DICKINSONS BECAUSE I COULD NOT STOP FOR DEATH
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2008-11-25 08:15 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
Abstract:Analyzes the poem `Because I Could Not Stop for Death,' by Emily Dickinson. The use of remembered images of the past to clarify infinite conceptions through the establishment of a dialectical relationship between reality and imagination, the known and the unknown; The viewpoint of eternity1; Understanding of the incomprehensible; The stages of existence.
DICKINSON'S BECAUSE I COULD NOT STOP FOR DEATH
In "Because I Could Not Stop for Death" (J712), Emily Dickinson uses remembered images of the past to clarify infinite conceptions through the establishment of a dialectical relationship between reality and imagination, the known and the unknown.[1] By viewing this relationship holistically2 and hierarchically ordering the stages of life to include death and eternity, Dickinson suggests the interconnected and mutually determined3 nature of the finite and infinite.[2]
From the viewpoint of eternity, the speaker recalls experiences that happened on earth centuries ago. In her recollection, she attempts to identify the eternal world by its relationship to temporal standards, as she states that "Centuries" (21) in eternity are "shorter than the [earthly] day" (22). Likewise, by anthropomorphizing Death as a kind and civil gentleman, the speaker particularizes Death's characteristics with favorable connotations. [3] Similarly, the finite and infinite are amalgamated4 in the fourth stanza5:
The Dews drew quivering and chill-- For only Gossamer6, my Gown--My Tippett--only Tulle--(14-16)
In these lines the speaker's temporal existence, which allows her to quiver as she is chilled by the "Dew," merges7 with the spiritual universe, as the speaker is attired8 in a "Gown" and cape9 or "Tippet," made respectively of "Gossamer," a cobweb, and "Tulle," a kind of thin, open net-temporal coverings that suggest transparent10, spiritual qualities.
Understanding the incomprehensible often depends on an appreciation11 of the progression of the stages of existence. By recalling specific stages of life on earth, the speaker not only settles her temporal past but also views these happenings from a higher awareness12, both literally13 and figuratively. In a literal sense, for example, as the carriage gains altitude to make its heavenly approach, a house seems as "A Swelling14 of the Ground" (18). Figuratively the poem may symbolize15 the three stages of life: "School, where Children strove" (9) may represent childhood; "Fields of Gazing Grain" (11), maturity16; and "Setting Sun" (12) old age. Viewing the progression of these stages-life, to death, to eternity-as a continuum invests these isolated17, often incomprehensible events with meaning.[4] From her eternal perspective, the speaker comprehends that life, like the "Horses Heads" (23), leads "toward Eternity" (24).[5]
Through her boundless18 amalgamation19 and progressive ordering of the temporal world with the spiritual universe, Dickinson dialectically shapes meaning from the limitations of life, allowing the reader momentarily to glimpse a universe in which the seemingly distinct and discontinuous stages of existence are holistically implicated20 and purposed.
NOTES
[1.] Others who have written on Emily Dickinson's responses to death include Ruth Miller21 (The Poetry of Emily Dickinson [Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan U P, 1968]); Robert Weisbuch Emily Dickinson's Poetry [Chicago, 111.: U of Chicago P, 1975]); Carol Anne Taylor ("Kierkegaard and the Ironic22 Voices of Emily Dickinson ," Journal of English and German Philology23 77 [1978]: 569-81); Charles Anderson ( Emily Dickinson's Poetry: Stairway of Surprise [New York: Holt, Reinhart, 1960]); Sharon Cameron (Lyric Time (Baltimore: John Hopkins U P, 1979]); Brita Lindberg-Seyersted (The Voice of the Poet: Aspects of Style in the Poetry of Emily Dickinson [Cambridge: Harvard U P, 1968]).
[2.] The theoretical foundation for aspects of this argument rests in part on the philosophies of such men as Immanuel Kant, who represents the notion of the boundary of human experience as a belt of mediation24: "The sensuous25 world is nothing but a chain of appearances connected according to universal laws; it has therefore no subsistence by itself; it is not the thing in itself and consequently must point to that which contains the basis of this experience, to beings which cannot be cognised merely as phenomena26, but as things in themselves" (Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, trans. and ed. Paul Carus [Chicago: Open Court Publishing Co., 1902] 124).
[3.] In The Long Shadow, Clark Griffith grounds this poem in secular27 traditions, as he points out that Death's stopping for the Lady-Poet reflects a "tradition of nineteenth-century 'courtly love' " (129), an interpretation28 which allows the reader to evaluate "Death as either kind or malevolent29" (130) and "Eternity" (131) as a "pleasant" place or realm of "nothingness" (132).
[4.] In The Rhetoric30 of American Romance (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U P 1984), Evan Carton says, "To approach God, for Dickinson, is generally to shape a more satisfying . . . relationship between oneself and the universe . . ." (270).
[5.] Jane D. Eberwein, in Dickinson: Strategies of Limitation (Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1985). argues that Death does not "launch the persona of this poem into another world" but rather leaves the persona in a "House" (218).
