上海外国语大学2006年硕士研究生入学考试英语语言文学专业英汉互
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2006-11-21 05:25 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
英语语言文学专业 英汉互译试卷   (满分150分,考试时间180分钟,共2 页)   I. Translate the following into English (75分)   我们搭小火轮去广州。晚上十点钟离开香港。   开船的时候,朋友A在舱外唤我。我走出舱去,便听见A说:“香港的夜是很美丽的,你不可不看。”   我站在舱外,身子靠着栏杆,望着那渐渐退去的香港。   海是黑的,天也是黑的。天上有些星子,但大半都不明亮。只有对面的香港成了万颗星点的聚合。   山上有灯,街市上有灯,建筑物上有灯。每一盏灯就像一颗星,在我的肉眼里它比星子更明亮,更光辉。它们密密麻麻的排列着,像是一座星的山,放射着万丈光芒的星的山。   夜是静寂的,柔和的。从对面我听不见一点声音。香港似乎闭了它的大口。但是当我注意到那一座光芒万丈的星的山的时候,我又仿佛听见那许多灯光的私语了。因为船的移动,灯光也似乎移动起来。而且电车汽车上的灯也在飞跑。我看见它们时明时暗,就像人在眨眼,或者像他们在追逐,在说话。我的视觉和听觉混合起来。我仿佛造用眼睛听了。那一座星的山并不是沉默的,在那里正奏着伟大的交响乐。   我差不多到了忘我的境界……   船似乎在转弯。星的山愈过愈变得窄小了。但我的眼里还留着一片金光,还响着那美丽的交响乐。   II. Translate the following into Chinese (75分)   The fact is that, as a writer, Faulkner is no more interested in solving problems than he is tempted1 to indulge in sociological comments on the sudden changes in the economic position of the southern states. The defeat and the consequences of defeat are merely the soil out of which his epics3 grow. He is not fascinated by men as a community but by man in the community, the individual as a final unity4 in himself, curiously5 unmoved by external conditions. The tragedies of these individuals have nothing in common with Greek tragedy: they are led to their inexorable end by passions caused by inheritance, traditions, and environment, passions which are expressed either in a sudden outburst or in a slow liberation from perhaps generations-old restrictions6. With almost every new work Faulkner penetrates8 deeper into the human psyche9, into man's greatness and powers of self-sacrifice, lust10 for power, cupidity11, spiritual poverty, narrow-mindedness, burlesque12 obstinacy13, anguish14, terror, and degenerate15 aberrations16. As a probing psychologist he is the unrivalled master among all living British and American novelists. Neither do any of his colleagues possess his fantastic imaginative powers and his ability to create characters. His subhuman and superhuman figures, tragic17 or comic in a macabre18 way, emerge from his mind with a reality that few existing people - even those nearest to us - can give us, and they move in a milieu19 whose odours of subtropical plants, ladies’perfumes, Negro sweat, and the smell of horses and mules20 penetrate7 immediately even into a Scandinavian’s warm and cosy21 den2. As a painter of landscapes he has the hunter's intimate knowledge of his own hunting-ground, the topographer’s accuracy, and the impressionist’s sensitivity. Moreover—side by side with Joyce and perhaps even more so—Faulkner is the great experimentalist among twentieth-century novelists. Scarcely two of his novels are similar technically22. It seems as if by this continuous renewal23 he wanted to achieve the increased breadth which his limited world, both in geography and in subject matter, cannot give him. 