自考英语(一)讲义(1)
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(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
  Unit 1
  Text A    How to Be a Successful Language Learner?
  搭配:   1. disagree with 不同意/动词词组   2. guarantee sth. for sb. 保证某人某事/动词词组   e.g. This will not guarantee success for every adult language learner. 这样不能确保每一位学习语言的成年人都成功。   3. be different from 与什么不同/形容词词组   4. succeed in sth./ doing sth. 成功做某事/动词词组   5. offer advice to sb. 给某人建议/动词词组   6. play with sth. 轻松学习某事物/动词词组   7. in many ways 再很多方面/介词词组   8. depend on sb./sth. for sth. 依靠某人或某事而获得某事/动词词组   9. discover one''s own way to do sth. 发现并用自己的方法做某事/动词词组   10. instead of sth./ doing sth. 想反/而没有做某事/介词词组   11. wait for sb. to do sth. 等待某人做某事/动词词组   12. look for sth./sb. 寻找某人或某物/动词词组   13. make a mistake 犯错误/动词词组   14. be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事/形容词词组   15. be willing1 to do sth. 愿意做某事/形容词词组   16. do sth. with a purpose 有目的地做某事/故意做某事/动词词组   17. be interested in sth./sb. 对某人或某物很感兴趣/形容词词组   18. communicate with sb. 与某人交流/动词词组   19. learn from sb. 想某人学习   20. might do well to do sth. 最好做某事   句型:   1. S.+V.+it+adj.+to do sth. 形式宾语句型 n.   e.g. Some people find it difficult to succeed in language learning2.   Some people find it difficult to succeed in other fields.   They find it easy to practice using the language regularly3.   2. It is +adj.+for sb.+to do sth. 形式主语句型   e.g. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every word.   It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn for them.   语言点:   1. success(n.)-successful(adj.)-succeed(v.) 成功   2. hundreds of people与 eight hundred people:请注意有数词存在后,表量名词的变化。   3. advice/information 为不可数名次。不能有复数形式。   4. practice doing sth. 练习做某事   5. less than +adj. 不怎么+形容词的含义 如:less than happy 不怎么开心 #p#副标题#e#            阅读技巧:   1. conversely4   2. on the other hand   这两个词出现时,下文所讲内容将与上文所提内容截然相反。   Text B     Language   搭配:   1. with the help of  在什么的帮助下   2. at a table  坐在桌旁(准备就餐)   3. in this way  这样   4. mean to do sth.  本意是想要做某事   5. not at all +adj. 一点也不+相容词的含义   e.g. not at all thirsty  一点也不渴   6. as you see  可见   7. consist of   包括,组成   8. put sth. into sth.  把什么融入什么   句型:   1. not only …but also…不但…而且…   e.g. We can do it not only with the help of words, but also in many other ways.   我们不但可以在语言的帮助下,还可以用其它的方式来告诉别人我们在想什么。   2. neither… nor…既不…也不   e.g. People who can neither hear nor speak talk to each other with the help of their fingers.   既不能听也局能说的人也可以用他们的手指来彼此交流。   3. each time 每一次(连词:用来连接两个句子)   e.g. He shook his head each time the waiter brought him something to drink.   每一次服务员给他拿来喝的东西他都摇头。   语言点:   1. mean-meant; shake-shook; meet-met   2. 半系动词后加名词:look sad; keep silent5   3. 说语言要用speak   阅读技巧:   for instance6 或for example 后的文字是用来支持阐述上面所述文字的。  


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1 willing 1gwwV     
adj.愿意的,自愿的,乐意的,心甘情愿的
参考例句:
  1. We never lack food and clothing if we're willing to work.如果我们愿意工作,就不会缺吃少穿。
  2. He's quite willing to pay the price I ask.他很愿意照我的要价付钱。
2 learning wpSzFe     
n.学问,学识,学习;动词learn的现在分词
参考例句:
  1. When you are learning to ride a bicycle,you often fall off.初学骑自行车时,常会从车上掉下来。
  2. Learning languages isn't just a matter of remembering words.学习语言不仅仅是记些单词的事。
3 regularly aVuxw     
adv.有规则地,一丝不苟地,正式地
参考例句:
  1. Check the engine oil level regularly.要时常检查机油量。
  2. We meet regularly to discuss business.我们定期会面讨论事务。
4 conversely nvfzlV     
adv.相反地,另一面
参考例句:
  1. He placed the box conversely.他把箱子放倒了。
  2. Conversely,the universe provides a laboratory.反过来,宇宙空间也可作为实验室。
5 silent eEVz8     
adj.安静的,不吵闹的,沉默的,无言的;n.(复数)默剧
参考例句:
  1. Immediately on his beginning to speak,everyone was silent.他一讲话,大家顿时安静下来。
  2. The boys looked at the conjuror in silent wonder. 孩子们目瞪口呆地看着那魔术师。
6 instance 66oxM     
n.例,例证,实例
参考例句:
  1. Can you quote me a recent instance?你能给我举一个最近的例子吗?
  2. He's a greedy boy,yesterday,for instance,he ate all our biscuits!他是个贪吃的孩子――比如,他昨天把我们的饼干都吃了!
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