日本天皇谈话 作为象征天皇关于公务的想法
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2016-08-13 08:44 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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Message from His Majesty1 The Emperor
 
August 8, 2016
 
A major milestone2 year marking the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II has passed, and in two years we will be welcoming the 30th year of Heisei.
 
As I am now more than 80 years old and there are times when I feel various constraints3 such as in my physical fitness, in the last few years I have started to reflect on my years as the Emperor, and contemplate4 on my role and my duties as the Emperor in the days to come.
 
As we are in the midst of a rapidly aging society, I would like to talk to you today about what would be a desirable role of the Emperor in a time when the Emperor, too, becomes advanced in age. While, being in the position of the Emperor, I must refrain from making any specific comments on the existing Imperial system, I would like to tell you what I, as an individual, have been thinking about.
 
Ever since my accession to the throne, I have carried out the acts of the Emperor in matters of state, and at the same time I have spent my days searching for and contemplating5 on what is the desirable role of the Emperor, who is designated to be the symbol of the State by the Constitution of Japan. As one who has inherited a long tradition, I have always felt a deep sense of responsibility to protect this tradition. At the same time, in a nation and in a world which are constantly changing, I have continued to think to this day about how the Japanese Imperial Family can put its traditions to good use in the present age and be an active and inherent part of society, responding to the expectations of the people.
 
It was some years ago, after my two surgeries that I began to feel a decline in my fitness level because of my advancing age, and I started to think about the pending6 future, how I should conduct myself should it become difficult for me to carry out my heavy duties in the way I have been doing, and what would be best for the country, for the people, and also for the Imperial Family members who will follow after me. I am already 80 years old, and fortunately I am now in good health. However, when I consider that my fitness level is gradually declining, I am worried that it may become difficult for me to carry out my duties as the symbol of the State with my whole being as I have done until now.
 
I ascended7 to the throne approximately 28 years ago, and during these years, I have spent my days together with the people of Japan, sharing much of the joys as well as the sorrows that have happened in our country. I have considered that the first and foremost duty of the Emperor is to pray for peace and happiness of all the people. At the same time, I also believe that in some cases it is essential to stand by the people, listen to their voices, and be close to them in their thoughts. In order to carry out the duties of the Emperor as the symbol of the State and as a symbol of the unity8 of the people, the Emperor needs to seek from the people their understanding on the role of the symbol of the State. I think that likewise, there is need for the Emperor to have a deep awareness9 of his own role as the Emperor, deep understanding of the people, and willingness to nurture10 within himself the awareness of being with the people. In this regard, I have felt that my travels to various places throughout Japan, in particular, to remote places and islands, are important acts of the Emperor as the symbol of the State and I have carried them out in that spirit. In my travels throughout the country, which I have made together with the Empress, including the time when I was Crown Prince, I was made aware that wherever I went there were thousands of citizens who love their local community and with quiet dedication11 continue to support their community. With this awareness I was able to carry out the most important duties of the Emperor, to always think of the people and pray for the people, with deep respect and love for the people. That, I feel, has been a great blessing12.
 
In coping with the aging of the Emperor, I think it is not possible to continue reducing perpetually the Emperor's acts in matters of state and his duties as the symbol of the State. A Regency may be established to act in the place of the Emperor when the Emperor cannot fulfill13 his duties for reasons such as he is not yet of age or he is seriously ill. Even in such cases, however, it does not change the fact that the Emperor continues to be the Emperor till the end of his life, even though he is unable to fully14 carry out his duties as the Emperor.
 
When the Emperor has ill health and his condition becomes serious, I am concerned that, as we have seen in the past, society comes to a standstill and people's lives are impacted in various ways. The practice in the Imperial Family has been that the death of the Emperor called for events of heavy mourning, continuing every day for two months, followed by funeral events which continue for one year. These various events occur simultaneously15 with events related to the new era, placing a very heavy strain on those involved in the events, in particular, the family left behind. It occurs to me from time to time to wonder whether it is possible to prevent such a situation.#p#分页标题#e#
 
As I said in the beginning, under the Constitution, the Emperor does not have powers related to government. Even under such circumstances, it is my hope that by thoroughly16 reflecting on our country's long history of emperors, the Imperial Family can continue to be with the people at all times and can work together with the people to build the future of our country, and that the duties of the Emperor as the symbol of the State can continue steadily17 without a break. With this earnest wish, I have decided18 to make my thoughts known.
 
I sincerely hope for your understanding.


