非谓语动词做表语
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2009-02-07 03:20 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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做表语用的非谓语动词有:不定式(todo),动名词(doing),和分词(done,doing) ■不定式做表语 1.Her wish was to become an artist.她的愿望是成为一位艺术家。 2.The most important thing is to put the ory into practice.最重要的是要把理论应用到实践。 3.Our aim is to help them,not to teach them a lesson.我们的目的是帮助他们,而不是教训他们。 总结:不定式做表语表示主语的具体内容,如例1;表示将来的动作,如例2;表示目的,如例3。因此,在表示“目的,愿望,梦想,需求”等名词做主语时其表语应该用不定式. 4.What he did was___(wait)答案:wait或是to wait 分析:当主语部分含do这个实义词,表语所说的是do的具体内容,这时表语部分的动词用todo或do的形式。 例如:All that he could do was(to) comfort her.他所能做的一切就是安慰她。 ■动名词做表语 1.My job is teaching1.(Teaching is my job.) 2.Seeing is believing.百闻不如一见。 总结:动名词做表语,表示抽象概念。动名词做表语一般用来表示“身份,职业”等.大部分时候主语与表语可以互换,如例1。此外,还要注意主语与表语的一致性,如例2。例2还可以说成:To see is to believe. [比较]一般来说,表示比较抽象的一般行为时多用动名词做表语;表示具体某次动作,特别是将来的动作时,多用不定式. 例如:Their job is building houses.他们的工作是盖房子. Our task now is to develop our economy.我们的任务是发展经济. 有时两者都可以用,没有什么差别. 例如:What she likes is watching the children play.(=What she likes is to watch the children play.)她喜欢的是看孩子们玩. ■分词做表语 首先做一些练习 1.The situation is____(encourage). 2.The door remained____(lock)when he came again. 答案:1.encouraging  2.locked 总结:surprise,interest,excite,puzzle,disappoint,astonish,encourage,inspire,shock,move等及物动词用做表语时,要看其与主语的关系。如果与主语为主动关系,则用-ing形式,表示主语的特征。如果是被动关系,用-done这种形式,表示主语的状态。 如:The news astonished us.这句话就表明了the news与astonish为主动关系。astonish与us为被动关系。那么就可以直接得出以下两个句子: 1)The news was astonishing. 2)We were astonished(by the news). 练习: 3.She looked_____(disappoint). 4.The news is quite___(astonish). 答案:3.disappointed  4.astonishing 有时候动词的过去分词作用在be动词之后,并非是被动语态,而是做表语表示事物存在的状态。如: 5.The bottles are broken.杯子都破了。 选择最佳答案: 1The speech was so _____that they were all____. A.inspiring;exciting B.inspiring;excited C.inspired;excite D.inspired;exciting 2.Her wish is ___an engineer. A.becoming B.become C.to become D.being come 3.Some people's greatest pleasure is______. A.fishing  B.to fish  C.to be fishing  D.being fish 4.The report was so____that they were all_____. A.inspiring,exciting B.inspiring,excited C.inspired,excited D.inspired,exciting 5.--“You look pale.”
--“I feel a little______.”
A.tire  B.tired  C.tiring  D.tiresome2 6.As we joined the big crowd I got_____________ from my friends. A.separated  B.spared  C.lost  D.missed 7.Her son,to whom she was so_____,went abroad ten years ago. A.loved  B.cared  C.devoted  D.affected3 8.It is believed that if a book is_______,it will surely_________the readers. A.interested;interest B.interesting;beinterested C.interested;beinteresting D.interesting;interest 9.From his_____expression,we could see he was_____. A.puzzled;puzzling B.puzzled;puzzled C.puzzling;puzzling D.puzzling;puzzled 10.Allthat I did all the morning was_____the meal. A.prepare  B.preparing  C.prepared  D.to have prepared Keys: BCABBACDBA


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1 teaching ngEziT     
n.教学,执教,任教,讲授;(复数)教诲
参考例句:
  1. We all agree in adopting the new teaching method. 我们一致同意采取新的教学方法。
  2. He created a new system of teaching foreign languages.他创造了一种新的外语教学体系。
2 tiresome Kgty9     
adj.令人疲劳的,令人厌倦的
参考例句:
  1. His doubts and hesitations were tiresome.他的疑惑和犹豫令人厌烦。
  2. He was tiresome in contending for the value of his own labors.他老为他自己劳动的价值而争强斗胜,令人生厌。
3 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  1. She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  2. His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
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