. The anti-happy art flourishes when economy booms

  40.?Which of the following is true of the text?
  A. Religion once functioned as a reminder51 of misery.
  B. Art provides a balance between expectation and reality.
  C. People feel disappointed at the realities of morality.
  D. mass media are inclined to cover disasters and deaths.
  
  PART B新题型 (来自美国《newsweek》作者:By: George F. Will)
  Directions: In the following text, some sentences have been removed. For Questions 41-45, choose the most suitable one from the list A- G to fit into each of numbered blanks. There are two extra choices, which do not fit in any of the blanks. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  On the north bank of the Ohio River sits Evansville, Ind., home of David Williams, 52, and of a riverboat casino where gambling62 games are played. During several years of gambling in that casino, Williams, a state auditor63 earning $35,000 a year, lost approximately $175,000. He had never gambled before the casino sent him a coupon64 for $20 worth of gambling.

  He visited the casino, lost the $20 and left. On his second visit he lost $800. The casino issued to him, as a good customer, a Fun Card, which when used in the casino earns points for meals and drinks, and enables the casino to track the user’s gambling activities. For Williams, these activities become what he calls electronic morphine. (41)______________. In 1997 he lost $21,000 to one slot machine in two days. In March 1997 he lost $72,186. He sometimes played two slot machines at a time, all night, until the boat locked at 5 a.m., then went back aboard when the casino opened at 9 a.m. Now he is suing the casino, charging that it should have refused his patronage65 because it knew he was addicted. It did know he had a problem.

  In March 1998, a friend of Williams’s got him involuntarily confined to a treatment center for addictions66, and wrote to inform the casino of Williams’s gamblers. The casino included a photo of Williams among those of banned gamblers, and wrote to him a” cease admissions” letter noting the medical/psychological nature of problem gambling behaviors, the letter said that before being readmitted to the patronizing the casino would pose no threat to his safety have to his safety or well-being67. (42) ______________.

  The Wall Street Journal reports that the casino has 20 signs warning: “Enjoy the fun ... and always bet with your head, not over it”. Every entrance ticket lists a toll-free number for counseling from the Indiana Department of Mental Health. Nevertheless, Williams’s suit charges that the casino, knowing he was “helplessly addicted to gambling”, intentionally68 worked to ”love” him to “engage in conduct against his will” well. (43) ______________.

  The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical69 Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) says “pathological gambling” involves persistent70, recurring71 and uncontrollable pursuit less of money than of taking risks in quest of a windfall, (44) ______________.Pushed by science, or what claims to be science, society is reclassifying what once were considered character flaws or moral failings as personality disorders akin23 to physical disabilities. (45) ______________.

  Forty-four states have lotteries72, 29 have casinos, and most of these states are to varying degrees dependent on --you might say --addicted to--revenues from wagering73. And since the first Internet gambling site was created in 1995, competition for gamblers’ dollars has become intense. The Oct. 28 issue of NEWSWEEK reported that 2 million gamblers patronize 1,800 virtual casinos every week. With $3.5 billion being lost on Internet wagers74 this year, gambling has passed pornography as the Web’s most profitable business.

  (A). Although no such evidence was presented, the casino’s marketing75 department continued to pepper him with mailings. And he entered the casino and used his Fun Card without being detected.

  (B). It is unclear what luring76 was required, given his compulsive behavior. And in what sense was his will operative?

  (C). By the time he had lost $5,000 he said to himself that if he could get back to even, he would quit. One night he won $5,500, but he did not quit.

  (D). Gambling has been a common feature of American life forever, but for a long time it was broadly considered a sin, or a social disease. Now it is a social policy: the most important and aggressive promoter of gambling in America is government.

  (E). David Williams’s suit should trouble this gambling nation. But don’t bet on it.

  (F). It is worrisome that society is medicalizing more and more behavioral problems, often defining as addictions what earlier, sterner generations explained as weakness of will.

  (G). The anonymous77, lonely, undistracted nature of online gambling is especially conductive to compulsive behavior. But even if the government knew how to move against Internet gambling, what would be its grounds for doing so?

