英语口语应用题的特点
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2008-11-26 00:35 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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"义务教育全日制初中英语教学的目的,是通过听、说、读、写的训练,使 学生获得英语基础知识和初步 运用英语交际的能力"。显然,要评价初中英语 教学是否达到大纲的要求,不仅要考查学生的语音、词汇、语 法,还要考查学 生初步运用英语交际的能力。如何考查交际能力?交际有两种形式,一是口头表 达形式;二是 笔头表达形式。目前我国中学中考考口试是不现实的,因此只能 以笔试代替口试。当今考查学生交际能力的题 型有很多,常用的有补全对话、 看图对话、看图填空、口语应用等形式。为了便于学生复习,笔者从《中考英 语 题典大全》(华中师范大学出版社出版)一书中选出的11道题进行简略分析, 以使广大考生对此类题的特 点有一个大致的了解。 "口语应用"一般是对话体,内容控制在《日常交际用语简表》规定的范围 内;对话的内容比较简单,一 般是学生实际生活中常见的事;句子结构比较简 单,尽量做到口语化。考生要熟练掌握大纲所规定的30个项目 的日常交际用语 的基本常识、常用句式和具备良好的语感。答题时要认真判断对话交际场合,仔 细理解所给单 句意思,弄清所给内容的整体意义,句与句之间的联系。下面是 实例分析: 一、打电话 1.It's me,Kate.Next Sunday is my birthday.Can you come to my party? 2.Hello!Who is speaking? 3.Ok.I'm sure he would1 love to come. 4.Oh,thanks very much.I'd love to.What time is it going2 to start? 5.Half past four.Don't forget to tell Jim.I hope3 he can come,too. A.31542 B.21453 C.15432 D.54123 分析:"Hello!Who is speaking?"是打电话所用的最基本语言,必定是文章 的首句。答语是一固定用语"I t's me."不可以说"I'm…",找出第一、二句,后 面根据问话内容就不难看出正确答案是B。 二、邀请 1.Thank you. 2.Sure.I would love to come. 3.It's my birthday.Would you come to my party? 4.I think so.Why? 5.Are you free4 next Tuesday evening? A.45312 B.34521 C.54321 D.12345 分析:"Are you free…"是邀请者问对方是否有空的用语,是此段对话的起 首句,"I think so"在此意为 "我想有空。""Why?"意为"什么事?",是第 5句的应答语。正确答案是C。 三、约会 1.How about going to play basketball? 2.Good idea!At what time? 3.Nothing much.Why? 4.At 4:30 in the afternoon. 5.What are you going to do tomorrow? A.25431 B.34512 C.43152 D.53124 分析:本段内容除第4句外其它均为疑问句,这似乎给答题加大了难度,其 实不然。只要读懂大意,找出第 一句,后面的句子也就好排列了。这段对话只 有第1句和第5句有可能作起首句,如果用第1句作起首句,第3句 就没有应 答语,对话不完整,第5句才是起首句。"Nothingmuch.Why?"意为"没什么事, 干什么?",是第5句 的应答语,"Howabout…?"是第3句的应答语。正确答案 是D。 四、就餐 1.What would you like,tea or coffee? 2.Yes,please. 3.Would you like something to drink? 4.All right. 5.I'd like tea,please. A.32154 B.21543 C.15432 D.54321 分析:"Would you like something to drink?"是问对方喝点什么的常用语, 是起首句,第2句是应答语, 问话人接着问是喝茶还是喝咖啡,第5句是第1 句的应答语。正确答案是A。 五、看病 1.Is that all?But I feel worse5 than cold. 2.What's wrong? 3.Don't worry.Nothing serious6. 4.Let me see,er….You have caught a bit7 of cold. 5.I don't feel well. A.53421 B.34125 C.13254 D.25413 分析:医生一般用"What's wrong?"或"What's the matter withyou?"问病 人,回答是:"I don't feel w ell."或"I'm feeling8 worse."紧接着是医生给 病人看病,给予安慰。正确答案是D。 六、问路 1.It's over there on the right. 2.Yes,which post office? 3.Excuse me.Can you tell me the way to the post of fice,please? 4.The nearest one. 5.Thank you very much. A.25431 B.32415 C.13254 D.21354 分析:问路者一般用"Excuse me."开头,接着说"Can/Could9 youtell me the way to…",第2句是第3句的 应答语,"Thanks"或"Thankyou very much."是 对话的结尾。正确答案是B。 七、购物 1.Which pair do you like? 2.The red one. 3.Here you are. 4.I'm looking for a pair of shoes. 5.What can I do for you? A.23145 B.31452 C.14253 D.54123 分析:营业员一般以"What can I do for you?/Can I help you?"问顾客, 以"Here you are."结尾,第4 句是第5句的应答语。正确答案是D。 