法庭常用词汇 4
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2016-08-04 05:51 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
Negligence1 失职,疏忽
 
Negligence of duty就是“玩忽职守”。
 
The accident was caused by negligence on the part of the driver.
事故是由于司机的过失造成的。
 
Not Guilty 无罪
 
He was found not guilty, by reason of insanity2.
他以精神失常为理由获判无罪。
 
“无罪”的另一个说法是acquittal,二者的区别是,not guilty是形容词形式,陪审团宣布被告“无罪”,而acquittal是名词形式,是正式的“无罪判决”。
 
The jury voted 8-to-4 in favor of acquittal.
陪审团以8比4的投票结果赞成无罪判决。
 
Objection 反对
 
在法庭上,一方律师对另一方的陈述或提问表示objection(反对)时,法官一般会做出两种反应:sustained(反对有效),overruled(反对无效)。法官判定反对有效时,相关方面需改变提问方式或者提问内容。
 
He raised several objections to the judge, but all of them were overruled.
他对法官提了好几次反对,可是都被判无效。
 
Parole 假释
 
People on parole must follow certain rules.
被假释的人必须遵守一定的规定。
 
Perjury3 伪证罪
 
You'll be punished if you procure4 the witness to commit perjury.
如果你诱使证人作伪证,你要受罚的。
 
Plaintiff 原告
 
The plaintiff's sole witness, a gambler and layabout, was easily discredited5.
原告唯一的证人嗜赌成性,游手好闲,其证词一下子就被推翻了。
 
Plea (被告或被告律师的)抗辩
 
We will enter a plea of not guilty...
我们将进行无罪抗辩。
 
Probation6 缓刑
 
The thief was put on probation for two years.
这个小偷被处以两年缓刑。


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1 negligence IjQyI     
n.疏忽,玩忽,粗心大意
参考例句:
  1. They charged him with negligence of duty.他们指责他玩忽职守。
  2. The traffic accident was allegedly due to negligence.这次车祸据说是由于疏忽造成的。
2 insanity H6xxf     
n.疯狂,精神错乱;极端的愚蠢,荒唐
参考例句:
  1. In his defense he alleged temporary insanity.他伪称一时精神错乱,为自己辩解。
  2. He remained in his cell,and this visit only increased the belief in his insanity.他依旧还是住在他的地牢里,这次视察只是更加使人相信他是个疯子了。
3 perjury LMmx0     
n.伪证;伪证罪
参考例句:
  1. You'll be punished if you procure the witness to commit perjury.如果你诱使证人作伪证,你要受罚的。
  2. She appeared in court on a perjury charge.她因被指控做了伪证而出庭受审。
4 procure A1GzN     
vt.获得,取得,促成;vi.拉皮条
参考例句:
  1. Can you procure some specimens for me?你能替我弄到一些标本吗?
  2. I'll try my best to procure you that original French novel.我将尽全力给你搞到那本原版法国小说。
5 discredited 94ada058d09abc9d4a3f8a5e1089019f     
不足信的,不名誉的
参考例句:
  1. The reactionary authorities are between two fires and have been discredited. 反动当局弄得进退维谷,不得人心。
  2. Her honour was discredited in the newspapers. 她的名声被报纸败坏了。
6 probation 41zzM     
n.缓刑(期),(以观后效的)察看;试用(期)
参考例句:
  1. The judge did not jail the young man,but put him on probation for a year.法官没有把那个年轻人关进监狱,而且将他缓刑察看一年。
  2. His salary was raised by 800 yuan after his probation.试用期满以后,他的工资增加了800元。
TAG标签: guilty parole plea
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