  Part C 考研英语翻译试题
  Directions: Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Our translation should be written neatly78 on ANSWER SHEET2. (10 points)

  Is it true that the American intellectual is rejected and considered of no account in his society? I am going to suggest that it is not true. Father Bruckbergen told part of the story when he observed that it is the intellectuals who have rejected American. But they have done more than that. They have grown dissatisfied with the role of intellectual. It is they, not American, who have become anti-intellectual.

  First, the object of our study pleads for definition. What is an intellectual? (46) I shall define him as an individual who has elected as his primary duty and pleasure in life the activity of thinking in Socratic(苏格拉底) way about moral problems .He explores such problem consciously, articulately, and frankly, first by asking factual questions, then by asking moral questions, finally by suggesting action which seems appropriate in the light of the factual and moral information which he has obtained. (47) His function is analogous79 to that of a judge, who must accept the obligation of revealing in as obvious a matter as possible the course of reasoning which led him to his decision.

  This definition excludes many individuals usually referred to as intellectuals --- the average scientist for one 48) I have excluded him because, while his accomplishments80 may contribute to the solution of moral problems, he has not been charged with the task of approaching any but the factual aspects of those problems. Like other human beings, he encounters moral issues even in everyday performance of his routine duties.--- he is not supposed to cook his experiments, manufacture evidence, or doctor his reports. (49) But his primary task is not to think about the moral code, which governs his activity, any more than a businessman is expected to dedicate his energies to an exploration of rules of conduct in business. During most of his walking life he will take his code for granted, as the businessman takes his ethics81.

  The definition also excludes the majority of factors, despite the fact that teaching has traditionally been the method whereby many intellectuals earn their living (50) They may teach very well and more than earn their salaries, but most of them make little or no independent reflections on human problems which involve moral judgment82 .This description even fits the majority eminent83 scholars .“Being learned in some branch of human knowledge in one thing, living in public and industrious84 thoughts,” as Emersion would say ,“is something else.”

  [参考答案]
  46. I shall define him as an individual /who has elected /as his primary duty and pleasure in life /the activity of thinking in Socratic(苏格拉底) way /about moral problems.
  〔参考译文〕我会把知识分子定义为这样的人:他把用苏格拉底方式思考道德问题作为人生的主要任务和乐趣。
  
  47.His function is analogous to that of a judge, who must accept the obligation of revealing in as obvious a matter as possible the course of reasoning which led him to his decision.
  〔参考译文〕知识分子的作用与法官相似,他必须接受一种义务,那就是在尽可能清楚的事情中揭示导致其做出决定的推理过程。

  48.I have excluded him /because, (while his accomplishments may contribute to the solution of moral problems, )he has not been charges with the task /of approaching any but the factual aspects of those problems.
  〔参考译文〕我之所以把普通科学家排除在外,是因为尽管他的成就可能有助于解决道德问题,但他还没承担起研究道德问题事实方面以外的任何责任。

  49. But his primary task is not to think about the moral code, /which governs his activity, /any more than a businessman is expected /to dedicate his energies to an exploration of rules of conduct in business.
  〔参考译文〕但是,普通科学家的主要任务并非思考指导其行为的道德规范,正如我们并不指望商人把精力投入到商业行为的探索一样。

  50. They may teach very well /and more than earn their salaries, /but most of them make little or no independent reflections on human problems /which involve moral judgment.
  〔参考译文〕知识分子可能很会教书,而且不仅仅是挣工资,但是他们大部分人对涉及道德判断的人类问题很少或者根本不进行独立思考。

  第三部分、2006年考研英语作文真题
  1、小作文
  You want to contribute to Project Hope by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area. Write a letter to the department concerned, asking them to help find a candidate. You should specify85 what kind of child you want to help and how you will carry out your plan.
  Write your letter with no less than 100 words. Write it on ANSWER SHEET 2. Do not sign your name at the end of the letter; use Li Ming instead. You do not need to write the address. (10 points) 

  [参考范文]
  Dear Sir or Madam,

  I am writing the letter to you to confirm if any child, who needs financial aid through project Hope ,is available.

  I am longing86 for extending financial aid to those children who did not have chance to receive education from poverty-stricken area, Thus,I made up my mind to help two kinds of child : firstly, he or she did not have stable financial source which can cover their education fares, secondly87, his or her academic performance in the school is excellent. As to my plan, in the first place, I should spare no effort to save every penny from now on, In the second place, I will check the school report of every candidate during the term.