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1 majesty MAExL     
n.雄伟,壮丽,庄严,威严;最高权威,王权
参考例句:
  1. The king had unspeakable majesty.国王有无法形容的威严。
  2. Your Majesty must make up your mind quickly!尊贵的陛下,您必须赶快做出决定!
2 milestone c78zM     
n.里程碑;划时代的事件
参考例句:
  1. The film proved to be a milestone in the history of cinema.事实证明这部影片是电影史上的一个里程碑。
  2. I think this is a very important milestone in the relations between our two countries.我认为这是我们两国关系中一个十分重要的里程碑。
3 constraints d178923285d63e9968956a0a4758267e     
强制( constraint的名词复数 ); 限制; 约束
参考例句:
  1. Data and constraints can easily be changed to test theories. 信息库中的数据和限制条件可以轻易地改变以检验假设。 来自英汉非文学 - 科学史
  2. What are the constraints that each of these imply for any design? 这每种产品的要求和约束对于设计意味着什么? 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
4 contemplate PaXyl     
vt.盘算,计议;周密考虑;注视,凝视
参考例句:
  1. The possibility of war is too horrifying to contemplate.战争的可能性太可怕了,真不堪细想。
  2. The consequences would be too ghastly to contemplate.后果不堪设想。
5 contemplating bde65bd99b6b8a706c0f139c0720db21     
深思,细想,仔细考虑( contemplate的现在分词 ); 注视,凝视; 考虑接受(发生某事的可能性); 深思熟虑,沉思,苦思冥想
参考例句:
  1. You're too young to be contemplating retirement. 你考虑退休还太年轻。
  2. She stood contemplating the painting. 她站在那儿凝视那幅图画。
6 pending uMFxw     
prep.直到,等待…期间;adj.待定的;迫近的
参考例句:
  1. The lawsuit is still pending in the state court.这案子仍在州法庭等待定夺。
  2. He knew my examination was pending.他知道我就要考试了。
7 ascended ea3eb8c332a31fe6393293199b82c425     
v.上升,攀登( ascend的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  1. He has ascended into heaven. 他已经升入了天堂。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. The climbers slowly ascended the mountain. 爬山运动员慢慢地登上了这座山。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 unity 4kQwT     
n.团结,联合,统一;和睦,协调
参考例句:
  1. When we speak of unity,we do not mean unprincipled peace.所谓团结,并非一团和气。
  2. We must strengthen our unity in the face of powerful enemies.大敌当前,我们必须加强团结。
9 awareness 4yWzdW     
n.意识,觉悟,懂事,明智
参考例句:
  1. There is a general awareness that smoking is harmful.人们普遍认识到吸烟有害健康。
  2. Environmental awareness has increased over the years.这些年来人们的环境意识增强了。
10 nurture K5sz3     
n.养育,照顾,教育;滋养,营养品;vt.养育,给与营养物,教养,扶持
参考例句:
  1. The tree grows well in his nurture.在他的培育下这棵树长得很好。
  2. The two sisters had received very different nurture.这俩个姊妹接受过极不同的教育。
11 dedication pxMx9     
n.奉献,献身,致力,题献,献辞
参考例句:
  1. We admire her courage,compassion and dedication.我们钦佩她的勇气、爱心和奉献精神。
  2. Her dedication to her work was admirable.她对工作的奉献精神可钦可佩。
12 blessing UxDztJ     
n.祈神赐福;祷告;祝福,祝愿
参考例句:
  1. The blessing was said in Hebrew.祷告用了希伯来语。
  2. A double blessing has descended upon the house.双喜临门。
13 fulfill Qhbxg     
vt.履行,实现,完成;满足,使满意
参考例句:
  1. If you make a promise you should fulfill it.如果你许诺了,你就要履行你的诺言。
  2. This company should be able to fulfill our requirements.这家公司应该能够满足我们的要求。
14 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  1. The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  2. They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
15 simultaneously 4iBz1o     
adv.同时发生地,同时进行地
参考例句:
  1. The radar beam can track a number of targets almost simultaneously.雷达波几乎可以同时追着多个目标。
  2. The Windows allow a computer user to execute multiple programs simultaneously.Windows允许计算机用户同时运行多个程序。
16 thoroughly sgmz0J     
adv.完全地,彻底地,十足地
参考例句:
  1. The soil must be thoroughly turned over before planting.一定要先把土地深翻一遍再下种。
  2. The soldiers have been thoroughly instructed in the care of their weapons.士兵们都系统地接受过保护武器的训练。
17 steadily Qukw6     
adv.稳定地;不变地;持续地
参考例句:
  1. The scope of man's use of natural resources will steadily grow.人类利用自然资源的广度将日益扩大。
  2. Our educational reform was steadily led onto the correct path.我们的教学改革慢慢上轨道了。
18 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  1. This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  2. There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
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