中山大学2004年英语专业考研英美文学专业试卷
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Entrance EXAM for 2004M. A- Program
School of Foreign Languages Zhongshan (Sun Yat-sen) University
British and American Literature
Duration: 3 hours
Total Score: 150 marks
Instructions: Answer all the 3 questions in Part One and any 3 questions in Part Two. You are required to answer 6 questions altogether.
Part One
I. Explain briefly1 any 3 of the terms listed below (20%)
A. American Renaissance2
B. Epic3
C. Metaphysical poetry
D. Modernism
E. Theatre of the Absurd
II. Comment briefly on any 2 of the following characters. (20%)
A.  Captain Ahab
B.  Tom Jones
C. Gatsby
D. Andrea del Sarto
E. King Lear
III. Match the literary work with the author. For each question (A-T) fill in the blank with one figure (1-20). (20%)
Example: David Copperfield    2               1. Jack4 London
2. Charles Dickens
A. The Portrait of a Lady         1. William Carlos Williams
B. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn    2. Walt Whitman
C. The Wasteland                    3. Henry Fielding
D. The Rainbow                       4. Eugene O'Neill
E. Leaves of Grass                  5. T. S. Eliot
F. Tom Jones                            6. Charles Lamb
G. Bleak5 House                        7. Henry James
H. The Iceman Cometh          8. Charles Dickens
I. Essays of Elia _____           9. D. H. Lawrence
J. Paterson                                10. Mark Twain
K. A Streetcar Named Desire 11. John Milton
L. The Alchemist                       12. William Faulkner
M. Walden                                   13. Ben Johnson
N. Ode to a Nightingale           14. Tennessee Williams
O. Catch-22                                15. James Joyce
P. Paradise Lost                        16. John Reals
Q. Ulysses                                  17. Joseph Heller
R. Howl                                        18. H. D. Thoreau
S. The Sound and the Fury       19. Joseph Conrad
T. Heart of Darkness                  20. Allen Ginsberg
Part Two IV. A sonnet6 is a fourteen-line poem of iambic pentameter. It was originated in Italy in the 14th century and introduced to England by Thomas Wyatt and the Earl of Surrey. Since then it has been a form of poetry much favored by the English poets. William Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets7. However, the Shakepearean or English sonnet is different from the Italian. Explain the differences of the two kinds of sonnets. (30%) V. According to many critics, Francis Bacon is the father of the English essay while Charles Lamb, the Shakespeare of it. Make a comment on the statement (30%) VI. In what sense do you think that critical realism is a suitable label for the realistic novels in 19th century England? (30%) VII. How do you interpret the concept “the code heroes,” which refers to a certain group of characters created by Hemingway? Give examples to support your point (30%) VIII. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was praised by Hemingway as a book from which “all modern American literature comes.” How do you interpret Hemingway’s comment? (30%) IX. Give a brief introduction to one of your favorite writers in British or American literature (30%)
Part One
  I.Explain briefly any 3 of the terms listed below (20%)   A.American Renaissance, also called American Romanticism, is one of the most important periods in the history of American literature. (2) It was a rebellion against the objectivity of rationalism. For romantics, the feelings, intuitions and emotions were more important than reason and common sense. They emphasized individualism, placing the individual against the group. They affirmed the inner life of the self, and cherished strong interest in the past, the wild, the remote, the mysterious and the strange. They stressed the element “Americanness” in their works. (3) Transcendentalism is the summit of American Renaissance, which emphasized the importance of individual inspiration and intuition, the Over-soul, and Nature. (4) It started with the publication of Washington Irving’s The Sketch8 Book and ended with Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass. (4) Being a period of the great flowering of American literature, it is also called “the American Renaissance.” (5) American Romanticists include such literary figures as Washington Irving, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, William Cullen Bryant, Henry Wordsworth Longfellow, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allen Poe, Herman Melville, Walt Whitman and some others.   