  I have no doubt, I believe heartly, I will be ideal candidate for project Hope under your qualifications.I appreciate your decision and am available for your reply every morning.

  Thanks for your consideration.

  Truly yours

  Li Ming

  2、大作文 (160----200 words)
  Study the follow photos carefully and write an essay in which you should
  1 describe the photo briefly
  2 interpret the social phenomenon reflected by them, and
  3 give your point of view 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  2. I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
2 addicted dzizmY     
adj.沉溺于....的,对...上瘾的
参考例句:
  1. He was addicted to heroin at the age of 17.他17岁的时候对海洛因上了瘾。
  2. She's become addicted to love stories.她迷上了爱情小说。
3 disorders 6e49dcafe3638183c823d3aa5b12b010     
n.混乱( disorder的名词复数 );凌乱;骚乱;(身心、机能)失调
参考例句:
  1. Reports of anorexia and other eating disorders are on the increase. 据报告,厌食症和其他饮食方面的功能紊乱发生率正在不断增长。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. The announcement led to violent civil disorders. 这项宣布引起剧烈的骚乱。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 discourse 2lGz0     
n.论文,演说;谈话;话语;vi.讲述,著述
参考例句:
  1. We'll discourse on the subject tonight.我们今晚要谈论这个问题。
  2. He fell into discourse with the customers who were drinking at the counter.他和站在柜台旁的酒客谈了起来。
5 catering WwtztU     
n. 给养
参考例句:
  1. Most of our work now involves catering for weddings. 我们现在的工作多半是承办婚宴。
  2. Who did the catering for your son's wedding? 你儿子的婚宴是由谁承办的?
6 knowledgeable m2Yxg     
adj.知识渊博的;有见识的
参考例句:
  1. He's quite knowledgeable about the theatre.他对戏剧很有心得。
  2. He made some knowledgeable remarks at the meeting.他在会上的发言颇有见地。
7 elite CqzxN     
n.精英阶层;实力集团;adj.杰出的,卓越的
参考例句:
  1. The power elite inside the government is controlling foreign policy.政府内部的一群握有实权的精英控制着对外政策。
  2. We have a political elite in this country.我们国家有一群政治精英。
8 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  1. Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  2. The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
9 forum cilx0     
n.论坛,讨论会
参考例句:
  1. They're holding a forum on new ways of teaching history.他们正在举行历史教学讨论会。
  2. The organisation would provide a forum where problems could be discussed.这个组织将提供一个可以讨论问题的平台。
10 unprecedented 7gSyJ     
adj.无前例的,新奇的
参考例句:
  1. The air crash caused an unprecedented number of deaths.这次空难的死亡人数是空前的。
  2. A flood of this sort is really unprecedented.这样大的洪水真是十年九不遇。
11 resistant 7Wvxh     
adj.(to)抵抗的,有抵抗力的
参考例句:
  1. Many pests are resistant to the insecticide.许多害虫对这种杀虫剂有抵抗力。
  2. They imposed their government by force on the resistant population.他们以武力把自己的统治强加在持反抗态度的人民头上。
12 census arnz5     
n.(官方的)人口调查,人口普查
参考例句:
  1. A census of population is taken every ten years.人口普查每10年进行一次。
  2. The census is taken one time every four years in our country.我国每四年一次人口普查。
13 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  1. They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  2. The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
14 proficient Q1EzU     
adj.熟练的,精通的;n.能手,专家
参考例句:
  1. She is proficient at swimming.她精通游泳。