香港之夜   Hong Kong At Night   巴金   By Ba Jin   我们搭小火轮去广州。晚上十点钟船离开了香港。   We boarded a steam launch to Guangzhou and left Hongkong at ten o’clock.   开船的时候,朋友洪在舱外唤我。我走出船去,便听见洪说:“香港的夜很美,你不可不看。”   As the boat started to move, my friend Hong called me outside the cabin. The moment I stepped out I heard him yelling:"Look! Hongkong's night view is marvelous, you can’t miss it".   我站在舱外,身子靠着栏杆,望着渐渐退去的香港。   Outside on the deck I leaned against the railing, watching Hongkong receding24 from us.   海是黑的,天也是黑的。天上有些星星,但大半都不明亮。只有对面的香港成了万颗星点的聚合。   The sea was dark, so was the sky. There scattered25 some stars in the heavens but most of them not quite bright while Hongkong in the distance made a constellation26 of stars.   山上有灯,街上有灯,建筑物上有灯。每一盏就像一颗星,在我的肉眼里它比星星更亮。它们密密麻麻地排列着,像是一座星的山,放射着万丈光芒的星的山。   Over the mountains, on the streets and buildings were lights, each resembling a star, yet in my naked eyes they outshone stars. Myriads27 of lights dotted here and there constituted a mountain of stars, shining with a spectacle of brilliance28.   夜是静寂的,柔和的。从对面我听不见一点声音。香港似乎闭上了它的大口。但是当我注意到那座光芒万丈的星的山的时候,我仿佛又听见了那无数的灯光的私语。船在移动,灯光也跟着在移动起来。而且电车汽车上的灯也在飞跑。我看见它们时明时暗,就像人在眨眼,或者像它们在追逐,在说话。我的视觉和听觉混合起来。我仿佛在用眼睛听了。那一座星的山并不是沉默的,在那里正奏着出色的交响乐。   Tranquility and peace reigned29 the night. Not a sound could be heard from cross the water as though Hongkong closed its big mouth. However, when I gazed at that starry30 mountain I felt as if those countless31 lights were whispering with each other. The ship was moving and so were the lights, together with the lamplights on the running trolley32 buses and cars on the opposite streets. I saw them turning dim and bright now and then just like children winkling or frolicking or chatting with each other. My visual and auditory senses blending, I was almost listening with my eyes. The star-studded mountain was no dumb; instead, they were busy with performing a magnificent symphony...   我差不多到了忘我的境界……   I was almost lost in reverie.   船似乎在转弯。星的山愈来愈窄小了。但是我的眼里还留着一片金光,还响着动人的乐曲。   Presumably the ship was swinging around. The star-lit mountain retreated smaller and smaller, yet in my eyes there were shining with an expanse of golden rays and lingering on a touching33 melody.   后来船驶进群山的中间(我不知道是山还是岛屿),香港完全给遮住了。海上没有灯,浓密的黑暗包围着我们的船。星的山成了一个渺茫的梦。 我还呆呆地站在那里,我想找回那座星的山,但是我什么也看不见。外面的空气很凉爽,风吹得我的头有点受不住了,我便回到舱里去。舱里人声嘈杂,是一个完全不同的世界。我把脚踏进舱里的时候,我不禁疑惑地问自己:我先前看见的难道只是一个幻景?   Slowly the ship sailed into the heart of mountains (I could not distinguish whether they were mountains or islands), for Hongkong was gone unseen. Lightless on the sea, our ship was enveloped34 by the pitch darkness. The mountain of stars disappeared like a vague dream. Standing35 lost there, I wished to find the mountain back yet there was noting in sight. Outside the air was cool, but the blowing wind was too much for my head, so I walked back to the crowded and noisy cabin, a completely different world. As I set my foot in to the cabin, I couldn’t help asking myself: was it only a mirage36 that I saw just now?   