Brother and Sister
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BROTHER1 took sister2 by the hand and said: "Look here; we haven1't had one single happy hour since our mother died. That stepmother3 of ours beats us regularly every day,4 and if we dare go near her she kicks us away. We never get anything but hard dry crusts to eat -- why, the dog under the table is better off than we are. She does throw him a good morsel2 or two now and then. Oh dear! if our own dear mother5 only knew all about it! Come along, and let us go forth3 into the wide world together."6
So off they started through fields and meadows,7 over hedges and ditches, and walked the whole day long, and when it rained sister said: "Heaven and our hearts are weeping together." Towards evening they came to a large forest,8 and were so tired out with hunger and their long walk, as well as all their trouble, that they crept into a hollow tree and soon fell fast asleep. Next morning, when they woke up, the sun was already high in the heavens and was shining down bright and warm into the tree. Then said brother: "I'm so thirsty,9 sister; if I did but know where to find a little stream, I'd go and have a drink. I do believe I hear one." He jumped up, took sister by the hand, and they set off to hunt for the brook4. Now their cruel stepmother was in reality a witch,10 and she knew perfectly5 well that the two children had run away. She had crept secretly after them, and had cast her spells over all the streams in the forest.11 Presently the children found a little brook dancing and glittering over the stones, and brother was eager to drink of it, but as it rushed past sister heard it murmuring:12 "Who drinks of me will be a tiger!"13 who drinks of me will bea tiger!"14 So she cried out, "Oh! dear brother, pray don't drink, or you'll be turned into a wild beast and tear me to pieces." Brother was dreadfully thirsty, but he did not drink. "Very well," said he, "I'll wait till we come to the next spring." When they came to the second brook, sister heard it repeating too: "Who drinks of me will be a wolf! I who drinks of me will be a wolf!"15 And she cried, "Oh! brother, pray don't drink here either, or you'll be turned into a wolf and eat me up."16 Again brother did not drink, but he said: "Well, I'll wait a little longer till we reach the next stream, but then, whatever you may say, I really must drink, for I can bear this thirst no longer." And when they got to the third17 brook, sister heard it say as it rushed past: "Who drinks of me will be a roe7! who drinks of me will be a roe!"18 And she begged, "Ah! brother, don't drink yet, or you'll become a roe and run away from me."19 But her brother was already kneeling by the brook and bending over it to drink, and, sure enough, no sooner had his lips touched the water than he fell on the grass transformed into a little Roebuck.20 Sister cried bitterly over her poor bewitched brother, and the little Roe wept too, and sat sadly by her side. At last the girl said: "Never mind, dear little fawn9,21 I will never forsake10 you,"22 and she took off her golden garter23 and tied it round the Roe's neck. Then she pluckedrushes and plaited a soft cord of them,24 which she fastened to the collar.25 When she had done this she led the Roe farther and farther, right into the depths of the forest. After they had gone a long, long way they came to a little house,26 and when the girl looked into it she found it was quite empty, and she thought. "Perhaps we might stay and live here." So she hunted up leaves and moss11 to make a soft bed for the little Roe, and every morning and evening she went out and gathered roots, nuts, and berries for herself, and tender young grass for the fawn. And he fed from her hand, and played round her and seemed quite happy. In the evening, when sister was tired, she said her prayers and then laid her head on the fawn's back and fell sound asleep with it as a pillow. And if brother had but kept his natural form, really it would have been a most delightful12 kind of life.27 They had been living for some time in the forest in this way, when it came to pass that the King28 of that country had a great hunt through the woods.29 Then the whole forest rang with such a blowing of horns, baying of dogs, and joyful13 cries of huntsmen, that the little Roe heard it and longed to join in too.30 "Ah!" said he to sister, "do let me go off to the hunt! I can't keep still any longer." And he begged and prayed till at last she consented. "But," said she, "mind you come back in the evening. I shall lock my door fast for fear of those wild huntsmen; so, to make sure of my knowing you, knock at the door and say, 'My sister dear, open; I'm here.' If you don't speak I shan't open the door." So off sprang the little Roe, and he felt quite well and happy in the free open air. The King and his huntsmen soon saw the beautiful creature and started in pursuit, but they could not come up with it, and whenever they thought they were sure to catch it, it bounded off to one side into the bushes and disappeared. When night came on it ran home, and knocking at the door of the little house cried: "My sister dear, open; I'm here." The door opened, and he ran in and rested all night on his soft mossy bed. Next morning the hunt began again, and as soon as the little Roe heard the horns and the "Ho! ho!" of the huntsmen, he could not rest another moment, and said: "Sister, open the door, I must get out." So sister opened the door and said, "Now mind and get back by nightfall, and say your little rhyme." As soon as the King and his huntsmen saw the Roe with the golden collar they all rode off after it, but it was far too quick and nimble for them. This went on all day, but as evening came on the huntsmen had gradually encircled the Roe, and one of them wounded it slightly in the foot, so that it limped and ran off slowly. Then the huntsman stole after it as far as the little house, and heard it call out, "My sister dear, open; I'm here," and he saw the door open and close immediately after the fawn had run in. The huntsman remembered all this carefully, and went off straight to the King and told him all he had seen and heard. "To-morrow we will hunt again," said the King. Poor sister was terribly frightened when she saw how her little Fawn had been wounded. She washed off the blood, bound up the injured foot with herbs, and said: "Now, dear, go and lie down and rest, so that your wound may heal." The wound was really so slight that it was quite well next day, and the little Roe did not feel it at all. No sooner did it hear the sounds of hunting in the forest than it cried: "I can't stand this, I must be there too; I'll take care they shan't catch me." Sister began to cry, and said, "They are certain to kill you, and then I shall be left all alone in the forest and forsaken15 by everyone. I can't and won't let you out." "Then I shall die of grief," replied the Roe, "for when I hear that horn I feel as if I must jump right out of my skin." So at last, when sister found there was nothing else to be done, she opened the door with a heavy heart, and the Roe darted16 forth full of glee and health into the forest. As soon as the King saw the Roe, he said to his huntsman, "Now then, give chase to it all day till evening, but mind and be careful not to hurt it." When the sun had set the King said to his huntsman, "Now come and show me the little house in the wood." And when he got to the house he knocked at the door and said, "My sister dear, open; I'm here." Then the door opened and the King walked in, and there stood the loveliest maiden17 he had ever seen.31 The girl was much startled32 when instead of the little Roe she expected she saw a man with a gold crown on his head walk in. But the King looked kindly18 at her, held out his hand, and said, "Will you come with me to my castle and be my dear wife?"33 "Oh yes!" replied the maiden, "but you must let my Roe come too. I could not possibly forsake it."34 "It shall stay with you as long as you live, and shall want for nothing," the King promised. In the meantime the Roe came bounding in, and sister tied the rush cord once more to its collar, took the end in her hand, and so they left the little house in the forest together. The King lifted the lonely maiden on to his horse, and led her to his castle, where the wedding was celebrated19 with the greatest splendour. The Roe was petted and caressed20, and ran about at will in the palace gardens. Now all this time the wicked stepmother, who had been the cause of these poor children's misfortunes and trying adventures, was feeling fully6 persuaded that sister had been torn to pieces by wild beasts, and brother shot to death in the shape of a Roe. When she heard how happy and prosperous they were, her heart was filled with envy and hatred21,35 and she could think of nothing but how to bring some fresh misfortune on them. Her own daughter,36 who was as hideous22 as night and had only one eye,37 reproached her by saying, "It is I who ought to have had this good luck and been Queen." "Be quiet, will you," said the old woman; "when the time comes I shall be at hand." Now after some time it happened one day when the King was out hunting that the Queen gave birth to a beautiful little boy.38 The old witch thought here was a good chance for her; so she took the form of the lady in waiting,39 and, hurrying into the room where the Queen lay in her bed, called out, "The bath is quite ready; it will help to make you strong again. Come, let us be quick, for fear the water should get cold." Her daughter was at hand, too, and between them they carried the Queen, who was still very weak, into the bath-room and laid her in the bath;40 then they locked the door and ran away. They took care beforehand to make a blazing hot fire under the bath, so that the lovely young Queen might be suffocated23.41 As soon as they were sure this was the case, the old witch tied a cap on her daughter's head and laid her in the Queen's bed. She managed, too, to make her figure and general appearance look like the Queen's, but even her power could not restore the eye she had lost; so she made her lie on the side of the missing eye, in order to prevent the King's noticing anything. In the evening, when the King came home and heard the news of his son's birth, he was full of delight, and insisted on going at once to his dear wife's bedside to see how she was getting on. But the old witch cried out, "Take care and keep the curtains drawn24; don't let the light get into the Queen's eyes; she must be kept perfectly quiet." So the King went away and never knew that it was a false Queen42 who lay in the bed. When midnight43 came and everyone in the palace was sound asleep, the nurse who alone watched by the baby's cradle in the nursery saw the door open gently, and who should come in but the real Queen.44 She lifted the child from its cradle, laid it on her arm, and nursed it for some time.45 Then she carefully shook up the pillows of the little bed, laid the baby down and tucked the coverlet in all round him. She did not forget the little Roe46 either, but went to the corner where it lay, and gently stroked its back. Then she silently left the room, and next morning when the nurse asked the sentries47 if they had seen any one go into the castle that night, they all said, "No, we saw no one at all." For many nights the Queen came in the same way, but she never spoke25 a word, and the nurse was too frightened to say anything about her visits. After some little time had elapsed the Queen spoke one night, and said: "Is my child well? Is my Roe well?