  2. I think I'm quite proficient in both written and spoken English.我认为我在英语读写方面相当熟练。
15 brooks cdbd33f49d2a6cef435e9a42e9c6670f     
n.小溪( brook的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. Brooks gave the business when Haas caught him with his watch. 哈斯抓到偷他的手表的布鲁克斯时,狠狠地揍了他一顿。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. Ade and Brooks exchanged blows yesterday and they were severely punished today. 艾德和布鲁克斯昨天打起来了,今天他们受到严厉的惩罚。 来自《简明英汉词典》
16 seething e6f773e71251620fed3d8d4245606fcf     
沸腾的,火热的
参考例句:
  1. The stadium was a seething cauldron of emotion. 体育场内群情沸腾。
  2. The meeting hall was seething at once. 会场上顿时沸腾起来了。
17 deteriorating 78fb3515d7abc3a0539b443be0081fb1     
恶化,变坏( deteriorate的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  1. The weather conditions are deteriorating. 天气变得越来越糟。
  2. I was well aware of the bad morale and the deteriorating factories. 我很清楚,大家情绪低落,各个工厂越搞越坏。
18 monopolizing 374d6352588d46e649fc27b1cdaebb20     
v.垄断( monopolize的现在分词 );独占;专卖;专营
参考例句:
  1. United States antitrust legislation prohibits corporations from dominating or monopolizing an industry. 美国反托拉斯法禁止公司控制或垄断一项工业。 来自辞典例句
  2. Only nobody else must be kind to him: I'm jealous of monopolizing his affection. 可就是用不着别人对他慈爱:我一心要独占他的感情。 来自辞典例句
19 emergence 5p3xr     
n.浮现,显现,出现,(植物)突出体
参考例句:
  1. The last decade saw the emergence of a dynamic economy.最近10年见证了经济增长的姿态。
  2. Language emerges and develops with the emergence and development of society.语言是随着社会的产生而产生,随着社会的发展而发展的。
20 worthy vftwB     
adj.(of)值得的,配得上的;有价值的
参考例句:
  1. I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  2. There occurred nothing that was worthy to be mentioned.没有值得一提的事发生。
21 frankly fsXzcf     
adv.坦白地,直率地;坦率地说
参考例句:
  1. To speak frankly, I don't like the idea at all.老实说,我一点也不赞成这个主意。
  2. Frankly speaking, I'm not opposed to reform.坦率地说,我不反对改革。
22 ironic 1atzm     
adj.讽刺的,有讽刺意味的,出乎意料的
参考例句:
  1. That is a summary and ironic end.那是一个具有概括性和讽刺意味的结局。
  2. People used to call me Mr Popularity at high school,but they were being ironic.人们中学时常把我称作“万人迷先生”,但他们是在挖苦我。
23 akin uxbz2     
adj.同族的,类似的
参考例句:
  1. She painted flowers and birds pictures akin to those of earlier feminine painters.她画一些同早期女画家类似的花鸟画。
  2. Listening to his life story is akin to reading a good adventure novel.听他的人生故事犹如阅读一本精彩的冒险小说。
24 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  1. The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  2. His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
25 subsidy 2U5zo     
n.补助金,津贴
参考例句:
  1. The university will receive a subsidy for research in artificial intelligence.那个大学将得到一笔人工智能研究的补助费。
  2. The living subsidy for senior expert's family is included in the remuneration.报酬已包含高级专家家人的生活补贴。
26 cocktail Jw8zNt     
n.鸡尾酒;餐前开胃小吃;混合物
参考例句:
  1. We invited some foreign friends for a cocktail party.我们邀请了一些外国朋友参加鸡尾酒会。
  2. At a cocktail party in Hollywood,I was introduced to Charlie Chaplin.在好莱坞的一次鸡尾酒会上,人家把我介绍给查理·卓别林。
27 forth Hzdz2     
adv.向前;向外,往外
参考例句:
  1. The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.风吹得树轻轻地来回摇晃。
  2. He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快连续发表了一系列的作品。