B.Epic, in poetry, refers to a long work dealing9 with the actions of gods and heroes. (2) Beowulf is the greatest national epic of the Anglo-Saxons. John Milton wrote three great epics10: Paradise Lost, Paradise Regained11 and Samson Agonistes.   C.Metaphysical poetry is commonly used to name the work of the 17th-century writers who wrote under the influence of John Donne. (2) With a rebellious12 spirit, the metaphysical poets tried to break away from the conventional fashion of the Elizabethan love poetry. (3) The diction is simple as compared with that of the Elizabethan or the Neoclassical periods, and echoes the words and cadences13 of common speech. (4) The imagery is drawn14 from actual life.   D. Modernism is an international movement in literature and arts, especially in literary criticism, which began in the late 19th century and flourished until 1950s. (2) Modernism takes the irrational16 philosophy and the theory of psycho-analysis as its theoretical case. (3) The modernist writers concentrate more on the private and subjunctive than on the public and objective, mainly concerned with the inner   of an individual. (4) James Joyce, T. S. Eliot, Virginia Woolf and William Faulkner are prominent modernist writers.   E. The Theater of Absurd is a kind of drama that explains an existential ideology17 and presents a view of the absurdity18 of the human condition by the abandoning of usual or rational devices and the use of nonrealistic form. (2) The most original playwright19 of the Theater of Absurd is Samuel Beckett, who wrote about human beings living a meaningless life in an alien, decaying world. His play, Waiting for Godot, is regarded as the most famous and influential20 play of the Theater of Absurd.   II.Comment briefly on any 2 of the following characters. (20%)   A、Captain Ahab is the main character in Melville’s greatest allegorical novel Moby-Dick. (2) Ahab, the domineering captain on board his ship Pequod, with an overwhelming obsession21, is determined22 to kill the whale which has crippled him. (3) In order to kill the whale, Moby Dick, he deliberately23 involves the crew in his revenge. At the end of the story everybody dies except Ishmael who survives to tell the story. (4) For Ahab, the whale represents only evil. Moby Dick is like a wall, hiding some unknown, mysterious things behind. Ahab wills the whole crew on the Pequod to join him in the pursuit of the big whale so as to pierce the wall, to root out the evil, but only to be destroyed by evil, in this case, by his own consuming desire, his madness. (5) Ahab remains24 one of the most fascinating characters in world literature.   B、Tom Jones is the main character in Fielding’s Tom Jones. (2) In the novel Tom Jones stands for a drifting Everyman who is expelled from the paradise and has to undergo hard experiences to gain some knowledge of himself to approach perfection.   C、Gatsby is the main character in Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. (2) Gatsby’s tragedy could be tackled in the following possible ways. Gatsby’s dream is empty of substantiality in the way he incarnates25 his dream in a girl he idealizes, and the girl (Daisy) turns out to be very selfish and indifferent to his true love; he is a man who clings to the past which has gone forever; he is doomed26 because the world around is a land of spiritual ashes, full of careless drivers who have no sense of wonder about life, But he is great in that he still holds a dream that proves to be incorruptible. (3) Gatsby’s tragedy embodies27 the disillusionment of the American Dream.   