I'll come back twice and then farewell."48
The nurse made no answer, but as soon as the Queen had disappeared she went to the King and told him all. The King exclaimed, "Good heavens! what do you say? I will watch myself to-night by the child's bed." When the evening came he went to the nursery, and at midnight the Queen appeared and said: "Is my child well? Is my Roe well?
I'll come back once and then farewell."
And she nursed and petted the child as usual before she disappeared. The King dared not trust himself to speak to her, but the following night he kept watch again. That night when the Queen came she said: "Is my child well? Is my Roe well?
I've come back once and then farewell."
Then the King could restrain himself no longer, but sprang to her side and cried, "You can be no one but my dear wife!" "Yes," said she, "I am your dear wife!"49 and in the same moment she was restored to life, and was as fresh and well and rosy26 as ever.50 Then she told the King all the cruel things the wicked witch and her daughter had done. The King had them both arrested at once and brought to trial, and they were condemned27 to death. The daughter was led into the forest, where the wild beasts tore her to pieces,51 and the old witch was burnt at the stake.52 As soon as she reduced to ashes the spell was taken off the little Roe, and he was restored to his natural shape once more,53 and so brother and sister lived happily ever after.54 1.  Brother:  At times, this tale has been confused with a more famous brother and sister tale, Hansel and Gretel. Hansel and Gretel has been known as Little Brother and Little Sister which is also an alternate title for this tale. The Grimms selected Hansel and Gretel for the tale by that name and kept the Brother and Sister title for this tale. Some publications of the Hansel and Gretel tale still use the Little Brother and Little Sister title, causing confusion for readers. According to Bruno Bettelheim, the brother "represents the endangered aspect of an essentially28 inseparable unity29" (Bettelheim 1975, 79).
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2.  Sister:  The sister is the protagonist30 of this tale. Similar to the sister in Six Swans, this sister endures the enchantment31 of her sibling32, marries, and continues to be the target of a malicious33 stepmother. While there are many tales in which a brother and sister work well together, such as this one and Hansel and Gretel, there are few tales in which two sisters or two brothers work closely together. Siblings34 of the same gender35 are often rivals. One exception is the tale of Snow White and Rose Red. There are also many tales in which the sister has several brothers whom she strives to rescue from an enchantment, such as Six Swans. According to Bruno Bettelheim, the sister as a "symbol of motherly care once one has become alienated36 from home, is the rescuer" (Bettelheim 1975, 79).
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3.  Stepmother:  The image of the evil stepmother occurs frequently in fairy tales. She is associated with jealousy37 and cruelty (Olderr 1986). "In masculine psychology38, the stepmother is a symbol of the unconscious in a destructive role" (von Franz 1970). The stepmother figure is actually two sided, in that while she has destructive intentions, her actions often lead the protagonist into situations that identify and strengthen his or her best qualities. In the most common Russian variant39 of this tale, Sister Alionushka, Brother Ivanushka (also known as Alenoushka and Her Brother), the siblings are orphans40 with no parents. They are forced to fend41 for themselves since no one else is available to care for them. In the Russian version by Afanasyev, the children are identified as a prince and princess.
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4.  Beats us regularly every day: This is probably not an exaggeration. Physical abuse was not uncommon42 in times past and was more acceptable, or at least more tolerated , than it is today.
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5.  Our own dear mother: In her commentary on the mother and stepmother roles in the Grimms' tales, Maria Tatar writes: "Although the evil mother or stepmother is very much alive in the fairy tale, the good mother--protecting, loving and nurturing--is always dead. Yet she does not abandon her child completely, for she inevitably43 returns in the shape of benevolent44 natural powers" (Tatar 1987, 73).
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6.  Let us go forth into the wide world together: This is a stark45 contrast from Hansel and Gretel. Hansel and Gretel are purposely lost in the forest by their parents. This brother and sister purposely leave to escape the abuse and poverty in their home. The implication is that these siblings are much older than Hansel and Gretel and capable of taking care of themselves.
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7.  They started through fields and meadows: In a Russian variant of this tale, Alenoushka and Her Brother, the brother and sister walk across a dry plain with the grass burned by the sun and sandy terrain46. There they encounter the strange enchantment of the water when they are riddled47 with thirst. The enchantment does not happen in a forest as it does here.
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8.  A large forest: The forest is a recurrent image in German fairy tales, in part because over a quarter of the country is comprised of forest land. In the Grimms' tales, the forest is a supernatural world, a place where anything can happen and often does. According to Jungian psychology, the forest is a representation of the feminine principle and is identified with the unconscious. The foliage48 blocks the sun's rays, the sun being associated with the male principle. The forest symbolizes50 the dangerous side of the unconscious, its ability to destroy reason (Cirlot 1962) and (Matthews 1986).
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9.  I'm so thirsty: According to Bruno Bettelheim, as well as many other psychological critics, the brother's thirst represents his "instinctual pressures" which we all must learn to control (Bettelheim 1975, 80).
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10.  A witch: A witch and stepmother are the two villains52 in Hansel and Gretel. Many critics believe the two characters in that tale to be the same villain51, both destroyed at the same time. This tale blatantly53 makes the stepmother the evil witch who persecutes54 the children. There is no differentiation55 between the stepmother and the witch. Another tale in which a stepmother witch persecutes her stepchildren is The Six Swans. Belief in witches exists in nearly every culture worldwide (Leach 1949). In Jungian psychology, the witch is a personification of evil which eventually consumes itself. The witch symbolizes the destructive power of the unconscious (Luthi 1976).
