科学家研发出一种无痛疫苗贴
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2017-07-04 09:10 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
The end of painful vaccination1 jabs is on the horizon after scientists proved that a skin patch is just as effective at inoculating2 patients and can be applied3 at home in just a few minutes.
 
打疫苗的疼痛很快就要终结了,科学家证实,贴在皮肤上的疫苗贴就和注射疫苗一样有效,而且在家就可以用,几分钟就能搞定。
 
 
The painless plaster, which contains tiny microscopic4 needles, could significantly improve the annual take-up for annual vaccinations5, such as the flu jab, researchers believe.
 
In Britain the NHS recommends that vulnerable adults and children, the elderly, and pregnant women are vaccinated7 each year, but fewer than 50 percent of pregnant women and only 70 percent of older people received the jab last winter. Many people are scared of needles or do not have the time to visit a doctor or nurse.
 
In the first human trial of the patch, involving 100 people, the patch was found to be just as effective as generating immunity8 for 12 months, and was preferred by the vast majority of those taking part.
 
Researchers say the patch is cheaper and could be mailed out so that people could vaccinate6 themselves in the comfort of their own homes. They are also developing patches for the measles9, rubella and polio vaccine10.
 
"Traditionally, if you get an influenza11 vaccine you need to visit a health care professional who will administer the vaccine using a hypodermic needle," said Dr Mark Prausnitz, Georgia Tech Regents professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering.
 
"The vaccine is stored in the refrigerator, and the used needle must be disposed of in a safe manner. With the microneedle patch, you could pick it up at the store and take it home, put it on your skin for a few minutes, peel it off and dispose of it safely, because the microneedles have dissolved away.
 
"The patches can also be stored outside the refrigerator, so you could even mail them to people."


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1 vaccination bKGzM     
n.接种疫苗,种痘
参考例句:
  1. Vaccination is a preventive against smallpox.种痘是预防天花的方法。
  2. Doctors suggest getting a tetanus vaccination every ten years.医生建议每十年注射一次破伤风疫苗。
2 inoculating 9e3023b2654258e7ea140f88a7ddd22b     
v.给…做预防注射( inoculate的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  1. He attempted to investigate bidirectional streaming by inoculating two dishes with R. oryzae. 他试图研究双向流动的问题,他把未根霉接种于两个培养皿。 来自辞典例句
  2. Doctors examined the recruits but nurses did the inocuLating. 医生们给新兵检查了身体,护士们给他们打了预防针。 来自互联网
3 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  1. She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  2. This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
4 microscopic nDrxq     
adj.微小的,细微的,极小的,显微的
参考例句:
  1. It's impossible to read his microscopic handwriting.不可能看清他那极小的书写字迹。
  2. A plant's lungs are the microscopic pores in its leaves.植物的肺就是其叶片上微细的气孔。
5 vaccinations ed61d339e2970fa63aee4b5ce757cc44     
n.种痘,接种( vaccination的名词复数 );牛痘疤
参考例句:
  1. Vaccinations ensure one against diseases. 接种疫苗可以预防疾病。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. I read some publicity about vaccinations while waiting my turn at the doctor's. 在医生那儿候诊时,我读了一些关于接种疫苗的宣传。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 vaccinate Iikww     
vt.给…接种疫苗;种牛痘
参考例句:
  1. Local health officials then can plan the best times to vaccinate people.这样,当地的卫生官员就可以安排最佳时间给人们接种疫苗。
  2. Doctors vaccinate us so that we do not catch smallpox.医生给我们打预防针使我们不会得天花。
7 vaccinated 8f16717462e6e6db3389d0f736409983     
[医]已接种的,种痘的,接种过疫菌的
参考例句:
  1. I was vaccinated against tetanus. 我接种了破伤风疫苗。
  2. Were you vaccinated against smallpox as a child? 你小时候打过天花疫苗吗?
8 immunity dygyQ     
n.优惠;免除;豁免,豁免权
参考例句:
  1. The law gives public schools immunity from taxation.法律免除公立学校的纳税义务。
  2. He claims diplomatic immunity to avoid being arrested.他要求外交豁免以便避免被捕。
9 measles Bw8y9     
n.麻疹,风疹,包虫病,痧子
参考例句:
  1. The doctor is quite definite about Tom having measles.医生十分肯定汤姆得了麻疹。
  2. The doctor told her to watch out for symptoms of measles.医生叫她注意麻疹出现的症状。
10 vaccine Ki1wv     
n.牛痘苗,疫苗;adj.牛痘的,疫苗的
参考例句:
  1. The polio vaccine has saved millions of lives.脊髓灰质炎疫苗挽救了数以百万计的生命。
  2. She takes a vaccine against influenza every fall.她每年秋季接种流感疫苗。
11 influenza J4NyD     
n.流行性感冒,流感
参考例句:
  1. They took steps to prevent the spread of influenza.他们采取措施
  2. Influenza is an infectious disease.流感是一种传染病。
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