28 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了当的
参考例句:
  1. He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他给我一支削得非常尖的铅笔。
  2. She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通过对达茨伍德夫人提出直截了当的邀请向她的哥哥表示出来。
29 dedicated duHzy2     
adj.一心一意的;献身的;热诚的
参考例句:
  1. He dedicated his life to the cause of education.他献身于教育事业。
  2. His whole energies are dedicated to improve the design.他的全部精力都放在改进这项设计上了。
30 sleepers 1d076aa8d5bfd0daecb3ca5f5c17a425     
n.卧铺(通常以复数形式出现);卧车( sleeper的名词复数 );轨枕;睡觉(呈某种状态)的人;小耳环
参考例句:
  1. He trod quietly so as not to disturb the sleepers. 他轻移脚步,以免吵醒睡着的人。 来自辞典例句
  2. The nurse was out, and we two sleepers were alone. 保姆出去了,只剩下我们两个瞌睡虫。 来自辞典例句
31 prehistoric sPVxQ     
adj.(有记载的)历史以前的,史前的,古老的
参考例句:
  1. They have found prehistoric remains.他们发现了史前遗迹。
  2. It was rather like an exhibition of prehistoric electronic equipment.这儿倒像是在展览古老的电子设备。
32 extinction sPwzP     
n.熄灭,消亡,消灭,灭绝,绝种
参考例句:
  1. The plant is now in danger of extinction.这种植物现在有绝种的危险。
  2. The island's way of life is doomed to extinction.这个岛上的生活方式注定要消失。
33 ransom tTYx9     
n.赎金,赎身;v.赎回,解救
参考例句:
  1. We'd better arrange the ransom right away.我们最好马上把索取赎金的事安排好。
  2. The kidnappers exacted a ransom of 10000 from the family.绑架者向这家人家勒索10000英镑的赎金。
34 predators 48b965855934a5395e409c1112d94f63     
n.食肉动物( predator的名词复数 );奴役他人者(尤指在财务或性关系方面)
参考例句:
  1. birds and their earthbound predators 鸟和地面上捕食它们的动物
  2. The eyes of predators are highly sensitive to the slightest movement. 捕食性动物的眼睛能感觉到最细小的动静。 来自《简明英汉词典》
35 halved e23e4ddc1c29e5a63536d2c9bb621fbc     
v.把…分成两半( halve的过去式和过去分词 );把…减半;对分;平摊
参考例句:
  1. The shares have halved in value . 股价已经跌了一半。
  2. Overall operating profits halved to $24 million. 总的营业利润减少了一半,降至2,400 万元。 来自《简明英汉词典》
36 vessels fc9307c2593b522954eadb3ee6c57480     
n.血管( vessel的名词复数 );船;容器;(具有特殊品质或接受特殊品质的)人
参考例句:
  1. The river is navigable by vessels of up to 90 tons. 90 吨以下的船只可以从这条河通过。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. All modern vessels of any size are fitted with radar installations. 所有现代化船只都有雷达装置。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
37 prey g1czH     
n.被掠食者,牺牲者,掠食;v.捕食,掠夺,折磨
参考例句:
  1. Stronger animals prey on weaker ones.弱肉强食。
  2. The lion was hunting for its prey.狮子在寻找猎物。
38 saturated qjEzG3     
a.饱和的,充满的
参考例句:
  1. The continuous rain had saturated the soil. 连绵不断的雨把土地淋了个透。
  2. a saturated solution of sodium chloride 氯化钠饱和溶液
39 marine 77Izo     
adj.海的;海生的;航海的;海事的;n.水兵
参考例句:
  1. Marine creatures are those which live in the sea. 海洋生物是生存在海里的生物。
  2. When the war broke out,he volunteered for the Marine Corps.战争爆发时,他自愿参加了海军陆战队。
40 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  1. The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  2. The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
41 noted 5n4zXc     
adj.著名的,知名的
参考例句:
  1. The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  2. Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
42 technological gqiwY     
adj.技术的;工艺的
参考例句:
  1. A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  2. Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