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11.  Cast her spells over all the streams in the forest: In some Russian variants56 of the tale, such as Afanasyev's Sister Alionushka, Brother Ivanushkam and Ransome's Alenoushka and Her Brother, no spell is described as being cast. In Sister Alionushka, Brother Ivanushkam, the siblings encounter bodies of water which are the watering places of various animals, each time the type of animal the brother will become if he drinks at the same place as the animals. In Alenoushka and Her Brother, the siblings encounter hoofmarks of various animals filled with sitting water. The brother is warned he will turn into the shape of whichever animal's hoofmark he drinks from. The implication of these variations tends to support Bettelheim's theories of the tale being about controling our animal instincts.
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12.  Heard it murmuring: In Bettelheim's analysis, "the sister, representing ego57 and superego [the higher mental functions], recognizes the danger of seeking immediate14 satisfaction and persuades the brother to resist his thirst" (Bettelheim 1975, 80). Other analysts58 interpret the murmuring as being protection from the dead mother that the sister is able to hear, perhaps due to her maturity59 and/or gender.
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13.  Who drinks of me will be a tiger!: The brother is "ready to permit himself to be carried away by his wish for immediate gratification (of his thirst), no matter what the cost of doing so. But should the brother give into the pressure of the id, he would become asocial, as violent as a tiger" (Bettelheim 1975, 80). If he turns into a tiger, he will destroy both himself and his sister since he would tear her to pieces in such a form. In the Russian variants, the animals gradually reduce in size, but none of them are a physical threat to the sister. In one version, the first animal transformation60 threatens to be a horse.
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14.  A tiger: A tiger can symbolize49 "wrath61, cruelty, bloodthirstiness, ferocity, courage, brutality62, jealousy, violent desires, and treachery" (Olderr 1986).
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15.  A wolf: A tiger can symbolize "rapacity63, rapine, hunger, hypocrisy64, lust65, cruelty, fraud, deceit, cunning, corruption66, darkness, untamed nature, avarice67, greed, and the lesser68 instincts taking control of more human instincts" (Olderr 1986). Note that a wolf, while a dangerous animal, is still smaller than the preceding tiger. The wolf has become a popular image in fairy tales thanks to Little Red Riding Hood69 and The Tale of the Three Little Pigs. The wolf is a common predator70 in the forest and thus is a natural choice for the story. The wolf is often a metaphor71 for a sexually predatory man.
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16. You'll be turned into a wolf and eat me up: The brother is still at risk of transforming into a dangerous beast if he obeys his thirst and drinks the water.
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17.  Third: The number and/or pattern of three often appears in fairy tales to provide rhythm and suspense72. The pattern adds drama and suspense while making the story easy to remember and follow. The third event often signals a change and/or ending for the listener/reader. The reasons and theories behind three's popularity are numerous and diverse. The number has been considered powerful across history in different cultures and religions, but not all of them. Christians73 have the Trinity, the Chinese have the Great Triad (man, heaven, earth), and the Buddhists74 have the Triple Jewel (Buddha, Dharma, Sanga). The Greeks had the Three Fates. Pythagoras considered three to be the perfect number because it represented everything: the beginning, middle, and end. Some cultures have different powerful numbers, often favoring seven, four and twelve.
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18.  A roe: A roe deer is "a small European and Asiatic deer having erect75, cylindrical76, branched antlers, forked at the summit. This, the smallest European deer, is very nimble and graceful77. It always prefers a mountainous country, or high grounds" (Webster's 1990). In some of the Russian variants, the brother is transformed into a lamb and a kid (baby goat). All of these are playful, relatively78 benign79 animals, like the deer. In an Italian tale, The Stepmother, the brother becomes a calf80 with golden horns.
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19.  Run away from me: Note that if the brother drinks here, he will become a "much tamer animal. So much does delay--a partial obedience81 to the restraining aspects of our mental apparatus--achieve. But as the pressure of id (brother's thirst) increases, it overpowers the restraints of ego and superego: the sister's admonitions lose the power to control" (Bettelheim 1975, 80). Bettelheim also notes: "Even a limited degree of control achieves a high measure of humanization, as the reducation of animal ferocity from tiger to wolf to deer symbolizes" (Bettelheim 1975, 80). The brother will be hard to control as a deer, but he will not pose a physical threat to his sister in his beastly form.
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20.  Roebuck: A roebuck is a male roe deer (Webster's 1990).
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21.  Dear little fawn: A fawn is "a young deer; a buck8 or doe of the first year" (Webster's 1990). The animal's youth represents the brother's own youth and immaturity82.
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22.  I will never forsake you: Jack83 Zipes theorizes that tales like this one and The Six Swans were important to the Grimms for their messages about family fidelity84 through adversity and separation (Zipes 1988, 40).
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23.  Golden garter: A garter is "a band worn around the leg to hold up a stocking (or around the arm to hold up a sleeve)" (WordNet).
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24.  Rushes and plaited a soft cord of them: Rushes are "grasslike plants growing in wet places and having cylindrical often hollow stems" (WordNet). They are handy for creating ropes and baskets.
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25.  Fastened to the collar: The brother, in his transformed state, literally85 becomes the sister's pet. She, as the more responsible adult, becomes the keeper of the animal with lower instincts.
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26.  A little house: Many fairy tales include huts or little houses hidden in a forest for various reasons, such as in Hansel and Gretel, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs86, and Goldilocks and the Three Bears. The hut may be a place of danger or a safety zone for the heroine. This hut is a haven, not the place of danger found in Hansel and Gretel.
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27.  If brother had but kept his natural form, really it would have been a most delightful kind of life: Despite the quaint87 picture of domestic tranquility portrayed88 in this interlude, we know this is not the happy ending to the story since the brother has not been disenchanted. More change, and possibly adversity, is on the horizon. Note that the sister is the adult figure, parenting herself and her enchanted89 brother, by providing food and shelter. The brother simply plays and frolics all day.
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28.  King: In romantic fairy tales, the heroine's husband is usually royalty90, either a king or prince, at least a nobleman. In some variants, the sister is also of royal birth and must therefore marry at her same station.
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29.  A great hunt through the woods: In times past, hunting was a popular activity among the nobility, used for sport and necessity. The game was often used for food, but for trophies91 as well.
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30.  Little Roe heard it and longed to join in too: Bettelheim considers the Roe's experience to be his "ordeal92 which could become his initiation93 to a higher from of existence" (Bettelheim 1975, 81). I find his interpretation94 problematic. The Roe appears to be eager to put himself into more danger, underestimating his ability to flee danger, in fact flirting95 with it for the thrill of the chase. He forgets that as a deer, he is the prey96, not the predator.
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31.  The loveliest maiden he had ever seen: Hyperbole is frequently used to describe beauty in fairy tales. Each beautiful woman has "no equal" or is "the most beautiful" or similar. Beauty often represents goodness, worthiness97, privilege, and wealth in fairy tales. Princesses are especially expected to be beautiful. Physical beauty is often considered to represent inner beauty in folklore98, except for when it is a magical disguise.
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32.  The girl was much startled: This scene is reminiscent of Rapunzel's surprise when the prince, her future spouse99, enters her tower instead of the expected Mother Gothel.
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33.  Will you come with me to my castle and be my dear wife?: Note that marriage is not the ultimate goal of this tale as it is in many romantic fairy tales. The marriage comes before the end of the story. The tale is one of family unity. The brother and sister struggle to find happiness together as a family unit as adults.
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34.  You must let my Roe come too. I could not possibly forsake it: Bettelheim observes that "during most of the story the two do not part; they represent the animal and spiritual sides of our personality, which become separated but must be integrated for human happiness" (Bettelheim 1975, 146).
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35.  Her heart was filled with envy and hatred: The stepmother's animosity of reminiscent of the evil stepmother in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Although the children are no longer a burden, their mere100 existence, and a happy one at that, is enough reason for her to plot their deaths.