Copyright of Explicator is the property of Heldref Publications and its content may not be copied without the copyright holder's express written permission except for the print or download capabilities31 of the retrieval software used for access. This content is intended solely32 for the use of the individual user.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 eternity Aiwz7     
n.不朽,来世;永恒,无穷
参考例句:
  1. The dull play seemed to last an eternity.这场乏味的剧似乎演个没完没了。
  2. Finally,Ying Tai and Shan Bo could be together for all of eternity.英台和山伯终能双宿双飞,永世相随。
2 holistically 31dd6c76cb429811417919b2d65a52ec     
adv.holistic(整体的,全盘的)的副词形式
参考例句:
  1. Menu items and dialogs, when they are translated, to be considered holistically. 在翻译菜单项和对话框时,需要全盘考虑,确保翻译的界面保持整体的一致性很重要。 来自互联网
  2. If we examine this entity holistically, we can discover how incredible it really is. 如果我们整体检查这实体,我们可以发现它真的是多么让人难以置信。 来自互联网
3 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  1. I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  2. He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
4 amalgamated ed85e8e23651662e5e12b2453a8d0f6f     
v.(使)(金属)汞齐化( amalgamate的过去式和过去分词 );(使)合并;联合;结合
参考例句:
  1. The company has now amalgamated with another local firm. 这家公司现在已与当地一家公司合并了。
  2. Those two organizations have been amalgamated into single one. 那两个组织已合并为一个组织。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
5 stanza RFoyc     
n.(诗)节,段
参考例句:
  1. We omitted to sing the second stanza.我们漏唱了第二节。
  2. One young reporter wrote a review with a stanza that contained some offensive content.一个年轻的记者就歌词中包含有攻击性内容的一节写了评论。
6 gossamer ufQxj     
n.薄纱,游丝
参考例句:
  1. The prince helped the princess,who was still in her delightful gossamer gown.王子搀扶着仍穿著那套美丽薄纱晚礼服的公主。
  2. Gossamer is floating in calm air.空中飘浮着游丝。
7 merges a03f3f696e7db24b06d3a6b806144742     
(使)混合( merge的第三人称单数 ); 相融; 融入; 渐渐消失在某物中
参考例句:
  1. The 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Mo Yan"who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary". 2012年诺贝尔文学奖得主为莫言,他“很好地将魔幻现实与民间故事、历史与当代结合在一起”。
  2. A device that collates, merges, or matches sets of punched cards or other documents. 一种整理、合并或比较一组穿孔卡片或其它文档的设备。
8 attired 1ba349e3c80620d3c58c9cc6c01a7305     
adj.穿着整齐的v.使穿上衣服,使穿上盛装( attire的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  1. The bride was attired in white. 新娘穿一身洁白的礼服。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. It is appropriate that everyone be suitably attired. 人人穿戴得体是恰当的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 cape ITEy6     
n.海角,岬;披肩,短披风
参考例句:
  1. I long for a trip to the Cape of Good Hope.我渴望到好望角去旅行。
  2. She was wearing a cape over her dress.她在外套上披着一件披肩。
10 transparent Smhwx     
adj.明显的,无疑的;透明的
参考例句:
  1. The water is so transparent that we can see the fishes swimming.水清澈透明,可以看到鱼儿游来游去。
  2. The window glass is transparent.窗玻璃是透明的。
11 appreciation Pv9zs     
n.评价;欣赏;感谢;领会,理解;价格上涨
参考例句:
  1. I would like to express my appreciation and thanks to you all.我想对你们所有人表达我的感激和谢意。
  2. I'll be sending them a donation in appreciation of their help.我将送给他们一笔捐款以感谢他们的帮助。
12 awareness 4yWzdW     
n.意识,觉悟,懂事,明智
参考例句:
  1. There is a general awareness that smoking is harmful.人们普遍认识到吸烟有害健康。
  2. Environmental awareness has increased over the years.这些年来人们的环境意识增强了。
13 literally 28Wzv     
adv.照字面意义,逐字地;确实
参考例句:
  1. He translated the passage literally.他逐字逐句地翻译这段文字。
  2. Sometimes she would not sit down till she was literally faint.有时候,她不走到真正要昏厥了,决不肯坐下来。
14 swelling OUzzd     
n.肿胀
参考例句:
  1. Use ice to reduce the swelling. 用冰敷消肿。
  2. There is a marked swelling of the lymph nodes. 淋巴结处有明显的肿块。
15 symbolize YrvwU     
vt.作为...的象征,用符号代表
参考例句:
  1. Easter eggs symbolize the renewal of life.复活蛋象征新生。
  2. Dolphins symbolize the breath of life.海豚象征着生命的气息。