英译汉   事实是,作为一名作家,福克纳更热衷于对南方各州突发的经济变化进行社会评论,而很少有兴趣去解决问题。失败以及由此带来的后果只不过是福克纳史诗般作品成长的沃土而已。吸引他的并不是以社会为单位的人们,而是成长于社会中的个体(人)。作为一个社会的个体,虽充满好奇,却绝不为外界事物所扰。这些个人的悲剧与希腊悲剧没有共同之处:激情——或是传承而来,或是受传统以及社会环境的影响——把他们带到了无情的深渊。这些激情或是突然迸发,或是持续几代慢慢释放。几乎在福克纳的每一部新作品当中,他都能够深入剖析人类的灵魂,了解人类自我牺牲的伟大之处和力量之源,全面揭示人类的权力欲、贪婪、匮乏的精神、狭隘的思想、可笑的固执、痛苦、恐惧和堕落的道德。   福克纳是一名善于观察的心理学家,在众多仍然在世的英美小说家当中,他堪称是无人匹敌的大师。他的同行当中无人具有他那非凡的想象力以及塑造人物的能力。在以死亡为主题的悲剧或喜剧中,福克纳塑造的近似人类而又超乎人类的人物都来源于他对现实的观察,而这些现实即使是我们身边最贴近的人都很少有人能够提供如此真实的信息。这些人物在一个混杂了亚热带植物的清香、女人香水的芳香、黑人汗水的体香和骡马臭味的环境中活动,这股气味甚至可以立即弥漫到斯堪的纳维亚的一间温暖舒适的小房子里。作为一名风景画画家,福克纳具有猎人般熟知猎场的能力,地形学家的精确的判断力和印象派画家的敏感力。此外,福克纳还是二十世纪伟大的实验主义者和小说家,与乔伊斯并列,但或许要强于乔伊斯。在他的小说当中,没有任何两部小说在写作手法上是相似的。似乎正是通过这种不断的更新,福克纳才可以获得他想要的创作广度,而这种广度是他所处的缺乏创见的世界(无论是主观的还是客观的世界)所不能给予他的。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 tempted b0182e969d369add1b9ce2353d3c6ad6     
v.怂恿(某人)干不正当的事;冒…的险(tempt的过去分词)
参考例句:
  1. I was sorely tempted to complain, but I didn't. 我极想发牢骚,但还是没开口。
  2. I was tempted by the dessert menu. 甜食菜单馋得我垂涎欲滴。
2 den 5w9xk     
n.兽穴;秘密地方;安静的小房间,私室
参考例句:
  1. There is a big fox den on the back hill.后山有一个很大的狐狸窝。
  2. The only way to catch tiger cubs is to go into tiger's den.不入虎穴焉得虎子。
3 epics a6d7b651e63ea6619a4e096bc4fb9453     
n.叙事诗( epic的名词复数 );壮举;惊人之举;史诗般的电影(或书籍)
参考例句:
  1. one of the great Hindu epics 伟大的印度教史诗之一
  2. Homer Iliad and Milton's Paradise Lost are epics. 荷马的《伊利亚特》和弥尔顿的《失乐园》是史诗。 来自互联网
4 unity 4kQwT     
n.团结,联合,统一;和睦,协调
参考例句:
  1. When we speak of unity,we do not mean unprincipled peace.所谓团结,并非一团和气。
  2. We must strengthen our unity in the face of powerful enemies.大敌当前,我们必须加强团结。
5 curiously 3v0zIc     
adv.有求知欲地;好问地;奇特地
参考例句:
  1. He looked curiously at the people.他好奇地看着那些人。
  2. He took long stealthy strides. His hands were curiously cold.他迈着悄没声息的大步。他的双手出奇地冷。
6 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
参考例句:
  1. I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  2. a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
7 penetrate juSyv     
v.透(渗)入;刺入,刺穿;洞察,了解
参考例句:
  1. Western ideas penetrate slowly through the East.西方观念逐渐传入东方。
  2. The sunshine could not penetrate where the trees were thickest.阳光不能透入树木最浓密的地方。
8 penetrates 6e705c7f6e3a55a0a85919c8773759e9     
v.穿过( penetrate的第三人称单数 );刺入;了解;渗透
参考例句:
  1. This is a telescope that penetrates to the remote parts of the universe. 这是一架能看到宇宙中遥远地方的望远镜。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. The dust is so fine that it easily penetrates all the buildings. 尘土极细,能极轻易地钻入一切建筑物。 来自辞典例句
9 psyche Ytpyd     
n.精神;灵魂
参考例句:
  1. His exploration of the myth brings insight into the American psyche.他对这个神话的探讨揭示了美国人的心理。