D、King Lear is the main character in Shakespeare’s tragedy King Lear. (2) King Lear is a self-willed ruler who suffers from treachery and infidelity on account of his irresponsibility and vanity. (3) In King Lear, Shakespeare has not only made a profound analysis of the social crisis in which the evils can be seen everywhere, but also criticized the bourgeois28 egoism. (4) Shakespeare points out that a king or ruler must be responsible to his people.   III. III.Match the literary work with the author. For each question (A-T) fill in the blank with one figure (1-20). (20%)   A-7 B-10 C-5 D-9 E-2 F-3 G-8 H-4 I-6 J-1 K-14 L-13 M-18 N-John Keats O-17 P-11 Q-15 R-20 S-12 T-19   Part Two   IV. Sonnet is a poem of fourteen lines of iambic pentameter with a rigid29 rhyme scheme. This verse form was first employed by the Italian poets in the early period of the Renaissance and came to perfection in the hands of Dante and especially of   Petrarch. It was introduced into England in the 16th century, and adopted by many English poets, with chiefly two variants30: the Italian or Petrarchan sonnet form and the English or Shakespearean. The chief difference between the two forms lies in their two different rhyme schemes: abba, abba, cdcdcd or abba, abba, cdecde for the Italian or Petrarchan form and abab, cdcd, efef, gg for the English or Shakespearean. All of Shakepeare’s 154 sonnets belong to the latter type.   V. (1) Bacon is best known for his Essays that is the first example of that genre31 in English literature. Of Studies is the most popular of Bacon’s essays. His essays deal with a variety of topics about almost all aspects of life. They are characterized by forcefulness, persuasiveness32, compactness and precision. These qualities have earned Bacon the father of the English essay. (2) Charles Lamb is a well-known essayist in the English Romantic Period. He wrote a series of essays collected in his famous “Essays of Elia”. In these essays Lamb chats with the reader on various topics and reveals his charming personality. The most striking feature of Lamb’s essays is his humor. He is universally acknowledged to be unique as an English humorist. Like other humorists, he could tell a ridiculous story in the most solemn tone. He is a master of puns and jokes. Lamb’s style is touched with archaism, interspersed33 with quotations34 from his favorite authors but always faithful to his own personality. It is highly artistic35 but inimitable. In short, Lamb’s essays are familiar essays in the best sense of the term. His “Essays of Elia” is Lamb’s greatest contribution to the treasury36 of English literature. Lamb is, therefore, regarded as the Shakespeare of the English essay.   VI. (1) In the 19th century England the novel became the most widely read and the most vital and challenging expression of progressive thought. While sticking to the principle of faithful representation of the 18th-century realist novel, novelists in this period carried their duty forward to the criticism of the society and the defense37 of the mass. Although writing from different points of view and with different techniques, they shared one thing in common, that is, they were all concerned about the fate of the common people. They were angry with the inhuman38 social institutions, the decaying social morality as represented by the money-worship and Utilitarianism, and the widespread misery39, poverty and injustice40. Their truthful41 picture of people’s life and bitter and strong criticism of the society had done much in awakening42 the public consciousness to the social problems and in the actual improvement of the society. Charles Dickens, the Bronte Sisters and Thomas Hardy43 are typical novelists of the Victorian period. (2) Charles Dickens is one of the greatest critical realist writers of the Victorian Age. It is his serious intention to expose and criticize in his works all the poverty, injustice, hypocrisy44 and corruptness he saw all around him. In his works, Dickens sets out a full map and a large-scale criticism of the 19th-century England, particularly London. A combination of optimism about people and realism about society is present from the very beginning. In his early novels, he attacks one or more specific social evils in each: For example, the dehumanizing workhouse system and the dark, criminal underworld life in Oliver Twist; the debtor’s prison in David Copperfield; the money-worship that dominates people’s life, corrupts45 the young and brings tragedy to Mr. Dombey’s family in Dombey and Son, etc. be found. (3) Being faithful to reality of the 19th century England English writers are labeled as the realistic novelists.   