自考“英语(一)”笔记 六十九
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(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
6. The North American buffalo1 is a case of the near-extinction of a species through hunting.   a case of 在本句中的意思是“一个例子,”相当于“an example of ” 如:   1) This is a case of students cheating on exams. (这就是学生作弊的一个例子。)   2) It is a typical case of misunderstanding.(这就是误解的典解例子。)   在第九单元中我们已经学过case这个词,请注意掌握与case 有关的几个短语:   in any case (无论如何,总之)   in case (假如;以免)   in the case of (就…来说,至于…)   in this case (既然是这样)   through在句中的意思是“由于,因为”, 相当于because.   1) The mistakes were made through carelessness.(这些错误是由于粗心大意造成的。)   2) Many people are hard of hearing through old age.(许多人因年老而听觉不灵。)   7. But even when the danger is widely publicized, the financial rewards for the hunters may be so great that they choose to ignore the threat to the species.   publicize是个动词,意思是“宣传”,在第十七单元中我们已学过这个词,-ize是一个动词后缀,通常用在形容词的后面构成动词。   financial rewards 意思是“赏金”。reward 在本句中作名词,有时也可作动词用,如:   1) He offered a reward of 1000 yuan for the finder of his pet dog.(他给拾得他的宠物狗的人酬谢1000元。)   2) His efforts were rewarded by success.(他的努力获得了成功。)   choose后面接不定式,表示“选定,愿意”,如:   1)He chose to stay there for another week. (他决意在那儿再住一周。)   2)I chose to say nothing about it.(我决意对那件事闭口不谈。)   在名词threat后面用介词to,表示“对…的威胁”。如:   The clearance2 of vegetation will be a great threat to the wildlife.(把植被砍伐殆尽对野生动物将是极大的威胁。)   8. And animals are sometimes killed out of a wish to reduce numbers to help the species to survive.   out of 在本句中以及前一个几句子中的意思是“出于”,如:   1)He was silent out of embarrassment3.(他由于窘迫而沉默。)   2)She opened the mail out of curiosity. (她出于好奇打开了邮件。)   句子中前一个动词不定式to reduce number…在句子中作定语,修饰名词wish.如:   1) They failed in their attempt to land on the island.(他们在岛上登陆的企图失败了。)   2) I have no confidence in my ability to fulfil the task.(我对自己完成这项任务的能力没有信心。)   句子中的第二个动词不定式to help the species to survive做目的状语,相当于so as to或in order to help the species…。如:   1)He worked harder (so as) to catch up with the others.(他更努力地学习以赶上别人。)   2)To achieve the aim, we must learn from others. (为了实现这个目标,我们必须向他人学习。)   9.The killing4 of the Canadian seals is claimed to be for this purpose, and the use of their skins for furs is only a by-product5.   be claimed to 在本句中的意思是“据说”。如:   He is claimed to have inherited a lot of money.(据说他继承了一大笔钱。)   for this purpose 意思是“为这个目的”。如:   1)They decided6 to have a talk for military purpose. (为了军事目的,他们决定进行一次会谈。)   2)For this purpose, I gave him all the necessary materials. (为了这个目的,我把所需的材料都给了他。)   请注意掌握与 purpose有关的一些短语:   on purpose (为了;故意地)   to the purpose (中肯的;合适的)   10. There is always the chance that enough off-spring will be born to return them one day to their natural environment-provided it still exists, and that hunters don't kill them again!   本句中的第一个that引导的是一个同位语从句,对名词chance做进一步解释。   Provided在句中做介词用,相当于if.如:   1)I will give you the money provided you tell me the truth. (如果你说实话,我会给你钱。)   2)He will come to the party provided he has time.(如果有时间他会来参加聚会。)   在词汇部分我们提到过,口语中常用providing替代provided.   11.But the parks are large, the wardens7 few and the determination of hunters very great.   本句中,形容词few和great的前面省去了be 动词(few 前省去了are ,great 前省去了is),作者是要告诉读者,公园太大,管理人太少,猎人们的决心太过坚定,因而野生动物的保护问题仍然难得解决。   12.The hunters were armed with modern weapons and several people were killed.   arm在本句中用作动词,意思是“武装,装备”,be armed with意思是“以…装备起来的”。   1)They believed they would win as they were armed with modern weapons.   (他们坚信自己会赢,因为他们有现代化的武器装备。)   2)Armed with secretarial skills she will find a job easily.(具备了秘书的技能,她会很容易地找到一份工作。)   13. … and tourism can add to the income of countries.   add to的意思是“增加”,如:   1)The newly built squares add to the beauty of this city.(新建的广场增加了这座城市的美观。)   