学习语言需要知道的十件事 下
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2014-11-07 07:19 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
6. Ignore the myths: age is just a number
 
You are a monolingual adult: have you missed the language boat? Ralby argues "a key language myth is that it's harder as an adult". Adults and children may learn in different ways but that shouldn't deter1 you from committing to learning another language. "Languages are simultaneously2 organic and systematic3. As children we learn languages organically and instinctively4; as adults we can learn them systematically5."
 
If you're still not convinced of your chances, Ralby suggests drawing inspiration from early philologists6 and founders7 of linguistics8 who "learned dozens of languages to encyclopaedic levels as adult.

7. Do some revision of your native language
 
Speaking your first language may be second nature, but that doesn't necessarily mean you understand it well. Kerstin Hammes, editor of the Fluent Language Blog, believes you can't make good progress in a second language until you understand your own. "I think understanding your native language and just generally how language works is so essential before you launch yourself at a bunch of foreign phrases."
 
8. Don't underestimate the importance of translation
 
Different approaches may be necessary at different stages of the learning process. Once you have reached a certain level of proficiency9 and can say quite a bit, fairly accurately10, Rebecca Braun, senior lecturer in German studies at Lancaster University, says it is typical to feel a slowing down in progress. "Translation," she says, "is such an important exercise for helping11 you get over a certain plateau that you will reach as a language learner ... Translation exercises don't allow you to paraphrase12 and force the learner on to the next level.".
 
9. Beware of fluency13
 
Many of the panellists were cautious of the F-word. Hammes argues not only is it difficult to define what fluency is, but "as a goal it is so much bigger than it deserves to be. Language learning never stops because it's culture learning, personal growth and endless improvement. I believe that this is where learners go wrong".
 
10. Go to where the language is spoken
 
It may not be an option for everyone but Braun reminds us that "if you are serious about learning the language and getting direct pleasure from what you have learned, you need to go to where that language is spoken".
 
Travel and living abroad can complement14 learning in the classroom: "The books and verb charts may be the easiest way to ensure you expose yourself to the language at home, but the people and the culture will far outclass them once you get to the country where your language is spoken."


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 deter DmZzU     
vt.阻止,使不敢,吓住
参考例句:
  1. Failure did not deter us from trying it again.失败并没有能阻挡我们再次进行试验。
  2. Dogs can deter unwelcome intruders.狗能够阻拦不受欢迎的闯入者。
2 simultaneously 4iBz1o     
adv.同时发生地,同时进行地
参考例句:
  1. The radar beam can track a number of targets almost simultaneously.雷达波几乎可以同时追着多个目标。
  2. The Windows allow a computer user to execute multiple programs simultaneously.Windows允许计算机用户同时运行多个程序。
3 systematic SqMwo     
adj.有系统的,有计划的,有方法的
参考例句:
  1. The way he works isn't very systematic.他的工作不是很有条理。
  2. The teacher made a systematic work of teaching.这个教师进行系统的教学工作。
4 instinctively 2qezD2     
adv.本能地
参考例句:
  1. As he leaned towards her she instinctively recoiled. 他向她靠近,她本能地往后缩。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. He knew instinctively where he would find her. 他本能地知道在哪儿能找到她。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 systematically 7qhwn     
adv.有系统地
参考例句:
  1. This government has systematically run down public services since it took office.这一屆政府自上台以来系统地削减了公共服务。
  2. The rainforest is being systematically destroyed.雨林正被系统地毀灭。
6 philologists 653530ee0ab46a503524c0f8ca125b66     
n.语文学( philology的名词复数 )
参考例句:
7 founders 863257b2606659efe292a0bf3114782c     
n.创始人( founder的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. He was one of the founders of the university's medical faculty. 他是该大学医学院的创建人之一。 来自辞典例句
  2. The founders of our religion made this a cornerstone of morality. 我们宗教的创始人把这看作是道德的基石。 来自辞典例句
8 linguistics f0Gxm     
n.语言学
参考例句:
  1. She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  2. Linguistics is a scientific study of the property of language.语言学是指对语言的性质所作的系统研究。
9 proficiency m1LzU     
n.精通,熟练,精练
参考例句:
  1. He plied his trade and gained proficiency in it.他勤习手艺,技术渐渐达到了十分娴熟的地步。
  2. How do you think of your proficiency in written and spoken English?你认为你的书面英语和口语熟练程度如何?
10 accurately oJHyf     
adv.准确地,精确地
参考例句:
  1. It is hard to hit the ball accurately.准确地击中球很难。
  2. Now scientists can forecast the weather accurately.现在科学家们能准确地预报天气。
11 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  1. The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  2. By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
12 paraphrase SLSxy     
vt.将…释义,改写;n.释义,意义
参考例句:
  1. You may read the prose paraphrase of this poem.你可以看一下这首诗的散文释义。
  2. Paraphrase the following sentences or parts of sentences using your own words.用你自己的话解释下面的句子或句子的一部分。
13 fluency ajCxF     
n.流畅,雄辩,善辩
参考例句:
  1. More practice will make you speak with greater fluency.多练习就可以使你的口语更流利。
  2. Some young children achieve great fluency in their reading.一些孩子小小年纪阅读已经非常流畅。
14 complement ZbTyZ     
n.补足物,船上的定员;补语;vt.补充,补足
参考例句:
  1. The two suggestions complement each other.这两条建议相互补充。
  2. They oppose each other also complement each other.它们相辅相成。
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