  2. She spent her life plumbing the mysteries of the human psyche.她毕生探索人类心灵的奥秘。
10 lust N8rz1     
n.性(淫)欲;渴(欲)望;vi.对…有强烈的欲望
参考例句:
  1. He was filled with lust for power.他内心充满了对权力的渴望。
  2. Sensing the explorer's lust for gold, the chief wisely presented gold ornaments as gifts.酋长觉察出探险者们垂涎黄金的欲念,就聪明地把金饰品作为礼物赠送给他们。
11 cupidity cyUxm     
n.贪心,贪财
参考例句:
  1. Her cupidity is well known.她的贪婪尽人皆知。
  2. His eyes gave him away,shining with cupidity.他的眼里闪着贪婪的光芒,使他暴露无遗。
12 burlesque scEyq     
v.嘲弄,戏仿;n.嘲弄,取笑,滑稽模仿
参考例句:
  1. Our comic play was a burlesque of a Shakespearean tragedy.我们的喜剧是对莎士比亚一出悲剧的讽刺性模仿。
  2. He shouldn't burlesque the elder.他不应模仿那长者。
13 obstinacy C0qy7     
n.顽固;(病痛等)难治
参考例句:
  1. It is a very accountable obstinacy.这是一种完全可以理解的固执态度。
  2. Cindy's anger usually made him stand firm to the point of obstinacy.辛迪一发怒,常常使他坚持自见,并达到执拗的地步。
14 anguish awZz0     
n.(尤指心灵上的)极度痛苦,烦恼
参考例句:
  1. She cried out for anguish at parting.分手时,她由于痛苦而失声大哭。
  2. The unspeakable anguish wrung his heart.难言的痛苦折磨着他的心。
15 degenerate 795ym     
v.退步,堕落;adj.退步的,堕落的;n.堕落者
参考例句:
  1. He didn't let riches and luxury make him degenerate.他不因财富和奢华而自甘堕落。
  2. Will too much freedom make them degenerate?太多的自由会令他们堕落吗?
16 aberrations 3f9f813377f29357eb4a27baa9e0e5d3     
n.偏差( aberration的名词复数 );差错;脱离常规;心理失常
参考例句:
  1. These events were aberrations from the norm. 这些事件不合常规。 来自辞典例句
  2. These chromosome aberrations are all stable, compatible with cell viability. 这些染色体畸变都是稳定的,不影响细胞生活力的。 来自辞典例句
17 tragic inaw2     
adj.悲剧的,悲剧性的,悲惨的
参考例句:
  1. The effect of the pollution on the beaches is absolutely tragic.污染海滩后果可悲。
  2. Charles was a man doomed to tragic issues.查理是个注定不得善终的人。
18 macabre 42syo     
adj.骇人的,可怖的
参考例句:
  1. He takes a macabre interest in graveyards.他那么留意墓地,令人毛骨悚然。
  2. Mr Dahl was well-known for his macabre adult stories called 'Tales of the Unexpected'.达尔先生以成人恐怖小说集《意料之外的故事》闻名于世。
19 milieu x7yzN     
n.环境;出身背景;(个人所处的)社会环境
参考例句:
  1. Foods usually provide a good milieu for the persistence of viruses.食品通常为病毒存续提供了一个良好的栖身所。
  2. He was born in a social milieu where further education was a luxury.他生在一个受较高教育就被认为是奢侈的社会环境里。
20 mules be18bf53ebe6a97854771cdc8bfe67e6     
骡( mule的名词复数 ); 拖鞋; 顽固的人; 越境运毒者
参考例句:
  1. The cart was pulled by two mules. 两匹骡子拉这辆大车。
  2. She wore tight trousers and high-heeled mules. 她穿紧身裤和拖鞋式高跟鞋。
21 cosy dvnzc5     
adj.温暖而舒适的,安逸的
参考例句:
  1. We spent a cosy evening chatting by the fire.我们在炉火旁聊天度过了一个舒适的晚上。
  2. It was so warm and cosy in bed that Simon didn't want to get out.床上温暖而又舒适,西蒙简直不想下床了。
22 technically wqYwV     
adv.专门地,技术上地
参考例句:
  1. Technically it is the most advanced equipment ever.从技术上说,这是最先进的设备。
  2. The tomato is technically a fruit,although it is eaten as a vegetable.严格地说,西红柿是一种水果,尽管它是当作蔬菜吃的。
23 renewal UtZyW     
adj.(契约)延期,续订,更新,复活,重来
参考例句:
  1. Her contract is coming up for renewal in the autumn.她的合同秋天就应该续签了。