八、询问价格 1.Ten yuan. 2.How much is it? 3.I'm afraid we haven't. 4.Thank you all the same. 5.That's too expensive.Do you have anything cheaper? A.42135 B.25143 C.21534 D.13245 分析:顾客常用"How much…?"问物价。第1句是营业员的应答语,第5句 是第1句的应答语。正确答案是C。 九、请求帮助 1.Certainly10! 2.Could you look after my daughter for me while11 we'reaway? 3.Thank you very much. 4.Yes,of course12 I'm sure. 5.Are you sure you don't mind13? A.15432 B.21543 C.54321 D.43215 分析:用"Could/Would you…"提出需要帮助,给予帮助者常用"Certainly." 或"Of course."作答。正确答 案是B。 十、问候 1.Very well,thank you. 2.I'm fine,too.Thanks. 3.Hello,Jim!How are you? 4.Fine,thank you.And you? 5.How about your family? A.54123 B.13452 C.34251 D.43521 分析:第3句用来招呼对方,并向对方问好,第4句是第3句的应答语,第 2句是第4句的应答语。正确答案是 C。 十一、询问 1.Thank you. 2.Yes,I am.Are you a new student? 3.Hi.Are you in this class? 4.It's Miss White,the lady over there. 5.Yes,who is the teacher? A.32541 B.25341 C.13245 D.45132 分析:第2句和第5句都以"Yes"开头。哪一句在先,哪一句在后就要因句 意而定。但关键词"Hi"告诉你第3 句是对话的首句,第2句是第3句的应答语。 正确答案是A。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 would 8fPwB     
aux.will的过去式;愿,要;常常;大概;将要,会
参考例句:
  1. Why would you say that?为什么你会这么说?
  2. Would you please help me?你能帮帮我吗?
2 going dsHzY9     
n.去,离去,地面(或道路)的状况,工作情况;(复数形式)goings: 行为;adj.进行中的,流行的,现存的
参考例句:
  1. We're going to listen to a report this afternoon. 今天下午我们要去听报告。
  2. He hates leaving the office and going on holiday.他不愿离开办公室去度假。
3 hope Kcwx9     
vt.希望,期望;vi.希望,期待;n.希望,期望
参考例句:
  1. We hope you can come.我们希望你能来。
  2. Hope you'll enjoy yourself there.愿您度过愉快的一天。
4 free ziYxM     
adj.自由的,免费的;v.使自由;adv.随意地
参考例句:
  1. I don't have much free time.我没有多少空闲时间。
  2. There really is no free lunch.天下果然没有免费的午餐。
5 worse zf7w1     
adj.更坏的,更差的;adv.更坏,更差
参考例句:
  1. I have even worse news for you.我有更坏的消息告诉你。
  2. The weather got worse during the day.白天天气更坏了。
6 serious fECzy     
adj.认真的,严肃的,重大的,严重的
参考例句:
  1. You know I am serious.你知道我是认真的。
  2. He is a serious boy.他是个严肃的孩子。
7 bit VRGyo     
n.一点儿,少量;钻头;马嚼子;辅币,位,比特(二进位制信息单位);v.控制
参考例句:
  1. I'm just going out for a bit.我正打算出去一会儿。
  2. When did you change the bit?什么时候换的钻头?
8 feeling DtgzMr     
n.感觉,知觉,感情
参考例句:
  1. I am feeling better now.我现在觉得好些了。
  2. I'm feeling kind of tired.我感到有点累。
9 could lzvxe     
v.能,可能(can的过去式);aux.v.(can的过去式)能;可以
参考例句:
  1. Could I open the window?我可以打开窗子吗?
  2. I could wait ten minutes.我可以等十分钟。
10 certainly rUDy7     
adv.当然,无疑;一定,肯定,必定
参考例句:
  1. He is certainly a hero!他无疑是个英雄!
  2. Some people certainly think so.有些人肯定会这么认为。
11 while IeZz7W     
conj.当…的时候;而;虽然;尽管 n.一会儿
参考例句:
  1. In a short while,the cat ate up the fish.不久,那只猫便将鱼吃个精光。
  2. He teaches English in the school all the while.他一直在这所学校里教英语。
12 course 1zcx6     
n.课程,讲座,过程,路线,一道(菜)
参考例句:
  1. The college course was then cut to three years.大学学制那时缩短到三年。
  2. Of course,I don't always sleep in the afternoons.当然,我并不总是在下午睡觉。
13 mind DDjxa     
n.思想,主意,心意;v.介意,照顾,留心
参考例句:
  1. I've changed my mind.我一经转变主意。
  2. You really don't mind?你真的不介意?
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