枕戈待旦
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2016-01-05 04:14 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
In the Western Jin Dynasty there were two young men. One of them was Zu Ti and the other was Liu Kun. Both of them were men of ideals and integrity who were chivalrous1 and of a sanguine2 disposition3. They not only wrote excellent articles but also were fond of practising martial4 arts to keep fit,  in order to render meritorious5 service to the country. Both of them were chief clerks responsible for document administration in Luoyang. Although in appearance the Jin Dynasty had jurisdiction6 of the Central Plains comprising the middle and lower reaches of the Haunch and threatened by foreign invasion. Zu Ti and Liu Kun often talked about the country's situation till late into the night, and each time they talking very excitedly again.
 
Liu Kun fell asleep without knowing it, but Zu Ti was too excited to fall asleep. "Cock-a-doodle-doo," came the crow of rooster in the wasteland. Zu Ti jumped up and kicked Liu Kun awake: "Listen. How inspiring the rooster's crow is. Let's get up and practised on a slope." From then on, they kept practising sword playing vigorously and energetically in the wasteland every day when they heard the first crow in the morning.
 
Deeply moved by Zu Ti's patriotic7 passion, Liu Kun was determined8 to devote himself to his homeland. Once he wrote to his family: "At the time when the country is in dire9 peril10, I am resolved to dedicate myselt to the service of my country. I often fear that I might lag behind Zu Ti in rendering11 service to the country, and, in fact, I am behind him..."
 
The words "sleep with my head pillowed on a spear, waiting for the day to break" vividly12 described Liu Kun's determination to dedicate himself to the service of the country and to fight the enemy at any time. Later, this set phrase is used to mean maintaining sharp vigilance and being ready to fight at any time."
 
西晋人祖逖和刘琨,都是性格开朗、仗义好侠的志士。年轻时不但文章写得好,而且都喜欢练武健身,决心报效祖国。当时,晋朝表面上还管辖着中原大地,但实际上已是内忧外患,风雨飘摇了。祖逖和刘琨一谈起国家局势,总是慷慨万分,常常聊到深夜。
 
一天,祖逖又和刘琨谈得十分兴奋,刘琨不知什么时候睡着了,祖逖却久久沉浸在谈话的兴奋之中,不能入睡。“喔,喔,喔--”荒原上的雄鸡叫了起来,祖逖一跃而起,踢醒了刘琨:“听,这雄鸡啼鸣多么振奋人心呀,快起来练剑吧!”于是,两人操起剑来,在高坡上对舞。从此,他俩每天清早听到头一声鸣叫,一定来到荒原上抖擞神练起剑来。
 
刘琨被祖逖的爱国热情深深感动,决心献身于祖国。一次他给家人的信中写道:“在国家危难时刻,我经常‘枕戈待旦’(枕着兵器睡觉一直到天明),立志报国,常担心落在祖逖后边,不想他到底走到我的前头了!……”
 
故事出自《晋书·祖逖传》。“枕戈待旦”出自刘琨《与亲故书》,形象地写出了刘琨随时准备杀敌报国的决心。后来用作成语,形容时刻警惕敌人,准备作战。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 chivalrous 0Xsz7     
adj.武士精神的;对女人彬彬有礼的
参考例句:
  1. Men are so little chivalrous now.现在的男人几乎没有什么骑士风度了。
  2. Toward women he was nobly restrained and chivalrous.对于妇女,他表现得高尚拘谨,尊敬三分。
2 sanguine dCOzF     
adj.充满希望的,乐观的,血红色的
参考例句:
  1. He has a sanguine attitude to life.他对于人生有乐观的看法。
  2. He is not very sanguine about our chances of success.他对我们成功的机会不太乐观。
3 disposition GljzO     
n.性情,性格;意向,倾向;排列,部署
参考例句:
  1. He has made a good disposition of his property.他已对财产作了妥善处理。
  2. He has a cheerful disposition.他性情开朗。
4 martial bBbx7     
adj.战争的,军事的,尚武的,威武的
参考例句:
  1. The sound of martial music is always inspiring.军乐声总是鼓舞人心的。
  2. The officer was convicted of desertion at a court martial.这名军官在军事法庭上被判犯了擅离职守罪。
5 meritorious 2C4xG     
adj.值得赞赏的
参考例句:
  1. He wrote a meritorious theme about his visit to the cotton mill.他写了一篇关于参观棉纺织厂的有价值的论文。
  2. He was praised for his meritorious service.他由于出色地工作而受到称赞。
6 jurisdiction La8zP     
n.司法权,审判权,管辖权,控制权
参考例句:
  1. It doesn't lie within my jurisdiction to set you free.我无权将你释放。
  2. Changzhou is under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu Province.常州隶属江苏省。
7 patriotic T3Izu     
adj.爱国的,有爱国心的
参考例句:
  1. His speech was full of patriotic sentiments.他的演说充满了爱国之情。
  2. The old man is a patriotic overseas Chinese.这位老人是一位爱国华侨。
8 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  1. I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  2. He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
9 dire llUz9     
adj.可怕的,悲惨的,阴惨的,极端的
参考例句:
  1. There were dire warnings about the dangers of watching too much TV.曾经有人就看电视太多的危害性提出严重警告。
  2. We were indeed in dire straits.But we pulled through.那时我们的困难真是大极了,但是我们渡过了困难。
10 peril l3Dz6     
n.(严重的)危险;危险的事物
参考例句:
  1. The refugees were in peril of death from hunger.难民有饿死的危险。
  2. The embankment is in great peril.河堤岌岌可危。
11 rendering oV5xD     
n.表现,描写
参考例句:
  1. She gave a splendid rendering of Beethoven's piano sonata.她精彩地演奏了贝多芬的钢琴奏鸣曲。
  2. His narrative is a super rendering of dialect speech and idiom.他的叙述是方言和土语最成功的运用。
12 vividly tebzrE     
adv.清楚地,鲜明地,生动地
参考例句:
  1. The speaker pictured the suffering of the poor vividly.演讲者很生动地描述了穷人的生活。
  2. The characters in the book are vividly presented.这本书里的人物写得栩栩如生。
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