Liver Cancer
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2014-12-04 05:49 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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There is no consensus1 regarding the optimal2 treatment of patients with liver tumors. This contributes to the pessimistic attitude that many have regarding the treatment of liver cancer. Aggressive treatment strategies can cure or significantly prolong the life of many patients with liver cancer.
 
The liver is a common site of metastases from a variety of organs such as lung, breast, colon4 and rectum. When liver metastases occur at the time of initial diagnosis5 of the primary tumor3, they are described as synchronous6. If detected after the initial diagnosis, they are described as metachronous. The liver is frequently involved since it receives blood from the abdominal7 organs via the portal vein8. Malignant9 cells detach from the primary cancer, enter the bloodstream or lymphatic channels, travel to the liver, and grow independently. We do not understand the mechanism10 of how a tumor cell can leave the primary site and grow in specific organs. Potentially, the environment of the liver is suitable to the growth of certain tumor cells. Once a tumor begins to grow in the liver, it receives its blood supply from the hepatic artery11.


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1 consensus epMzA     
n.(意见等的)一致,一致同意,共识
参考例句:
  1. Can we reach a consensus on this issue?我们能在这个问题上取得一致意见吗?
  2. What is the consensus of opinion at the afternoon meeting?下午会议上一致的意见是什么?
2 optimal zmDzhM     
adj.最适宜的;最理想的;最令人满意的
参考例句:
  1. What is the optimal mix of private and public property rights in natural resources?私人和国家的自然资源产权的最适宜的组合是什么?
  2. Optimal path planning is a key link for the sailing contest.帆船最优行驶路径规划是帆船比赛取胜的关键环节。
3 tumor fKxzm     
n.(肿)瘤,肿块(英)tumour
参考例句:
  1. He was died of a malignant tumor.他死于恶性肿瘤。
  2. The surgeons irradiated the tumor.外科医生用X射线照射那个肿瘤。
4 colon jqfzJ     
n.冒号,结肠,直肠
参考例句:
  1. Here,too,the colon must be followed by a dash.这里也是一样,应当在冒号后加破折号。
  2. The colon is the locus of a large concentration of bacteria.结肠是大浓度的细菌所在地。
5 diagnosis GvPxC     
n.诊断,诊断结果,调查分析,判断
参考例句:
  1. His symptoms gave no obvious pointer to a possible diagnosis.他的症状无法作出明确的诊断。
  2. The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的倒塌做一次彻底的调查分析。
6 synchronous bqswx     
adj.同步的
参考例句:
  1. The message can be used only with synchronous operations.消息只能与同步操作一起使用。
  2. Synchronous machines do not easily fall out of step under normal conditions.在正常情况下,同步电机不易失去同步。
7 abdominal VIUya     
adj.腹(部)的,下腹的;n.腹肌
参考例句:
  1. The abdominal aorta is normally smaller than the thoracic aorta.腹主动脉一般比胸主动脉小。
  2. Abdominal tissues sometimes adhere after an operation.手术之后腹部有时会出现粘连。
8 vein fi9w0     
n.血管,静脉;叶脉,纹理;情绪;vt.使成脉络
参考例句:
  1. The girl is not in the vein for singing today.那女孩今天没有心情唱歌。
  2. The doctor injects glucose into the patient's vein.医生把葡萄糖注射入病人的静脉。
9 malignant Z89zY     
adj.恶性的,致命的;恶意的,恶毒的
参考例句:
  1. Alexander got a malignant slander.亚历山大受到恶意的诽谤。
  2. He started to his feet with a malignant glance at Winston.他爬了起来,不高兴地看了温斯顿一眼。
10 mechanism zCWxr     
n.机械装置;机构,结构
参考例句:
  1. The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成部件。
  2. The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.这台机器的结构是非常复杂的。
11 artery 5ekyE     
n.干线,要道;动脉
参考例句:
  1. We couldn't feel the changes in the blood pressure within the artery.我们无法感觉到动脉血管内血压的变化。
  2. The aorta is the largest artery in the body.主动脉是人体中的最大动脉。
TAG标签: cancer liver patients
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