16 maturity 47nzh     
n.成熟;完成;(支票、债券等)到期
参考例句:
  1. These plants ought to reach maturity after five years.这些植物五年后就该长成了。
  2. This is the period at which the body attains maturity.这是身体发育成熟的时期。
17 isolated bqmzTd     
adj.与世隔绝的
参考例句:
  1. His bad behaviour was just an isolated incident. 他的不良行为只是个别事件。
  2. Patients with the disease should be isolated. 这种病的患者应予以隔离。
18 boundless kt8zZ     
adj.无限的;无边无际的;巨大的
参考例句:
  1. The boundless woods were sleeping in the deep repose of nature.无边无际的森林在大自然静寂的怀抱中酣睡着。
  2. His gratitude and devotion to the Party was boundless.他对党无限感激、无限忠诚。
19 amalgamation Zz9zAK     
n.合并,重组;;汞齐化
参考例句:
  1. We look towards the amalgamation of some of the neighborhood factories.我们指望合并一些里弄工厂。
  2. The proposed amalgamation of the two institutes has mow fallen through.这两个研究所打算合并的事现在已经落空了。
20 implicated 8443a53107b44913ed0a3f12cadfa423     
adj.密切关联的;牵涉其中的
参考例句:
  1. These groups are very strongly implicated in the violence. 这些组织与这起暴力事件有着极大的关联。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. Having the stolen goods in his possession implicated him in the robbery. 因藏有赃物使他涉有偷盗的嫌疑。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
21 miller ZD6xf     
n.磨坊主
参考例句:
  1. Every miller draws water to his own mill.磨坊主都往自己磨里注水。
  2. The skilful miller killed millions of lions with his ski.技术娴熟的磨坊主用雪橇杀死了上百万头狮子。
22 ironic 1atzm     
adj.讽刺的,有讽刺意味的,出乎意料的
参考例句:
  1. That is a summary and ironic end.那是一个具有概括性和讽刺意味的结局。
  2. People used to call me Mr Popularity at high school,but they were being ironic.人们中学时常把我称作“万人迷先生”,但他们是在挖苦我。
23 philology 1Ndxj     
n.语言学;语文学
参考例句:
  1. Philology would never be of much use to you.语文学对你不会有很大用途。
  2. In west,the philology is attached to the linguistics.在西方,文语文学则附属于语言学。
24 mediation 5Cxxl     
n.调解
参考例句:
  1. The dispute was settled by mediation of the third country. 这场争端通过第三国的斡旋而得以解决。
  2. The dispute was settled by mediation. 经调解使争端得以解决。
25 sensuous pzcwc     
adj.激发美感的;感官的,感觉上的
参考例句:
  1. Don't get the idea that value of music is commensurate with its sensuous appeal.不要以为音乐的价值与其美的感染力相等。
  2. The flowers that wreathed his parlor stifled him with their sensuous perfume.包围著客厅的花以其刺激人的香味使他窒息。
26 phenomena 8N9xp     
n.现象
参考例句:
  1. Ade couldn't relate the phenomena with any theory he knew.艾德无法用他所知道的任何理论来解释这种现象。
  2. The object of these experiments was to find the connection,if any,between the two phenomena.这些实验的目的就是探索这两种现象之间的联系,如果存在着任何联系的话。
27 secular GZmxM     
n.牧师,凡人;adj.世俗的,现世的,不朽的
参考例句:
  1. We live in an increasingly secular society.我们生活在一个日益非宗教的社会。
  2. Britain is a plural society in which the secular predominates.英国是个世俗主导的多元社会。
28 interpretation P5jxQ     
n.解释,说明,描述;艺术处理
参考例句:
  1. His statement admits of one interpretation only.他的话只有一种解释。
  2. Analysis and interpretation is a very personal thing.分析与说明是个很主观的事情。
29 malevolent G8IzV     
adj.有恶意的,恶毒的
参考例句:
  1. Why are they so malevolent to me?他们为什么对我如此恶毒?
  2. We must thwart his malevolent schemes.我们决不能让他的恶毒阴谋得逞。
30 rhetoric FCnzz     
n.修辞学,浮夸之言语
参考例句:
  1. Do you know something about rhetoric?你懂点修辞学吗?
  2. Behind all the rhetoric,his relations with the army are dangerously poised.在冠冕堂皇的言辞背后,他和军队的关系岌岌可危。
31 capabilities f7b11037f2050959293aafb493b7653c     
n.能力( capability的名词复数 );可能;容量;[复数]潜在能力
参考例句:
  1. He was somewhat pompous and had a high opinion of his own capabilities. 他有点自大,自视甚高。 来自辞典例句
  2. Some programmers use tabs to break complex product capabilities into smaller chunks. 一些程序员认为,标签可以将复杂的功能分为每个窗格一组简单的功能。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
32 solely FwGwe     
adv.仅仅,唯一地
参考例句:
  1. Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。
  2. The town depends almost solely on the tourist trade.这座城市几乎完全靠旅游业维持。
TAG标签:
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:点击我更换图片

鸿运国际娱乐官网

百度360搜索搜狗搜索