2008年职称英语考试词汇选项习题(三)b
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词汇学习 六 每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语,请在四个选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。 1.The old concerns lose importance and some of them vanish altogether.   A)develop                       B)disappear                       C)linger                       D)renew 2.In the United States educational system, intermediate school is the transitional phase between the primary grades and high school.   A)stage                          B)notion                       C)pattern                       D)alternative 3.Fluoride deters1 tooth decay by reducing the growth of bacteria that destroy tooth enamel2.   A)facilitates                       B)overwhelms               C)inhibits                       D)loosens 4.The firm of Bonnin and Morris in Philadelphia Was probably the first American company to manufacture porcelain3.   A)Silverware                       B) crystal                 C) china                      D) linen4 5.Gunpowder5 was used extensively in firearms prior to 1990.   A)in                               B)around                       C)from                              D)before 6.We packed up the things I had accumulated over the last three years and left for good.   A)close                          B)near                       C)past                       D)final 7.The chemical is lethal6 to rats but safe to cattle.   A)toxic                           B)harmful                       C)deadly                       D)contagious 8.She is very conscientious7 about her work.   A)worried                       B)careful                       C)anxious                       D)nervous 9.She has consolidated8 her power.   A)strengthened                B)won                              C)hardened                       D)united 10.The drinking water is contaminated with impurities9.   A)blackened                       B)polluted                       C)darkened                       D)mixed 11.Her novel depicts10 a futuristic America.   A)writes                         B)sketches                       C)describes                       D)indicates 12.He expressed concern that the ship might be in distress11.   A)despair                       B)difficulties           C)need                              D)danger 13.They are endeavoring to change society as a whole.   A)trying                         B)working                       C)doing                       D)making 14.Your eternal boasting annoys everyone.   A)unchangeable                B)everlasting           C)boring                       D)monotonous 15.The other women seemed contented12 and they even exhibited their bellies13 with pride.   A)demonstrated                B)uncovered           C)spread                       D)showed  


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1 deters fa9038e0dc6ca5820b8bf591f2a1f604     
v.阻止,制止( deter的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  1. The filth here deters all but the invited guest. 这里污秽不堪,除非有事,外人是裹足不前的。 来自辞典例句
  2. Many people believe that capital punishment deters crime. 很多人相信极刑能阻止犯罪。 来自互联网
2 enamel jZ4zF     
n.珐琅,搪瓷,瓷釉;(牙齿的)珐琅质
参考例句:
  1. I chipped the enamel on my front tooth when I fell over.我跌倒时门牙的珐琅质碰碎了。
  2. He collected coloured enamel bowls from Yugoslavia.他藏有来自南斯拉夫的彩色搪瓷碗。
3 porcelain USvz9     
n.瓷;adj.瓷的,瓷制的
参考例句:
  1. These porcelain plates have rather original designs on them.这些瓷盘的花纹很别致。
  2. The porcelain vase is enveloped in cotton.瓷花瓶用棉花裹着。
4 linen W3LyK     
n.亚麻布,亚麻线,亚麻制品;adj.亚麻布制的,亚麻的
参考例句:
  1. The worker is starching the linen.这名工人正在给亚麻布上浆。
  2. Fine linen and cotton fabrics were known as well as wool.精细的亚麻织品和棉织品像羊毛一样闻名遐迩。
5 gunpowder oerxm     
n.火药
参考例句:
  1. Gunpowder was introduced into Europe during the first half of the 14th century.在14世纪上半叶,火药传入欧洲。
  2. This statement has a strong smell of gunpowder.这是一篇充满火药味的声明。
6 lethal D3LyB     
adj.致死的;毁灭性的
参考例句:
  1. A hammer can be a lethal weapon.铁锤可以是致命的武器。
  2. She took a lethal amount of poison and died.她服了致命剂量的毒药死了。
7 conscientious mYmzr     
adj.审慎正直的,认真的,本着良心的
参考例句:
  1. He is a conscientious man and knows his job.他很认真负责,也很懂行。
  2. He is very conscientious in the performance of his duties.他非常认真地履行职责。
8 consolidated dv3zqt     
a.联合的
参考例句:
  1. With this new movie he has consolidated his position as the country's leading director. 他新执导的影片巩固了他作为全国最佳导演的地位。
  2. Those two banks have consolidated and formed a single large bank. 那两家银行已合并成一家大银行。
9 impurities 2626a6dbfe6f229f6e1c36f702812675     
不纯( impurity的名词复数 ); 不洁; 淫秽; 杂质
参考例句:
  1. A filter will remove most impurities found in water. 过滤器会滤掉水中的大部分杂质。
  2. Oil is refined to remove naturally occurring impurities. 油经过提炼去除天然存在的杂质。
10 depicts fd8ee09c0b2264bb6b44abf7282d37f6     
描绘,描画( depict的第三人称单数 ); 描述
参考例句:
  1. The book vividly depicts French society of the 1930s. 这本书生动地描绘了20 世纪30 年代的法国社会。
  2. He depicts the sordid and vulgar sides of life exclusively. 他只描写人生肮脏和庸俗的一面。
11 distress 3llzX     
n.苦恼,痛苦,不舒适;不幸;vt.使悲痛
参考例句:
  1. Nothing could alleviate his distress.什么都不能减轻他的痛苦。
  2. Please don't distress yourself.请你不要忧愁了。
12 contented Gvxzof     
adj.满意的,安心的,知足的
参考例句:
  1. He won't be contented until he's upset everyone in the office.不把办公室里的每个人弄得心烦意乱他就不会满足。
  2. The people are making a good living and are contented,each in his station.人民安居乐业。
13 bellies 573b19215ed083b0e01ff1a54e4199b2     
n.肚子( belly的名词复数 );腹部;(物体的)圆形或凸起部份;腹部…形的
参考例句:
  1. They crawled along on their bellies. 他们匍匐前进。
  2. starving children with huge distended bellies 鼓着浮肿肚子的挨饿儿童
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