43 weird bghw8     
adj.古怪的,离奇的;怪诞的,神秘而可怕的
参考例句:
  1. From his weird behaviour,he seems a bit of an oddity.从他不寻常的行为看来,他好像有点怪。
  2. His weird clothes really gas me.他的怪衣裳简直笑死人。
44 weirdest 1420dbd419e940f3a92df683409afc4e     
怪诞的( weird的最高级 ); 神秘而可怕的; 超然的; 古怪的
参考例句:
  1. Think of the weirdest, craziest shit you'd like to see chicks do. 想想这最怪异,最疯狂的屁事。你会喜欢看这些鸡巴表演的。
  2. It's still the weirdest damn sound I ever heard out of a Jersey boy. 这是我所听过新泽西人最为怪异的音调了。
45 insipid TxZyh     
adj.无味的,枯燥乏味的,单调的
参考例句:
  1. The food was rather insipid and needed gingering up.这食物缺少味道,需要加点作料。
  2. She said she was a good cook,but the food she cooked is insipid.她说她是个好厨师,但她做的食物却是无味道的。
46 skeptical MxHwn     
adj.怀疑的,多疑的
参考例句:
  1. Others here are more skeptical about the chances for justice being done.这里的其他人更为怀疑正义能否得到伸张。
  2. Her look was skeptical and resigned.她的表情是将信将疑而又无可奈何。
47 misery G10yi     
n.痛苦,苦恼,苦难;悲惨的境遇,贫苦
参考例句:
  1. Business depression usually causes misery among the working class.商业不景气常使工薪阶层受苦。
  2. He has rescued me from the mire of misery.他把我从苦海里救了出来。
48 massacre i71zk     
n.残杀,大屠杀;v.残杀,集体屠杀
参考例句:
  1. There was a terrible massacre of villagers here during the war.在战争中,这里的村民惨遭屠杀。
  2. If we forget the massacre,the massacre will happen again!忘记了大屠杀,大屠杀就有可能再次发生!
49 depicting eaa7ce0ad4790aefd480461532dd76e4     
描绘,描画( depict的现在分词 ); 描述
参考例句:
  1. a painting depicting the Virgin and Child 一幅描绘童贞马利亚和圣子耶稣的画
  2. The movie depicting the battles and bloodshed is bound to strike home. 这部描写战斗和流血牺牲的影片一定会取得预期效果。
50 ideology Scfzg     
n.意识形态,(政治或社会的)思想意识
参考例句:
  1. The ideology has great influence in the world.这种思想体系在世界上有很大的影响。
  2. The ideal is to strike a medium between ideology and inspiration.我的理想是在意识思想和灵感鼓动之间找到一个折衷。
51 reminder WkzzTb     
n.提醒物,纪念品;暗示,提示
参考例句:
  1. I have had another reminder from the library.我又收到图书馆的催还单。
  2. It always took a final reminder to get her to pay her share of the rent.总是得发给她一份最后催缴通知,她才付应该交的房租。
52 reminders aaaf99d0fb822f809193c02b8cf69fba     
n.令人回忆起…的东西( reminder的名词复数 );提醒…的东西;(告知该做某事的)通知单;提示信
参考例句:
  1. The film evokes chilling reminders of the war. 这部电影使人们回忆起战争的可怕场景。
  2. The strike has delayed the mailing of tax reminders. 罢工耽搁了催税单的投寄。
53 exhausted 7taz4r     
adj.极其疲惫的,精疲力尽的
参考例句:
  1. It was a long haul home and we arrived exhausted.搬运回家的这段路程特别长,到家时我们已筋疲力尽。
  2. Jenny was exhausted by the hustle of city life.珍妮被城市生活的忙乱弄得筋疲力尽。
54 peril l3Dz6     
n.(严重的)危险;危险的事物
参考例句:
  1. The refugees were in peril of death from hunger.难民有饿死的危险。
  2. The embankment is in great peril.河堤岌岌可危。
55 celebrities d38f03cca59ea1056c17b4467ee0b769     
n.(尤指娱乐界的)名人( celebrity的名词复数 );名流;名声;名誉
参考例句:
  1. He only invited A-list celebrities to his parties. 他只邀请头等名流参加他的聚会。
  2. a TV chat show full of B-list celebrities 由众多二流人物参加的电视访谈节目
56 lure l8Gz2     
n.吸引人的东西,诱惑物;vt.引诱,吸引
参考例句:
  1. Life in big cities is a lure for many country boys.大城市的生活吸引着许多乡下小伙子。
  2. He couldn't resist the lure of money.他不能抵制金钱的诱惑。
57 arthritis XeyyE     
n.关节炎
参考例句:
  1. Rheumatoid arthritis has also been linked with the virus.风湿性关节炎也与这种病毒有关。