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36.  Her own daughter: Fairy tales are filled with mothers--both witches and regular mothers--trying to marry off their daughters in favorable circumstances. They include the mother in Cinderella and the troll-hag in East of the Sun and West of the Moon.
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37.  Hideous as night and had only one eye: Physical ugliness and deformity (although a politically incorrect term by today's standards) has long been considered a sign of internal ugliness, sometimes in fairy tales. Just as beauty represents inner goodness, physical ugliness is used to stereotype101 inner ugliness, especially in the literature of previous centuries.
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38.  Queen gave birth to a beautiful little boy: The Queen's ability to give birth to a son is important not only to her husband, but to her kingdom. A first born son would be the crown prince and possibly averts102 disaster for a kingdom that relies on progeny103 to avoid strife104 in the royal lineage.
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39.  Lady in waiting: A lady in waiting is "a lady appointed to attend to a queen or princess" (WordNet). A lady in waiting was usually from the upper classes in a higher level of honorable servitude.
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40.  The bath: Water in various forms often plays a part in the young sister's death. In other variants, she is drowned by being thrown into a lake or river with a millstone about her neck. In the versions in which she is killed, water is usually involved in her cause of death.
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41.  Might be suffocated: Suffocation105 might occur from the fire's smoke under the bath. Suffocation is usually the cause of death by fire in enclosed rooms. However, this would not be a gentle death, essentially boiling the sister to death in her own bathwater.
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42.  A false Queen: False identities are common plot devices in literature and fairy tales. Another well-known tale with an imposter queen is The Goose Girl, also annotated106 on this site. The false bride plot device "provides the dominant107 frame story of Basile's firecracker of a collection of fairy tales, Lo cunto de li cunti [also known as Il Pentamerone], in the seventeenth century. His group of female storytellers exchange many tales of substituted brides and false queens, and at the end actually unmask a similar wicked usurper108 prospering109 in their midst (Warner 1994, 127).
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43.  Midnight: Midnight marks the beginning of a new day and the end of power in the old day. Midnight also marks the beginning of the witching hour. Ghosts and other apparitions110 are thought to be most active in the night time.
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44.  The real Queen: Do not be confused here--the real Queen is dead, having been murdered by her stepmother and stepsister. Here she appears as a ghost, haunting the halls and drawn to her most precious baby and enchanted brother.
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45.  Nursed it for some time: Here we have a dead good mother trying to nurture111 her motherless child. The cycle of the tale is threatening to start again since this child is also cursed with a wicked stepmother. Since it is a baby, it is at greater risk than its own mother was. The natural mother is trying to show it love and protection in the only means left to her.
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46.  She did not forget the little Roe: The roe is just as important to the sister as her son, for she has essentially parented it, too. She is attempting to fulfill112 her responsibilities as a parent and sister to her family, even beyond the grave.
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47.  Sentries: A sentry113 is "a soldier placed on guard" (Webster's 1990).
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48.  Is my child well? Is my Roe well?/ I'll come back twice and then farewell: Note another pattern of three here. The ghostly queen only has three visits before she must assumably move onto another plain of existence. We know she must be rescued by the third night or she will disappear forever.
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49.  I am your dear wife!: Note that while wife has not apparently114 been as important a role to the sister as that of mother and sister, it is still important enough to bring her back from the dead. She recognizes and responds to this identity.
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50.  She was restored to life, and was as fresh and well and rosy as ever: Many translations often leave out the phrase "by the grace of God" in this sentence as was included in the Grimms' version and maintained by the more reliable translation offered by Jack Zipes (Zipes 1987, 46). Many translations imply that true love or her innate115 goodness restore the sister to life.
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51.  The daughter was led into the forest, where the wild beasts tore her to pieces: The daughter is exiled--cast out into the wild forest--for her treasonous behavior, but she is not burned at the stake for witchcraft116 like her mother.
Return to place in story.

52.  Burnt at the stake: Burning occurs often in fairy tales. It is symbolic117 of purification (Matthews 1986). The witch being burnt can also represent evil destroying itself (Luthi 1976). Gerhard Mueller, who has studied the criminological aspects of several tales, considers the death by fire to be suitable for the witch. In the Middle Ages, the charge of witchcraft was punished by fire. In other words, the witch's demise118 supports the due process of law in real life during the time of the tale (Mueller 1986).
Return to place in story.

53.  He was restored to his natural shape: In folklore, witch's spells are often deactivated119 by the witch's demise. Unlike the sister in Six Swans, this sister did not have to endure a described test to achieve her brother's disenchantment. In Afanasyev's Russian variant of the tale, the brother is never disenchanted. He continues to live as a kid with his sister and her husband happily ever after, however. It is the most unsatisfying ending of all the variants.
Return to place in story.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 haven 8dhzp     
n.安全的地方,避难所,庇护所
参考例句:
  1. It's a real haven at the end of a busy working day.忙碌了一整天后,这真是一个安乐窝。
  2. The school library is a little haven of peace and quiet.学校的图书馆是一个和平且安静的小避风港。
2 morsel Q14y4     
n.一口,一点点
参考例句:
  1. He refused to touch a morsel of the food they had brought.他们拿来的东西他一口也不吃。
  2. The patient has not had a morsel of food since the morning.从早上起病人一直没有进食。
3 forth Hzdz2     
adv.向前;向外,往外
参考例句:
  1. The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.风吹得树轻轻地来回摇晃。
  2. He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快连续发表了一系列的作品。
4 brook PSIyg     
n.小河,溪;v.忍受,容让
参考例句:
  1. In our room we could hear the murmur of a distant brook.在我们房间能听到远处小溪汩汩的流水声。
  2. The brook trickled through the valley.小溪涓涓流过峡谷。
5 perfectly 8Mzxb     
adv.完美地,无可非议地,彻底地
参考例句:
  1. The witnesses were each perfectly certain of what they said.证人们个个对自己所说的话十分肯定。
  2. Everything that we're doing is all perfectly above board.我们做的每件事情都是光明正大的。
6 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  1. The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  2. They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
7 roe LCBzp     
n.鱼卵;獐鹿
参考例句:
  1. We will serve smoked cod's roe at the dinner.宴会上我们将上一道熏鳕鱼子。
  2. I'll scramble some eggs with roe?我用鱼籽炒几个鸡蛋好吗?
8 buck ESky8     
n.雄鹿,雄兔;v.马离地跳跃
参考例句:
  1. The boy bent curiously to the skeleton of the buck.这个男孩好奇地弯下身去看鹿的骸骨。
  2. The female deer attracts the buck with high-pitched sounds.雌鹿以尖声吸引雄鹿。
9 fawn NhpzW     
n.未满周岁的小鹿;v.巴结,奉承
参考例句:
  1. A fawn behind the tree looked at us curiously.树后面一只小鹿好奇地看着我们。
  2. He said you fawn on the manager in order to get a promotion.他说你为了获得提拔,拍经理的马屁。
10 forsake iiIx6     
vt.遗弃,抛弃;舍弃,放弃
参考例句:
  1. She pleaded with her husband not to forsake her.她恳求丈夫不要抛弃她。
  2. You must forsake your bad habits.你必须革除你的坏习惯。
11 moss X6QzA     
n.苔,藓,地衣
参考例句:
  1. Moss grows on a rock.苔藓生在石头上。
  2. He was found asleep on a pillow of leaves and moss.有人看见他枕着树叶和苔藓睡着了。
12 delightful 6xzxT     
adj.令人高兴的,使人快乐的
参考例句:
  1. We had a delightful time by the seashore last Sunday.上星期天我们在海滨玩得真痛快。
  2. Peter played a delightful melody on his flute.彼得用笛子吹奏了一支欢快的曲子。
13 joyful N3Fx0     
adj.欢乐的,令人欢欣的
参考例句:
  1. She was joyful of her good result of the scientific experiments.她为自己的科学实验取得好成果而高兴。
  2. They were singing and dancing to celebrate this joyful occasion.他们唱着、跳着庆祝这令人欢乐的时刻。
14 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  1. His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  2. We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
15 Forsaken Forsaken     
adj. 被遗忘的, 被抛弃的 动词forsake的过去分词
参考例句:
  1. He was forsaken by his friends. 他被朋友们背弃了。
  2. He has forsaken his wife and children. 他遗弃了他的妻子和孩子。
16 darted d83f9716cd75da6af48046d29f4dd248     
v.投掷,投射( dart的过去式和过去分词 );向前冲,飞奔
参考例句:
  1. The lizard darted out its tongue at the insect. 蜥蜴伸出舌头去吃小昆虫。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. The old man was displeased and darted an angry look at me. 老人不高兴了,瞪了我一眼。 来自《简明英汉词典》
17 maiden yRpz7     
n.少女,处女;adj.未婚的,纯洁的,无经验的
参考例句:
  1. The prince fell in love with a fair young maiden.王子爱上了一位年轻美丽的少女。
  2. The aircraft makes its maiden flight tomorrow.这架飞机明天首航。
18 kindly tpUzhQ     
adj.和蔼的,温和的,爽快的;adv.温和地,亲切地
参考例句:
  1. Her neighbours spoke of her as kindly and hospitable.她的邻居都说她和蔼可亲、热情好客。
  2. A shadow passed over the kindly face of the old woman.一道阴影掠过老太太慈祥的面孔。
19 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  1. He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  2. The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
20 caressed de08c4fb4b79b775b2f897e6e8db9aad     
爱抚或抚摸…( caress的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  1. His fingers caressed the back of her neck. 他的手指抚摩着她的后颈。
  2. He caressed his wife lovingly. 他怜爱万分地抚摸着妻子。
21 hatred T5Gyg     
n.憎恶,憎恨,仇恨
参考例句:
  1. He looked at me with hatred in his eyes.他以憎恨的眼光望着我。
  2. The old man was seized with burning hatred for the fascists.老人对法西斯主义者充满了仇恨。
22 hideous 65KyC     
adj.丑陋的,可憎的,可怕的,恐怖的
参考例句:
  1. The whole experience had been like some hideous nightmare.整个经历就像一场可怕的噩梦。
  2. They're not like dogs,they're hideous brutes.它们不像狗,是丑陋的畜牲。
23 suffocated 864b9e5da183fff7aea4cfeaf29d3a2e     
(使某人)窒息而死( suffocate的过去式和过去分词 ); (将某人)闷死; 让人感觉闷热; 憋气
参考例句:
  1. Many dogs have suffocated in hot cars. 许多狗在热烘烘的汽车里给闷死了。
  2. I nearly suffocated when the pipe of my breathing apparatus came adrift. 呼吸器上的管子脱落时,我差点给憋死。
24 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  1. All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  2. Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
25 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  1. They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  2. The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
26 rosy kDAy9     
adj.美好的,乐观的,玫瑰色的
参考例句:
  1. She got a new job and her life looks rosy.她找到一份新工作,生活看上去很美好。
  2. She always takes a rosy view of life.她总是对生活持乐观态度。
27 condemned condemned     
adj. 被责难的, 被宣告有罪的 动词condemn的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  1. He condemned the hypocrisy of those politicians who do one thing and say another. 他谴责了那些说一套做一套的政客的虚伪。
  2. The policy has been condemned as a regressive step. 这项政策被认为是一种倒退而受到谴责。
28 essentially nntxw     
adv.本质上,实质上,基本上
参考例句:
  1. Really great men are essentially modest.真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
  2. She is an essentially selfish person.她本质上是个自私自利的人。
29 unity 4kQwT     
n.团结,联合,统一;和睦,协调
参考例句:
  1. When we speak of unity,we do not mean unprincipled peace.所谓团结,并非一团和气。
  2. We must strengthen our unity in the face of powerful enemies.大敌当前,我们必须加强团结。
30 protagonist mBVyN     
n.(思想观念的)倡导者;主角,主人公
参考例句:
  1. The protagonist reforms in the end and avoids his proper punishment.戏剧主角最后改过自新并避免了他应受的惩罚。
  2. He is the model for the protagonist in the play.剧本中的主人公就是以他为模特儿创作的!
31 enchantment dmryQ     
n.迷惑,妖术,魅力
参考例句:
  1. The beauty of the scene filled us with enchantment.风景的秀丽令我们陶醉。
  2. The countryside lay as under some dread enchantment.乡村好像躺在某种可怖的魔法之下。
32 sibling TEszc     
n.同胞手足(指兄、弟、姐或妹)
参考例句:
  1. Many of us hate living in the shadows of a more successful sibling.我们很多人都讨厌活在更为成功的手足的阴影下。
  2. Sibling ravalry has been common in this family.这个家里,兄弟姊妹之间的矛盾很平常。
33 malicious e8UzX     
adj.有恶意的,心怀恶意的
参考例句:
  1. You ought to kick back at such malicious slander. 你应当反击这种恶毒的污蔑。
  2. Their talk was slightly malicious.他们的谈话有点儿心怀不轨。
34 siblings 709961e45d6808c7c9131573b3a8874b     
n.兄弟,姐妹( sibling的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. A triplet sleeps amongst its two siblings. 一个三胞胎睡在其两个同胞之间。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. She has no way of tracking the donor or her half-siblings down. 她没办法找到那个捐精者或她的兄弟姐妹。 来自时文部分
35 gender slSyD     
n.(生理上的)性,(名词、代词等的)性
参考例句:
  1. French differs from English in having gender for all nouns.法语不同于英语,所有的名词都有性。
  2. Women are sometimes denied opportunities solely because of their gender.妇女有时仅仅因为性别而无法获得种种机会。
36 alienated Ozyz55     
adj.感到孤独的,不合群的v.使疏远( alienate的过去式和过去分词 );使不友好;转让;让渡(财产等)
参考例句:
  1. His comments have alienated a lot of young voters. 他的言论使许多年轻选民离他而去。
  2. The Prime Minister's policy alienated many of her followers. 首相的政策使很多拥护她的人疏远了她。 来自《简明英汉词典》
37 jealousy WaRz6     
n.妒忌,嫉妒,猜忌
参考例句:
  1. Some women have a disposition to jealousy.有些女人生性爱妒忌。
  2. I can't support your jealousy any longer.我再也无法忍受你的嫉妒了。
38 psychology U0Wze     
n.心理,心理学,心理状态
参考例句:
  1. She has a background in child psychology.她受过儿童心理学的教育。
  2. He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在剑桥大学学习哲学和心理学。