  2. Easter eggs symbolize the renewal of life.复活蛋象征新生。
24 receding c22972dfbef8589fece6affb72f431d1     
v.逐渐远离( recede的现在分词 );向后倾斜;自原处后退或避开别人的注视;尤指问题
参考例句:
  1. Desperately he struck out after the receding lights of the yacht. 游艇的灯光渐去渐远,他拼命划水追赶。 来自辞典例句
  2. Sounds produced by vehicles receding from us seem lower-pitched than usual. 渐渐远离我们的运载工具发出的声似乎比平常的音调低。 来自辞典例句
25 scattered 7jgzKF     
adj.分散的,稀疏的;散步的;疏疏落落的
参考例句:
  1. Gathering up his scattered papers,he pushed them into his case.他把散乱的文件收拾起来,塞进文件夹里。
26 constellation CptzI     
n.星座n.灿烂的一群
参考例句:
  1. A constellation is a pattern of stars as seen from the earth. 一个星座只是从地球上看到的某些恒星的一种样子。
  2. The Big Dipper is not by itself a constellation. 北斗七星本身不是一个星座。
27 myriads d4014a179e3e97ebc9e332273dfd32a4     
n.无数,极大数量( myriad的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. Each galaxy contains myriads of stars. 每一星系都有无数的恒星。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. The sky was set with myriads of stars. 无数星星点缀着夜空。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
28 brilliance 1svzs     
n.光辉,辉煌,壮丽,(卓越的)才华,才智
参考例句:
  1. I was totally amazed by the brilliance of her paintings.她的绘画才能令我惊歎不已。
  2. The gorgeous costume added to the brilliance of the dance.华丽的服装使舞蹈更加光彩夺目。
29 reigned d99f19ecce82a94e1b24a320d3629de5     
vi.当政,统治(reign的过去式形式)
参考例句:
  1. Silence reigned in the hall. 全场肃静。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  2. Night was deep and dead silence reigned everywhere. 夜深人静,一片死寂。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
30 starry VhWzfP     
adj.星光照耀的, 闪亮的
参考例句:
  1. He looked at the starry heavens.他瞧着布满星星的天空。
  2. I like the starry winter sky.我喜欢这满天星斗的冬夜。
31 countless 7vqz9L     
adj.无数的,多得不计其数的
参考例句:
  1. In the war countless innocent people lost their lives.在这场战争中无数无辜的人丧失了性命。
  2. I've told you countless times.我已经告诉你无数遍了。
32 trolley YUjzG     
n.手推车,台车;无轨电车;有轨电车
参考例句:
  1. The waiter had brought the sweet trolley.侍者已经推来了甜食推车。
  2. In a library,books are moved on a trolley.在图书馆,书籍是放在台车上搬动的。
33 touching sg6zQ9     
adj.动人的,使人感伤的
参考例句:
  1. It was a touching sight.这是一幅动人的景象。
  2. His letter was touching.他的信很感人。
34 enveloped 8006411f03656275ea778a3c3978ff7a     
v.包围,笼罩,包住( envelop的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  1. She was enveloped in a huge white towel. 她裹在一条白色大毛巾里。
  2. Smoke from the burning house enveloped the whole street. 燃烧着的房子冒出的浓烟笼罩了整条街。 来自《简明英汉词典》
35 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  1. After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  2. They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
36 mirage LRqzB     
n.海市蜃楼,幻景
参考例句:
  1. Perhaps we are all just chasing a mirage.也许我们都只是在追逐一个幻想。
  2. Western liberalism was always a mirage.西方自由主义永远是一座海市蜃楼。
TAG标签:
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:点击我更换图片

鸿运国际娱乐官网

百度360搜索搜狗搜索