孕期喝酒会改变胎儿颅面发育
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2017-06-16 08:41 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
Just a couple of glasses of wine during pregnancy1 could alter your child's facial features, a new study claims.
 
一项新研究称,怀孕期间只喝几杯酒也会改变胎儿的面部特征。
 
It has long been seen that alcohol can infect a fetus2, causing developmental delays in the brain. In the more severe cases, those delays can trigger facial defects.
 
However, a new Australian study published in JAMA Pediatrics has found that small quantities of alcohol could alter a child's face without necessarily causing cognitive3 issues.
 
Researchers analyzed4 photographs of 415 babies' faces to detect a series of subtle differences connected to alcohol consumption - such as a slighter shorter, upturned nose.
 
However, they said they do not have any evidence to show these delays in facial development are harmful in any other way than aesthetic5.
 
There is no definitive6 guideline on how much alcohol is safe to consume during pregnancy.
 
The CDC warns that: 'There is no known safe amount of alcohol use during pregnancy or while trying to get pregnant. There is also no safe time during pregnancy to drink. All types of alcohol are equally harmful.'


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1 pregnancy lPwxP     
n.怀孕,怀孕期
参考例句:
  1. Early pregnancy is often accompanied by nausea.怀孕早期常有恶心的现象。
  2. Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.怀孕期吸烟会增加流产的危险。
2 fetus ekHx3     
n.胎,胎儿
参考例句:
  1. In the fetus,blood cells are formed in different sites at different ages.胎儿的血细胞在不同时期生成在不同的部位。
  2. No one knows why a fetus is not automatically rejected by the mother's immune system. 没有人知道为什么母亲的免疫系统不会自动排斥胎儿。
3 cognitive Uqwz0     
adj.认知的,认识的,有感知的
参考例句:
  1. As children grow older,their cognitive processes become sharper.孩子们越长越大,他们的认知过程变得更为敏锐。
  2. The cognitive psychologist is like the tinker who wants to know how a clock works.认知心理学者倒很像一个需要通晓钟表如何运转的钟表修理匠。
4 analyzed 483f1acae53789fbee273a644fdcda80     
v.分析( analyze的过去式和过去分词 );分解;解释;对…进行心理分析
参考例句:
  1. The doctors analyzed the blood sample for anemia. 医生们分析了贫血的血样。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. The young man did not analyze the process of his captivation and enrapturement, for love to him was a mystery and could not be analyzed. 这年轻人没有分析自己蛊惑著迷的过程,因为对他来说,爱是个不可分析的迷。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 aesthetic px8zm     
adj.美学的,审美的,有美感
参考例句:
  1. My aesthetic standards are quite different from his.我的审美标准与他的大不相同。
  2. The professor advanced a new aesthetic theory.那位教授提出了新的美学理论。
6 definitive YxSxF     
adj.确切的,权威性的;最后的,决定性的
参考例句:
  1. This book is the definitive guide to world cuisine.这本书是世界美食的权威指南。
  2. No one has come up with a definitive answer as to why this should be so.至于为什么该这样,还没有人给出明确的答复。
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TAG标签: alcohol facial pregnancy
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