调琴如治国
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2016-07-14 06:28 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
Ping Gong of Jin ordered someone to make a stringed musical instrument. The strings1 of the instrument were of the same size, with no difference between the small strings and the large string. After the instrument was made. Ping Gong of Jin asked Shi Kuang, an official in charge of music, to tune2 the instrument. Shi Kuang spent a whole day doing it, but failed to tune out a melody.
 
Ping Gong blamed Shi Kuang for his incompetence3. Shi Kuang explained: "The large string of a musical instrument is like the king of a state, and the small strings are like his subordinates. The large string and the small strings have their own functions. Only by coordinating4 with one another can they compose temperament5, and only by being orderly can they play harmonious6 and pleasant music. Now there is no difference in size between the large string and the small strings. This ruins the system and regularity7 which they should have. How can I tune an instrument like this?"
 
晋平公令人制作了一张琴。琴上的弦,粗细一个样,大弦、小弦没有区别。琴制作好以后,晋平公让乐官师旷来调音。师旷调了一整天,也没调出个曲调来。
 
晋平公责怪师旷不会调琴。师旷解释说: “一张琴,大弦就好比国君,小弦就好比臣子。大弦小弦各有各的功能,它们彼此配合,才能合成音律。大弦小弦有条不紊,才能奏出和谐悦耳的音乐。您现在把琴弦做成大小不分,破坏了它们应有的系统性与规律性。这样的琴,您让我怎么调呀?”


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1 strings nh0zBe     
n.弦
参考例句:
  1. He sat on the bed,idly plucking the strings of his guitar.他坐在床上,随意地拨着吉他的弦。
  2. She swept her fingers over the strings of the harp.她用手指划过竖琴的琴弦。
2 tune NmnwW     
n.调子;和谐,协调;v.调音,调节,调整
参考例句:
  1. He'd written a tune,and played it to us on the piano.他写了一段曲子,并在钢琴上弹给我们听。
  2. The boy beat out a tune on a tin can.那男孩在易拉罐上敲出一首曲子。
3 incompetence o8Uxt     
n.不胜任,不称职
参考例句:
  1. He was dismissed for incompetence. 他因不称职而被解雇。
  2. She felt she had been made a scapegoat for her boss's incompetence. 她觉得,本是老板无能,但她却成了替罪羊。
4 coordinating fc35d08ba9bb2dcfdc96033a33b9ae1e     
v.使协调,使调和( coordinate的现在分词 );协调;协同;成为同等
参考例句:
  1. He abolished the Operations Coordinating Board and the Planning Board. 他废除了行动协调委员会和计划委员会。 来自辞典例句
  2. He's coordinating the wedding, and then we're not going to invite him? 他是来协调婚礼的,难道我们不去请他? 来自电影对白
5 temperament 7INzf     
n.气质,性格,性情
参考例句:
  1. The analysis of what kind of temperament you possess is vital.分析一下你有什么样的气质是十分重要的。
  2. Success often depends on temperament.成功常常取决于一个人的性格。
6 harmonious EdWzx     
adj.和睦的,调和的,和谐的,协调的
参考例句:
  1. Their harmonious relationship resulted in part from their similar goals.他们关系融洽的部分原因是他们有着相似的目标。
  2. The room was painted in harmonious colors.房间油漆得色彩调和。
7 regularity sVCxx     
n.规律性,规则性;匀称,整齐
参考例句:
  1. The idea is to maintain the regularity of the heartbeat.问题就是要维持心跳的规律性。
  2. He exercised with a regularity that amazed us.他锻炼的规律程度令我们非常惊讶。
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