2)Your company adds to the enjoyment8 of our visit.(有你的陪同,我们这次访问更加愉快了。)   3)I hope my arrival would not add to your difficulties. (希望我的到来不能增添你们的困难。)   本课主要词组   1. keep pace with   2. compete with   3. because of   4. at such a rate   5. at surprising speed   6. a case of   7. choose to   8. lead to   9. such as   10.out of existence   11. out of fear   12. be claimed to   13. for this purpose   14. be concerned about   15. under threat of   16. be armed with   17. add to   18. look after   19. in a different form   Text B    The Killer9 Smogs   短语表达   1. be filled with   Her eyes were filled with tears when she told us the story.   The room is filled with boxes of all sizes.   2. wash away   The rich soil was washed away as there were no trees and grass to hold it.   It took her quite a while to wash away the stains on her coat.   3. be caused by   Lung cancer might be caused by excessive smoking.   The accident was caused by the driver's carelessness.   4. be known for   He is known for his wide scope of knowledge.   Scotland is known for its beautiful countryside.   5. combine with   It is necessary to combine theory with practice.   See what will happen if you combine hydrogen with oxygen.   6. prevent from   Bad weather prevented them from going camping.   The terrible noise prevented me from getting a good sleep.   7. pile up   Pile up the books on the table, please.   Don't wait until problems pile up.   8. due to   The train was late due to heavy fog.   Our achievements are due to their help.   9. add to   His explanation added to her annoyance10.   More happiness will be added to people's life if you are generous enough to give praise.


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1 buffalo 1Sby4     
n.(北美)野牛;(亚洲)水牛
参考例句:
  1. Asian buffalo isn't as wild as that of America's. 亚洲水牛比美洲水牛温顺些。
  2. The boots are made of buffalo hide. 这双靴子是由水牛皮制成的。
2 clearance swFzGa     
n.净空;许可(证);清算;清除,清理
参考例句:
  1. There was a clearance of only ten centimetres between the two walls.两堵墙之间只有十厘米的空隙。
  2. The ship sailed as soon as it got clearance. 那艘船一办好离港手续立刻启航了。
3 embarrassment fj9z8     
n.尴尬;使人为难的人(事物);障碍;窘迫
参考例句:
  1. She could have died away with embarrassment.她窘迫得要死。
  2. Coughing at a concert can be a real embarrassment.在音乐会上咳嗽真会使人难堪。
4 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  1. Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  2. Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
5 by-product nSayP     
n.副产品,附带产生的结果
参考例句:
  1. Freedom is the by-product of economic surplus.自由是经济盈余的副产品。
  2. The raw material for the tyre is a by-product of petrol refining.制造轮胎的原材料是提炼汽油时产生的一种副产品。
6 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  1. This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  2. There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
7 wardens e2599ddd0efb9a7622608a7c43692b1e     
n.看守人( warden的名词复数 );管理员;监察员;监察官
参考例句:
  1. Air raid wardens in tin hats self-importantly stalked the streets. 空袭民防队员戴着钢盔神气活现地走在街上昂首阔步。 来自辞典例句
  2. The game wardens tranquillized the rhinoceros with a drugged dart. 猎物保护区管理员用麻醉射器让犀牛静了下来。 来自辞典例句
8 enjoyment opaxV     
n.乐趣;享有;享用
参考例句:
  1. Your company adds to the enjoyment of our visit. 有您的陪同,我们这次访问更加愉快了。
  2. After each joke the old man cackled his enjoyment.每逢讲完一个笑话,这老人就呵呵笑着表示他的高兴。
9 killer rpLziK     
n.杀人者,杀人犯,杀手,屠杀者
参考例句:
  1. Heart attacks have become Britain's No.1 killer disease.心脏病已成为英国的头号致命疾病。
  2. The bulk of the evidence points to him as her killer.大量证据证明是他杀死她的。
10 annoyance Bw4zE     
n.恼怒,生气,烦恼
参考例句:
  1. Why do you always take your annoyance out on me?为什么你不高兴时总是对我出气?
  2. I felt annoyance at being teased.我恼恨别人取笑我。
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