  2. He spent three months in the hospital with acute rheumatic arthritis.他患急性风湿性关节炎,在医院住了三个月。
58 memento nCxx6     
n.纪念品,令人回忆的东西
参考例句:
  1. The photos will be a permanent memento of your wedding.这些照片会成为你婚礼的永久纪念。
  2. My friend gave me his picture as a memento before going away.我的朋友在离别前给我一张照片留作纪念品。
59 clove TwtzJh     
n.丁香味
参考例句:
  1. If tired,smell a whiff of clove oil and it will wake you up.如果疲倦,闻上一点丁香油将令人清醒。
  2. A sweet-smell comes from roses and clove trees.丁香与玫瑰的香味扑鼻而来。
60 expressive shwz4     
adj.表现的,表达…的,富于表情的
参考例句:
  1. Black English can be more expressive than standard English.黑人所使用的英语可能比正式英语更有表现力。
  2. He had a mobile,expressive,animated face.他有一张多变的,富于表情的,生动活泼的脸。
61 refreshing HkozPQ     
adj.使精神振作的,使人清爽的,使人喜欢的
参考例句:
  1. I find it'so refreshing to work with young people in this department.我发现和这一部门的青年一起工作令人精神振奋。
  2. The water was cold and wonderfully refreshing.水很涼,特别解乏提神。
62 gambling ch4xH     
n.赌博;投机
参考例句:
  1. They have won a lot of money through gambling.他们赌博赢了很多钱。
  2. The men have been gambling away all night.那些人赌了整整一夜。
63 auditor My5ziV     
n.审计员,旁听着
参考例句:
  1. The auditor was required to produce his working papers.那个审计员被要求提供其工作底稿。
  2. The auditor examines the accounts of all county officers and departments.审计员查对所有县官员及各部门的帐目。
64 coupon nogz3     
n.息票,配给票,附单
参考例句:
  1. The coupon can be used once only.此优惠券只限使用一次。
  2. I have a coupon for ten pence off a packet of soap.我有一张优惠券买一盒肥皂可以便宜十便士。
65 patronage MSLzq     
n.赞助,支援,援助;光顾,捧场
参考例句:
  1. Though it was not yet noon,there was considerable patronage.虽然时间未到中午,店中已有许多顾客惠顾。
  2. I am sorry to say that my patronage ends with this.很抱歉,我的赞助只能到此为止。
66 addictions 08dc31943b9cad12eedd1150060b87f3     
瘾( addiction的名词复数 ); 吸毒成瘾; 沉溺; 癖好
参考例句:
  1. He has removed the stigma of drug addictions. 他已经洗去吸毒的污点了。
  2. Intelligent people are good at using reason to control excessive addictions. 智慧的人善于用理性来控制过度的嗜欲。
67 well-being Fe3zbn     
n.安康,安乐,幸福
参考例句:
  1. He always has the well-being of the masses at heart.他总是把群众的疾苦挂在心上。
  2. My concern for their well-being was misunderstood as interference.我关心他们的幸福,却被误解为多管闲事。
68 intentionally 7qOzFn     
ad.故意地,有意地
参考例句:
  1. I didn't say it intentionally. 我是无心说的。
  2. The local authority ruled that he had made himself intentionally homeless and was therefore not entitled to be rehoused. 当地政府裁定他是有意居无定所,因此没有资格再获得提供住房。
69 statistical bu3wa     
adj.统计的,统计学的
参考例句:
  1. He showed the price fluctuations in a statistical table.他用统计表显示价格的波动。
  2. They're making detailed statistical analysis.他们正在做具体的统计分析。
70 persistent BSUzg     
adj.坚持不懈的,执意的;持续的
参考例句:
  1. Albert had a persistent headache that lasted for three days.艾伯特连续头痛了三天。
  2. She felt embarrassed by his persistent attentions.他不时地向她大献殷勤,使她很难为情。
71 recurring 8kLzK8     
adj.往复的,再次发生的
参考例句:
  1. This kind of problem is recurring often. 这类问题经常发生。
  2. For our own country, it has been a time for recurring trial. 就我们国家而言,它经过了一个反复考验的时期。
72 lotteries a7a529c8b5d8419ef8053e4d99771f98     
n.抽彩给奖法( lottery的名词复数 );碰运气的事;彩票;彩券
参考例句:
  1. Next to bullfights and soccer, lotteries are Spain's biggest sport. 除了斗牛和足球以外,彩票是西班牙最热门的玩意儿。 来自辞典例句
