2008年职称英语考试词汇选项习题(四)b
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词汇学习 八 每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语,请在四个选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。 1.Philip Roth was hailed as a major author in 1960.   A)published                       B)challenged           C)acclaimed           D)guided 2.He was one of the principal organizers of the association.   A)planners                       B)employees           C)actors                       D)recipients 3.It is postulated1 that population increase has strong effect on economic fluctuations2.   A)challenged                       B)assumed                       C)deducted                       D)decreed 4.This kind of animals are on the verge3 of extinction4, because so many are being killed for their fur.   A)drying up                                                          B)dying out C)being exported                                                 D)being transplanted 5.The train came to an abrupt5 stop, making us wonder where we were.   A)slow                           B)noisy                       C)sudden                       D)jumpy 6.During the Second World War, all important resources in the U.S. were allocated6 by the Federal Government. A)nationalized                 B)commandeered      C)taxed                 D)distributed 7.The little boy was so fascinated by the mighty7 river that he would spend hours sitting on its bank and gazing at the passing boats and rafts.   A)very strong                       B)very long                       C)very great             D)very fast 8.The stories of Sarah Orne Jewett are considered by many to be more authentically8 regional than those of Bret Harte. A)elegantly                 B)genuinely                 C)intentionally          D)thoroughly 9.The number of United States citizens who are eligible9 to vote continue to increase.   A)encouraged                       B)enforced                       C)expected                       D)entitled 10.Formulated10 in 1823, the Monroe Doctrine11 asserted that the Americas were no longer open to European colonization12.   A)stated firmly                                              B)argued light mindedly C)thought seriously                                                 D)announced regrettably 11.Smoking is not permitted in the office.   A)probable                       B)possible                       C)admitted                       D)allowed 12.The chairman proposed that we should stop the meeting.   A)stated                         B)declared                       C)suggested                  D)announced   13.I feel regret about what's happened.   A)sorry                          B)disappointed               C)shameful                       D)disheartened   14.She has proved that she can be relied on in a crisis.   A)lived on                       B)depended on                C)lived off                       D)believed in 15.John removed his overcoat.   A)took away                       B)left aside                       C)took off                       D)washed off


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1 postulated 28ea70fa3a37cd78c20423a907408aaa     
v.假定,假设( postulate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  1. They postulated a 500-year lifespan for a plastic container. 他们假定塑料容器的寿命为500年。
  2. Freud postulated that we all have a death instinct as well as a life instinct. 弗洛伊德曾假定我们所有人都有生存本能和死亡本能。 来自辞典例句
2 fluctuations 5ffd9bfff797526ec241b97cfb872d61     
波动,涨落,起伏( fluctuation的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. He showed the price fluctuations in a statistical table. 他用统计表显示价格的波动。
  2. There were so many unpredictable fluctuations on the Stock Exchange. 股票市场瞬息万变。
3 verge gUtzQ     
n.边,边缘;v.接近,濒临
参考例句:
  1. The country's economy is on the verge of collapse.国家的经济已到了崩溃的边缘。
  2. She was on the verge of bursting into tears.她快要哭出来了。
4 extinction sPwzP     
n.熄灭,消亡,消灭,灭绝,绝种
参考例句:
  1. The plant is now in danger of extinction.这种植物现在有绝种的危险。
  2. The island's way of life is doomed to extinction.这个岛上的生活方式注定要消失。
5 abrupt 2fdyh     
adj.突然的,意外的;唐突的,鲁莽的
参考例句:
  1. The river takes an abrupt bend to the west.这河突然向西转弯。
  2. His abrupt reply hurt our feelings.他粗鲁的回答伤了我们的感情。
6 allocated 01868918c8cec5bc8773e98ae11a0f54     
adj. 分配的 动词allocate的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  1. The Ford Foundation allocated millions of dollars for cancer research. 福特基金会拨款数百万美元用于癌症研究。
  2. More funds will now be allocated to charitable organizations. 现在会拨更多的资金给慈善组织。
7 mighty YDWxl     
adj.强有力的;巨大的
参考例句:
  1. A mighty force was about to break loose.一股巨大的力量即将迸发而出。
  2. The mighty iceberg came into view.巨大的冰山出现在眼前。
8 authentically MOyyR     
ad.sincerely真诚地
参考例句:
  1. Gina: And we should give him something 2 authentically Taiwanese. 吉娜:而且我们应该送他有纯正台湾味的东西。
  2. A loser is one who fails to correspond authentically. 失败者则指那些未能做到诚实可靠的人。
9 eligible Cq6xL     
adj.有条件被选中的;(尤指婚姻等)合适(意)的
参考例句:
  1. He is an eligible young man.他是一个合格的年轻人。
  2. Helen married an eligible bachelor.海伦嫁给了一个中意的单身汉。
10 formulated cfc86c2c7185ae3f93c4d8a44e3cea3c     
v.构想出( formulate的过去式和过去分词 );规划;确切地阐述;用公式表示
参考例句:
  1. He claims that the writer never consciously formulated his own theoretical position. 他声称该作家从未有意识地阐明他自己的理论见解。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. This idea can be formulated in two different ways. 这个意思可以有两种说法。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
11 doctrine Pkszt     
n.教义;主义;学说
参考例句:
  1. He was impelled to proclaim his doctrine.他不得不宣扬他的教义。
  2. The council met to consider changes to doctrine.宗教议会开会考虑更改教义。
12 colonization fa0db2e0e94efd7127e1e573e71196df     
殖民地的开拓,殖民,殖民地化; 移殖
参考例句:
  1. Colonization took place during the Habsburg dynasty. 开拓殖民地在哈布斯堡王朝就进行过。
  2. These countries took part in the colonization of Africa. 这些国家参与非洲殖民地的开发。
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