唇亡齿寒
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2015-11-19 05:29 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
Between the States of Jin and Guo was the State of Yu.
 
Once, the State of Jin intended to invade the State of Guo and had to seek for permission to go by way of the State of Yu. The King of Jin was worried that the State of Yu would refuse to consent.
 
Xun Xi, a high official of the State of Jin, offered his scheme to the King. He said: "If you offer that piece of round jade1 and that fine steed as gifts to the King of Yu to ask his permission, he is sure to give his consent."
 
The King of Jin said: "The round jade from Chuiji is an heirloom from my ancestors. The fine steed from Qudi is a great favorite of mine. If the King of Yu accepted our gifts, yet would not give us permission, what shall we do then?"
 
Xun Xi replied: "That is not likely. If the King of Yu does not consent to give us permission, he certainly dares not accept our gifts. If he accepts our gifts and gives us permission, that will be like moving the round jade from the storehouse inside to the storehouse outside, and the fine horse from the stable inside to the stable outside. Why should you worry?"
 
Sure enough, the King of Yu, coveting2 the round jade and the fine horse, was ready to give permission.
 
At this moment, his high official Gong Ziqi quickly stepped forward to dissuade3 him, saying: "You shouldn't give your consent! The State of Guo is our neighbour. Its relation with us is just like that of the lips with the teeth. If the lips are gone, the teeth will be cold. If we give permission to let the State of Jin invade the State of Guo, then when the latter is subjugated4, will our state still be safe? That absolutely won't do!"
 
The King of Yu did not listen to Gong Ziqi's advice and consented to the request of the State of Jin.
 
Soon, Xun Xi led his forces and conquered the State of Guo. Three years later, the State of Jin conquered the State of Yu, too. Carrying the round jade and leading the fme horse, Xun Xi returned in triumph and gave them back to the King of Jin.
 
Immensely pleased, the King of Jin smiled and said: "The round jade remains5 the same; only the fine steed has aged6 a bit."
 
晋国和掳国的中间,隔着一个虞国。
 
有一次,晋国要去进攻掳国,得向虞国借路,国王担心虞国不答应。
 
晋国的大臣荀息向国王献计,说:“如果您把那块璧玉和那匹良马送给虞公,向他借路,那么他一定会答应的。”
 
晋王说:“垂棘的璧玉是我祖先的传家宝;屈地的良马是我最喜欢的骏马。如果虞王接受了我们的礼物,却又不肯借路,那怎么办呢?”
 
荀息回答说:“不会。如果虞王不答应借路,必然不敢接受我们的礼物;如果他接受了礼物,把路借给我们,就好像将璧玉从里边的仓库放到外边的仓库,把良马从里边的马厩拴到外边的马厩里一样,您何必担心呢!”
 
虞王果然贪图璧玉良马,想答应借路。
 
这时候,他的大臣宫子奇急忙上前劝阻,说:“不能答应!掳国是我们的邻邦,跟我们的关系,就像嘴唇和牙齿一样。唇亡齿寒,如果借路给晋国去进攻掳国,掳国被灭亡了,我们虞国还会安全吗?万万不能答应!”
 
虞王没有听宫子奇的话,还是答应了晋国的要求。
 
不久,荀息带领兵马,灭了掳国。三年后,晋国又灭了虞国。荀息捧着璧玉,牵着骏马,凯旋而归,把这两件国宝奉还给了晋王。
 
晋王得意地笑着说:“璧玉依旧,只是骏马老了点儿!”


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 jade i3Pxo     
n.玉石;碧玉;翡翠
参考例句:
  1. The statue was carved out of jade.这座塑像是玉雕的。
  2. He presented us with a couple of jade lions.他送给我们一对玉狮子。
2 coveting bcf51cc820cec5bf2c09ea88ad1492a4     
v.贪求,觊觎( covet的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  1. We begin by coveting what we see every day. 垂涎的开始是我们每天看见的东西。 来自互联网
  2. We coveting what we see every day. 之所以如此,是因为我们垂涎每日所见的一些东西。 来自互联网
3 dissuade ksPxy     
v.劝阻,阻止
参考例句:
  1. You'd better dissuade him from doing that.你最好劝阻他别那样干。
  2. I tried to dissuade her from investing her money in stocks and shares.我曾设法劝她不要投资于股票交易。
4 subjugated d6ce0285c0f3c68d6cada3e4a93be181     
v.征服,降伏( subjugate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  1. The prince had appeared and subjugated the poor little handmaid. 王子出现了,这使穷苦的小丫头不胜仰慕。 来自辞典例句
  2. As we know, rule over subjugated peoples is incompatible with the gentile constitution. 我们知道,对被征服者的统治,是和氏族制度不相容的。 来自英汉非文学 - 家庭、私有制和国家的起源
5 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  1. He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  2. The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
6 aged 6zWzdI     
adj.年老的,陈年的
参考例句:
  1. He had put on weight and aged a little.他胖了,也老点了。
  2. He is aged,but his memory is still good.他已年老,然而记忆力还好。
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