hope和wish的用法
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2009-02-07 03:09 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
    两词都表示"希望",但在用法上有相同和不同之处,不能随意互换。     一、相同之处   1.都可接不定式作宾语。   We wish to see the film.   我们都希望看那部电影。   The children hope1 to do something for the old man.   这些孩子希望为这位老人做些事情。   2.都能以某些代词作宾语。   That's what you have wished.   那就是你所希望的。   You can't hope much from such2 people.   对于这样的人,我们的希望不能过多。   3.都能与介词for连用,后接名词或某些不定代词,表示"希望得到""祈求"。   Do you hope for peace3?   你希望和平吗?   Do you wish for anything better?   你希望得到更好的东西吗?   4.都可与过去过完成时连用,表示本来想做而没做成。   I had4 hoped5 to come here, but I couldn't.   我本来希望来这里,但没能做到。   He had wished to finish it on time, but he didn't.   他希望按时完成这件事,但没有。   5.都用于It is / was6 to be…that的句型中。   It is to be hoped that she will get full marks7 in English.   希望她会在英语考试中得到满分。   It is to be wished that the problem8 will soon be solved9.   希望这个问题很快会得到解决。   二、不同之处   1. wish作为及物动词,可接名词或代词作宾语,hope则不能。   Do you wish a pen or a book?   你要的是钢笔还是书?   2. wish能接双宾语表示祝愿,hope则不能。   I wish you success10. 我祝你成功。   3. wish能接复合宾语,hope则不能。   I wish you to go with me.   我希望你同我一道去。   4. wish和hope都能接that引导的从句,但wish后的从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气(动词用过去时,或过去完成时),hope则用所需要的时态。   I hope that he will win the game.   我希望他会赢得这场比赛。   I wish that I knew the answer.   我希望我知道这个答案。   I wish I had bought it yesterday.   我希望昨天买了它。   5. hope可与so或not连用,分别代替一个具有肯定和否定意义的宾语从句,以免重复,wish则不能。   -Will it be fine tomorrow?   -I hope so.   -Will it rain tomorrow?   -I hope not.   三、wish, hope都可作名词,可数或不可数均可,wish表示"愿望""心愿""祝愿",hope表示"希望"。   1. My wish is to become a doctor.   我的愿望是当一名医生。   2. It is said11 that they have realized12 their wishes.   据说他们已实现了他们的愿望。   3. I have no (not much) wish to see him.   我并不(不大)想见他。   4. Send him my best wishes.   请代我向他致意。   5. Where there is life13 there is hope.   有生命就有希望。   6. There is a hope of success.   有成功的希望。   7. He has some hope (s) of success.   他有成功的希望。


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1 hope Kcwx9     
vt.希望,期望;vi.希望,期待;n.希望,期望
参考例句:
  1. We hope you can come.我们希望你能来。
  2. Hope you'll enjoy yourself there.愿您度过愉快的一天。
2 such psww9     
adj.如此的,这样的;pron.这样的;adv.如此地
参考例句:
  1. He is such a man.他是这样一个人。
  2. He spent all his money,he is such a fool.他这样傻,花光了所有的钱。
3 peace 2LlxJ     
n.和平;和睦;安宁
参考例句:
  1. The two countries were at peace.两国现在和平相处。
  2. All I want is a bit of peace and quiet.我所希望的只是一点平静。
4 had FeBxb     
vbl.have的过去式和过去分词;conj.有
参考例句:
  1. I just had a good idea!我有个好主意!
  2. The boy had a small branch of a tree in his hand.这个男孩手上拿一条小树枝。
5 hoped a49e6abbf781049044a6e8b55118c6f8     
v.希望,期望( hope的过去式和过去分词 );[俚语]相信,认为;希望,盼望,期待
参考例句:
  1. He hoped they would not feel affronted if they were not invited . 他希望如果他们没有获得邀请也不要感到受辱。
  2. They hoped to enlist the help of the public in solving the crime. 他们希望寻求公众协助破案。
6 was bglwv     
v.(is,am的过去式)是,在
参考例句:
  1. He said he was right.他说他是正确的。
  2. He was cold and hungry.他又冷又饿。
7 marks 84374ee67fcded601fa8433a4b4b3c9b     
标志
参考例句:
  1. Coursework accounts for 40% of the final marks. 课程作业占最后总成绩的40%。
  2. The film marks her directorial debut. 这部电影是她作为导演初露头角的标志。
8 problem hQaxH     
n.问题;难题
参考例句:
  1. The problem is ongoing.这个问题尚未解决。
  2. This problem is too hard for me to solve.这个问题太难,我解决不了。
9 solved ac6f263f90369bef9b31137c03c77c09     
v.解决( solve的过去式和过去分词 );解答;解释;揭示
参考例句:
  1. It is becoming increasingly clear that this problem will not be easily solved. 越来越明显的是,这个问题不会轻易解决。
  2. She soon heard from her sister how the problem had been solved. 她很快从她姐姐那里了解到问题是如何解决的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 success ps7we     
n.成就,成功
参考例句:
  1. The party looks like being a success after all.无论怎么说这次聚会看起来是成功的。
  2. All in all,it has been a great success.总的来说,非常成功。
11 said IYtxh     
v.动词say的过去式、过去分词
参考例句:
  1. He said to me that he could not come.他对我说他不能来。
  2. He said to his mother that he would do it by himself.他对他的母亲说他将自己独立做那件事。
12 realized 1a27b60a6e81ce065b1722b3886374a1     
adj.realize的过去式v.实现( realize的过去式和过去分词 );了解;(所担心的事)发生;以…价格卖出
参考例句:
  1. He realized that his calling was to preach the gospel. 他体悟到宣讲福音是他的使命。
  2. They soon realized they had been duped. 他们很快便意识到自己上当了。
13 life C1LxR     
n.生活;生命
参考例句:
  1. The doctor came in time to save his life.医生及时来抢救他的生命。
  2. At last he knew the meaning of life.终于,他知道了生命的意义。
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