2008年职称英语考试词汇选项习题(五)a
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词汇学习 九 每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语,请在四个选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。 1.Although originally a German innovation, kindergarten got its real start in the United States as a movement to provide an improved learning environment for children.   A)an easy                       B)a playful                       C)an open                       D)a better 2.There is always excitement at the Olympic Games when an athlete breaks a previous record of  performance. A)beats                    B)matches                 C)maintains                 D)announces 3.The attack on Fort Sumter near Charleston provoked a sharp response from the North, which led to the American Civil War. A)demanded                 B)elicited                 C)extracted                 D)defied 4.Illinois has produced writers such as Carl Sandburg, gangsters1 such as Al Capone, and architects such as Louis Sullivan.   A)violent criminals              B)politicians           C)musicians                  D)industrialists. 5.The towers of a suspension bridge serve as a rigid2 framework to which the cables are attached.   A)boundary                       B)skeleton                       C)enclosure                       D)material 6.The use of the chemical may present a certain hazard to the laboratory workers.   A)protection                       B)indication                       C)immunity                       D)danger 7.Many economists3 have given in to the fatal lure4 of mathematics.   A)error                           B)function                       C)attraction                       D)miracle 8.The development of the transistor5 and integrated circuits revolutionized the electronics industry by allowing components6 to be packaged more densely7.   A)compactly                       B)inexpensively              C)quickly                       D)carefully 9.The leading astronomers8 of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were fascinated by comets.   A)intrigued                       B)infected                       C)inconvenienced         D)inclined 10.In their productions, choreographers of modern dance have introduced humor, protested social injustice9, and probed psychological problems.   A)solved                         B)explored                       C)involved                       D)disputed 11.They agreed to settle the dispute by peaceful means.   A)solve                          B)determine                       C)untie                              D)complete 12.The children trembled with fear when they saw the policeman.   A)wept                           B)cried                              C)ran                          D)shook   13.We were shocked to find that Mary didn’t know her guest’s name.   A)frustrated                       B)disturbed                       C)relieved                       D)surprised 14.We have got to abide10 by the rules.   A)stick to                              B)persist in                       C)safeguard                  D)apply 15.The river widens considerably11 as it begins to turn east.   A)extends                       B)stretches                       C)broadens                       D)traverses


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1 gangsters ba17561e907047df78d78510bfbc2b09     
匪徒,歹徒( gangster的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. The gangsters offered him a sum equivalent to a whole year's earnings. 歹徒提出要给他一笔相当于他一年收入的钱。
  2. One of the gangsters was caught by the police. 歹徒之一被警察逮捕。
2 rigid jDPyf     
adj.严格的,死板的;刚硬的,僵硬的
参考例句:
  1. She became as rigid as adamant.她变得如顽石般的固执。
  2. The examination was so rigid that nearly all aspirants were ruled out.考试很严,几乎所有的考生都被淘汰了。
3 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  2. Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 lure l8Gz2     
n.吸引人的东西,诱惑物;vt.引诱,吸引
参考例句:
  1. Life in big cities is a lure for many country boys.大城市的生活吸引着许多乡下小伙子。
  2. He couldn't resist the lure of money.他不能抵制金钱的诱惑。
5 transistor WnFwS     
n.晶体管,晶体管收音机
参考例句:
  1. This make of transistor radio is small and beautifully designed.这半导体收音机小巧玲珑。
  2. Every transistor has at least three electrodes.每个晶体管至少有三个电极。
6 components 4725dcf446a342f1473a8228e42dfa48     
(机器、设备等的)构成要素,零件,成分; 成分( component的名词复数 ); [物理化学]组分; [数学]分量; (混合物的)组成部分
参考例句:
  1. the components of a machine 机器部件
  2. Our chemistry teacher often reduces a compound to its components in lab. 在实验室中化学老师常把化合物分解为各种成分。
7 densely rutzrg     
ad.密集地;浓厚地
参考例句:
  1. A grove of trees shadowed the house densely. 树丛把这幢房子遮蔽得很密实。
  2. We passed through miles of densely wooded country. 我们穿过好几英里茂密的林地。
8 astronomers 569155f16962e086bd7de77deceefcbd     
n.天文学者,天文学家( astronomer的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. Astronomers can accurately foretell the date,time,and length of future eclipses. 天文学家能精确地预告未来日食月食的日期、时刻和时长。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. Astronomers used to ask why only Saturn has rings. 天文学家们过去一直感到奇怪,为什么只有土星有光环。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 injustice O45yL     
n.非正义,不公正,不公平,侵犯(别人的)权利
参考例句:
  1. They complained of injustice in the way they had been treated.他们抱怨受到不公平的对待。
  2. All his life he has been struggling against injustice.他一生都在与不公正现象作斗争。
10 abide UfVyk     
vi.遵守;坚持;vt.忍受
参考例句:
  1. You must abide by the results of your mistakes.你必须承担你的错误所造成的后果。
  2. If you join the club,you have to abide by its rules.如果你参加俱乐部,你就得遵守它的规章。
11 considerably 0YWyQ     
adv.极大地;相当大地;在很大程度上
参考例句:
  1. The economic situation has changed considerably.经济形势已发生了相当大的变化。
  2. The gap has narrowed considerably.分歧大大缩小了。
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