39 variant GfuzRt     
adj.不同的,变异的;n.变体,异体
参考例句:
  1. We give professional suggestions according to variant tanning stages for each customer.我们针对每位顾客不同的日晒阶段,提供强度适合的晒黑建议。
  2. In a variant of this approach,the tests are data- driven.这个方法的一个变种,是数据驱动的测试。
40 orphans edf841312acedba480123c467e505b2a     
孤儿( orphan的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. The poor orphans were kept on short commons. 贫苦的孤儿们吃不饱饭。
  2. Their uncle was declared guardian to the orphans. 这些孤儿的叔父成为他们的监护人。
41 fend N78yA     
v.照料(自己),(自己)谋生,挡开,避开
参考例句:
  1. I've had to fend for myself since I was 14.我从十四岁时起就不得不照料自己。
  2. He raised his arm up to fend branches from his eyes.他举手将树枝从他眼前挡开。
42 uncommon AlPwO     
adj.罕见的,非凡的,不平常的
参考例句:
  1. Such attitudes were not at all uncommon thirty years ago.这些看法在30年前很常见。
  2. Phil has uncommon intelligence.菲尔智力超群。
43 inevitably x7axc     
adv.不可避免地;必然发生地
参考例句:
  1. In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你们这样下去,毫无疑问是会散伙的。
  2. Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技术变革必然会导致失业。
44 benevolent Wtfzx     
adj.仁慈的,乐善好施的
参考例句:
  1. His benevolent nature prevented him from refusing any beggar who accosted him.他乐善好施的本性使他不会拒绝走上前向他行乞的任何一个乞丐。
  2. He was a benevolent old man and he wouldn't hurt a fly.他是一个仁慈的老人,连只苍蝇都不愿伤害。
45 stark lGszd     
adj.荒凉的;严酷的;完全的;adv.完全地
参考例句:
  1. The young man is faced with a stark choice.这位年轻人面临严峻的抉择。
  2. He gave a stark denial to the rumor.他对谣言加以完全的否认。
46 terrain sgeyk     
n.地面,地形,地图
参考例句:
  1. He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  2. He knows the terrain of this locality like the back of his hand.他对这一带的地形了如指掌。
47 riddled f3814f0c535c32684c8d1f1e36ca329a     
adj.布满的;充斥的;泛滥的v.解谜,出谜题(riddle的过去分词形式)
参考例句:
  1. The beams are riddled with woodworm. 这些木梁被蛀虫蛀得都是洞。
  2. The bodies of the hostages were found riddled with bullets. 在人质的尸体上发现了很多弹孔。 来自《简明英汉词典》
48 foliage QgnzK     
n.叶子,树叶,簇叶
参考例句:
  1. The path was completely covered by the dense foliage.小路被树叶厚厚地盖了一层。
  2. Dark foliage clothes the hills.浓密的树叶覆盖着群山。
49 symbolize YrvwU     
vt.作为...的象征,用符号代表
参考例句:
  1. Easter eggs symbolize the renewal of life.复活蛋象征新生。
  2. Dolphins symbolize the breath of life.海豚象征着生命的气息。
50 symbolizes 8a0610984df5bcb77bc12be9119bcd7d     
v.象征,作为…的象征( symbolize的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  1. The use of light and dark symbolizes good and evil. 用光明与黑暗来象征善与恶。
  2. She likes olive because It'symbolizes peace. 她喜欢橄榄色因为它象征着和平。 来自《简明英汉词典》
51 villain ZL1zA     
n.反派演员,反面人物;恶棍;问题的起因
参考例句:
  1. He was cast as the villain in the play.他在戏里扮演反面角色。
  2. The man who played the villain acted very well.扮演恶棍的那个男演员演得很好。
52 villains ffdac080b5dbc5c53d28520b93dbf399     
n.恶棍( villain的名词复数 );罪犯;(小说、戏剧等中的)反面人物;淘气鬼
参考例句:
  1. The impression of villains was inescapable. 留下恶棍的印象是不可避免的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. Some villains robbed the widow of the savings. 有几个歹徒将寡妇的积蓄劫走了。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
53 blatantly rxkztU     
ad.公开地
参考例句:
  1. Safety guidelines had been blatantly ignored. 安全规章被公然置之不顾。
  2. They walked grandly through the lobby, blatantly arm in arm, pretending they were not defeated. 他们大大方方地穿过门厅,故意炫耀地挎着胳膊,假装他们没有被打败。
54 persecutes d834cbc660d3d13133dd7c039a2b5b65     
(尤指宗教或政治信仰的)迫害(~sb. for sth.)( persecute的第三人称单数 ); 烦扰,困扰或骚扰某人
参考例句:
55 differentiation wuozfs     
n.区别,区分
参考例句:
  1. There can be no differentiation without contrast. 有比较才有差别。
  2. The operation that is the inverse of differentiation is called integration. 与微分相反的运算叫做积分。
56 variants 796e0e5ff8114b13b2e23cde9d3c6904     
n.变体( variant的名词复数 );变种;变型;(词等的)变体
参考例句:
  1. Those variants will be preserved in the'struggle for existence". 这些变异将在“生存竞争”中被保留下来。 来自辞典例句
  2. Like organisms, viruses have variants, generally called strains. 与其他生物一样,病毒也有变种,一般称之为株系。 来自辞典例句
57 ego 7jtzw     
n.自我,自己,自尊
参考例句:
  1. He is absolute ego in all thing.在所有的事情上他都绝对自我。
  2. She has been on an ego trip since she sang on television.她上电视台唱过歌之后就一直自吹自擂。
58 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  2. I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
59 maturity 47nzh     
n.成熟;完成;(支票、债券等)到期
参考例句:
  1. These plants ought to reach maturity after five years.这些植物五年后就该长成了。
  2. This is the period at which the body attains maturity.这是身体发育成熟的时期。
60 transformation SnFwO     
n.变化;改造;转变
参考例句:
  1. Going to college brought about a dramatic transformation in her outlook.上大学使她的观念发生了巨大的变化。
  2. He was struggling to make the transformation from single man to responsible husband.他正在努力使自己由单身汉变为可靠的丈夫。
61 wrath nVNzv     
n.愤怒,愤慨,暴怒
参考例句:
  1. His silence marked his wrath. 他的沉默表明了他的愤怒。
  2. The wrath of the people is now aroused. 人们被激怒了。
62 brutality MSbyb     
n.野蛮的行为,残忍,野蛮
参考例句:
  1. The brutality of the crime has appalled the public. 罪行之残暴使公众大为震惊。
  2. a general who was infamous for his brutality 因残忍而恶名昭彰的将军
63 rapacity 0TKx9     
n.贪婪,贪心,劫掠的欲望
参考例句:
  1. Here was neither guile nor rapacity. 在她身上没有狡诈和贪婪。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
  2. During the whole process of construction, the operational safty and rapacity of track must be guaranteed. 改建施工期内不影响正线运营安全,也不降低通过能力。 来自互联网
64 hypocrisy g4qyt     
n.伪善,虚伪
参考例句:
  1. He railed against hypocrisy and greed.他痛斥伪善和贪婪的行为。
  2. He accused newspapers of hypocrisy in their treatment of the story.他指责了报纸在报道该新闻时的虚伪。
65 lust N8rz1     
n.性(淫)欲;渴(欲)望;vi.对…有强烈的欲望
参考例句:
  1. He was filled with lust for power.他内心充满了对权力的渴望。
  2. Sensing the explorer's lust for gold, the chief wisely presented gold ornaments as gifts.酋长觉察出探险者们垂涎黄金的欲念,就聪明地把金饰品作为礼物赠送给他们。
66 corruption TzCxn     
n.腐败,堕落,贪污
参考例句:
  1. The people asked the government to hit out against corruption and theft.人民要求政府严惩贪污盗窃。
  2. The old man reviled against corruption.那老人痛斥了贪污舞弊。
67 avarice KeHyX     
n.贪婪;贪心
参考例句:
  1. Avarice is the bane to happiness.贪婪是损毁幸福的祸根。
  2. Their avarice knows no bounds and you can never satisfy them.他们贪得无厌,你永远无法满足他们。
68 lesser UpxzJL     
adj.次要的,较小的;adv.较小地,较少地
参考例句:
  1. Kept some of the lesser players out.不让那些次要的球员参加联赛。
  2. She has also been affected,but to a lesser degree.她也受到波及,但程度较轻。
69 hood ddwzJ     
n.头巾,兜帽,覆盖;v.罩上,以头巾覆盖
参考例句:
  1. She is wearing a red cloak with a hood.她穿着一件红色带兜帽的披风。
  2. The car hood was dented in.汽车的发动机罩已凹了进去。
70 predator 11vza     
n.捕食其它动物的动物;捕食者
参考例句:
  1. The final part of this chapter was devoted to a brief summary of predator species.本章最后部分简要总结了食肉动物。