VII. (1) The code hero refers to a literary character who clings to a certain set of rules or principles invented by a particular writer. (2) Hemingway is a case in point. Hemingway deals with a limited range of characters in quite similar circumstances and measure them against an unvarying code, known as “grace under pressure”. Those who survive in the process of seeking to master the code with the honesty, the discipline, and the restraint are Hemingway Code heroes. Such a hero usually is an average man of decidedly masculine tastes, sensitive and intelligent. He keeps emotions under control, stoic46 and self-disciplined. He fights a solitary47 struggle against a force he does not even understand. The Hemingway hero possesses a kind of “despairing courage”. It is this courage that enables a man to behave like a man, to assert his dignity in face of adversity. (3) Barnes in The Sun Also Rises and Santiago in The Old Man and The Sea are such heroes.   VIII. (1) Mark Twain is a great literary giant of America. H. L. Mencken considered him “the true father of our national literature.” With works like Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain shaped the world’s view of America. He made a more extensive combination of American folk humor and serious literature than previous writers had ever done. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, a boy’s book specially15 written for the adults, is Twain’s most representative work. These two books, especially the latter, proved to be the milestone48 in American literature, and thus firmly established Twain’s position in the literary world. (2) As a sequel to Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn marks the climax49 of Twain’s literary creativity. Hemingway once described the novel the one book from which “all modern American literature comes.” The language of the novel is simple, direct, lucid50 , and faithful to the colloquial51 speech which is best described as “vernacular52”. With his great mastery and effective use of vernacular, Twain has made colloquial speech an accepted, respectable literary medium. (3) In it he created for American Literature an image of a typical American boy that stays in the hearts of American readers. (4) His style of language influenced many later writers like Sherwood Anderson, Ernest Hemingway, etc. The profound portrait of Huckleberry Finn is another great contribution of the book to the legacy53 of American literature.   IX. Robert Frost has long been well known as a poet who can hardly be classified with the old or the new. Unlike his contemporaries in the early 20th century, he did not break up with the poetic54 tradition nor made any experiment on form. Instead, he learned from the tradition, especially the familiar conventions of nature poetry and of classical pastoral poetry, and made the colloquial New England speech into a poetic expression. Many of his poems are fragrant55 with natural quality. Images and metaphors56 in his poems are drawn from the simple country life and the pastoral landscape. Profound ideas are delivered under the disguise of the plain language and simple form. What Frost did is to take symbols from the limited human world and the pastoral landscape to refer to the great world beyond the rustic57 scene. By using simple spoken language and conversational58 rhythms and treating seemingly trivial subject, Frost achieves an effortless grace in his style. He combines traditional verse forms with a clear American local speech rhythm. He writes in both the metrical forms and the free verse, and sometimes he writes in a form that might be called semi-free or semi-conventional. If America had a national poet in the 20th century, it is certainly Robert Frost.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  1. I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  2. He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