  2. Next to bullfight and soccer, lotteries are Spain's biggest sport. 发行彩票在西班牙是仅次于斗牛和足球的最大娱乐活动。 来自辞典例句
73 wagering 9f0d1fa0196a55e13a6909e1d77f32d6     
v.在(某物)上赌钱,打赌( wager的现在分词 );保证,担保
参考例句:
  1. Generally, wagering contracts are illegal and will not be enforced. 通常情况下,赌博性合同是无效的并且不能执行。 来自互联网
74 wagers fd8d7be05e24c7e861bc9a2991bb758c     
n.赌注,用钱打赌( wager的名词复数 )v.在(某物)上赌钱,打赌( wager的第三人称单数 );保证,担保
参考例句:
  1. He wagers $100 on the result of the election. 他用100美元来对选举结果打赌。 来自互联网
  2. He often wagers money on horses. 他时常在马身上赌钱。 来自互联网
75 marketing Boez7e     
n.行销,在市场的买卖,买东西
参考例句:
  1. They are developing marketing network.他们正在发展销售网络。
  2. He often goes marketing.他经常去市场做生意。
76 luring f0c862dc1e88c711a4434c2d1ab2867a     
吸引,引诱(lure的现在分词形式)
参考例句:
  1. Cheese is very good for luring a mouse into a trap. 奶酪是引诱老鼠上钩的极好的东西。
  2. Her training warned her of peril and of the wrong, subtle, mysterious, luring. 她的教养警告她:有危险,要出错儿,这是微妙、神秘而又诱人的。
77 anonymous lM2yp     
adj.无名的;匿名的;无特色的
参考例句:
  1. Sending anonymous letters is a cowardly act.寄匿名信是懦夫的行为。
  2. The author wishes to remain anonymous.作者希望姓名不公开。
78 neatly ynZzBp     
adv.整洁地,干净地,灵巧地,熟练地
参考例句:
  1. Sailors know how to wind up a long rope neatly.水手们知道怎样把一条大绳利落地缠好。
  2. The child's dress is neatly gathered at the neck.那孩子的衣服在领口处打着整齐的皱褶。
79 analogous aLdyQ     
adj.相似的;类似的
参考例句:
  1. The two situations are roughly analogous.两种情況大致相似。
  2. The company is in a position closely analogous to that of its main rival.该公司与主要竞争对手的处境极为相似。
80 accomplishments 1c15077db46e4d6425b6f78720939d54     
n.造诣;完成( accomplishment的名词复数 );技能;成绩;成就
参考例句:
  1. It was one of the President's greatest accomplishments. 那是总统最伟大的成就之一。
  2. Among her accomplishments were sewing,cooking,playing the piano and dancing. 她的才能包括缝纫、烹调、弹钢琴和跳舞。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
81 ethics Dt3zbI     
n.伦理学;伦理观,道德标准
参考例句:
  1. The ethics of his profession don't permit him to do that.他的职业道德不允许他那样做。
  2. Personal ethics and professional ethics sometimes conflict.个人道德和职业道德有时会相互抵触。
82 judgment e3xxC     
n.审判;判断力,识别力,看法,意见
参考例句:
  1. The chairman flatters himself on his judgment of people.主席自认为他审视人比别人高明。
  2. He's a man of excellent judgment.他眼力过人。
83 eminent dpRxn     
adj.显赫的,杰出的,有名的,优良的
参考例句:
  1. We are expecting the arrival of an eminent scientist.我们正期待一位著名科学家的来访。
  2. He is an eminent citizen of China.他是一个杰出的中国公民。
84 industrious a7Axr     
adj.勤劳的,刻苦的,奋发的
参考例句:
  1. If the tiller is industrious,the farmland is productive.人勤地不懒。
  2. She was an industrious and willing worker.她是个勤劳肯干的员工。
85 specify evTwm     
vt.指定,详细说明
参考例句:
  1. We should specify a time and a place for the meeting.我们应指定会议的时间和地点。
  2. Please specify what you will do.请你详述一下你将做什么。
86 longing 98bzd     
n.(for)渴望
参考例句:
  1. Hearing the tune again sent waves of longing through her.再次听到那首曲子使她胸中充满了渴望。
  2. His heart burned with longing for revenge.他心中燃烧着急欲复仇的怒火。
87 secondly cjazXx     
adv.第二,其次
参考例句:
  1. Secondly,use your own head and present your point of view.第二,动脑筋提出自己的见解。
  2. Secondly it is necessary to define the applied load.其次,需要确定所作用的载荷。
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