  2. Komodo dragon is the largest living lizard and a fearsome predator.科摩多龙是目前存在的最大蜥蜴,它是一种令人恐惧的捕食性动物。
71 metaphor o78zD     
n.隐喻,暗喻
参考例句:
  1. Using metaphor,we say that computers have senses and a memory.打个比方,我们可以说计算机有感觉和记忆力。
  2. In poetry the rose is often a metaphor for love.玫瑰在诗中通常作为爱的象征。
72 suspense 9rJw3     
n.(对可能发生的事)紧张感,担心,挂虑
参考例句:
  1. The suspense was unbearable.这样提心吊胆的状况实在叫人受不了。
  2. The director used ingenious devices to keep the audience in suspense.导演用巧妙手法引起观众的悬念。
73 Christians 28e6e30f94480962cc721493f76ca6c6     
n.基督教徒( Christian的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. Christians of all denominations attended the conference. 基督教所有教派的人都出席了这次会议。
  2. His novel about Jesus caused a furore among Christians. 他关于耶稣的小说激起了基督教徒的公愤。
74 Buddhists 5f3c74ef01ae0fe3724e91f586462b77     
n.佛教徒( Buddhist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. The Jesuits in a phase of ascendancy, persecuted and insulted the Buddhists with great acrimony. 处于地位上升阶段的耶稣会修士迫害佛教徒,用尖刻的语言辱骂他们。 来自英汉非文学 - 历史
  2. The return of Saivite rule to central Java had brought no antagonism between Buddhists and Hindus. 湿婆教在中爪哇恢复统治后,并没有导致佛教徒与印度教徒之间的对立。 来自辞典例句
75 erect 4iLzm     
n./v.树立,建立,使竖立;adj.直立的,垂直的
参考例句:
  1. She held her head erect and her back straight.她昂着头,把背挺得笔直。
  2. Soldiers are trained to stand erect.士兵们训练站得笔直。
76 cylindrical CnMza     
adj.圆筒形的
参考例句:
  1. huge cylindrical gas tanks 巨大的圆柱形贮气罐
  2. Beer cans are cylindrical. 啤酒罐子是圆筒形的。
77 graceful deHza     
adj.优美的,优雅的;得体的
参考例句:
  1. His movements on the parallel bars were very graceful.他的双杠动作可帅了!
  2. The ballet dancer is so graceful.芭蕾舞演员的姿态是如此的优美。
78 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  1. The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  2. The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
79 benign 2t2zw     
adj.善良的,慈祥的;良性的,无危险的
参考例句:
  1. The benign weather brought North America a bumper crop.温和的气候给北美带来大丰收。
  2. Martha is a benign old lady.玛莎是个仁慈的老妇人。
80 calf ecLye     
n.小牛,犊,幼仔,小牛皮
参考例句:
  1. The cow slinked its calf.那头母牛早产了一头小牛犊。
  2. The calf blared for its mother.牛犊哞哞地高声叫喊找妈妈。
81 obedience 8vryb     
n.服从,顺从
参考例句:
  1. Society has a right to expect obedience of the law.社会有权要求人人遵守法律。
  2. Soldiers act in obedience to the orders of their superior officers.士兵们遵照上级军官的命令行动。
82 immaturity 779396dd776272b5ff34c0218a6c4aba     
n.不成熟;未充分成长;未成熟;粗糙
参考例句:
  1. It traces the development of a young man from immaturity to maturity. 它描写一位青年从不成熟到成熟的发展过程。 来自辞典例句
  2. Immaturity is the inability to use one's understanding without guidance from another. 不成熟就是不经他人的指引就无法运用自身的理解力。 来自互联网
83 jack 53Hxp     
n.插座,千斤顶,男人;v.抬起,提醒,扛举;n.(Jake)杰克
参考例句:
  1. I am looking for the headphone jack.我正在找寻头戴式耳机插孔。
  2. He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre.他用千斤顶把车顶起来换下瘪轮胎。
84 fidelity vk3xB     
n.忠诚,忠实;精确
参考例句:
  1. There is nothing like a dog's fidelity.没有什么能比得上狗的忠诚。
  2. His fidelity and industry brought him speedy promotion.他的尽职及勤奋使他很快地得到晋升。
85 literally 28Wzv     
adv.照字面意义,逐字地;确实
参考例句:
  1. He translated the passage literally.他逐字逐句地翻译这段文字。
  2. Sometimes she would not sit down till she was literally faint.有时候,她不走到真正要昏厥了,决不肯坐下来。
86 dwarfs a9ddd2c1a88a74fc7bd6a9a0d16c2817     
n.侏儒,矮子(dwarf的复数形式)vt.(使)显得矮小(dwarf的第三人称单数形式)
参考例句:
  1. Shakespeare dwarfs other dramatists. 莎士比亚使其他剧作家相形见绌。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. The new building dwarfs all the other buildings in the town. 新大楼使城里所有其他建筑物都显得矮小了。 来自辞典例句
87 quaint 7tqy2     
adj.古雅的,离奇有趣的,奇怪的
参考例句:
  1. There were many small lanes in the quaint village.在这古香古色的村庄里,有很多小巷。
  2. They still keep some quaint old customs.他们仍然保留着一些稀奇古怪的旧风俗。
88 portrayed a75f5b1487928c9f7f165b2773c13036     
v.画像( portray的过去式和过去分词 );描述;描绘;描画
参考例句:
  1. Throughout the trial, he portrayed himself as the victim. 在审讯过程中,他始终把自己说成是受害者。
  2. The author portrayed his father as a vicious drunkard. 作者把他父亲描绘成一个可恶的酒鬼。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
89 enchanted enchanted     
adj. 被施魔法的,陶醉的,入迷的 动词enchant的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  1. She was enchanted by the flowers you sent her. 她非常喜欢你送给她的花。
  2. He was enchanted by the idea. 他为这个主意而欣喜若狂。
90 royalty iX6xN     
n.皇家,皇族
参考例句:
  1. She claims to be descended from royalty.她声称她是皇室后裔。
  2. I waited on tables,and even catered to royalty at the Royal Albert Hall.我做过服务生, 甚至在皇家阿伯特大厅侍奉过皇室的人。
91 trophies e5e690ffd5b76ced5606f229288652f6     
n.(为竞赛获胜者颁发的)奖品( trophy的名词复数 );奖杯;(尤指狩猎或战争中获得的)纪念品;(用于比赛或赛跑名称)奖
参考例句:
  1. His football trophies were prominently displayed in the kitchen. 他的足球奖杯陈列在厨房里显眼的位置。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. The hunter kept the lion's skin and head as trophies. 这猎人保存狮子的皮和头作为纪念品。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
92 ordeal B4Pzs     
n.苦难经历,(尤指对品格、耐力的)严峻考验
参考例句:
  1. She managed to keep her sanity throughout the ordeal.在那场磨难中她始终保持神志正常。
  2. Being lost in the wilderness for a week was an ordeal for me.在荒野里迷路一星期对我来说真是一场磨难。
93 initiation oqSzAI     
n.开始
参考例句:
  1. her initiation into the world of marketing 她的初次涉足营销界
  2. It was my initiation into the world of high fashion. 这是我初次涉足高级时装界。
94 interpretation P5jxQ     
n.解释,说明,描述;艺术处理
参考例句:
  1. His statement admits of one interpretation only.他的话只有一种解释。
  2. Analysis and interpretation is a very personal thing.分析与说明是个很主观的事情。
95 flirting 59b9eafa5141c6045fb029234a60fdae     
v.调情,打情骂俏( flirt的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  1. Don't take her too seriously; she's only flirting with you. 别把她太当真,她只不过是在和你调情罢了。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  2. 'she's always flirting with that new fellow Tseng!" “她还同新来厂里那个姓曾的吊膀子! 来自子夜部分
96 prey g1czH     
n.被掠食者,牺牲者,掠食;v.捕食,掠夺,折磨
参考例句:
  1. Stronger animals prey on weaker ones.弱肉强食。
  2. The lion was hunting for its prey.狮子在寻找猎物。
97 worthiness 1c20032c69eae95442cbe437ebb128f8     
价值,值得
参考例句:
  1. It'satisfies the spraying robot's function requirement and has practical worthiness. " 运行试验表明,系统工作稳定可靠,满足了喷雾机器人的功能要求,具有实用价值。
  2. The judge will evaluate the worthiness of these claims. 法官会评估这些索赔的价值。
98 folklore G6myz     
n.民间信仰,民间传说,民俗
参考例句:
  1. Zhuge Liang is a synonym for wisdom in folklore.诸葛亮在民间传说中成了智慧的代名词。
  2. In Chinese folklore the bat is an emblem of good fortune.在中国的民间传说中蝙蝠是好运的象征。
99 spouse Ah6yK     
n.配偶(指夫或妻)
参考例句:
  1. Her spouse will come to see her on Sunday.她的丈夫星期天要来看她。
  2. What is the best way to keep your spouse happy in the marriage?在婚姻中保持配偶幸福的最好方法是什么?
100 mere rC1xE     
adj.纯粹的;仅仅,只不过
参考例句:
  1. That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不过是重复了你以前讲的话。
  2. It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
101 stereotype rupwE     
n.固定的形象,陈规,老套,旧框框
参考例句:
  1. He's my stereotype of a schoolteacher.他是我心目中的典型教师。
  2. There's always been a stereotype about successful businessmen.人们对于成功商人一直都有一种固定印象。
102 averts a218737f35494965cdfad1f8028e5174     
防止,避免( avert的第三人称单数 ); 转移
参考例句:
  1. Cautious speech averts eavesdropping. Cautious behavior arrests gossip. 若欲杜人之口,莫若自己谨言;若欲塞人之耳,莫若自己慎行。
  2. A gift in secret averts anger; and a concealed bribe in the bosom, strong wrath. 暗中送的礼物,挽回怒气;怀中搋的贿赂,止息暴怒。
103 progeny ZB5yF     
n.后代,子孙;结果
参考例句:
  1. His numerous progeny are scattered all over the country.他为数众多的后代散布在全国各地。
  2. He was surrounded by his numerous progeny.众多的子孙簇拥着他。
104 strife NrdyZ     
n.争吵,冲突,倾轧,竞争
参考例句:
  1. We do not intend to be drawn into the internal strife.我们不想卷入内乱之中。
  2. Money is a major cause of strife in many marriages.金钱是造成很多婚姻不和的一个主要原因。
105 suffocation b834eadeaf680f6ffcb13068245a1fed     
n.窒息
参考例句:
  1. The greatest dangers of pyroclastic avalanches are probably heat and suffocation. 火成碎屑崩落的最大危害可能是炽热和窒息作用。 来自辞典例句
  2. The room was hot to suffocation. 房间热得闷人。 来自辞典例句
106 annotated c2a54daf2659390553c9665593260606     
v.注解,注释( annotate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  1. Thematic maps should always be annotated with the source and date of the topical information. 各类专题地图,均应注明专题资料来源和日期。 来自辞典例句
  2. And this is the version annotated by Umberto de Bologna. 并且这是有安博多-德-波罗格那注释的版本。 来自电影对白
107 dominant usAxG     
adj.支配的,统治的;占优势的;显性的;n.主因,要素,主要的人(或物);显性基因
参考例句:
  1. The British were formerly dominant in India.英国人从前统治印度。
  2. She was a dominant figure in the French film industry.她在法国电影界是个举足轻重的人物。
108 usurper usurper     
n. 篡夺者, 僭取者
参考例句:
  1. The usurper wrested the power from the king. 篡位者从国王手里夺取了权力。
  2. The usurper took power by force. 篡夺者武装夺取了权力。
109 prospering b1bc062044f12a5281fbe25a1132df04     
成功,兴旺( prosper的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  1. Our country is thriving and prospering day by day. 祖国日益繁荣昌盛。
  2. His business is prospering. 他生意兴隆。
110 apparitions 3dc5187f53445bc628519dfb8474d1d7     
n.特异景象( apparition的名词复数 );幽灵;鬼;(特异景象等的)出现
参考例句:
  1. And this year occurs the 90th anniversary of these apparitions. 今年是她显现的九十周年纪念。 来自互联网
  2. True love is like ghostly apparitions: everybody talks about them but few have ever seen one. 真爱就如同幽灵显现:所有人都谈论它们,但很少有人见到过一个。 来自互联网
111 nurture K5sz3     
n.养育,照顾,教育;滋养,营养品;vt.养育,给与营养物,教养,扶持
参考例句:
  1. The tree grows well in his nurture.在他的培育下这棵树长得很好。
  2. The two sisters had received very different nurture.这俩个姊妹接受过极不同的教育。
112 fulfill Qhbxg     
vt.履行,实现,完成;满足,使满意
参考例句:
  1. If you make a promise you should fulfill it.如果你许诺了,你就要履行你的诺言。
  2. This company should be able to fulfill our requirements.这家公司应该能够满足我们的要求。
113 sentry TDPzV     
n.哨兵,警卫
参考例句:
  1. They often stood sentry on snowy nights.他们常常在雪夜放哨。
  2. The sentry challenged anyone approaching the tent.哨兵查问任一接近帐篷的人。
114 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  1. An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  2. He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
115 innate xbxzC     
adj.天生的,固有的,天赋的
参考例句:
  1. You obviously have an innate talent for music.你显然有天生的音乐才能。
  2. Correct ideas are not innate in the mind.人的正确思想不是自己头脑中固有的。
116 witchcraft pe7zD7     
n.魔法,巫术
参考例句:
  1. The woman practising witchcraft claimed that she could conjure up the spirits of the dead.那个女巫说她能用魔法召唤亡灵。
  2. All these things that you call witchcraft are capable of a natural explanation.被你们统统叫做巫术的那些东西都可以得到合情合理的解释。
117 symbolic ErgwS     
adj.象征性的,符号的,象征主义的
参考例句:
  1. It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征着现代妇女的战斗精神。
  2. The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗礼仪式是一种象征性的做法。
118 demise Cmazg     
n.死亡;v.让渡,遗赠,转让
参考例句:
  1. He praised the union's aims but predicted its early demise.他赞扬协会的目标,但预期这一协会很快会消亡。
  2. The war brought about the industry's sudden demise.战争道致这个行业就这么突然垮了。
119 deactivated 7c04d50ec1496027d0ed6fd0d6f00a85     
v.解除动员( deactivate的过去式和过去分词 );使无效;复员;使不活动
参考例句:
  1. \"The brain can be deactivated. It can be yours to command.\" “大脑计算机可以被停止。如果你下达命令的话。” 来自互联网
  2. He successfully deactivated a nuclear reactor in a laboratory before meltdown. 他成功停用一个核反应堆在实验室之前崩溃。 来自互联网
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