2 renaissance PBdzl     
n.复活,复兴,文艺复兴
参考例句:
  1. The Renaissance was an epoch of unparalleled cultural achievement.文艺复兴是一个文化上取得空前成就的时代。
  2. The theme of the conference is renaissance Europe.大会的主题是文艺复兴时期的欧洲。
3 epic ui5zz     
n.史诗,叙事诗;adj.史诗般的,壮丽的
参考例句:
  1. I gave up my epic and wrote this little tale instead.我放弃了写叙事诗,而写了这个小故事。
  2. They held a banquet of epic proportions.他们举行了盛大的宴会。
4 jack 53Hxp     
n.插座,千斤顶,男人;v.抬起,提醒,扛举;n.(Jake)杰克
参考例句:
  1. I am looking for the headphone jack.我正在找寻头戴式耳机插孔。
  2. He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre.他用千斤顶把车顶起来换下瘪轮胎。
5 bleak gtWz5     
adj.(天气)阴冷的;凄凉的;暗淡的
参考例句:
  1. They showed me into a bleak waiting room.他们引我来到一间阴冷的会客室。
  2. The company's prospects look pretty bleak.这家公司的前景异常暗淡。
6 sonnet Lw9wD     
n.十四行诗
参考例句:
  1. The composer set a sonnet to music.作曲家为一首十四行诗谱了曲。
  2. He wrote a sonnet to his beloved.他写了一首十四行诗,献给他心爱的人。
7 sonnets a9ed1ef262e5145f7cf43578fe144e00     
n.十四行诗( sonnet的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. Keats' reputation as a great poet rests largely upon the odes and the later sonnets. 作为一个伟大的诗人,济慈的声誉大部分建立在他写的长诗和后期的十四行诗上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. He referred to the manuscript circulation of the sonnets. 他谈到了十四行诗手稿的流行情况。 来自辞典例句
8 sketch UEyyG     
n.草图;梗概;素描;v.素描;概述
参考例句:
  1. My sister often goes into the country to sketch. 我姐姐常到乡间去写生。
  2. I will send you a slight sketch of the house.我将给你寄去房屋的草图。
9 dealing NvjzWP     
n.经商方法,待人态度
参考例句:
  1. This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  2. His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
10 epics a6d7b651e63ea6619a4e096bc4fb9453     
n.叙事诗( epic的名词复数 );壮举;惊人之举;史诗般的电影(或书籍)
参考例句:
  1. one of the great Hindu epics 伟大的印度教史诗之一
  2. Homer Iliad and Milton's Paradise Lost are epics. 荷马的《伊利亚特》和弥尔顿的《失乐园》是史诗。 来自互联网
11 regained 51ada49e953b830c8bd8fddd6bcd03aa     
复得( regain的过去式和过去分词 ); 赢回; 重回; 复至某地
参考例句:
  1. The majority of the people in the world have regained their liberty. 世界上大多数人已重获自由。
  2. She hesitated briefly but quickly regained her poise. 她犹豫片刻,但很快恢复了镇静。
12 rebellious CtbyI     
adj.造反的,反抗的,难控制的
参考例句:
  1. They will be in danger if they are rebellious.如果他们造反,他们就要发生危险。
  2. Her reply was mild enough,but her thoughts were rebellious.她的回答虽然很温和,但她的心里十分反感。
13 cadences 223bef8d3b558abb3ff19570aacb4a63     
n.(声音的)抑扬顿挫( cadence的名词复数 );节奏;韵律;调子
参考例句:
  1. He delivered his words in slow, measured cadences. 他讲话缓慢而抑扬顿挫、把握有度。
  2. He recognized the Polish cadences in her voice. 他从她的口音中听出了波兰腔。 来自辞典例句
14 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  1. All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  2. Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
15 specially Hviwq     
adv.特定地;特殊地;明确地
参考例句:
  1. They are specially packaged so that they stack easily.它们经过特别包装以便于堆放。
  2. The machine was designed specially for demolishing old buildings.这种机器是专为拆毁旧楼房而设计的。
16 irrational UaDzl     
adj.无理性的,失去理性的
参考例句:
  1. After taking the drug she became completely irrational.她在吸毒后变得完全失去了理性。
  2. There are also signs of irrational exuberance among some investors.在某些投资者中是存在非理性繁荣的征象的。
17 ideology Scfzg     
n.意识形态,(政治或社会的)思想意识
参考例句:
  1. The ideology has great influence in the world.这种思想体系在世界上有很大的影响。
  2. The ideal is to strike a medium between ideology and inspiration.我的理想是在意识思想和灵感鼓动之间找到一个折衷。
18 absurdity dIQyU     
n.荒谬,愚蠢;谬论
参考例句:
  1. The proposal borders upon the absurdity.这提议近乎荒谬。
  2. The absurdity of the situation made everyone laugh.情况的荒谬可笑使每个人都笑了。
19 playwright 8Ouxo     
n.剧作家,编写剧本的人
参考例句:
  1. Gwyn Thomas was a famous playwright.格温·托马斯是著名的剧作家。
  2. The playwright was slaughtered by the press.这位剧作家受到新闻界的无情批判。
20 influential l7oxK     
adj.有影响的,有权势的
参考例句:
  1. He always tries to get in with the most influential people.他总是试图巴结最有影响的人物。
  2. He is a very influential man in the government.他在政府中是个很有影响的人物。
21 obsession eIdxt     
n.困扰,无法摆脱的思想(或情感)
参考例句:
  1. I was suffering from obsession that my career would be ended.那时的我陷入了我的事业有可能就此终止的困扰当中。
  2. She would try to forget her obsession with Christopher.她会努力忘记对克里斯托弗的迷恋。
22 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  1. I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  2. He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
23 deliberately Gulzvq     
adv.审慎地;蓄意地;故意地
参考例句:
  1. The girl gave the show away deliberately.女孩故意泄露秘密。
  2. They deliberately shifted off the argument.他们故意回避这个论点。
24 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  1. He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  2. The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
25 incarnates 4ea1173040d84d5db5258747e6876608     
v.赋予(思想、精神等)以人的形体( incarnate的第三人称单数 );使人格化;体现;使具体化
参考例句:
  1. He incarnates all the qualities of a successful manager. 他表现出了事业有成的经理人员所具有的一切品质。 来自互联网
26 doomed EuuzC1     
命定的
参考例句:
  1. The court doomed the accused to a long term of imprisonment. 法庭判处被告长期监禁。
  2. A country ruled by an iron hand is doomed to suffer. 被铁腕人物统治的国家定会遭受不幸的。
27 embodies 6b48da551d6920b8da8eb01ebc400297     
v.表现( embody的第三人称单数 );象征;包括;包含
参考例句:
  1. The new treaty embodies the aspirations of most nonaligned countries. 新条约体现了大多数不结盟国家的愿望。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. This document embodies the concern of the government for the deformity. 这个文件体现了政府对残疾人的关怀。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
28 bourgeois ERoyR     
adj./n.追求物质享受的(人);中产阶级分子
参考例句:
  1. He's accusing them of having a bourgeois and limited vision.他指责他们像中产阶级一样目光狭隘。
  2. The French Revolution was inspired by the bourgeois.法国革命受到中产阶级的鼓励。
29 rigid jDPyf     
adj.严格的,死板的;刚硬的,僵硬的
参考例句:
  1. She became as rigid as adamant.她变得如顽石般的固执。
  2. The examination was so rigid that nearly all aspirants were ruled out.考试很严,几乎所有的考生都被淘汰了。
30 variants 796e0e5ff8114b13b2e23cde9d3c6904     
n.变体( variant的名词复数 );变种;变型;(词等的)变体
参考例句:
  1. Those variants will be preserved in the'struggle for existence". 这些变异将在“生存竞争”中被保留下来。 来自辞典例句
  2. Like organisms, viruses have variants, generally called strains. 与其他生物一样,病毒也有变种,一般称之为株系。 来自辞典例句
31 genre ygPxi     
n.(文学、艺术等的)类型,体裁,风格
参考例句:
  1. My favorite music genre is blues.我最喜欢的音乐种类是布鲁斯音乐。
  2. Superficially,this Shakespeare's work seems to fit into the same genre.从表面上看, 莎士比亚的这个剧本似乎属于同一类型。
32 persuasiveness 8c2ebb8f1c37cc0efcd6543cd98a1a89     
说服力
参考例句:
  1. His speech failed in persuasiveness and proof. 他的讲演缺乏说服力和论据。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. There is inherent persuasiveness in some voices. 有些人的声音天生具有一种说服力。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
33 interspersed c7b23dadfc0bbd920c645320dfc91f93     
adj.[医]散开的;点缀的v.intersperse的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  1. Lectures will be interspersed with practical demonstrations. 讲课中将不时插入实际示范。
  2. The grass was interspersed with beds of flowers. 草地上点缀着许多花坛。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
34 quotations c7bd2cdafc6bfb4ee820fb524009ec5b     
n.引用( quotation的名词复数 );[商业]行情(报告);(货物或股票的)市价;时价
参考例句:
  1. The insurance company requires three quotations for repairs to the car. 保险公司要修理这辆汽车的三家修理厂的报价单。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. These quotations cannot readily be traced to their sources. 这些引语很难查出出自何处。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
35 artistic IeWyG     
adj.艺术(家)的,美术(家)的;善于艺术创作的
参考例句:
  1. The picture on this screen is a good artistic work.这屏风上的画是件很好的艺术品。
  2. These artistic handicrafts are very popular with foreign friends.外国朋友很喜欢这些美术工艺品。
36 treasury 7GeyP     
n.宝库;国库,金库;文库
参考例句:
  1. The Treasury was opposed in principle to the proposals.财政部原则上反对这些提案。
  2. This book is a treasury of useful information.这本书是有价值的信息宝库。
37 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  1. The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  2. The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
38 inhuman F7NxW     
adj.残忍的,不人道的,无人性的
参考例句:
  1. We must unite the workers in fighting against inhuman conditions.我们必须使工人们团结起来反对那些难以忍受的工作条件。
  2. It was inhuman to refuse him permission to see his wife.不容许他去看自己的妻子是太不近人情了。
39 misery G10yi     
n.痛苦,苦恼,苦难;悲惨的境遇,贫苦
参考例句:
  1. Business depression usually causes misery among the working class.商业不景气常使工薪阶层受苦。
  2. He has rescued me from the mire of misery.他把我从苦海里救了出来。
40 injustice O45yL     
n.非正义,不公正,不公平,侵犯(别人的)权利
参考例句:
  1. They complained of injustice in the way they had been treated.他们抱怨受到不公平的对待。
  2. All his life he has been struggling against injustice.他一生都在与不公正现象作斗争。
41 truthful OmpwN     
adj.真实的,说实话的,诚实的
参考例句:
  1. You can count on him for a truthful report of the accident.你放心,他会对事故作出如实的报告的。
  2. I don't think you are being entirely truthful.我认为你并没全讲真话。
42 awakening 9ytzdV     
n.觉醒,醒悟 adj.觉醒中的;唤醒的
参考例句:
  1. the awakening of interest in the environment 对环境产生的兴趣
  2. People are gradually awakening to their rights. 人们正逐渐意识到自己的权利。
43 hardy EenxM     
adj.勇敢的,果断的,吃苦的;耐寒的
参考例句:
  1. The kind of plant is a hardy annual.这种植物是耐寒的一年生植物。
  2. He is a hardy person.他是一个能吃苦耐劳的人。
44 hypocrisy g4qyt     
n.伪善,虚伪
参考例句:
  1. He railed against hypocrisy and greed.他痛斥伪善和贪婪的行为。
  2. He accused newspapers of hypocrisy in their treatment of the story.他指责了报纸在报道该新闻时的虚伪。
45 corrupts 6c2cc2001c0bd7b768f5a17121359b96     
(使)败坏( corrupt的第三人称单数 ); (使)腐化; 引起(计算机文件等的)错误; 破坏
参考例句:
  1. The unrighteous penny corrupts the righteous pound. 不正当得来的便士使正当得来的英镑也受到玷污。
  2. Blue cinema corrupts the souls of people. 黄色电影腐蚀人们的灵魂。
46 stoic cGPzC     
n.坚忍克己之人,禁欲主义者
参考例句:
  1. A stoic person responds to hardship with imperturbation.坚忍克己之人经受苦难仍能泰然自若。
  2. On Rajiv's death a stoic journey began for Mrs Gandhi,supported by her husband's friends.拉吉夫死后,索尼亚在丈夫友人的支持下开始了一段坚忍的历程。
47 solitary 7FUyx     
adj.孤独的,独立的,荒凉的;n.隐士
参考例句:
  1. I am rather fond of a solitary stroll in the country.我颇喜欢在乡间独自徜徉。
  2. The castle rises in solitary splendour on the fringe of the desert.这座城堡巍然耸立在沙漠的边际,显得十分壮美。
48 milestone c78zM     
n.里程碑;划时代的事件
参考例句:
  1. The film proved to be a milestone in the history of cinema.事实证明这部影片是电影史上的一个里程碑。
  2. I think this is a very important milestone in the relations between our two countries.我认为这是我们两国关系中一个十分重要的里程碑。
49 climax yqyzc     
n.顶点;高潮;v.(使)达到顶点
参考例句:
  1. The fifth scene was the climax of the play.第五场是全剧的高潮。
  2. His quarrel with his father brought matters to a climax.他与他父亲的争吵使得事态发展到了顶点。
50 lucid B8Zz8     
adj.明白易懂的,清晰的,头脑清楚的
参考例句:
  1. His explanation was lucid and to the point.他的解释扼要易懂。
  2. He wasn't very lucid,he didn't quite know where he was.他神志不是很清醒,不太知道自己在哪里。
51 colloquial ibryG     
adj.口语的,会话的
参考例句:
  1. It's hard to understand the colloquial idioms of a foreign language.外语里的口头习语很难懂。
  2. They have little acquaintance with colloquial English. 他们对英语会话几乎一窍不通。
52 vernacular ULozm     
adj.地方的,用地方语写成的;n.白话;行话;本国语;动植物的俗名
参考例句:
  1. The house is built in a vernacular style.这房子按当地的风格建筑。
  2. The traditional Chinese vernacular architecture is an epitome of Chinese traditional culture.中国传统民居建筑可谓中国传统文化的缩影。
53 legacy 59YzD     
n.遗产,遗赠;先人(或过去)留下的东西
参考例句:
  1. They are the most precious cultural legacy our forefathers left.它们是我们祖先留下来的最宝贵的文化遗产。
  2. He thinks the legacy is a gift from the Gods.他认为这笔遗产是天赐之物。
54 poetic b2PzT     
adj.富有诗意的,有诗人气质的,善于抒情的
参考例句:
  1. His poetic idiom is stamped with expressions describing group feeling and thought.他的诗中的措辞往往带有描写群体感情和思想的印记。
  2. His poetic novels have gone through three different historical stages.他的诗情小说创作经历了三个不同的历史阶段。
55 fragrant z6Yym     
adj.芬香的,馥郁的,愉快的
参考例句:
  1. The Fragrant Hills are exceptionally beautiful in late autumn.深秋的香山格外美丽。
  2. The air was fragrant with lavender.空气中弥漫薰衣草香。
56 metaphors 83e73a88f6ce7dc55e75641ff9fe3c41     
隐喻( metaphor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. I can only represent it to you by metaphors. 我只能用隐喻来向你描述它。
  2. Thus, She's an angel and He's a lion in battle are metaphors. 因此她是天使,他是雄狮都是比喻说法。
57 rustic mCQz9     
adj.乡村的,有乡村特色的;n.乡下人,乡巴佬
参考例句:
  1. It was nearly seven months of leisurely rustic living before Michael felt real boredom.这种悠闲的乡村生活过了差不多七个月之后,迈克尔开始感到烦闷。
  2. We hoped the fresh air and rustic atmosphere would help him adjust.我们希望新鲜的空气和乡村的氛围能帮他调整自己。
58 conversational SZ2yH     
adj.对话的,会话的
参考例句:
  1. The article is written in a conversational style.该文是以对话的形式写成的。
  2. She values herself on her conversational powers.她常夸耀自己的能言善辩。
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